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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes


Constitution Year 2001
Last Amended not amended
Source Centre for Human Rights (University of Pretoria)
Translation Unofficial translation by ARDA staff from French source
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2


The Comorian people, affirming their commitment to:
- Draw on Islam, the inspiration of permanent principles and rules which govern the Union
…- Equality in rights and duties, with no reference to sex, origin, race, religion or belief;

Article 9

The following subjects fall within the exclusive competence of the Union: Religion, nationality, currency, foreign affairs, foreign defense, national symbols

Article 13

…Before taking office the President of the Union and the Vice-Presidents shall take the following oath before the Constitutional Court and the Comorian people:
"I swear to Allah, the Compassionate and Merciful, to faithfully and honestly fulfill my duties, and to act only in the public interest and in compliance with the Constitution."

Article 36

Advisory bodies may be created by the President of the Union.
The advisory bodies, including the Council of Ulema and the Economic and Social Council, assist the government of the Union and the Chief Executives of the island as necessary to formulate decisions affecting religious, economic, and social life.


1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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