Sudan
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Government

2009 POLITY score (-10 to 10, -10 is a strongly autocratic state and 10 is a strongly democratic state)3 -4.0
2000 Political Typology4 Authoritarian Regime
1950 Political Typology4 Protectorate
1900 Political Typology4 Colonial Dependency

Dimensions of Government

2009 Political Rights Scale (1-7, less is more freedom)5 7.0
2009 Electoral Process score (0-12, lower is a less free process)5 0.0
2009 Political Pluralism and Participation score (0 to 16, lower is less opportunity)5 4.0
2009 Functioning of Government score (0-12, lower is less freely functioning)5 3.0
2009 Rule of Law score (0 to 16, lower is weaker rule of law)5 0.0
2008 Independence of the Judiciary6 Not independent

Education Measures1

Sudan Northern Africa World
Adult Literacy Rate (% ages 15 or older who are literate, most recent measure during 2005-2008) 69.3 -- --
2009 Net Primary Enrollment Rate (% of children of official primary school age enrolled in primary ed.) 39.2 -- --
2009 Net Secondary Enrollment Rate (% of children of official secondary school age enrolled in secondary ed.) -- -- --

Economic Measures

Sudan Northern Africa World
2008 Gross Domestic Product (in billions of US dollars, adjusted by purchasing power parity)1 89 1,127.8 67,581.9
2006 Imports (in millions of current US dollars)2 8,616.2 125,781.1 12,082,869.9
2006 Exports (in millions of current US dollars)2 5,493.4 144,583.6 11,643,782.8
2010 Index of Economic Freedom (0-100, lower is less freedom)7 -- 54.8 59.4
2010 Human Development Index (HDI)8 0.379 0.614 0.637
2008 Gender Inequality Index (GII)9 0.708 0.621 0.536
Income Gini Coefficient (most recent measurement during 2000-2010)10 -- -- --

Military Measures2

Sudan Northern Africa World
2007 Military Expenditures (in thousands of current US dollars) -- 12,445,000 1,278,665,000
2007 Military Personnel (in thousands) 105 1,024 19,762

Demographic and Health Measures

Sudan Northern Africa World
2010 Population11 43,939,598 208,167,077 6,853,019,414
2010 Life Expectancy at Birth1 58.9 69.0 69.4
2010 Net Migration Rate (migrants per 1,000 population)12 0.6 -0.6 0.0
2008 Urban Population (percentage of total population living in urban areas)12 43.0% 51.1% 50.5%
2005-2010 Annual Rate of Urbanization12 4.3% -- 1.9%
2010-2015 Total Fertility Rate (number of live births per woman)1 3.7 -- --
2010 Infant Mortality Rate (number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births)12 78.1 43.0 42.4
2007 HIV prevalence (percent of population ages 15-49)13 1.4% 0.3% 0.8%

Sources

1.  The United Nations Human Development Reports provide data and statistical analysis in various areas of human development. The Human Development Report (HDR) presents two types of statistics: the human development indicator tables, which provide a global assessment of country achievements in different areas of human development, and thematic statistical analysis. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  Import and export data is drawn from the International Trade, 1870-2006 (v2.01) dataset and military data is drawn from the National Material Capabilities (v4.0) dataset. Both datasets are components of and hosted by the Correlates of War Project. The Correlates of War Project seeks to facilitate the collection, dissemination, and use of accurate and reliable quantitative data in international relations. Correlates of War data may be accessed through the above link. Used with permission.

3.  The Polity IV Project continues the Polity research tradition of coding the authority characteristics of states in the world system for purposes of comparative, quantitative analysis. The POLITY score reported here is computed by subtracting the Polity IV Projectís Autocracy score for a country from its Democracy score. More information and access to the Polity IV Project datasets is available at the homepage of the Polity IV Project. Used with permission.

4.  Political Typology 1=Democracy; 2=Restricted Democratic Practice; 3=Constitutional Monarchy; 4=Traditional Monarchy; 5=Absolute Monarchy; 6=Authoritarian Regime; 7=Totalitarian Regime; 8= Colonial Dependency; 9= Protectorate; 10= Empire; Source: Freedom House is an independent non-governmental organization that offers measures of the extent to which governments are accountable to their own people; the rule of law prevails; and freedoms of expression, association, belief and respect for the rights of minorities and women are guaranteed. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

5.  Freedom House is an independent non-governmental organization that offers measures of the extent to which governments are accountable to their own people; the rule of law prevails; and freedoms of expression, association, belief and respect for the rights of minorities and women are guaranteed. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

6.  The Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Dataset contains standards-based quantitative information on government respect for 15 internationally recognized human rights for 195 countries, annually from 1981-2009. It is designed for use by scholars and students who seek to test theories about the causes and consequences of human rights violations, as well as policy makers and analysts who seek to estimate the human rights effects of a wide variety of institutional changes and public policies including democratization, economic aid, military aid, structural adjustment, and humanitarian intervention. The full CIRI Human Rights Dataset can be accessed through the above link. Used with permission.

7.  The Heritage Foundation/Wall Street Journal Index of Economic Freedom is a systematic, empirical measurement of economic freedom in countries throughout the world. A set of objective economic criteria are used to study and grade various countries for the annual publication of the Index of Economic Freedom. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

8.  The 2010 Human Development Index (HDI) is a way of measuring development by combining indicators of life expectancy, educational attainment and income into a composite human development index, and ranges from 0 to 1, with 1 representing the highest level of human development. Life expectancy is calculated utilizing a minimum value for life expectancy of 25 years and maximum value of 85. Educational attainment is derived from the adult literacy rate and the combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary, and tertiary schooling, weighted to give adult literacy more significance in the statistic. Income is calculated using a logarithm of the per capita gross domestic product ranging from $100 (PPP) to $40,000 (PPP) to reflect diminishing importance of income with increasing GDP. Source: The United Nations Human Development Reports provide data and statistical analysis in various areas of human development. The Human Development Report (HDR) presents two types of statistics: the human development indicator tables, which provide a global assessment of country achievements in different areas of human development, and thematic statistical analysis. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

9.  The 2008 Gender Inequality Index is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health, empowerment and the labor market. It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). The health dimension is measured by two indicators: maternal mortality ratio and the adolescent fertility rate. The empowerment dimension is also measured by two indicators: the share of parliamentary seats held by each sex and by secondary and higher education attainment levels. The labor dimension is measured by womenís participation in the work force. Source: The United Nations Human Development Reports provide data and statistical analysis in various areas of human development. The Human Development Report (HDR) presents two types of statistics: the human development indicator tables, which provide a global assessment of country achievements in different areas of human development, and thematic statistical analysis. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

10.  The Income Gini coefficient is a measure of the deviation of the distribution of income (or consumption) among individuals or households within a country from a perfectly equal distribution. A value of 0 represents absolute equality, a value of 100 absolute inequality. Source: The United Nations Human Development Reports provide data and statistical analysis in various areas of human development. The Human Development Report (HDR) presents two types of statistics: the human development indicator tables, which provide a global assessment of country achievements in different areas of human development, and thematic statistical analysis. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

11.  The U.S. Census Bureau's International Data Base (IDB) is a computerized data bank containing statistical tables of demographic data for 227 countries and areas of the world.

12.  The CIA's World Factbook was created as an annual summary and update to the now defunct National Intelligence Survey (NIS) studies. The first classified Factbook was published in August 1962, and the first unclassified version was published in June 1971. The NIS program was terminated in 1973 except for the Factbook, map, and gazetteer components. The 1975 Factbook was the first to be made available to the public with sales through the US Government Printing Office (GPO). The year 2010 marks the 67th year of the World Factbook and its predecessor programs. The maps and flags are also from the World Factbook, which is an open source.

13.  HIV prevalence figures are drawn from the 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, published by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).