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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes


Constitution Year 1980
Last Amended 2010
Source Political Database of the Americas
Translation Unofficial translation by ARDA staff from Spanish source
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2

Article 1

…The state serves the individual and its purpose is promote the common good, which should help create the social conditions that permit each and every one of the members of the national community to achieve the greatest possible spiritual and material realization, with full respect for the rights and guarantees established by this Constitution.

Article 19

The Constitution guarantees to all persons:
…6.- The freedom of conscience, manifestation of all beliefs and the free exercise of all religions when these are not contrary to morals, good customs or public order.
Religious denominations may erect and maintain temples and their facilities in accordance with the health and safety conditions established by the law and ordinances.
Churches, denominations and religious institutions of any faith have the rights granted and recognize, with respect to property, the laws currently in force. Temples and their facilities, used exclusively for worship services, shall be exempt from all taxes;

[Note: The constitutional text hosted by the Political Database of the Americas is reproduced from official government sources.]


1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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