Indonesia
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (79.1%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 unclear [Article 29(1)]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Articles 28E(1-2), 28I(1), 29(2)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 no

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1945
Last Amended3 2002
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 November 9, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

...

By the grace of God Almighty ...

... a sovereign state based on a belief in the One and Only God ...

Article 9.

(1) Prior to taking office, the President and Vice President shall swear an oath in accordance with their respective religions or shall make a solemn promise. ...

(2) In the event that the MPR or DPR is unable to convene a sitting, the President and Vice-President shall swear an oath in accordance with their respective religions or shall make a solemn promise ...

Article 22D.

...

(2) The DPD [Council of Representatives of the Regions {Dewan Perwakilan Daerah or DPD}] ... shall provide consideration to the DPR [People’s Representative Council {Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR}] ... on Bills related to ... religion.

(3) The DPD may oversee the ... implementation of the State ... religion ...

Article 24.

...

(2) The judicial power shall be implemented by a Supreme Court and judicial bodies underneath it in the form of ... religious affairs courts ... [among others]

...

Article 28E.

(1) Every person shall be free to choose and to practice the religion of his/her choice ...

(2) Every person shall have the right to the freedom to believe his/her faith (kepercayaan) ...

...

Article 28I.

(1) The ... freedom of thought and conscience, freedom of religion ... are all human rights that cannot be limited under any circumstances.

...

Article 28J.

...

(2) In exercising his/her rights and freedoms, every person shall have the duty to accept the restrictions established by law for the sole purposes of guaranteeing the recognition and respect of the rights and freedoms of others and of satisfying just demands base upon considerations of morality, religious values, security and public order in a democratic society.

Article 29.

(1) The State shall be based upon the belief in the One and Only God.

(2) The State guarantees all persons the freedom of worship, each according to his/her own religion or belief.

Article 31.

...

(3) The government shall manage and organise one system of national education, which shall increase the level of spiritual belief, devoutness and moral character in the context of developing the life of the nation and shall be regulated by law.

...

(5) The government shall advance science and technology with the highest respect for religious values and national unity for the advancement of civilisation and prosperity of humankind.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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