Azerbaijan
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Shia

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Shia Muslim (65.8%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 7]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 48(I,II)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 25(III)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1995
Last Amended3 2016
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 July 30, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

… declaring the following goals:

… to establish a … secular state …

Article 7. The Azerbaijan State.

(I) The Azerbaijan State is a … secular … republic.

Article 18. Religion and the state.

(I) In the Republic of Azerbaijan religion is separated from the State. All religions are equal before the law.

(II) The spread and propaganda of religions (religious movements) which humiliate human dignity and contradict the principles of humanity are banned.

(III) The State education system is of secular character.

Article 25. Right to equality.

(III) Everyone has equal rights and freedoms irrespective of … religion … Limitations or recognition of rights and freedoms because of … religion are prohibited.

Article 32. Personal inviolability.

(VII) Information technologies cannot be used for disclosing information about private life, including … religion … except in the cases when the concerned person has openly expressed his consent or when the statistical data of anonymous nature are being processed without discrimination and other cases provided by law.

Article 47. Freedom of thought and speech.

(II) Nobody may be forced to identify or refuse his or her ideas and principles.

(III) Propaganda inciting … religious … animosity or hostility … is inadmissible.

Article 48. Freedom of conscience.

(I) Everyone has the right to freedom of conscience and religion.

(II) Everyone has the right to independently define his or her attitude towards religion, to profess religion alone or together with others, or to profess no religion at all, to express and spread religious convictions.

(III) The free conduct of religious rites if it does not violate public order or public morality is authorized.

(IV) The violation of the freedom of religion and self-expression is not allowed.

(V) No one shall be forced to express (or demonstrate) his or her religious faith and belief, to execute religious rituals or participate in religious ceremonies.

Article 56. Election right.

(III) … [R]eligious officials … are limited in their right to be elected.

Article 71. Protection of human rights and civil liberties.

(IV) No one shall be compelled to make public religious … convictions and thoughts and be persecuted for them.

Article 84. Requirements of candidates for Deputy of the Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

(II) Persons cannot be elected Members of the Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan … [who are] ministers of religion …

Article 89. Termination of the mandate of a Deputy of the Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan and loss of powers.

(I) The powers of a Deputy of the Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan are terminated in the following cases:

(4) … being a minister of religion


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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