Jordan
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (91.9%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 yes [Article 2]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 unclear [Article 14]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 6(1)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1952
Last Amended3 2016
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff
Current as of3 September 19, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Article 2.

Islam is the religion of the State ...

Article 6.

(1) Jordanians shall be equal before the law with no discrimination between them in rights and duties even if they differ in ... religion.

...

(4) The family is the basis of society the core of which shall be religion, morals ...; the law shall preserve its legitimate entity and strengthen its ties and values.

...

Article 14.

The State shall safeguard the free exercise of the rites of religions and creeds in accordance with the customs observed in the Kingdom, if such is not inconsistent with public order or morality.

Article 19.

Congregations shall have the right to establish and maintain their own schools for the education of their own members ...

Article 28.

The Throne of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is hereditary ... pursuant to the following provisions:

...

(e) It is a condition for the person who shall ascend the Throne to be a Moslem ... and of Moslem parents.

...

Article 64.

... [A] member of the Senate must ... be one of the following classes: ... presidents and judges of the ... Sharia Court[] of Appeal [among others] ...

Article 98.

(1) Judges of the ... Sharia Courts shall be appointed and dismissed by a Royal Decree in accordance with the provisions of the laws.

...

Article 99.

The courts are of three types:

...

(2) Religious Courts

...

Article 102.

Civil Courts in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan shall have the right to exercise jurisdiction over all persons in all civil and criminal matters ... with exception of the matters in respect of which jurisdiction is vested in Religious Courts ...

Article 103.

...

(2) Matters of personal status are the matters specified by law and in accordance therewith fall within the sole jurisdiction of the Sharia Courts when the parties are Moslems.

Article 104.

Religious Courts shall be divided into:

(1) The Sharia Courts

(2) The Tribunals of other Religious Communities

Article 105.

The Sharia Courts alone shall have the jurisdiction---in accordance with their own laws---in the following matters:

(1) Matters of personal status of Moslems.

(2) Cases of blood money (Diya) if the two parties are both Moslems or one of the parties is not a Moslem and the two parties consent to that the right of jurisdiction be for the Sharia Courts.

(3) Matters pertaining to Islamic Waqfs.

Article 106.

Sharia Courts shall in their jurisdiction apply the provisions of the Sharia.

Article 107.

The manner of organisation of the affairs of the Islamic Waqfs and the administration of their financial and other matters, shall be specified by a special law.

Article 108.

The Tribunals of Religious Communities are the tribunals of the non-Moslem religious communities that have been or will be recognised by the Government as established in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Article 109.

(1) The Tribunals of Religious Communities shall be composed in conformity with the provisions of laws issued pertaining thereto. In such laws the jurisdictions of said Tribunals shall be defined as regards matters of personal status and Waqfs constituted for the benefit of the community concerned. However, matters of personal status of such community shall be the matters of personal status of Moslems within the jurisdiction of the Sharia Courts.

(2) The Tribunals of Religious Communities shall apply the procedures and provisions related to the matters of personal status which are not considered matters of personal status of Moslems within the jurisdiction of the Sharia Courts; provided that the legislations of such Tribunals shall organize the conditions of the appointment of their judges and the procedures of trials before them.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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