Tanzania
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Western Christian

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Protestant (incl. Anglican, Pentecostal) (24.2%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 3(1)]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 19(1)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 13]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1977
Last Amended3 2005
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Original was written in English, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 August 22, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

...

... ensuring that Tanzania ... shall be a secular state.

Article 3. Declaration of multi-party state.

(1) The United Republic is a ... secular ... state ...

...

Article 9. The pursuit of ujamaa and self-reliance.

... the state authority and all its agencies are obliged to direct their policies and programmes towards ensuring---

...

(g) that the Government and all its agencies provide equal opportunities to all citizens ... without regard to their ... religion ... ...

Article 13. Equality before the law.

(1) All persons are equal before the law and are entitled, without any discrimination, to protection and equality before the law.

...

(5) For the purposes of this Article the expression "discriminate" means to satisfy the needs, rights or other requirements of different persons on the basis of their ... religion ... such that certain categories of people are regarded as weak or inferior and are subjected to restrictions or conditions whereas persons of other categories are treated differently or are accorded opportunities or advantage outside the specified conditions or the prescribed necessary qualifications except that the word "discrimination" shall not be construed in a manner that will prohibit the Government from taking purposeful steps aimed at rectifying disabilities in the society.

...

Article 19. Right to freedom of religion.

(1) Every person has the right to the freedom to have conscience, or faith, and choice in matters of religion, including the freedom to change his religion or faith.

(2) Protection of rights referred to in this Article shall be in accordance with the provisions prescribed by the laws which are of importance to a democratic society for security and peace in the society, integrity of the society and the national coercion.

(3) In this Article reference to the word "religion" shall be construed as including reference to religious denominations, and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.

Article 20. Person’s freedom of association.

(1) Every person has a freedom, to freely and peaceably assemble, associate and cooperate with other persons, express views publicly and to form and join with associations or organisations formed for purposes of preserving or furthering his beliefs ...

(2) ... it shall not be lawful for any political entity to be registered which according to its constitution or policy---

(a) aims at promoting or furthering the interests of:

(i) any religious faith or group;

...

...

...

(4) It shall be unlawful for any person to be compelled to join any association or organization, or for any association or any political party to be refused registration on grounds solely of the ideology or philosophy of that political party.

Article 39. Qualifications for election as President.

...

(2) Without prejudice to any person’s right and freedom of expression ... to profess a religious faith of his choice ... no person shall be qualified to be elected to hold the office of President of the United Republic unless he is a member of, and a candidate proposed by, a political party.

Article 67. Qualifications for Member of Parliament.

...

(2) A person shall not be qualified to be elected or appointed Member of Parliament if---

...

(e) without prejudice to a person's right and freedom ... to profess a religious faith of his choice ... no person shall be qualified to be elected to the office of President of the United Republic if he is not a member of, and a candidate proposed by, a political party;

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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