Czech Republic
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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes

Constitution2

Constitution Year 1993
Last Amended 2009
Source Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic
Translation Source is an English translation
Current as of May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2

Article 3

The Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms forms a part of the constitutional order of the Czech Republic.


CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND BASIC FREEDOMS

Article 2

(1) Democratic values constitution the foundation of the state, so that it may not be bound either to an exclusive ideology or to a particular religious faith.
(2) State authority may be asserted only in cases and within the bounds provided for by law and only in the manner prescribed by law.
(3) Everyone may do that which is not prohibited by law; and nobody may be compelled to do that which is not imposed upon them by law.


Article 3

(1) Everyone is guaranteed the enjoyment of their fundamental rights and basic freedoms without regard to gender, race, color of skin, language, faith and religion, political or other conviction, national or social origin, membership in a national or ethnic minority, property, birth, or other status.
(2) Everybody has the right to freely choose his nationality. It is prohibited to influence this choice in any way, just as is any form of pressure aimed at suppressing a person�s national identity.
(3) Nobody may be caused detriment to their rights merely for asserting their fundamental rights and basic freedoms.


Article 15

(1) The freedom of thought, conscience, and religious conviction is guaranteed. Everyone has the right to change their religion or faith or to have no religious conviction.
(2) The freedom of scholarly research and of artistic creation is guaranteed. (3) No one may be compelled to perform military service if such is contrary to his conscience or religious conviction. Detailed provisions shall be laid down in a law.


Article 16

(1) Everyone has the right to freely manifest their religion or faith, either alone or in community with others, in private or public, through worship, teaching, practice, or observance.
(2) Churches and religious societies govern their own affairs; in particular, they establish their own bodies and appoint their clergy, as well as found religious orders and other church institutions, independently of state authorities.
(3) The conditions under which religious instruction may be given at state schools shall be set by law.
(4) The exercise of these rights may be limited by law in the case of measures necessary in a democratic society for the protection of public safety and order, health and morals, or the rights and freedoms of others.

Sources

1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at arda@pop.psu.edu if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.