Albania
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Mixed Catholic, Orthodox, Sunni, Bektashi (Shia)

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (65.4%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 10(1)]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 24]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 18(2)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1998
Last Amended3 2012
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 July 5, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

… with faith in God and/or other universal values, with a spirit of religious coexistence and tolerance,

Article 3.

… religious coexistence, and coexistence with, and understanding of Albanians for, minorities are the bases of this state, which has the duty of respecting and protecting them.

Article 9.

(2) Political parties and other organizations … which incite and support … religious … hatred, … are prohibited pursuant to the law.

Article 10.

(1) In the Republic of Albania there is no official religion.

(2) The state is neutral on questions of belief and conscience and guarantees the freedom of their expression in public life.

(3) The state recognizes the equality of religious communities.

(4) The state and the religious communities mutually respect the independence of one another and work together for the good of each and all.

(5) Relations between the state and religious communities are regulated on the basis of agreements entered into between their representatives and the Council of Ministers. These agreements are ratified by the Assembly.

(6) Religious communities are juridical persons. They have independence in the administration of their properties according to their principles, rules and canons, to the extent that interests of third parties are not infringed.

Article 18.

(2) No one may be unjustly discriminated against for reasons such as … religious or philosophical beliefs …

Article 20.

(2) [Persons who belong to national minorities] have the right freely to express, without prohibition or compulsion, their … religious … belonging….

Article 24

(1) Freedom of conscience and of religion is guaranteed.

(2) Everyone is free to choose or to change his religion or beliefs, as well as to express them individually or collectively, in public or private life, through cult, education, practices or the performance of rituals.

(3) No one may be compelled or prohibited to take part in a religious community or its practices or to make his beliefs or faith public.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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