Freedom of Religion Summary Measures
|Religious Freedom Scale (Marshall, 2007) 1-7, low is more freedom3||7.0||4.9||4.0|
|2008 Religious Freedom (Coded by the ARDA from U.S. State Dept. International Religious Freedom Reports)1||Low freedom||--||--|
|2008 Freedom of Religion, CIRI Human Rights Data Project4||Severe/widespread gov. restriction on religious practice||--||--|
Government and Religion
|Does the government generally respect the right to freedom of religion? (0 yes, 1 mostly, 2 no)1||No||--||--|
|Is freedom of religion protected?1||Yes w/ exceptions||--||--|
|2008 Religion and State Score (0-100, lower means less interaction and greater separation of religion and state)5||38.3||43.6||32.6|
|2008 Composite measure of regulation and restrictions on majority of religion or all religions (0-87, lower means less government activity)5||0.0||22.9||20.7|
|2008 Composite measure of religious discrimination against minority religions (0-90, lower is less discrimination)5||11.0||26.2||22.7|
|2008 Composite measure of religious legislation (0-51, lower scores indicate lower levels of religious legislation)5||15.0||18.4||11.3|
Other Pertinent Measures2
|2009 Civil Liberties Scale (1-7, lower is more freedom)||6.0||4.3||3.2|
|2009 Freedom of Expression and Belief score (0-16, lower is less freedom)||5.0||8.4||11.3|
|2009 Associational and Organizational Rights score (0-12, lower is less freedom)||3.0||5.1||7.8|
1. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the U.S. State Department’s International Religious Freedom reports. The 2003, 2005, and 2008 reports were coded by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The GRI, GFI and SRI values reported on the National Profiles are averages from the 2003, 2005, and 2008 International Religious Freedom reports, while the Religious Persecution measure is an average from the 2005 and 2008 reports. All other measures derived from the International Religious Freedom reports were coded from the reports 2008. A data file with all of the 2008 coding, as well as data files with other cross national collections are available for preview and download from the data archive on this site. Used with permission.
2. Freedom House is an independent non-governmental organization that offers measures of the extent to which governments are accountable to their own people; the rule of law prevails; and freedoms of expression, association, belief and respect for the rights of minorities and women are guaranteed. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.
3. The Center for Religious Freedom joined Hudson Institute in January 2007, following a ten-year affiliation with Freedom House. Founded in 1941 by Eleanor Roosevelt and Wendell Willkie to oppose Nazism and Communism in Europe, Freedom House is America's oldest human rights group. Its Center for Religious Freedom defends against religious persecution of all groups throughout the world. It insists that U.S. foreign policy defend Christians and Jews, Muslim dissidents and minorities, and other religious minorities. This scale was originally published by Paul Marshall (2000) in his book Religious Freedom in the World: A Global Report on Freedom and Persecution (Broadman and Holman). A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.
Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Dataset contains standards-based quantitative information on government respect for 15 internationally recognized human rights for 195 countries, annually from 1981-2009. It is designed for use by scholars and students who seek to test theories about the causes and consequences of human rights violations, as well as policy makers and analysts who seek to estimate the human rights effects of a wide variety of institutional changes and public policies including democratization, economic aid, military aid, structural adjustment, and humanitarian intervention. The full CIRI Human Rights Dataset can be accessed through the above link. Used with permission.
5. The Religion and State (RAS) Project is a university-based project located at Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel. Its goal is to create a set of measures that systematically gauge the intersection between government and religion. Specifically, it examines government religion policy. Round 2 of the RAS dataset measures the extent of government involvement in religion (GIR) or the lack thereof for 175 states on a yearly basis between 1990 and 2008. This constitutes all countries with populations of 250,000 or more as well as a sampling of smaller states. This dataset, featuring this and other international measures highlighted on the country pages, may be previewed and here. Used with permission.