Madagascar
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Ethnoreligionist (incl. Animist, Shamanist) (39.1%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 2]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 10]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 6]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 2010
Last Amended3 (n/a)
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 August 29, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

Affirming its belief in Andriamanitra Andriananahary [translated as "God of Gods"] ... without distinction ... of religion ...

Article 1.

The Malagasy People constitute a nation organized as a ... secular State.

...

Article 2.

The State affirms its neutrality concerning the different religions.

The secularism of the Republic is based on the principle of the separation of the affairs of the State and of the religious institutions and of their representatives.

The State and the religious institutions prohibit themselves from any infringement of their respective domains.

No Head of Institution nor any member of the Government may be part of the directing authority of a religious Institution, under penalty of being relieved by the High Constitutional Court or being removed, of office, from their mandate or their function.

Article 6.

...

All individuals are equal before the law and enjoy the same fundamental freedoms protected by the law without discrimination founded on ... religious belief ...

...

Article 10.

The freedoms ... of conscience and of religion are guaranteed to all and may only be limited by the respect for the freedoms and rights of others, and by the imperative of safeguarding the public order, the national dignity and the security of the State.

Article 14.

The associations and the political parties ... that advocate ... segregation of ... religious character, are prohibited.

Article 28.

No one may be prejudiced in their work or in their employment for reason ... of religion ...

Article 49.

The functions of President of the Republic are incompatible with ... the exercise of responsibility within a religious institution.

...

Article 64.

The functions of member of the Government are incompatible with ... the exercise of any function within religious institutions ...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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