Costa Rica
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (60.1%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 yes [Article 75]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 75]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 no

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1949
Last Amended3 2015
Source3 World Constitutions Illustrated
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 July 17, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

… invoking the name of God …

Article 28.

it is not possible, for clergymen or laymen to invoke religious motives or to make use of [valiendose] religious beliefs as [a] means to make political propaganda in any form.

Article 74.

The rights and the benefits to which this Chapter [on Social Rights and Guarantees] refers are irrenounceable. Their enumeration does not exclude others that are derived from the Christian principle of social justice and that the law indicates …

Article 75.

The Roman, Catholic, Apostolic Religion is that of the State, which contributes to its maintenance, without preventing the free exercise in the Republic of other beliefs [cultos] that do not oppose themselves to the universal morality or good customs [buenas costumbres].

Article 131.

[The following] is required to be President or Vice President of the Republic:

(2) To have secular status;

Article 142.

To be a Minister it is required:

(3) To have [a] secular status;

Article 159.

[The following] is required to be [a] Magistrate:

(3) To belong to the secular status;


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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