Morocco
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (99.1%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 yes [Article 3]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 3]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 no

Constitution

Constitution Year3 2011
Last Amended3 (n/a)
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 September 2, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

...

A sovereign Muslim State ... Its unity is forged by the convergence of its Arab-Islamic, Berber [amazighe] and Saharan-Hassanic [saharo-hassanie] components, ... The preeminence accorded to the Muslim religion in the national reference ...

...

To deepen the bonds of togetherness with the Arab and Islamic Ummah [Oumma], ...

...

To ban and combat all discrimination whenever it encounters it, for reason ... of beliefs,

...

Article 1.

The Nation relies for its collective life ... on the occurrence of moderate Muslim religion ...

Article 3.

Islam is the religion of the State, which guarantees to all the free exercise of beliefs [cultes].

Article 4.

...

The motto of the Kingdom is God, Country, King.

Article 7.

...

The political parties may not be founded on a religious ... basis ...

They may not have for [an] objective infringement on the Muslim religion ...

...

Article 41.

The King, Commander of the Faithful [Amir Al Mouminine], sees to the respect for Islam. He is the Guarantor of the free exercise of beliefs [cultes].

He presides over the Superior Council of the Ulema [Conseil superieur des Oulema], charged with the study of questions that He submits to it.

The Council is the sole instance enabled [habilitée] to comment [prononcer] on the religious consultations (Fatwas) before being officially agreed to, on the questions to which it has been referred [saisi] and this, on the basis of the tolerant principles, precepts and designs of Islam.

The attributions, the composition and the modalities of functioning of the Council are established by Dahir [Royal Decree].

The King exercises by Dahirs the religious prerogatives inherent in the institution of the Emirate of the Faithful [Imarat Al Mouminine] which are conferred on Him in exclusive manner by this Article.

Article 44.

...

[During the King’s minority] The Council of the Regency ... is composed ... of the Secretary General of the Superior Council of the Ulema [among others] ...

...

Article 64.

No member of the Parliament may be prosecuted, investigated, arrested, detained or judged on the occasion of an opinion or of a vote emitted by him in the exercise of his functions, except in cases in which the opinion expressed challenges ... the Muslim religion ...

Article 115.

The Superior Council of the Judicial Power is presided over by the King. It is composed:

...

● of 5 notable persons ... of which one member is proposed by the Secretary General of the Superior Council of the Ulema.

Article 130.

... one member [of the Constitutional Court] is proposed by the Secretary General of the Superior Council of the Ulema ...

...

Article 175.

No revision may infringe the provisions relative to the Muslim religion

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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