Lithuania
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Social Regulation of Religion1

Societal attitudes toward other or nontraditional religions. (0=Open and tolerant, 1=Isolated discrimination, 2=Negative just in certain regions or toward certain religious brands, 3=Hostile) Some Negative
Do attitudes and/or clerical edicts discourage proselytizing? (0=No, 1=Attitudes, 2=Clerics, 3=Both) No
Do established or existing religions try to shut out new religions in any way? (0=No, 1=Yes) Yes
Are citizens intolerant of "nontraditional" faiths, i.e., those perceived as new religions? Yes, and more than one case
Citizens' receptivity to proselytizing by "nontraditional" faiths or faiths other than their own Receptive/no problems reported

Public Opinion

(Calculated by the ARDA from the World Values Survey)

Religious Affiliation/Identification2

1990

1997

1999

Percent belonging to a religious denomination. 63.3% 86.5% 81.4%
Percent identifying as a religious person. 55.1% 83.6% 84.5%
Percent raised religious. 66% 71.4% --

Religious Behaviors2

1990

1997

1999

Percent attending religious services at least once a month. -- 30.8% 32%
Percent praying to God more than once per week. -- -- 32.7%
Percent that meditate or pray. -- -- 61.5%
Percent attending religious services at least once a month when 12 years old. -- -- 49.3%
Percent that changed denominations. -- -- 6%
Percent active in a church or religious organization. -- 3.5% --
Percent never consulting a horoscope. -- -- 32.7%

Religious Beliefs2

1990

1997

1999

Percent believing in God. -- 86% 86.6%
Percent believing in heaven. -- 69.6% 71.1%
Percent believing in hell. -- 58.1% 68.3%
Percent believing in life after death. -- 73.1% 79.4%
Percent believing that there are clear guidelines on good and evil. 23.3% 36.9% 35.3%
Percent believing that politicians who do not believe in God are unfit for public office. -- -- 24.3%
Percent believing that religious leaders should not influence people's vote. -- -- 80.5%
Percent believing that things would be better if there are more people with strong religious beliefs. -- -- 41.4%
Percent believing church gives answers to people's spiritual needs. -- -- 87%
Percent believing church gives answers on family life problems. -- -- 81.2%
Percent believing churches give answers to moral problems. -- -- 82.5%
Percent believing churches give answers to social problems. -- -- 61.6%
Percent believing that religious leaders should influence the government. -- -- 8.6%
Percent believing that people have a soul. -- 85.4% --
Percent believing in the concept of sin. -- 88.1% 90.3%
Percent believing religious services are important for deaths. 88.6% -- 95.5%
Percent believing religious services are important for births. 86.8% -- 93%
Percent believing religious services are important for marriages. 83.7% -- 88.8%
Percent believing in a personal God. 21% -- 51.2%
Percent believing in telepathy. -- -- 78.9%
Percent believing in re-incarnation. -- -- 43%
Percent believing in the devil's existence. -- 58.1% --
Percent that think that religious faith is an important quality in children -- -- --
Percent that agree: We depend too much on science and not enough on faith -- -- --
Percent that do not trust people of other religions -- -- --
Percent that often think about meaning and purpose of life -- -- --

Religious Experiences2

1990

1997

1999

Percent finding comfort and strength from religion. -- 67.8% 71.6%
Percent saying that they have a lucky charm. -- -- 15.2%
Percent considering that a lucky charm definitely does not provide protection. -- -- 39.4%

Attitudes2

1990

1997

1999

Percent considering religion important. 42.5% 53.8% 60%
Percent considering that God is not at all important in their life. -- 9.8% 10.3%
Percent confident in religious organizations. 73.4% 69% 71%
Percent agreeing that nurses can refuse to assist with an abortion on moral grounds. -- -- 64.7%
Percent agreeing that there should be time for prayer or meditations in schools. -- -- 41.2%
Percent firmly stating that people should stick to their own religion and not explore different traditions. -- -- 59.7%
Percent considering that western cultural imperialism is a very serious problem. -- -- --

Politics2

1990

1997

1999

Percent thinking that churches have an influence on national politics. -- -- 58.7%
Percent agreeing that the government protects personal freedom. -- -- --
Percent agreeing that the government protects religious freedom. -- -- --
Percent agreeing that the only the laws of the Shari'a should be implemented. -- -- --
Percent thinking that books attacking religion should definitiely be banned. -- -- 13.6%

Sources

1.  The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom reports. The 2003, 2005 and 2008 reports were coded by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives, who will also code future reports as they become available. The GRI, GFI and SRI values reported on the National Profiles are averages from the 2003, 2005 and 2008 International Religious Freedom reports, while the Religious Persecution measure is an average from the 2005 and 2008 reports. All other measures derived from the International Religious Freedom reports were coded from the reports for 2008. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The World Values Survey is a worldwide investigation of socio-cultural and political change. It is conducted by a network of social scientists at leading universities around the world. Interviews have been carried out with nationally representative samples of the publics of more than 80 societies. A total of four waves have been carried out since 1981. The ARDA has averaged the weighted responses across the waves for each country surveyed. See the World Values Survey website for further information and to download the original survey data: http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/.