Kosovo
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Orthodox

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (90%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 8]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 38]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 24(2)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 2008
Last Amended3 2016
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 July 27, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Article 8. Secular state.

The Republic of Kosovo is a secular state and is neutral in matters of religious beliefs.

Article 9. Cultural and religious heritage.

The Republic of Kosovo ensures the preservation and protection of its cultural and religious heritage.

Article 24. Equality before the law.

...

(2) No one shall be discriminated against on grounds of ... religion ...

...

Article 38. Freedom of belief, conscience, and religion.

(1) Freedom of belief, conscience and religion is guaranteed.

(2) Freedom of belief, conscience and religion includes the right to accept and manifest religion, the right to express personal beliefs and the right to accept or refuse membership in a religious community or group.

(3) No one shall be required to practice or be prevented from practicing religion nor shall anyone be required to make his/her opinions and beliefs public.

(4) Freedom of manifesting religion, beliefs and conscience may be limited by law if it is necessary to protect public safety and order or the health or rights of other persons.

Article 39. Religious denominations.

(1) The Republic of Kosovo ensures and protects religious autonomy and religious monuments within its territory.

(2) Religious denominations are free to independently regulate their internal organization, religious activities and religious ceremonies.

(3) Religious denominations have the right to establish religious schools and charity institutions in accordance with this Constitution and the law.

Article 40. Freedom of expression.

...

(2) The freedom of expression can be limited by law in cases when it is necessary to prevent encouragement or provocation of violence and hostility on grounds of ... religion.

Article 42. Freedom of the media.

...

(2) ... No one shall prevent the dissemination of information or ideas through media, except if it is necessary to prevent encouragement or provocation of violence and hostility on grounds of ... religion.

...

Article 44. Freedom of association.

...

(3) Organizations or activities that ... encourage ... religious hatred may be prohibited by a decision of a competent court.

Article 57. General principles [on rights of communities].

(1) Inhabitants belonging to the same ... religious group traditionally present on the territory of the Republic of Kosovo (Communities) shall have specific rights as set forth in this Constitution in addition to the human rights and fundamental freedoms provided in chapter II of this Constitution.

...

Article 58. Responsibilities of the state.

...

(3) The Republic of Kosovo shall take all necessary measures to protect persons who may be subject to threats or acts of discrimination, hostility or violence as a result of their ... religious identity.

...

(5) The Republic of Kosovo shall promote the preservation of the cultural and religious heritage of all communities as an integral part of the heritage of Kosovo. The Republic of Kosovo shall have a special duty to ensure an effective protection of the entirety of sites and monuments of cultural and religious significance to the communities.

...

Article 59. Rights of communities and their members.

Members of communities shall have the right, individually or in community, to:

(1) express, maintain and develop their culture and preserve the essential elements of their identity, namely their religion ...

...

(12) enjoy unhindered contacts among themselves within the Republic of Kosovo and establish and maintain free and peaceful contacts with persons in any State, in particular those with whom they share ... religious identity ..., in accordance with the law and international standards.

...

Article 81. Legislation of vital interest.

(1) The following laws shall require for their adoption, amendment or abrogation both the majority of the Assembly deputies and the majority of the Assembly deputies who hold seats guaranteed for representatives of Communities that are not in the majority:

...

(6) Laws on religious freedom or on agreements with religious communities;

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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