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Features of Constitution1

Is there a constitution? Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion? Yes


Constitution Year 1992
Last Amended As of 5/11/2011, last amendment was made in 2010
Source Centre for Human Rights (University of Pretoria)
Translation Unofficial translation by ARDA staff from French source
Current as of 1992 (later amendments not included)

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)2

Article 1

The state of Djibouti is a democratic sovereign Republic, one and indivisible. It guarantees everyone equality before the law irrespective of language, origin, race, sex or religion. It respects all beliefs.
Its motto is "Unity, Equality, Peace."
Its principle is government of the people, by the people, and for the people.
Its official languages are:
Arabic and French.

Article 3

The Republic of Djibouti is composed of all persons whom it recognizes as members and who accept its duties irrespective of language, race, sex or religion.
National sovereignty belongs to the Djiboutian people, who exercise it through its representatives or by way of referendum. No section of the people and no individual may assume the exercise thereof.
No one may be arbitrarily deprived of the status of member of the national community.

Article 6

Political parties contribute to the exercise of suffrage.
They are formed and operate freely in accordance with the Constitution and the principles of national sovereignty and democracy.
They are not allowed to identify with a race, ethnicity, sex, religion, sect, language or region. The formalities with respect to registration of political parties and the exercise and cessation of their activities are determined by law.

Article 11

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion, worship and opinion in conformity in respect of the order established by law and regulations.


1.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

2.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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