Belgium
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (64.6%)


Religion and State Collection (2014)

Official Support: The formal relationship between religion and state.3 Cooperation
RAS3 State Funding of Religion Summary (0-10, lower means less state funding)3 3.0
The extent to which religious education is mandatory in public schools.3 Optional, or there is a choice between a religion and a non-religion course on topics like ethics, philosophy, or religions of the world.
The extent to which funding is exclusive to one or a few religions.3 Government funding of religion goes primarily to one religion but at least some other religions receive some funds.
The extent to which there are religious requirements and oaths for holding office.3 There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.

Government Religious Preference Collection (2015)

Belgium Western Europe The World
Religious Official Status Composite Score of Preferred Religion(s) (0-4, lower means less established or favored)1 2.5 2.3 2.4
Religious Official Status Composite Score of Nonpreferred Religion(s) (0-4), lower means less established or favored)1 1.0 1.0 0.8
Religious Education Composite Score of Preferred Religion(s) (0-4, lower means less religious education requirements)1 2.5 1.7 2.2
Religious Education Composite Score of Nonpreferred Religion(s) (0-4, lower means less religious education requirements)1 1.0 1.0 0.6
Religious Financial Support Composite Score of Preferred Religion(s) (0-4, lower means less financial support)1 3.0 2.6 1.7
Religious Financial Support Composite Score of Nonpreferred Religion(s) (0-4, lower means less financial support)1 1.0 1.4 1.3

ARDA Collection, 2003, 2005, and 2008

Belgium Western Europe The World
Government Favoritism of Religion Index: Average government favoritism score over ARDA researchers' coding of 2003, 2005 and 2008 U.S. Department of State's International Religious Freedom Reports (0-10, lower means less favoritism) 7.4 5.9 4.6



Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson the principal investigator of the World Christian Database and the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports the estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. The RCS was created to fulfill the unmet need for a dataset on the religious dimensions of countries of the world, with the state-year as the unit of observation. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivision within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson the principal investigator of the World Christian Database and the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database.

3.  The Religion and State (RAS) Project is a university-based project located at Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel. Its goal is to create a set of measures that systematically gauge the intersection between government and religion. Specifically, it examines government religion policy. Round 3 of the RAS dataset measures the extent of government involvement in religion (GIR) or the lack thereof for 183 states on a yearly basis between 1990 and 2014. This constitutes all countries with populations of 250,000 or more as well as a sampling of smaller states. This dataset, featuring this and other international measures highlighted on the country pages, may be previewed and downloaded here. Used with permission.

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