Papua New Guinea
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Western Christian

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Protestant (incl. Anglican, Pentecostal) (41.4%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 recognition only [Preamble]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Section 45(1)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Section 55(1)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1975
Last Amended3 2016
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Original was written in English.
Current as of3 November 12, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

...

pledge ourselves to guard and pass on to those who come after us our noble traditions and the Christian principles that are ours now.

...

... under the guiding hand of God ...

...

2. Equality and Participation

...

(5) equal participation by women citizens in all ... religious activities ...

...

Basic Rights

WE HEREBY ACKNOWLEDGE that ... all persons in our country are entitled to the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, the right, whatever their ... creed ... to each of the following:---

...

(d) freedom of conscience ....

...

Section 32. Right to freedom.

...

(3) This section is not intended to reflect on the extra-legal existence, nature or effect of ... religious obligations ... or to prevent such obligations being given effect to by law.

Section 45. Freedom of conscience, thought, and religion.

(1) Every person has the right to freedom of conscience, thought and religion and the practice of his religion and beliefs, including freedom to manifest and propagate his religion and beliefs in such a way as not to interfere with the freedom of others, except to the extent that the exercise of that right is regulated or restricted by a law that complies with Section 38 (general qualifications on qualified rights).

(2) No person shall be compelled to receive religious instruction or to take part in a religious ceremony or observance, but this does not apply to the giving of religious instruction to a child with the consent of his parent or guardian or to the inclusion in a course of study of secular instruction concerning any religion or belief.

(3) No person is entitled to intervene unsolicited into the religious affairs of a person of a different belief, or to attempt to force his or any religion (or irreligion) on another, by harassment or otherwise.

(4) No person may be compelled to take an oath that is contrary to his religion or belief, or to take an oath in a manner or form that is contrary to his religion or belief.

(5) A reference in this section to religion includes a reference to the traditional religious beliefs and customs of the peoples of Papua New Guinea.

Section 46. Freedom of expression.

...

(3) Notwithstanding anything in this section, an Act of the Parliament may make reasonable provision for securing reasonable access to mass communications media for interested persons and associations---

...

(b) to allow rebuttal of false or misleading statements concerning their ... beliefs,

...

Section 55. Equality of citizens.

(1) Subject to this Constitution, all citizens have the same rights, privileges, obligations and duties irrespective of ... creed, religion ...

...

[A technical exception for affirmative action follows.]

Section 233. Content, operations, etc., of emergency orders.

...

(3) An emergency law---

(a) may not alter---

...

(iii) Section 45 (freedom of conscience, thought and religion); ...

...

...

...

Section 290. Functions and powers available to the Bougainville Government.

...

(2) The functions and powers available to the Bougainville Government in and in relation to Bougainville are the following:---

...

(g) churches and religion;

...

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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