Israel
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Jewish

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Jewish (71.8%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 no, but law functions in its place
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 yes [Basic laws regularly contains references to the “Jewish State”]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 no, but law functions in its place
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 no, but law functions in its place

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1958
Last Amended3 2018
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 September 19, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Basic Law, Knesset (1958)

Article 7. Who shall not be a candidate.

The following shall not be candidates for the Knesset:

...

(2) the two Chief Rabbis;

...

(4) a judge (dayan) of a religious court;

...

(7) rabbis and ministers of other religions, while holding paid office;

Article 7A. Prevention of participation of candidates’ list.

(a) A candidates’ list shall not participate in elections to the Knesset, and a person shall not be a candidate for election to the Knesset, if the objects or actions of the list or the actions of the person, expressly or by implication, include one of the following:

(1) negation of the existence of the State of Israel as a Jewish ... state;

...

Article 12. Convening of the Knesset.

[Alternative date of first meeting after election] due to the intermediate days of certain Jewish festivals.

Article 21. Committees.

...

(b) The Rules may prescribe provisions concerning the committees’ authority to summon an office holder or a functionary of the ... religious council ... and to oblige him to provide information on the activity of the body in which he serves ...

...

Basic Law, Jerusalem, Capital of Israel (1980)

Article 3. Protection of Holy Places.

The Holy Places shall be protected from desecration and any other violation and from anything likely to violate the freedom of access of the members of the different religions to the places sacred to them or their feelings towards those places.

Basic Law, The Judiciary (1984)

Article 1. Judicial power.

...

(b) Judicial power is vested also in the following:

(1) a religious court (beit din);

...

...

Article 15. The Supreme Court.

...

(d) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of subsection

(c), the Supreme Court sitting as a High Court of Justice shall be competent---

...

(3) to order courts ... other than religious courts (batei din), to hear, refrain from hearing, or continue hearing a particular matter or to void a proceeding improperly taken or a decision improperly given;

(4) to order religious courts (batei din) to hear a particular matter within their jurisdiction or to refrain from hearing or continue hearing a particular matter not within their jurisdiction, provided that the court shall not entertain an application under this paragraph if the applicant did not raise the question of jurisdiction at the earliest opportunity; and if he had no reasonable opportunity to raise the question of jurisdiction until a decision had been given by a religious court (beit din), the court may quash a proceeding taken or a decision given by the religious court (beit din) without authority.

...

Basic Law, Human Dignity and Liberty (1992)

Article 1A. Purpose.

The purpose of this Basic Law is to protect human dignity and liberty, in order to establish in a Basic Law the values of the State of Israel as a Jewish ... state.

Basic Law, Freedom of Occupation (1994)

Article 2. Purpose.

The purpose of this Basic Law is to protect freedom of occupation, in order to establish in a Basic Law the values of the State of Israel as a Jewish ... state.

Provisional Government of Israel, The Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel (1948)

(https://www.knesset.gov.il/docs/eng/megilat_eng.htm)

... The State of Israel ... will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion ...; it will guarantee freedom of religion, conscience, ...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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