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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? No

Constitution2

Constitution Year 1973
Last Amended 2010
Source National Assembly of Pakistan
Translation Original was written in English
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan: Preamble

Whereas sovereignty over the entire Universe belongs to Almighty Allah alone, and the authority to be exercised by the people of Pakistan within the limits prescribed by Him is a sacred trust;
And whereas it is the will of the people of Pakistan to establish an order;
Wherein the State shall exercise its powers and authority through the chosen representatives of the people;
Wherein the principles of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice, as enunciated by Islam, shall be fully observed;
Where in the Muslims shall be enabled to order their lives in the individual and collective spheres in accordance with the teachings and requirements of Islam as set out in the Holy Quran and Sunnah;
Wherein adequate provision shall be made for the minorities freely to profess and practice their religions and develop their cultures;
Wherein the territories now included in or in accession with Pakistan and such other territories as may hereafter be included in or accede to Pakistan shall form a Federation wherein the units will be autonomous with such boundaries and limitations on their powers and authority as may be prescribed;
Wherein shall be guaranteed fundamental rights, including equality of status, of opportunity and before law, social, economic and political justice, and freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship and association, subject to law and public morality;
Wherein adequate provision shall be made to safeguard the legitimate interests of minorities and backward and depressed classes;
Wherein the independence of the judiciary shall be fully secured;
Wherein the integrity of the territories of the Federation, its independence and all its rights, including its sovereign rights on land, sea and air, shall be safeguarded;
So that the people of Pakistan may prosper and attain their rightful and honored place amongst the nations of the World and make their full contribution towards international peace and progress and happiness of humanity;
Now, therefore, we, the people of Pakistan;
Conscience of our responsibility before Almighty Allah and men;
Cognizant of the sacrifices made by the people in the cause of Pakistan;
Faithful to the declaration made by the Founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, that Pakistan would be a democratic state based on Islamic principles of social justice;
Dedicated to the preservation of democracy achieved by the unremitting struggle of the people against oppression and tyranny;
Inspired by the resolve to protect our national and political unity and solidarity by creating an egalitarian society through a new order;
Do hereby, through our representatives in the National Assembly, adopt, enact and give to ourselves, this Constitution.


Article 1: The Republic and its territories

(1) Pakistan shall be [a] Federal Republic to be known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, hereinafter referred to as Pakistan.


Article 2: Islam to be State religion

Islam shall be the State religion of Pakistan.


Article 2A: The Objectives Resolution to form part of substantive provisions

The principles and provisions set out in the Objectives Resolution reproduced in the Annex are hereby made substantive part of the Constitution and shall have effect accordingly.

Article 19: Freedom of speech, etc.

Every citizen shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression, and there shall be freedom of the press, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of the glory of Islam or the integrity, security or defense of Pakistan or any part thereof, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, commission of or incitement to an offense.


Article 20: Freedom of profess religion and to manage religious institutions

Subject to law, public order and morality,�
(a) every citizen shall have the right to profess, practice and propagate his religion; and
(b) every religious denomination and every sect thereof shall have the right to establish, maintain and manage its religious institutions.


Article 21: Safeguard against taxation for purposes of any particular religion

No person shall be compelled to pay any special tax the proceeds of which are to be spent on the propagation or maintenance of any religion other than his own.


Article 22: Safeguards as to educational institutions in respect of religion, etc.

(1) No person attending any educational institution shall be required to receive religious instruction, or take part in any religious ceremony, or attend religious worship, if such instruction, ceremony or worship relates to a religion other than his won.
(2) In respect of any religious institution, there shall be no discrimination against any community in the granting of exemption in relation to taxation.
(3) Subject to law,
(a) no religious community or denomination shall be prevented from providing religious instruction for pupils of that community or denomination in any educational institution maintained wholly by that community or denomination; and
(b) no citizen shall be denied admission to any educational institution receiving aid from public revenues on the ground only of race, religion, caste or place of birth. (4) Nothing in this Article shall prevent any public authority from making provision for the advancement of any socially or educationally backward class of citizens.


Article 26: Non-discrimination in respect of access to public places

(1) In respect of access to places of public entertainment of resort, not intended for religious purposes only, there shall be no discrimination against any citizen on the ground only of race, religion, caste, sex, residence or place of birth.
(2) Nothing in clause (1) shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children.


Article 27: Safeguard against discrimination in services

(1) No citizen otherwise qualified for appointment in the service of Pakistan shall be discriminated against in respect of any such appointment on the ground only of race, religion, caste, sex, residence or place of birth:
Provided that, for a period not exceeding forty years from the commencing day, posts may be reserved for persons belonging to any class or area to secure their adequate representation in the service of Pakistan:
Provided further that, in the interest of the said service, specified posts or services may be reserved for members of either sex if such posts or services entail the performance of duties and functions which cannot be adequately performed by members of the other sex:
Provided also that under-representation of any class or area in the service of Pakistan may be redressed in such manner as may be determined by an Act of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
(2) Nothing in clause (1) shall prevent any Provincial Government, or any local or other authority in a Province, from prescribing, in relation to any post or class of service under that Government or authority, conditions as to residence in the Province, for a period not exceeding three years, prior to appointment under that Government or authority.


Article 31: Islamic way of life

(1) Steps shall be taken to enable the Muslims of Pakistan, individually and collectively, to order their lives in accordance with the fundamental principles and basic concepts of Islam and to provide facilities whereby they may be enabled to understand the meaning of life according to the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
(2) The State shall endeavor, as respects the Muslims of Pakistan,�
(a) to make the teaching of the Holy Quran and Islamiat compulsory, to encourage and facilitate the learning of Arabic language and to secure correct and exact printing and publishing of the Holy Quran;
(b) to promote unity and the observance of the Islamic moral standards; and
(c) to secure the proper organization of zakat, ushr, auqaf and mosques.


Article 33: Parochial and other similar prejudices to be discouraged

The State shall discourage parochial, racial, tribal sectarian and provincial prejudices among the citizens.


Article 37: Promotion of social justice and eradication of social evils

The State shall�
(a) promote, with special care, the educational and economic interests of backward classes or areas;
(b) remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within [a] minimum possible period;
(c) make technical and professional education generally available and higher education equally accessible to all on the basis of merit;
(d) ensure inexpensive and expeditious justice;
(e) make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work, ensuring that children and women are not employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex, and for maternity benefits for women in employment;
(f) enable the people of different areas, through education, training, agricultural and industrial development and other methods, to participate fully in all forms of national activities, including employment in the service of Pakistan;
(g) prevent prostitution, gambling and taking of injurious drugs, printing, publication, circulation and display of obscene literature and advertisements;
(h) prevent the consumption of alcoholic liquor otherwise than for medicinal and, in the case of non-Muslims, religious purposes; and
(i) decentralize the Government administration so as to facilitate expeditious disposal of its business to meet the convenience and requirements of the public.


Article 38: Promotion of social and economic well being of the people

The State shall�
(a) secure the well-being of the people, irrespective of sex, caste, creed or race, by raising their standard of living, by preventing the concentration of wealth and means of production and distribution in the hands of a few to the detriment of general interest and by ensuring equitable adjustment of rights between employers and employees, and landlords and tenants;
(b) provide for all citizens, within the available resources of the country, facilities for work and adequate livelihood with reasonable rest and leisure;
(c) provide for all persons employed in the service of Pakistan or otherwise, social security by compulsory social insurance or other means;
(d) provide basic necessities of life, such as food, clothing, housing, education and medical relief, for all such citizens, irrespective sex, caste, creed or race, as are permanently or temporarily unable to earn their livelihood on account of infirmity, sickness of unemployment;
(e) reduce disparity in the income and earnings of individuals, including persons in the various classes of the service of Pakistan;
(f) eliminate riba as early as possible; and (g) ensure that the shares of the Provinces in all Federal services, including autonomous bodies and corporations established by, or under the control, the Federal Government, shall be secured and any omission in the allocation of the shares of the Provinces in the past shall be rectified.


Article 40: Strengthening bonds with Muslim world and promoting international peace

The State shall endeavor to preserve and strengthen fraternal relations among Muslim countries based on Islamic unity, support the common interests of the people of Asia, Africa and Latin America, promote international peace and security, foster goodwill and friendly relations among all nations and encourage the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means.


Article 41: The President

�(2) A personal shall not be qualified for election as President unless he is a Muslim of not less than forty-five years of age and is qualified to be elected as [a] member of the National Assembly.


Article 51: National Assembly

(1) There shall be three hundred and forty-two seats for members in the National Assembly, including seats reserved for women and non-Muslims.
�(4) In addition to the number of seats referred to in clause (3), there shall be, in the National Assembly, ten seats reserved for non-Muslims.
�(6) For the purpose of election to the National Assembly,�
(a) the constituencies for the general seats shall be single member territorial constituencies and the members to fill such seats shall be elected by direct and free vote in accordance with law;
(b) each Province shall be a single constituency for all seats reserved for women which are allocated to the respective Provinces under clause (3);
(c) the constituency for all seats reserved for non-Muslims shall be the whole country;
(d) members to the seats reserved for women which are allocated to a Province under clause (3) shall be elected in accordance with law through [the] proportional representation system of political parties� lists of candidates on the basis of total number of general seats secured by each political party from the Province concerned in the National Assembly:
Provided that for the purpose of this paragraph the total number of general seats won by a political party shall include the independent returned candidate or candidates who may duly join such political party within three days of the publication in the official Gazette of the names of the returned candidates; and
(e) members to the seats reserved for non-Muslims shall be elected in accordance with law through [the] proportional representation system of political parties� lists of candidates on the basis of total number of general seats won by each political party in the National Assembly:
Provided that for the purpose of this paragraph the total number of general seats won by a political party shall include the independent returned candidate or candidates who may duly join such political party within three days of the publication in the official Gazette of the names of the returned candidates.


Article 59: The Senate

(1) The Senate shall consist of one hundred and four members, of whom,�
(a) fourteen shall be elected by the members of each Provincial Assembly;
(b) eight shall be elected from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, in such manner as the President may, by Order, prescribe;
(c) two on general seats, and one woman and one technocrat including aalim shall be elected from the Federal Capital in such manner as the President may, by Order, prescribe;
(d) four women shall be elected by the members of each Provincial Assembly;
(e) four technocrats including ulema shall be elected by the members of each Provincial Assembly; and
(f) four non-Muslims, one from each Province, shall be elected by the members of each Provincial Assembly:
Provided that paragraph (f) shall be effective from the next Senate election after the commencement of the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010.
�(3) The Senate shall not be subject to dissolution but the term of its members, who shall retire as follows, shall be six years:�
�(f) of the members referred to in paragraph (f) of the aforesaid clause, two shall retire after the expiration of first three years and two shall retire after the expiration of next three years:
Provided that the Election Commission for the first term of seats for non-Muslims shall draw a lot as to which two members shall retire after the first three years.


Article 62: Qualification for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

(1) A person shall not be qualified to be elected or chosen as a member of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) unless�
(a) he is a citizen of Pakistan;
(b) he is, in the case of the National Assembly, not less than twenty-five years of age and is enrolled as a voter in any electoral roll in�
(i) any part of Pakistan, for election to a general seat or a seat reserved for non-Muslims; and
(ii) any area in a Province from which she seeks membership for election to a seat reserved for women.
(c) he is, in the case of the Senate, not less than thirty years of age and is enrolled as a voter in any area in a Province or, as the case may be, the Federal Capital or the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, from where he seeks membership;
(d) he is good character and is not commonly known as one who violates Islamic Injunctions;
(e) he has adequate knowledge of Islamic teachings and practices obligatory duties prescribed by Islam as well as abstains [sic] from major sins;
(f) he is sagacious, righteous, non-profligate, honest and ameen [sic], there being no declaration to the contrary by a court of law; and
(g) he has not, after the establishment of Pakistan, worked against the integrity of the country or opposed the ideology of Pakistan.
(2) The disqualifications specified in paragraphs (d) and (e) shall not apply to a person who is a non-Muslim, but such a person shall have [a] good moral reputation.


Article 63: Disqualifications for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament)

(1) A person shall be disqualified from being elected or chosen as, and from being, a member of the Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament), if�
�(l) he, whether by himself or by any person or body of persons in trust for him or for his benefit or on his account or as a member of a Hindu undivided family, has any share of interest in a contract, not being a contract between a cooperative society and Government, for the supply of goods to, or for the execution of any contract or for the performance of any service undertaken by, Government:
Provided that this disqualification under this paragraph shall not apply to a person�
(i) where the share or interest in the contract devolves on him by inheritance or succession or as a legatee, executor or administrator, until the expiration of six months after it has so devolved on him;
(ii) where the contract has been entered into by or on behalf of a public company as defined in the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984), of which he is a shareholder but is not a director holding an office of profit under the company; or
(iii) where is a member of a Hindu undivided family and the contract has been entered into by any other member of that family in the course of carrying on a separate business in which he has no share or interest;
Explanation.�In this Article �goods� does not include agricultural produce or commodity grown or produced by him or such goods as he is, under any directive of Government or any law for the time being in force, under a duty or obligation to supply;�


Article 106: Constitution of Provincial Assemblies

Each Provincial Assembly shall consist of general seats and seats reserved for women and non-Muslims as specified herein below:�

General seats Women Non-Muslims Total
Baluchistan 51 11 3 65
The North-West Frontier Province 99 22 3 124
The Punjab 297 66 8 371
Sindh 130 29 9 168

�3. For the purpose of election to a Provincial Assembly,�
(a) the constituencies for the general seats shall be single member territorial constituencies and the members to fill such seats shall be elected by direct and free vote;
(b) each Province shall be a single constituency for all seats reserved for women and non-Muslims allocated to the respective Provinces under clause (1);
(c) the members to fill seats reserved for women and non-Muslims allocated to a Province under clause (1) shall be elected in accordance with law through [the] proportional representation system of political parties' lists of candidates on the basis of the total number of general seats secured by each political party in the Provincial Assembly:�


Article 175A: Appointment of Judges to the Supreme Court, High Courts and the Federal Shariat Court

�(2) For appointment of Judges of the Supreme Court, the Commission shall consist of�
(i) Chief Justice of Pakistan (Chairman);
(ii) four most senior Judges of the Supreme Court (Members);
(iii) a former Chief Justice or a former Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan to be nominated by the Chief Justice of Pakistan, in consultation with the four member Judges, for a term of two years (Member);
(iv) Federal Minister for Law and Justice (Member);
(v) Attorney-General for Pakistan (Member); and
(vi) a Senior Advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan nominated by the Pakistan Bar Council for a term of two years (Member).
�(5) For appointment of Judges of a High Court, the Commission in clause (2) shall also include the following, namely:�
(i) Chief Justice of the High Court to which the appointment is being made (Member);
(ii) the most senior Judge of that High Court (Member);
(iii) Provincial Minister for Law (Member); and
(iv) an advocate having not less than fifteen years practice in the High Court to be nominated by the concerned Bar Council for a term of two years;
Provided that for appointment of the Chief Justice of a High Court the most senior Judge mentioned in paragraph (ii) shall not be member of the Commission:
Provided further that if for any reason the Chief Justice of High Court is not available, he shall be substituted by a former Chief Justice or former Judge of that Court, to be nominated by the Chief Justice of Pakistan in consultation with the four member Judges of the Commission mentioned in paragraph (ii) of clause (2).
�(7) For appointment of Judges of the Federal Shariat Court, the Commission in clause (2) shall also include the Chief Justice of the Federal Shariat Court and the most senior Judge of the Court as its members:
Provided that for appointment of Chief Justice of Federal Shariat Court, the provisos, to clause (5) shall, mutatis mutandis, apply
.
(8) The Commission by majority of its total membership shall nominate to the Parliamentary Committee one person, for each vacancy of a Judge in the Supreme Court, a High Court or the Federal Shariat Court, as the case may be.


CHAPTER 3A. � FEDERAL SHARIAT COURT [Includes Articles 203A through 203J]

Article 203A: Provisions of Chapter to override other provisions of Constitution

The provisions of this Chapter shall have effect notwithstanding anything contained in the Constitution.


Article 203B: Definitions

In this Chapter, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,�
(a) �Chief Justice� means Chief Justice of the Court;
(b) �Court� means the Federal Shariat Court constituted in pursuance of Article 203C;
(bb) �Judge� means Judge of the Court;
(c) �law� includes any custom or usage having the force of law but does not include the Constitution, Muslim personal law, any law relating to the procedure of any court or tribunal or, until the expiration of ten years from the commencement of this Chapter, any fiscal law or any law relating to the levy and collection of taxes and fees or banking or insurance practice and procedure; and
(d) [Paragraph (d) omitted by 1982 constitutional amendment]


Article 203C: The Federal Shariat Court

(1) There shall be constituted for the purposes of this Chapter a Court to be called the Federal Shariat Court.
(2) The Court shall consist of not more than eight Muslim Judges, including the Chief Justice, to be appointed by the President in accordance with Article 175A.
(3) The Chief Justice shall be a person who is, or has been, or is qualified to be, a Judge of the Supreme Court or who is or has been a permanent Judge of a High Court.
(3A) Of the Judges, not more than four shall be persons each one of who is, or has been, or is qualified to be, a Judge of the High Court and not more than three shall be Ulema having at least fifteen years experience in Islamic law, research or instruction.
(4) The Chief Justice and a Judge shall hold office for a period not exceeding three years, but may be appointed for such further term or terms as the President may determine:
Provided that a Judge of a High Court shall not be appointed to be a Judge except with his consent and, except where the Judge is himself the Chief Justice, after consultation by the President with the Chief Justice of the High Court.
(4A) The Chief Justice, if he is not a Judge of the Supreme Court, and a Judge who is not a Judge of the High Court, may, by writing under this hand addressed to the President, resign his office.
(4B) The Chief Justice and a Judge shall not be removed from office except in the like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of the Supreme Court.
(4C) [Clause 4C omitted by constitutional amendment]
(5) [Clause 5 omitted by constitutional amendment]
(6) The principal seat of the Court shall be in Islamabad, but the Court may from time to time sit in such other places in Pakistan as the Chief Justice may, with the approval of the President, appoint.
(7) Before entering upon office, the Chief Justice and a Judge shall make before the President or a person nominated by him [an] oath in the form set out in the Third Schedule.
(8) At any time when the Chief Justice or a Judge is absent or is unable to perform the functions of his office, the President shall appoint another person qualified for the purpose to act as Chief Justice or, as the case may be, Judge.
(9) A Chief Justice who is not a Judge of the Supreme Court shall be entitled to the same remuneration, allowances and privileges as are admissible to a Judge of the Supreme Court and a Judge who is not a Judge of a High Court shall be entitled to the same remuneration, allowances and privileges as are admissible to a Judge of a High Court:
Provided that where a Judge is already drawing a pension for any other post in the service of Pakistan, the amount of such pension shall be deducted from the pension admissible under this clause.


Article 203CC omitted by 1981 constitutional amendment

Article 203D: Powers, jurisdiction and functions of the Court

(1) The Court may, either of its own motion or on the petition of a citizen of Pakistan or the Federal Government or a Provincial Government, examine and decide the question whether or not any law or provision of law is repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam, as laid down in the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet, hereinafter referred to as the Injunctions of Islam.
(1A) Where the Court takes up the examination of any law or provision of law under clause (1) and such law or provision of law appears to it to be repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam, the Court shall cause to be given to the Federal Government in the case of a law with respect to a matter in the Federal Legislative List or to the Provincial Government in the case of a law with respect to a matter not enumerated in the Federal Legislative List, a notice specifying the particular provisions that appear to it to be so repugnant, and afford to such Government adequate opportunity to have its point of view placed before the Court.
(2) If the Court decides that any law or provision of law is repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam, it shall set out in its decision:�
(a) the reasons for its holding that opinion; and
(b) the extent to which such law or provision is so repugnant;
and specify the day on which the decision shall take effect:
Provided that no such decision shall be deemed to take effect before the expiration of the period within which an appeal therefrom may be preferred to the Supreme Court or, where an appeal has been so preferred, before the disposal of such appeal.
(3) If any law or provision of law is held by the Court to be repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam,�
(a) the President in the case of a law with respect to a matter in the Federal Legislative List or the Governor in the case of a law with respect to a matter not enumerated in said List shall take steps to amend the law so as to bring such law or provision into conformity with the Injunctions of Islam; and
(b) such law or provision shall, to the extent to which it is held to be so repugnant, cease to have effect on the day on which the decision of the Court takes effect.


Article 203DD: Revisional and other jurisdiction of the Court

(1) The Court may call for and examine the record of any case decided by any criminal court under any law relating to the enforcement of Hudood for the purpose of satisfying itself as to the correctness, legality or propriety of any finding, sentence or order recorded or passed by, and as to the regularity of any proceedings of, such court and may, when calling for such record, direct that the execution of any sentence be suspended and, if the accused is in confinement, that he be released on bail or on his own bond pending the examination of the record.
(2) In any case the record of which has been called for by the Court, the Court may pass such order as it may deem fit and may enhance the sentence:
Provided that nothing in this Article shall be deemed to authorize the Court to convert a finding of acquittal into one of conviction and no order under this Article shall be made to the prejudice of the accused unless he has an opportunity of being heard in his own defense.
(3) The Court shall have such other jurisdiction as may be conferred on it by or under any law.


Article 203E: Powers and procedure of the Court

(1) For the purposes of the performance of its functions, the Court shall have the powers of a Civil Court trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), in respect of the following matters, namely:�
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;
(b) requiring the discovery and production of any document;
(c) receiving evidence on affidavits; and
(d) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or document.
(2) The Court shall have power to conduct its proceedings and regulate its procedure in all respects as it deems fit.
(3) The Court shall have the power of a High Court to punish its own contempt.
(4) A party to any proceedings before the Court under clause (1) of Article 203D may be represented by a legal practitioner who is a Muslim and has been enrolled as an advocate of a High Court for a period of not less than five or as an advocate of the Supreme Court or by a jurisconsult selected by the part from out of a panel of jurisconsults maintained by the Court for the purpose.
(5) For being eligible to have his name borne on the panel of jurisconsults referred to in clause (4), a person shall be an aalim who, in the opinion the Court, is well-versed in Shariat.
(6) A legal practitioner or jurisconsult representing a party before the Court shall not plead for the party but shall state, expound and interpret the Injunctions of Islam relevant to the proceedings so far as may be known to him and submit to the Court a written statement of his interpretation of such Injunctions of Islam.
(7) The Court may invite any person in Pakistan or abroad whom the Court considers to be well-versed in Islamic law to appear before it and render such assistance as may be required of him.
(8) No court fee shall be payable in respect of any petition or application made to the Court under Article 203D.
(9) The Court shall have power to review any decision given or order made by it.


Article 203F: Appeal to Supreme Court

(1) Any party to any proceedings before the Court under Article 203D aggrieved by the final decision of the Court in such proceedings may, within sixty days of such decision, prefer an appeal to the Supreme Court:
Provided that an appeal on behalf of the Federation or of a Province may be preferred within six months of such decision.
(2) The provisions of clauses (2) and (3) of Article 203D and clauses (4) to (8) of Article 203E shall apply to and in relation to the Supreme Court as if reference in those provisions to Court were a reference to the Supreme Court.
(2A) An appeal shall lie to the Supreme Court from any judgment, final order or sentence of the Federal Shariat Court�
(a) if the Federal Shariat Court has on appeal reversed an order of acquittal of an accused person and sentenced him to death or imprisonment for life or imprisonment for a term exceeding fourteen years; or, on revision, has enhanced a sentenced as aforesaid; or
(b) if the Federal Shariat Court has imposed any punishment on any person for contempt of the Court.
(2B) An appeal to the Supreme Court from a judgment, decision, order or sentence of the Federal Shariat Court in a case to which the preceding clauses do not apply shall lie only if the Supreme Court grants leave to appeal.
(3) For the purposes of the exercise of the jurisdiction conferred by the Article, there shall be constituted in the Supreme Court a Bench to be called the Shariat Appellate Bench and consisting of�
(a) three Muslim Judges of the Supreme Court; and
(b) not more than two Ulema to be appointed by the President to attend sittings of the Bench as ad hoc members thereof from amongst the Judges of the Federal Shariat Court or from out a panel of Ulema to be drawn up by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice.
(4) A person appointed under paragraph (b) of clause (3) shall hold office for such period as the President may determine.
(5) Reference in clauses (1) and (2) to �Supreme Court� shall be construed as a reference to the Shariat Appellate Bench.
(6) While attending sittings of the Shariat Appellate Bench, a person appointed under paragraph (b) of clause (3) shall have the same power and jurisdiction, and be entitled to the same privileges, as a Judge of the Supreme Court and be paid such allowances as the President may determine.


Article 203G: Bar of jurisdiction

Save as provided in Article 203F, no court or tribunal, including the Supreme Court and a High Court, shall entertain any proceedings or exercise any power or jurisdiction in respect of any matter within the power or jurisdiction of the Court.


Article 203GG: Decision of Court binding on High Court and courts subordinate to it

Subject to Article 203D and 203F, any decision of the Court in the exercise of its jurisdiction under this Chapter shall be binding on a High Court and on all courts subordinate to a High Court.


Article 203H: Pending proceedings to continue, etc.

(1) Subject to clause (2) nothing in this Chapter shall be deemed to require any proceedings pending in any court or tribunal immediately before the commencement of this Chapter or initiated after such commencement, to be adjourned or stayed by reason only of a petition having been made to the Court for a decision as to whether or not a law or provision of law repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam; and all such proceedings shall continue, and the point in issue therein shall be decided, in accordance with the law for the time being in force.
(2) All proceedings under clause (1) of Article 203B of the Constitution that may be pending before any High Court immediately before the commencement of this Chapter shall stand transferred to the Court and shall be dealt with by the Court from the stage from which they are so transferred.
(3) Neither the Court nor the Supreme Court shall in the exercise of its jurisdiction under this Chapter have power to grant an injunction or make any interim order in relation to any proceedings pending in any other court or tribunal.


Article 203I omitted by 1982 constitutional amendment

Article 203J: Power to make rules

(1) The Court may, by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Chapter.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may make provision in respect of all or any of the following matters, namely:�
(a) the scale of payment of honoraria to be made to jurisconsults, experts and witnesses summoned by the Court to defray the expenses, if any, incurred by them in attending for the purposes of the proceedings before the Court;
(b) the form of oath to be made by a Jurisconsult, expert or witness appearing before the Court;
(c) the powers and functions of the Court being exercised or performed by Benches consisting of one or more members constituted by the Chairman;
(d) the decision of the Court being expressed in terms of the opinion of the majority of its members or, as the case may be, of the members constituting a Bench;
(e) the decision of cases in which the members constituting a Bench are equally divided in their opinion.
(3) Until rules are made under clause (1), the Shariat Benches of Superior Courts Rules, 1979, shall, with the necessary modifications and so far as they are not inconsistent with the provisions of the Chapter, continue in force.



Article 207: Judge not to hold office of profit, etc.

(1) A judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court shall not�
(a) hold any other office of profit in the service of Pakistan if his remuneration is thereby increased; or
(b) occupy any other position carrying the right to remuneration for the rendering of service.
(2) A person who has held office as a Judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court shall not hold any office of profit in the service of Pakistan, not being a judicial or quasi-judicial office or the office of Chief Election Commissioner or of Chairman or member of a Law Commission or of Chairman or member of the Council of Islamic Ideology, before the expiration of two years after he has ceased to hold that office.
(3) A person who has held office as a permanent Judge�
(a) of the Supreme Court, shall not plead or act in any court of before any authority in Pakistan;
(b) of a High Court, shall not plead or act in any court or before any authority within its jurisdiction; and
(c) of the High Court of West Pakistan as it existed immediately before the coming into force of the Province of West Pakistan (Dissolution) Order, 1970, shall not plead or act in any court or before any authority within the jurisdiction of the principal seat of that High Court or, as the case may be, the permanent bench of that High Court ot which he was assigned.


Article 208: Officers and servants of Courts

The Supreme Court and the Federal Shariat Court, with the approval of the President and a High Court, with the approval of the Governor concerned, may make rules providing for the appointment by the Court of officers and servants of the Court and for their terms and conditions of employment.


PART IX: ISLAMIC PROVISIONS [Includes Articles 227 through 231]

Article 227: Provisions relating to the Holy Quran and Sunnah

(1) All existing laws shall be brought in conformity with the Injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Holy Quran and Sunnah, in this part referred to as the Injunctions of Islam, and no law shall be enacted which is repugnant to such Injunctions.
Explanation.�In the application of this cause to the personal law of any Muslim sect, the expression �Quran and Sunnah� shall mean the Quran and Sunnah as interpreted by the sect.
(2) Effect shall be given to the provisions of clause (1) only in the manner provided in this Part.
(3) Nothing in this Part shall affect the personal laws of non-Muslim citizens or their status as citizens.


Article 228: Composition, etc., of Islamic Council

(1) There shall be, constituted within a period of ninety days from the commencing day a Council of Islamic Ideology, in this part referred to as the Islamic Council.
(2) The Islamic Council shall consist of such members, being not less than eight and not more than twenty as the President may appoint from amongst persons having knowledge of the principles and philosophy of Islam as enunciated in the Holy Quran and Sunnah, or understanding the economic, political, legal or administrative problems of Pakistan.
(3) While appointing members of the Islamic Council, the President shall ensure that�
(a) so far as practicable various schools of thought are represented in the Council;
(b) not less than two of the members are persons each of whom is, or has been a Judge or the Supreme Court or of a High Court;
(c) not less than one third of the members are persons each of whom has been engaged, for a period of not less than fifteen years, in Islamic research or instruction; and
(d) at least one member is a woman.
(4) The President shall appoint one of the members of the Islamic Council to be the Chairman thereof.
(5) Subject to clause (6), a member of the Islamic Council shall hold office for a period of three years.
(6) A member may, by writing under his hand addressed to the President, resign his office or may be removed by the President upon the passing of a resolution for his removal by a majority of the total membership of the Islamic Council.


Article 229: Reference by Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament), etc., to Islamic Council

The President or the Governor of a Province may, or if two-fifths of its total membership so requires, a House or a Provincial Assembly shall, refer to the Islamic Council for advice [on] any question as to whether a proposed law is or is not repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam.


Article 230: Functions of the Islamic Council

(1) The functions of the Islamic Council shall be�
(a) to make recommendations to Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) and the Provincial Assemblies as to the ways and means of enabling and encouraging the Muslims of Pakistan to order their lives individually and collectively in all respects in accordance with the principles and concepts of Islam as enunciated in the Holy Quran and Sunnah;
(b) to advise a House, a Provincial Assembly, the President or a Governor on any question referred to the Council as to whether [a] proposed law is or is not repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam;
(c) to make recommendations as to the measures for bringing existing laws into conformity with the Injunctions of Islam and the stages by which such measures should be brought into effect; and
(d) to compile in a suitable form, for the guidance of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) and the Provincial Assemblies, such Injunctions of Islam as can be given legislative effect.
(2) When, under Article 299, a question is referred by a House, a Provincial Assembly, the President or a Governor to the Islamic Council, the Council shall, within fifteen days thereof, inform the House, the Assembly, the President or the Governor, as the case may be, of the period within which the Council expects to be able to furnish that advice.
(3) Where a House, a Provincial Assembly, the President or the Governor, as the case may be, considers that, in the public interest, the making of the proposed law in relation to which the question arose should not be postponed until the advice of the Islamic Council is furnished, the law may be made before the advice is furnished:
Provided that, where a law is referred for advice to the Islamic Council and the Council advises that the law is repugnant to the Injunctions of Islam, the House or, as the case may be, the Provincial Assembly, the President or the Governor shall reconsider the law so made.
(4) The Islamic Council shall submit its final report within seven years of its appointment, and shall submit an annual interim report. The report, whether interim or final, shall be laid for discussion before both Houses and each Provincial Assembly within six months of its receipt, and Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) and the Assembly, after considering the report, shall enact laws in respect thereof within a period of two years of the final report.


Article 231: Rules of procedure

The proceedings of the Islamic Council shall be regulated by rules of procedure to be made by the Council with approval of the President.


Article 260: Definitions

(1) In the Constitution, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the meaning hereby respectively assigned to them, that is to say,�
��President� means the President of Pakistan and includes a person for the time being acting as, or performing the functions of, the President of Pakistan and, as respects anything required to be done under the Constitution before the commencing day, the President under the Interim Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan;
��service of Pakistan� means any service, post or office in connection with the affairs of the Federation or of a Province, and includes an All-Pakistan Service, service in the Armed Forces and any other service declared to be a service of Pakistan by or under Act of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) or of a Provincial Assembly, but does not include service as Speaker, Deputy Speaker, Chairman, Deputy Chairman, Prime Minister, Federal Minister, Minister of State, Chief Minister, Provincial Minister, Attorney-General, Advocate-General, Parliamentary Secretary or Chairman or member of a Law Commission, Chairman or member of the Council of Islamic Ideology, Special Assistant to the Prime Minister, Adviser to the Prime Minister, Special Assistant to a Chief Minister, Adviser to a Chief Minister or member of a House or a Provincial Assembly;
�(3) In the Constitution and all enactments and other legal instruments, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,�
(a) �Muslim� means a person who believes in the unity and oneness of Almighty Allah, in the absolute and unqualified finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him), the last of the prophets, and does not believe in, or recognize as a prophet or religious reformer, any person who claimed or claims to be a prophet, in any sense of the word or of any description whatsoever, after Muhammad (peace be upon him); and
(b) �non-Muslim� means a person who is not a Muslim and includes a person belonging to the Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist or Parsi community, a person of the Quadiani group or the Lahori group (who call themselves �Ahmadis� or by any other name), or a Baha�i, and a person belong to any of the scheduled castes.


Article 265: Title of Constitution and commencement

(1) This Constitution shall be known as the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.


Article 266: Repeal

The Interim Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, together with the Acts and President�s Orders making omissions from, additions to, modifications of, or amendments in, that Constitution is hereby repealed.


Article 270AA: Declaration and continuance of laws, etc.

(1) The Proclamation of Emergency of the fourteenth day of October, 1999, the Provisional Constitution Order No. 1 of 1999, the Oath of Office (Judges) Order, 2000 (No. 1 of 2000), Chief Executive�s Order No. 12 of 2002, Chief Executive�s Order No. 19 of 2002, the amendment made in the Constitution through the Legal Framework Order, 2002 (Chief Executive�s Order No. 24 of 2002), the Legal Framework (Amendment) Order, 2002, (Chief Executive�s Order No. 29 of 2002) and the Legal Framework (Second Amendment) Order, 2002 (Chief Executive�s Order No. 32 of 2002), notwithstanding any judgment of any court including the Supreme Court or a High Court, are hereby declared as having been made without lawful authority and of no legal effect.
(2) Except as provided in clause (1) and subject to the provisions of the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, all laws including President�s Order, Acts, Ordinances, Chief Executive�s Orders, regulations, enactments, notifications, rules, orders or bye-laws made between the twelfth day of October, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine and the thirty-first day of December, two thousand and three (both days inclusive) and still in force shall, continue to be in force until altered, repealed or amended by the competent authority.
Explanation.� For the purposes of clause (2) and clause (6), �competent authority� means,�
(a) in respect of President�s Orders, Ordinances, Chief Executive�s Orders and all other laws, the appropriate Legislature; and
(b) in respect of notification, rules, orders and bye-laws, the authority in which the power to make, alter, repeal or amend the same vests under the law.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Constitution or clause (1), or judgment of any court including the Supreme Court or High Court,�
(a) Judges of the Supreme Court, High Courts and Federal Shariat Court who were holding the office of a Judge or were appointed as such, and had taken oath under the Oath of Office (Judges) Order, 2000 (1 of 2000), shall be deemed to have continued to hold the office as a Judge or to have been appointed as such, as the case may be, under the Constitution, and such continuance or appointment, shall have effect accordingly.
(b) Judges of the Supreme Court, High Courts and Federal Shariat Court who not having been given or taken oath under the Office of Office of (Judges) Order, 2000 (1 of 2000), and cased to hold the office of a Judge shall, for the purposes of pensionary benefits only, be deemed to have continued to hold office under the Constitution till their date of superannuation.


Article 271: First National Assembly

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Constitution but subject to Article 63, Article 64 and Article 223,�
�(b) the qualifications and disqualifications for being elected and being a member of the first National Assembly shall, except in case of members filling casual vacancies, or to be elected to the additional seats referred to in clause (2A) of Article 51, after the commencing day, be the same as under the Interim Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
Provided that no person holding an office of profit in the service of Pakistan shall continue to be a member of the first National Assembly after the expiration of three months from the commencing day.


Article 275: Continuance in office of persons in service of Pakistan, etc.

(1) Subject to the Constitution and until law is made under Article 240 any person who, immediately before the commencing day, was in the service of Pakistan shall, as from that day, continue in the service of Pakistan on the same terms and conditions as were applicable to him under the Interim Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan immediately before that day.


ANNEX (Article 2A): The Objectives Resolution

In the name of Allah, the most beneficent, the most merciful.
Whereas sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to Allah Almighty alone and the authority which He has delegated to the State of Pakistan, through its people for being exercised within the limits prescribed by Him is a sacred trust;
This Constituent Assembly representing the people of Pakistan resolves to frame a constitution for the sovereign independent State of Pakistan;
Wherein the State shall exercise its powers and authority through the chosen representatives of the people;
Wherein the principles of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice as enunciated by Islam shall be fully observed;
Wherein the Muslims shall be enabled to order their lives in the individual and collective spheres in accordance with the teachings and requirements of Islam as set-out in the Holy Quran and the Sunnah;
Wherein adequate provision shall be made for the minorities to freely profess and practice their religions and develop their cultures;
Wherein the territories now included in or in accession with Pakistan and such other territories as may hereafter be included in or accede to Pakistan shall form a Federation wherein the units will be autonomous with such boundaries and limitations on their powers and authority as may be prescribed;
Wherein shall be guaranteed fundamental rights including equality of status, of opportunity and before law, social, economic and political justice, and freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship and association, subject to law and public morality;
Wherein adequate provision shall be made to safeguard the legitimate interests of minorities and backward and depressed classes;
Wherein the independence of the Judiciary shall be fully secured;
Wherein the integrity of the territories of the Federation, its independence and all its rights including its sovereign rights on land, sea and air shall be safeguard;
So that the people of Pakistan may prosper and attain their rightful and honored place amongst the nations of the World and make their full contribution towards international peace and progress and happiness of humanity.


SECOND SCHEDULE (Article 41(3)): Election of President

�18. (1) The Chief Election Commissioner shall determine the result of the election in the following manner, namely:�
(a) the number of votes cast in the Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) in favor of each candidate shall be counted;
(b) the number of votes cast in a Provincial Assembly in favor of each candidate shall be multiplied by the total number of seats in the Provincial Assembly for the time being having the smallest number of seats and divided by the total number of seats in the Provincial Assembly in which the votes have been cast; and
(c) the number of votes calculated in the manner referred to in clause (b) shall be added to the number of votes counted under clause (a).
Explanation.�In this paragraph, �total number of seats� including seats reserved for non-Muslims and women.
(2) A fraction shall be rounded off to the nearest whole.

THIRD SCHEDULE: Oaths of Office

PRESIDENT (Article 42)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I am a Muslim and believe in the Unity and Oneness of Almighty Allah, the Books of Allah, the Holy Quran being the last of them, the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him) as the last of the Prophets and there can be no Prophet after him, the Day of Judgment, and all the requirements and teachings of the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
That I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as President of Pakistan, I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the law, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan;
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
That, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will:
And that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as President of Pakistan, except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as President.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


PRIME MINISTER (Article 91(5))

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I am a Muslim and believe in the Unity and Oneness of Almighty Allah, the Books of Allah, the Holy Quran being the last of them, the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him) as the last of the Prophets and there can be no Prophet after him, the Day of Judgment, and all the requirements and teachings of the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
That I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as Prime Minister of Pakistan, I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the law, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan;
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
That, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will:
And that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as Prime Minister of Pakistan, except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as Prime Minister.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


FEDERAL MINISTER OR MINISTER OF STATE (Article 92(2))

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as Federal Minister (or Minister of State); I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the law, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan:
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
That, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will:
And that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as Federal Minister (or Minister of State), except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as Federal Minister (or Minister of State), or as may be specially permitted by the Prime Minister.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


SPEAKER OF NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OR CHAIRMAN OF SENATE (Articles 53(2) and 61)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as Speaker of the National Assembly (or Chairman of the Senate) and whenever I am called upon to act as President of Pakistan, I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the law and as Speaker of the National Assembly in accordance with the rules of the Assembly (or as Chairman of the Senate in accordance with the rules of the Senate), and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan:
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
And that, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


DEPUTY SPEAKER OF NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OR DEPUTY CHAIRMAN OF SENATE (Articles 53(2) and 61)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That whenever I am called upon to act as Speaker of the National Assembly (or Chairman of the Senate), I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the law and the rules of the Assembly (or Senate), and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan:
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
And that, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


MEMBER OF NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OR MEMBER OF SENATE (Article 65)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as a member of the National Assembly (or Senate), I will perform my functions honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the law and the rules of the Assembly (or Senate), and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan:
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
And that I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


GOVERNOR OF PROVINCE (Article 102)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as the Governor of the Province of _______________, I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and the law and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan:
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
That, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will:
And that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as Governor of the Province of _______________ except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as Governor.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


CHIEF MINISTER OR PROVINCIAL MINISTER (Articles 130(5) and 132)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as a Chief Minister (or Minister) of the Government of the Province of _______________, I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and the law and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan:
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
That, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will:
And that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as Chief Minister (or Minister) except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as Chief Minister (or Minister or as may be specially permitted by the Chief Minister).
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


SPEAKER OF A PROVINCIAL ASSEMBLY (Articles 53(2) and 127)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as Speaker of the Provincial Assembly of the Province of _______________ and whenever I am called upon to act as Governor, I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the law and the rules of the Assembly, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan:
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
And that, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


DEPUTY SPEAKER OF A PROVINCIAL ASSEMBLY (Articles 53(2) and 127)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, whenever I am called upon to act as Speaker of the Provincial Assembly of the Province of _______________, I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the law and the rules of the Assembly, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan:
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
And that, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


MEMBER OF A PROVINCIAL ASSEMBLY (Articles 65 and 127)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as a member of the Provincial Assembly of _______________, I will perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the law and the rules of the Assembly, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of Pakistan:
That I will strive to preserve the Islamic ideology which is the basis for the creation of Pakistan:
And that I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


AUDITOR-GENERAL OF PAKISTAN (Article 168(2))

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as Auditor-General of Pakistan, I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully, in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and the law and to the best of my knowledge, ability and judgment, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will, and that I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decision.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


CHIEF JUSTICE OF PARKISTAN OR OF A HIGH COURT OR JUDGE OF THE SUPREME COURT OR A HIGH COURT (Articles 178 and 194)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as Chief Justice of Pakistan (or a Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan or Chief Justice or a Judge of the High Court for the Province or Provinces of _______________), I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, and faithfully, in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the law:
That I will abide by the code of conduct issued by the Supreme Judicial Council:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
And that, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


CHIEF JUSTICE OR JUDGE OF THE FEDERAL SHARIAT COURT (Article 203C (7))

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan:
That, as the Chief Justice of the Federal Shariat Court (or a Judge of the Federal Shariat Court), I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, and faithfully, in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the law:
That I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions:
That I will abide by the code of conduct issued by the Supreme Judicial Council:
That I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
And that, in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favor, affection or ill-will.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


CHIEF ELECTION COMMISSIONER (Article 214)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that as Chief Election Commissioner I will discharge my duties, and perform my functions, honestly, to the best of my ability, faithfully, in accordance with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the law, and without fear or favor, affection or ill-will, and that I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES (Article 244)

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
I, _______________, do solemnly swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan and uphold the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan which embodies the will of the people, that I will not engage myself in any political activities whatsoever and that I will honestly and faithfully serve Pakistan in the Pakistan Army (or Navy or Air Force) as required by and under the law.
May Allah Almighty help and guide me (A�meen).


FOURTH SCHEDULE (Article 70 (4)): LEGISLATIVE LISTS

Federal Legislative List: Part I

�6. Admission into, and emigration and expulsion from, Pakistan, including in relation thereto the regulation of the movements in Pakistan of persons not domiciled in Pakistan, pilgrimages to places beyond Pakistan.

Sources

1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at arda@pop.psu.edu if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.