Cape Verde
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (81.8%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 2(2)]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Articles 29(2), 49(1)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Articles 1(2), 24, 49(2)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1992
Last Amended3 2010
Source3 UN Women
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 July 31, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Article 1. Republic of Cabo Verde.

(2) The Republic of Cabo Verde shall recognize the equality of all citizens before the law, without distinction as to … religion …

Article 2. Democratic state based on the rule of law.

(2) The Republic of Cabo Verde shall, in the organization of political power, recognize and

respect … the separation of Church and State

Article 24. Principle of equality.

All citizens shall have equal social dignity and shall be equal before the law. No one may be privileged, favored or disadvantaged, deprived of any right or exempted from any duty by reason of … religion …

Article 29. Right to freedom.

(2) Personal freedoms, … of religion, of worship … and the remaining freedoms enshrined in the Constitution, in general or conventional international law, received in the domestic legal order, and in the laws, shall be guaranteed.

(3) No one may be forced to declare his or her … religion or cult …

Article 38. Extradition.

(1) Under no circumstance shall extradition be granted when requested:

(a) for … religious reasons

Article 45. Use of computer resources and protection of personal data.

(2) The use of computerized media shall be prohibited for the logging and processing of individually identifiable data related to … to religious faith … except: [Exceptions follow]

Article 47. Marriage and parenting.

(1) Everyone shall have the right to enter into matrimony, in civil or religious form.

Article 48. Freedoms of expression and of information.

(1) … [N]o one may be subjected to discomfort, on account of his or her … religious … opinions.

Article 49. Freedom of conscience, of religion and of worship.

(1) The freedom of conscience, of religion and of worship shall be inviolable, and everyone shall have the right, individually and collectively, to profess or not to profess a religion, to have a religious conviction of his or her own choosing, to participate in the acts of worship and to express freely his or her faith and to disseminate his or her doctrine or conviction, provided that he or she does not violate the rights of others and the common good.

(2) No one may be discriminated against, persecuted, disadvantaged, deprived of rights, favored or be exempted from his or her duties on account of his or her religious faith, convictions or practice.

(3) Churches and other religious communities shall be separate from the State and shall be independent and free in their organization and in the exercise of their own activities, and shall be considered partners in the promotion of the social and spiritual development of the Cabo Verdean people.

(4) Freedom of religious teaching shall be guaranteed.

(5) Freedom of religious assistance in hospital, aid and prison institutions, as well as in the armed forces shall be guaranteed, under the terms of the law.

(6) Churches shall have the right to use mass media for the realization of their activities and goals, under the terms of the law.

(7) The protection of places of worship, as well as religious symbols, insignias and rites shall be guaranteed and imitation or ridicule thereof shall be prohibited.

(8) The right to conscientious objection shall be guaranteed, under the terms of the law.

Article 50. Freedom to learn, educate and teach.

(2) The freedom to learn, to educate and to teach encompasses:

(c) The prohibition of the State to plan education and teaching in accordance with any … religious guidelines;

(d) The prohibition of confessional state schools;

Article 57. Participation in the organization of political power – political parties.

(3) Political parties may not use names that, directly or indirectly, identify with … any church, religion or religious confession

Article 58. Right of political broadcasting, of reply and of rebuttal.

(3) The right to broadcasting time may also be granted, by law, to legally recognized … religious faiths.

Article 64. Freedom of professional and trade union association.

(5) Trade union associations and professional associations shall be independent of … the Church or religious faiths.

(6) The law … shall guarantee [trade union associations’] independence and autonomy relative to … the Church and religious faiths.

Article 103. General and common principles.

(3) Each referendum may only have a single subject as its object, and in no way whatsoever may the following questions be submitted for popular consideration:

(c) Separation of church and State;

Article 274. Subsistence of certain fundamental rights.

The declaration of a state of siege or state of emergency may not in any way, affect … the freedom of conscience and of religion.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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