Algeria
 National Profiles > Regions > Northern Africa > Algeria
Search National Profiles:

  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (97.4%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 yes [Article 2]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 42]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 no

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1989
Last Amended3 2016
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 September 7, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

… from the time of the Numidian Kingdom and the epic of Islam …

… its values and the fundamental components of its identity which are Islam, Arab-ness and Amazighité, each of which the state seeks to promote and develop … … Algeria, land of Islam …

Article 2.

Islam shall be the religion of the State.

Article 10.

The institutions shall not indulge in:

practices contrary to Islamic morals …

Article 42.

The freedom of conscience and the freedom of opinion shall be inviolable.

The free exercise of worship shall be guaranteed under the respect of law.

Article 50.

Unrestricted publication of information, ideas, pictures and opinions shall be guaranteed within the framework of the law with the respect of the nation's principles and religious … values.

Article 52.

In accordance with the provisions of the present Constitution political parties may not be founded on a religious … basis.

Article 64.

The holdings of the religious (wakf) and other foundations shall be recognized. Their use for the established purposes shall be protected by the law.

Article 87.

To be eligible for the Presidency of the Republic, a candidate must:

be of Muslim faith;

Article 90.

The President of the Republic shall take the following oath: "… I swear by God All Mighty to respect and glorify the Islamic religion …"

Article 195.

A High Islamic Council shall be established under the auspices of the President of the Republic in order to:

• encourage and promote ijtihad;

• to provide its opinion on the matters submitted to it with regard to the religious rules;

• to present a periodic report of its activity to the President of the Republic.

Article 196.

The High Islamic Council shall be composed of fifteen (15) members, including the President, who shall be selected by the President of the Republic from among the national elites in the different sciences.

Article 212.

None of the following shall be the object of a constitutional amendment:

(3) the role of Islam as the religion of the State;


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

Bookmark and Share