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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes


Constitution Year 1992
Last Amended 2001
Source International Constitutional Law (ICL)
Translation Source is an English translation
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2

Article 9 [The Vietnam Fatherland Front]

(1) The Vietnam Fatherland Front is a political alliance and a voluntary union of political organizations, sociopolitical organizations, social organizations and individuals representing their social classes and strata, nationalities, religions, and overseas Vietnamese.
(2) The Vietnam Fatherland Front and its member organizations constitute the political base of the people's administration. The Front promotes the tradition of national solidarity, strengthens the people's unity of mind in political and spiritual matters, participates in the building and consolidation of the people's administration, joins the State in caring for and protecting the legitimate interests of the people, encourages people to exercise their right to mastery, to strictly abide by the Constitution and laws, supervise activities of the State agencies, people-elected representatives as well as State cadres, officials and employees.
(3) The State creates conditions for the Fatherland Front and its member organizations to operate efficiently.

Article 54 [Right to Vote]

The citizen, regardless of nationality, sex, social background, religious belief, cultural standard, occupation, time of residence, shall, upon reaching the age of eighteen, have the right to vote, and, upon reaching the age of twenty-one, have the right to stand for election to the National Assembly and the People's Councils in accordance with the provisions of the law.

Article 70 [Freedom of Religion]

(1) The citizen shall enjoy freedom of belief and of religion; he can follow any religion or follow none. All religions are equal before the law.
(2) The places of worship of all faiths and religions are protected by the law.
(3) No one has the right to infringe on the freedom of faith and religion or to take advantage of the latter to violate State laws and policies.

Article 84 [Duties and Powers]

The National Assembly has the following duties and powers:
5. To decide on the State's policies on nationalities and policies on religions;

Article 112 [Duties and Powers]

The Government has the following duties and powers:
9. To implement social policies, nationalities policies, policies on religion;


1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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