Togo
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Mixed Western Christian, Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Ethnoreligionist (incl. Animist, Shamanist) (32.9%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 1]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 25]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Articles 2, 11]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1992
Last Amended3 2007
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 August 14, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

... placing ourselves under the protection of God,

...

Article 1.

The Togolese Republic is ... secular ...

Article 2.

The Togolese Republic assures the equality before the law of all citizens without distinction ... of religion.

It respects ... all religious beliefs.

...

Article 7.

...

[The political parties] may not identify themselves with ... one religion.

Article 11.

No one may be favored or disadvantaged for reason ... of their ... religious ... convictions.

Article 25.

Every person has the right to the freedom of thought, of conscience, of religion, of belief ... The exercise of these rights and freedoms is made within respect for the freedoms of others, of the public order and of the norms established by the law and the regulations.

The organization and the practice of religious beliefs is exercised freely within respect for the law. ...

The exercise of belief and of expression of belief is done within respect for the secularity of the State.

The religious denominations have the right to organize themselves and to exercise their activities freely within respect for the law.

Article 30.

...

The State recognizes private denominational and secular instruction.

Article 144.

...

The ... secularity of the State may not be the object of a revision.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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