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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes


Constitution Year 1984
Last Amended 1996
Source Constitution Finder: University of Richmond
Translation Unofficial translation by ARDA staff from French source
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2

Article 1

Guinea-Bissau is a sovereign, democratic, secular and unitary republic.

Article 6

1. In the Republic of Guinea-Bissau there is separation between the State and religious institutions.
2. The State respects and protects religious faiths recognized by the law. The activity of these faiths and the exercise of worship shall be subject to the law.

Article 23

All citizens are equal before the law, enjoy the same rights and are subject to the same duties, regardless of race, sex, social, intellectual or cultural level, or religious or philosophical belief.

Article 44

Freedom of expression of thought, of assembly, association, demonstration, and the freedom of religion are guaranteed under the conditions prescribed by law.

Article 102

No process of amendment shall affect:

A. The unitary structure and the republican form of government;
B. The secular status of the State;
C. The integrity of the national territory.


1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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