Kyrgyzstan
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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes

Constitution2

Constitution Year 2010
Last Amended not amended
Source President of the Kyrgyz Republic (home page)
Translation Unofficial translation by ARDA staff from Russian source
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2

Article 1

1. The Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan) is a sovereign, democratic, secular, unitary, social state.
2. The Kyrgyz Republic has full state authority on its territory and independently carries out domestic and foreign policy.


Article 4

�4. The following shall be prohibited in the Kyrgyz Republic:
�iii) the creation of political parties on religious or ethnic basis, the pursuit of political purposes by religious associations
�v) activities of political parties or public and religious associations and their branches and subsidiaries that pursue political goals that are aimed at the forced displacement of the constitutional system, undermine national security, or incite social, racial, ethnic and religious hatred.


Article 7

1. No religion can be established as the state religion or as compulsory in the Kyrgyz Republic.
2. Religion and all cults are separate from the state.
3. The interference of religious organizations and clergy in government activity is forbidden.


Article 16

�2. The Kyrgyz Republic shall respect and ensure to all persons residing within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction human rights and freedoms.
No one shall be subjected to discrimination based on sex, race, language, disability, ethnicity, religion, age, political or other beliefs, education, origin, property, birth or other status, as well as other characteristics.
Special measures established by law to ensure equal opportunities for difference social groups in accordance with international obligations do not constitute discrimination.


Article 20

�2. Human rights and freedoms may be limited by the Constitution and laws to protect national security, public order, health or morals, and to protect the rights and rights and freedoms of others. Restrictions imposed must be proportional to the stated purposes.
� 4. With no restrictions, this Constitution guarantees the ban:
�vii) on the forced expression of opinions, religious or other beliefs, or on the forced denial of the same;

�5. No restrictions shall be established by this Constitution on the right:
�v) to choose freely and to have religious and other beliefs;


Article 31

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought and opinion.
2. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, freedom of speech and of the press.
3. No one may be compelled to express their views or to deny them.
4. Propaganda that promotes national, ethnic, racial, or religious hatred, that promotes gender-based or other types of social superiority, or that calls for discrimination, hostility or violence is forbidden.


Article 32

1. Everyone is guaranteed freedom of conscience and religion.
2. Everyone has the right to profess, individually or jointly with others, any religion or no religion.
3. Everyone has the right to choose freely and to have religious and other beliefs.
4. No one may be compelled to express their religious or other beliefs or to deny them.


Article 36

�2. Every child has the right to a standard of living adequate for their physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development.

Sources

1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at arda@pop.psu.edu if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.