Moldova
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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes

Constitution2

Constitution Year 1994
Last Amended 2006
Source Legislationline: OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
Translation Source is an English translation
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2

Article 10. Unity of the people and the right to national identity

(1) The state foundation is laid on the unity of the Republic of Moldova people. The Republic of Moldova is the common and indivisible motherland of all its citizens.
(2) The State shall recognize and guarantee the right of all citizens to the preservation, development and expression of their ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity.


Article 16. Equality

(1) The foremost duty of the State shall be the respect and protection of [the] human person.
(2) All citizens of the Republic of Moldova shall be equal before the law and public authorities, regardless of the race, nationality, ethnic origin, language, religion, sex, opinion, political affiliation, property or social origin.


Article 31. Freedom of Conscience

(1) The freedom of conscience shall be guaranteed, and its manifestations should be in a spirit of tolerance and mutual respect.
(2) The freedom of religious worships shall be guaranteed and they shall organize themselves and operate according to their own statutes under the rule of law.
(3) In the relationships between the religious cults any manifestation of discord shall be forbidden.
(4) The religious worships shall be autonomous, independent from the State and shall enjoy the latter's support, including by facilitating the religious assistance in the army, hospitals, penitentiaries, nursing homes and orphanages.


Article 32. Freedom of Opinion and Expression

(1) Every citizen shall be guaranteed the freedom of thought and opinion, as well as the freedom of expression in public by way of word, image or any other means possible.
(2) The freedom of expression may not prejudice the honor, dignity or the right of the other person to hold his/her own viewpoint.
(3) The law shall forbid and prosecute all actions aimed at denying and slandering of the State and people, the instigation to sedition, war of aggression, national, racial or religious hatred, the incitement to discrimination, territorial separatism, public violence, or other manifestations encroaching upon the constitutional regime.


Article 35. The Right of Access to Education

�(8) The State shall ascertain, under the law, the freedom of religious education. The State education system shall be of a lay nature.


Article 72. Classification of Laws

(1) Parliament shall be endowed to pass constitutional, organic and ordinary laws.
(2) Constitutional laws are aimed at revising the Constitution.
(3) The organic law shall govern:
�L) the general system on religious worship;

Sources

1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at arda@pop.psu.edu if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.