Equatorial Guinea
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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes


Constitution Year 1991
Last Amended 1996
Source Centre for Human Rights (University of Pretoria)
Translation Source is an English translation
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2


We the people of Equatorial Guinea, Conscious of our responsibility before God and history;…

Item 9:

Political parties shall be integral political organizations of persons who shall associate freely to participate in the political orientation of the state. They shall represent multipartism and democracy, and shall thus express popular will as the basis of any political participation.
[The state’s] political parties shall not be allowed to have appellations similar to those that existed before October 12, 1968; their ambitions and perspectives shall have to be nationalistic and shall therefore, not be based on tribe, ethnic inclinations, religion, gender, district, municipality, social condition or profession. The law shall regulate their creations and functioning.

Item 13:

Every citizen shall enjoy the following rights and freedoms;
…f) - Freedom of religion and worship;…

Item 15:

All acts of partiality or discrimination committed on the basis of tribe, gender, religion, and corruption and other or same shall be punishable by law.

Item 23 (Constitutional law No. 1/1995, of January 17th).

Education shall be primordial to the state. Every person shall have the right to primary education; people shall have the right to primary education which is obligatory and free;
Free education shall be instituted by law;
The state shall guarantee to every person, private body or religious institution the right to found schools provided he or it subjects oriented toward the official pedagogical plan;
Official education shall freely allow the institution of religious education, which is protected by the constitution.
Education that shall be officially recognized may not orientate a program or propagate ideological or partisan tendencies.


1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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