Lithuania
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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes

Constitution2

Constitution Year 1992
Last Amended 2006
Source Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania
Translation Source is an English translation
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2

Article 25

The human being shall have the right to have his own convictions and freely express them.
The human being must not be hindered from seeking, receiving and imparting information and ideas.
Freedom to express convictions, to receive and impart information may not be limited otherwise than by law, if this is necessary to protect the health, honor and dignity, private life, and morals of a human being, or to defend the constitutional order.
Freedom to express convictions and to impart information shall be incompatible with criminal actions´┐Żincitement of national, racial, religious, or social hatred, violence and discrimination, with slander and disinformation.
The citizens shall have the right to receive, according to the procedure established by law, any information concerning him that is held by State institutions.


Article 26

Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion shall not be restricted.
Each human being shall have the right to freely choose any religion or faith and, either alone or with others, in private or in public, to profess his religion, to perform religious practices, to practice and teach his belief.
No person may compel another person or be compelled to choose or profess any religion or belief.
Freedom of a human being to profess and spread his religion or belief may not be limited otherwise than by law and only when this is necessary to guarantee the security of society, the public order, the health and morals of the people as well as other basic rights and freedoms of the person.
Parents and guardians shall, without restrictions, take care of the religious and moral education of their children and wards according to their own convictions.


Article 27

A human being's convictions, practiced religion or belief may not serve as justification for a crime or for failure to execute laws.


Article 29

All persons shall be equal before the law, the court, and other State institutions and officials.
The rights fo the human being may not be restricted, nor may he be granted any privileges on the ground of gender, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, belief, convictions, or views.


Article 38

The family shall be the basis of society and the State.
Family, motherhood, fatherhood, and childhood shall be under the protection and care of the State.
Marriage shall be concluded upon the free mutual consent of man and woman.
The State shall register marriages, births, and deaths. The State shall also recognize church registration of marriages.
In the family, the rights of spouses shall be equal.
The right and duty of parents is to bring up their children to be honest individuals and faithful citizens and to support them until they come of age.
The duty of children is to respect their parents, to take care of them in their old age, and to preserve their heritage.


Article 40

State and municipal establishments of teaching and education shall be secular. At the request of parents, they shall provide religious instruction.
Non-state establishments of teaching and education may be founded according to the procedure established by law.
Schools of higher education shall be granted autonomy.
The State shall supervise the activities of establishments of teaching and education.


Article 43

The State shall recognize the churches and religious organizations that are traditional in Lithuania, whereas other churches and religious organizations shall be recognized provided that they have support in society and their teaching and practices are not in conflict with the law and public morals.
The churches and religious organizations recognized by the State shall have the rights of a legal person.
Churches and religious organizations shall be free to proclaim their teaching, perform their practices, and have houses of prayer, charity establishments, and schools for the training of the clergy.
Churches and religious organizations shall conduct their affairs freely according to their canons and statutes.
The status of churches and other religious organizations in the State shall be established by agreement or by law.
The teaching proclaimed by churches and religious organizations, other religious activities and houses of prayer may not be used for purposes which are in conflict with the Constitution and laws.
There shall not be a State religion in Lithuania.

Sources

1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at arda@pop.psu.edu if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.