Philippines
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (79.7%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article II, Section 6]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article III, Section 5]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 no

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1987
Last Amended3 (n/a)
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Original was written in English.
Current as of3 November 8, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

... imploring the aid of Almighty God ...

ARTICLE II. Declaration of principles and state policies principles [sic].

Section 6.

The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable.

ARTICLE III. Bill of Rights.

Section 5.

No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.

ARTICLE VI. Legislative Department.

Section 5.

...

(2) ... For three consecutive terms after the ratification of this Constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to party-list representatives shall be filled, as provided by law, by selection or election from [various disadvantaged] sectors as may be provided by law, except the religious sector.

...

Section 28.

...

(3) Charitable institutions, churches and parsonages or convents appurtenant thereto, mosques, non-profit cemeteries, and all lands, buildings, and improvements, actually, directly, and exclusively used for religious, charitable, or educational purposes shall be exempt from taxation.

...

Section 29.

...

(2) No public money or property shall be appropriated, applied, paid, or employed, directly or indirectly, for the use, benefit, or support of any sect, church, denomination, sectarian institution, or system of religion, or of any priest, preacher, minister, or other religious teacher, or dignitary as such, except when such priest, preacher, minister, or dignitary is assigned to the armed forces, or to any penal institution, or government orphanage or leprosarium.

...

ARTICLE IX. Constitutional Commissions.

C. The Commission of Elections.

Section 2.

The Commission on Elections shall exercise the following powers and functions:

...

(5) Register, after sufficient publication, political parties, organizations, or coalitions ... Religious denominations and sects shall not be registered. ...

...

ARTICLE X. Local government.

Section 1.

... There shall be autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao ... as hereinafter provided.

Section 15.

There shall be created autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao ... consisting of provinces, cities, municipalities, and geographical areas sharing common and distinctive historical and cultural heritage, economic and social structures, and other relevant characteristics within the framework of this Constitution and the national sovereignty as well as territorial integrity of the Republic of the Philippines.

Section 19.

The first Congress elected under this Constitution shall, within eighteen months from the time of organization of both Houses, pass the organic acts for the autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao ...

ARTICLE XIV. Education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports.

Section 3.

...

(3) At the option expressed in writing by the parents or guardians, religion shall be allowed to be taught to their children or wards in public elementary and high schools within the regular class hours by instructors designated or approved by the religious authorities of the religion to which the children or wards belong, without additional cost to the Government.

Section 4.

...

(2) Educational institutions, other than those established by religious groups and mission boards, shall be owned solely by citizens of the Philippines ...

...

ARTICLE XV. The family.

Section 3.

The State shall defend:

(1) The right of spouses to found a family in accordance with their religious convictions and the demands of responsible parenthood.

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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