Bosnia and Herzegovina
 National Profiles > > Regions > Southern Europe > Bosnia and Herzegovina
Search National Profiles:

Government

2009 POLITY score (-10 to 10, -10 is a strongly autocratic state and 10 is a strongly democratic state)2 --
2000 Political Typology3 Protectorate
1950 Political Typology3 Totalitarian Regime
1900 Political Typology3 Empire

Dimensions of Government

2009 Political Rights Scale (1-7, less is more freedom)4 4.0
2009 Electoral Process score (0-12, lower is a less free process)4 8.0
2009 Political Pluralism and Participation score (0 to 16, lower is less opportunity)4 10.0
2009 Functioning of Government score (0-12, lower is less freely functioning)4 5.0
2009 Rule of Law score (0 to 16, lower is weaker rule of law)4 10.0
2008 Independence of the Judiciary5 Not independent

Education Measures1

Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe World
2012 Adult Literacy Rate (% of people 15 and above) 98.2 -- --
2012 Net Primary Enrollment Rate (percentage of children of official primary school age enrolled in primary ed.) -- 97.7 --
2012 Net Secondary Enrollment Rate (percentage of children of official secondary school age enrolled in secondary ed.) -- -- --

Economic Measures

Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe World
2012 Gross Domestic Product (in billions of US dollars)1 16.9 4,116.8 72,872.7
2012 Imports (in millions of current US dollars)1 9,330.1 1,232,783.0 21,480,113.8
2012 Exports (in millions of current US dollars)1 5,219.2 1,243,867.5 21,945,167.6
2013 Index of Economic Freedom (0-100, lower is less freedom)6 57.30 65.82 57.13
2012 Human Development Index (HDI)7 0.729 0.840 0.680
2013 Gender Inequality Index (GII)8 0.201 0.100 0.380
2012 Gross National Income, Per Capita1 9,440 28,659.6 13,813.3

Military Measures

Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe World
2012 Military expenditure (% of GDP)1 1.2% 1.5% --
2007 Military Personnel (in thousands)9 12 600 19,762

Demographic and Health Measures1

Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe World
2012 Population 10,496,285 159,853,110 7,066,965,790
2012 Life Expectancy at Birth, total years 76.0 80.9 70.7
2012 Net Migration Rate (migrants per 1,000 population) -5.0 1494.0 --
2012 Urban Population (percentage of total population living in urban areas) 39.4% 68.3% 52.6%
2012 Urban Population Growth (Annual percent) 0.1% 0.3% 2.3%
2012 Fertility Rate (number of live births per woman) 1.3 1.4 2.5
2012 Infant Mortality Rate (number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births) 6.0 3.9 26.7
2012 Prevalence of HIV (percent of population ages 15-49) -- -- --

Sources

1.  Relying on agencies from each country, as well as a synthesis of data from United Nations divisions, Eurostate Demographic statistics, the U.S. Census international database, and its own data collection, the World Bankís Open Data site offers free and open access to data about development in countries around the globe.

2.  The Polity IV Project continues the Polity research tradition of coding the authority characteristics of states in the world system for purposes of comparative, quantitative analysis. The POLITY score reported here is computed by subtracting the Polity IV Projectís Autocracy score for a country from its Democracy score. More information and access to the Polity IV Project datasets is available at the homepage of the Polity IV Project. Used with permission.

3.  Political Typology 1=Democracy; 2=Restricted Democratic Practice; 3=Constitutional Monarchy; 4=Traditional Monarchy; 5=Absolute Monarchy; 6=Authoritarian Regime; 7=Totalitarian Regime; 8= Colonial Dependency; 9= Protectorate; 10= Empire; Source: Freedom House is an independent non-governmental organization that offers measures of the extent to which governments are accountable to their own people; the rule of law prevails; and freedoms of expression, association, belief and respect for the rights of minorities and women are guaranteed. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

4.  Freedom House is an independent non-governmental organization that offers measures of the extent to which governments are accountable to their own people; the rule of law prevails; and freedoms of expression, association, belief and respect for the rights of minorities and women are guaranteed. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

5.  The Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Dataset contains standards-based quantitative information on government respect for 15 internationally recognized human rights for 195 countries, annually from 1981-2009. It is designed for use by scholars and students who seek to test theories about the causes and consequences of human rights violations, as well as policy makers and analysts who seek to estimate the human rights effects of a wide variety of institutional changes and public policies including democratization, economic aid, military aid, structural adjustment, and humanitarian intervention. The full CIRI Human Rights Dataset can be accessed through the above link. Used with permission.

6.  The Heritage Foundation/Wall Street Journal Index of Economic Freedom is a systematic, empirical measurement of economic freedom in countries throughout the world. A set of objective economic criteria are used to study and grade various countries for the annual publication of the Index of Economic Freedom. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

7.  The 2012 Human Development Index (HDI) is a way of measuring development by combining indicators of life expectancy, educational attainment and income into a composite human development index, and ranges from 0 to 1, with 1 representing the highest level of human development. Life expectancy is calculated utilizing a minimum value for life expectancy of 25 years and maximum value of 85. Educational attainment is derived from the adult literacy rate and the combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary, and tertiary schooling, weighted to give adult literacy more significance in the statistic. Income is calculated using a logarithm of the per capita gross domestic product ranging from $100 (PPP) to $40,000 (PPP) to reflect diminishing importance of income with increasing GDP. Source: The United Nations Human Development Reports provide data and statistical analysis in various areas of human development. The Human Development Report (HDR) presents two types of statistics: the human development indicator tables, which provide a global assessment of country achievements in different areas of human development, and thematic statistical analysis. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

8.  The 2013 Gender Inequality Index is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health, empowerment and the labor market. It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). The health dimension is measured by two indicators: maternal mortality ratio and the adolescent fertility rate. The empowerment dimension is also measured by two indicators: the share of parliamentary seats held by each sex and by secondary and higher education attainment levels. The labor dimension is measured by womenís participation in the work force. Source: The United Nations Human Development Reports provide data and statistical analysis in various areas of human development. The Human Development Report (HDR) presents two types of statistics: the human development indicator tables, which provide a global assessment of country achievements in different areas of human development, and thematic statistical analysis. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

9.  Military data is drawn from the National Material Capabilities (v4.0) dataset, which is a component of and hosted by the Correlates of War Project. The Correlates of War Project seeks to facilitate the collection, dissemination, and use of accurate and reliable quantitative data in international relations. Correlates of War data may be accessed through the above link. Used with permission.


Bookmark and Share