Chad
 National Profiles > Regions > Middle Africa > Chad
Search National Profiles:

  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (39.7%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 1]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 27]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 14]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1996
Last Amended3 2015
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 August 16, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

Therefore, the Sovereign National Conference, held at N’Djaména from 15 January to 7 April 1993, having reunited … the traditional and religious authorities … have restored confidence within the Chadian people and enabled the opening of a new era.

--Affirm by this Constitution our desire to live together with respect for … religious … diversities,

Article 1.

Chad is … secular … It has affirmed the separation of the religions and of the State.

Article 5.

Any propaganda of … religious character tending to infringe the national unity or the secularity of the State is prohibited.

Article 14.

The State assures to all equality before the law without distinction … of religion …

Article 27.

The freedoms … of religion … are guaranteed to all.

They may only be limited for the respect of the freedoms and the rights of others and by the imperative to safeguard the public order and good morals.

The law determines the conditions of [their] exercise.

Article 32. [Right to work]

No one may be discriminated against in their work because … of their beliefs …

Article 35.

Public education is secular …

Article 54.

One may neither invoke religious beliefs, or philosophical opinions to avoid an obligation dictated by the national interest.

Article 173.

Any act infringing the … secularity of the State … constitutes a crime of high treason.

Article 223.

No procedure of revision may be engaged or pursued when it infringes:

-- … the principle of … secularity;


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

Bookmark and Share