Cote d'Ivoire
 National Profiles > Regions > Western Africa > Cote d'Ivoire
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (41.4%)

Religious Adherents, (2015)2

Cote d'Ivoire Western Africa World
Muslim (all denominations combined) 41.7% 50.5% 22.8%
 
  • Sunni Muslim
  • 41.4% 45% 19%
     
  • Other and Unknown Muslim
  • 0.2% 1.5% 0.3%
    Christian (all denominations combined) 37.7% 37.9% 29.9%
     
  • Catholic
  • 19.3% 10.8% 15%
     
  • Protestant
  • 6.8% 11.4% 5.6%
     
  • Pentecostal
  • 2% 8.3% 2.8%
     
  • Orthodox
  • 0.3% --- 3%
     
  • Other and Unknown Christian
  • 9.4% 0.7% 2.3%
    Ethnoreligionist (incl. Animist, Shamanist) 19.6% 9.8% 2.5%
    Christian Syncretic 0.3% 0.4% ---
    Bahai 0.2% --- 0.1%
    Other Religionist 0.1% 0.1% 0.2%
    Not Religious (incl. Atheist) 0.4% 0.3% 12%

    Religious Demography3

    The country has an area of 124,500 square miles and a population of 18 million. An estimated 35 to 40 percent of the population is Christian and an equal number is Muslim. An estimated 25 percent practices indigenous religious beliefs. Many persons who are nominally Christian or Muslim also practice some aspects of indigenous religious beliefs, particularly as economic and political conditions worsened after the failed 2002 coup.

    Traditionally, the north is associated with Islam and the south with Christianity, although both regions included many indigenous religious practitioners. However, the political crisis displaced over 700,000 people internally, many to a different region. Political and religious affiliation tend to follow ethnic and socioeconomic lines.

    Christian groups include Roman Catholics, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-day Adventists, Methodists, Assemblies of God, Southern Baptists, Coptics, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons).

    Other religious groups include Buddhists, Baha'is, the International Association for the Conscience of Krishna, and Bossonists, who follow a traditional practice of the Akan ethnic group.


    Sources

    1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson the principal investigator of the World Christian Database and the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database.

    2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports the estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. The RCS was created to fulfill the unmet need for a dataset on the religious dimensions of countries of the world, with the state-year as the unit of observation. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivision within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson the principal investigator of the World Christian Database and the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database.

    3.  The U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Report is submitted to Congress annually by the Department of State in compliance with Section 102(b) of the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) of 1998. This report supplements the most recent Human Rights Reports by providing additional detailed information with respect to matters involving international religious freedom. It includes individual country chapters on the status of religious freedom worldwide. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. These State Department reports are open source.

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