Brazil
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (55.3%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 19(I)]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 5(VI)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 5(VIII)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1988
Last Amended3 2017
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 July 19, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

under the protection of God

Article 5.

… rights to life, liberty, equality, security and property, on the following terms:

(VI) freedom of conscience and belief is inviolable, assuring free exercise of religious beliefs and guaranteeing, as set forth in law, protection of places of worship and their rites;

(VII) providing religious assistance at civilian and military establishments for collective confinement is assured, as provided by law;

(VIII) no one shall be deprived of any rights because of religious beliefs or philosophical or political convictions, unless invoked in order to be exempted from a legal obligation imposed upon all by one refusing to perform an alternative service established by law;

Article 19.

The Union, States, Federal District and Counties are forbidden to:

(I) establish religions or churches, subsidize them, hinder their functioning, or maintain dependent relations or alliances with them or their representatives, with the exception of collaboration in the public interest, as provided by law;

Article 64.

… [T]he full text of the Constitution … shall be made available, free of charge, to … churches and other representative community organizations, so that each Brazilian citizen may receive from the Government a copy of the Brazilian Constitution.

Article 143.

(1) The Armed Forces shall have the power, as provided by law, to assign alternative service in peacetime to those who, after enlistment, allege that they are conscientious objectors, understood as having objections based on religious beliefs … for exemption from activities of an essentially military character.

(2) … [T]he clergy are exempt from compulsory military service in peacetime but are subject to other duties that may be assigned to them by law.

Article 150.

Without prejudice to other guarantees assured the taxpayer, the Union, States, Federal District and Counties are prohibited from:

(VI) levying taxes on:

(b) temples of any religion;

Article 201.

(6) The Christmas bonus of retirees and pensioners shall be based on the value of earnings in the month of December of each year.

Article 210.

(1) Religious education shall be an optional course during normal school hours in public elementary schools.

Article 213.

Public funds shall be allocated to public schools, and may be directed to … religious … schools, as defined by law, that:

(II) ensure that their patrimony will be transferred to another … religious school, or to the Government, in the event they cease their activities.

Article 226.

(2) Religious marriage has civil effects, as provided by law.

Article 231.

The … creeds and traditions of Indians are recognized


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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