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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes


Constitution Year 1993
Last Amended 2009
Source Congress of the Republic of Peru
Translation Unofficial translation by ARDA staff from Spanish source
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2


The Constituent Democratic Congress, calling on God Almighty, obeying the mandate of the Peruvian people and remembering the sacrifice of all of the generations who have preceded us in our country, has resolved to give the following Constitution:

Article 2

Everyone has the right:
1. To life, to their identity, to their moral, mental and physical integrity and to their free development and welfare. The unborn child is subject to the law in all respects.
2. To equality before the law. No one is to be discriminated against because of origin, race, sex, language, religion, opinion, economic condition or any other characteristic.
3. To freedom of conscience and religion, in individual or collective form. There is no persecution due to ideas or beliefs. Opinion is not criminalized. Public exercise of all faiths is free, provided it does not offend morality and that public order is not disturbed.
…18. To keep one’s political, philosophical, religious or other convictions secret, and also to maintain professional secrets.

Article 14

Education promotes the knowledge, learning and practice of the humanities, science, technology, arts, physical education and sports. It prepares one for life and work and promotes solidarity.
It is the duty of the State to promote the scientific and technological development of the country.

Ethical and civic education and the teaching of the Constitution and human rights are obligatory in all civil or military educational processes. Religious education is provided while respecting freedom of conscience.
Instruction is given, at all levels, subject to constitutional principles and to the goals of the corresponding educational institution.
The media must cooperate with the State in education and in moral and cultural formation.

Article 24

The worker is entitled to fair and adequate compensation, in order for him to seek material and spiritual welfare for himself and his family.

Article 37

Extradition is only granted by the Executive Power after informing the Supreme Court, in compliance with the law and treaties, and according to the principle of reciprocity.
Extradition is not granted if is deemed to have been requested for the purpose of prosecuting or punishing a person on grounds of religion, nationality, opinion or race.

Article 50

Within a regime of independence and autonomy, the State recognizes the Catholic Church as an important component of the historical, cultural and moral formation of Peru, and gives its collaboration.
The State respects other faiths and may establish forms of collaboration with them.


1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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