Nicaragua
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (49.1%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 unclear [Articles 5, 14]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Articles 29, 69]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 27]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1986
Last Amended3 2014
Source3 World Constitutions Illustrated
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 July 17, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

... In the Name ... of those Christians who from their faith in GOD have participated in and inserted themselves into the struggle ...

Article 5

... the Christian values ... are principles of the Nicaraguan nation.

...

Christian values assure the love for [one's] fellow humans [prójimo], the reconciliation between brothers of the Nicaraguan family, the respect for the individual diversity without any discrimination, the respect for and equality of rights of the persons with disabilities and the preferential option for the poor.

...

... any type [tipo] of ... religious aggression ... is forbidden and proscribed.

Article 14.

The State has no official religion.

Article 27.

All persons are equal before the law and have right to equal protection. There will be no discrimination for reasons of ... religion ...

Article 29.

Every person has the right to freedom of conscience, of thought and to profess or not [to profess] a religion. No one may be the object of coercive measures that may diminish these rights[,] or to be obligated to declare their [su] creed, ideology or belief.

Article 49.

In Nicaragua ... religious [persons] ... have the right to form organizations, without any discrimination, with the objective of achieving the realization of their aspirations according to their own interests, and to participate in the construction of a new society.

Article 69.

All persons, individually or collectively, have the right to manifest their religious beliefs in private or in public, through worship [culto], practices and its teaching.

No one may evade the observance of the laws, or impede others from the exercise of their rights and fulfillment of their duties, [by] invoking religious beliefs or provisions.

Article 82.

The workers have the right to conditions of work that assure to them[,] especially:

(1) Equal pay [salario] for equal work in identical conditions, adequate to their social responsibility, without discrimination for ... religious ... reasons, that assures to them a wellbeing compatible with human dignity.

Article 124.

Education in Nicaragua is secular. The State recognizes the right of private centers dedicated to teaching[,] and of religious orientation, to teach [impartir] religion as an extracurricular matter.

Article 134.

...

(2) [The following] may not be candidates for proprietary [proprietarios] or substitute Deputies:

...

(b) The ministers of any religious belief, save having renounced its exercise at least twelve months prior to the election.

Article 147.

...

[The following] may not be a candidate for President or Vice President of the Republic:

...

(c) The ministers of any religious faith, except when they have renounced its exercise at least twelve months prior to the election.

Article 180

[Pertaining to Communities of the Caribbean Coast]

...

[The State] guarantees the preservation of their cultures and languages, religions and customs.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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