Ecuador
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (85.6%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 1]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 66(8)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 11(2)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 2008
Last Amended3 2015
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 July 17, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

… INVOKING the name of God and recognizing our diverse forms of religion and spirituality …

Article 1.

Ecuador is a … secular State. …

Article 3.

The State’s prime duties are:

(4) Guaranteeing secular ethics as the basis for public service and the legal regulatory system.

Article 11.

The exercise of rights shall be governed by the following principles:

(2) All persons are equal and shall enjoy the same rights, duties and opportunities.

No one shall be discriminated against for reasons of … religion …, which might be aimed at or result in the diminishment or annulment of recognition, enjoyment or exercise of rights. All forms of discrimination are punishable by law.

Article 19.

It is forbidden to broadcast advertisements that foment … religious … intolerance and all that undermines rights is forbidden.

Article 28.

Public education shall be … secular …

Article 29.

Mothers and fathers or their representatives shall be at liberty to choose for their daughters and sons an education that is in line with their … beliefs …

Article 52.

The law provides … for the interruption of public services not caused by acts of God …

Article 66.

The following rights of persons are recognized and guaranteed:

(8) The right to practice, keep, change, profess in public or private one's religion or beliefs and to disseminate them individually or collectively, with the constraints imposed by respect for the rights of others.

The State shall protect voluntary religious practice, as well the expression of those who profess no religion whatsoever, and shall favor an environment of plurality and tolerance.

(11) … In no case shall it be possible to require or use, without the authorization of the holder or his/her legitimate representatives, personal or third-party information about one's religious beliefs …, unless required for medical care.

(14) … Foreigners cannot be returned or expelled to a country where their lives, liberty, safety or well-being or those of their families are in danger because of their … religion …

(28) The right to … [spiritual, cultural, religious] identity

Article 174.

Judges cannot … carry out activities of … religious solicitation.

Article 345.

Education as a public service shall be provided by means of public, mixed public and religious, and private school institutions.

Article 348.

The State … shall be able to financially support mixed public and religious education, … as long as they abide by the principles of an education that is free of charge, mandatory and ensuring equality of opportunities, are held accountable for the results of education and the management of public resources, and are duly qualified in accordance with the law.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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