- Religious Freedom
- Religious Regulation
- Religious Support
- Public Opinion
Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic
Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (40.4%)
Features Of Constitution
|Is there a constitution?3||yes|
|Does the constitution state an official religion?3||recognition only [Article 26]|
|Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3||yes [Article 25]|
|Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3||yes [Article 3]|
|Translation3||Source is an English translation.|
|Current as of3||July 16, 2018|
Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3
Preamble[original in all caps]
… putting our trust in God …
All persons are equal before the law. For the enjoyment of civil rights, no restrictions shall be established that are based on differences of … religion.
[The businesses which devote themselves to written, radioed or televised communication and other publishing businesses] shall not establish different tariffs or make any other type of discrimination due to the … religious character of what is published.
The existence of armed groups of a … religious … character is prohibited.
The free exercise of all religions, without other restrictions than those required by the moral and the public order, is guaranteed. No religious act shall serve as evidence of the civil status of persons.
The juridical personality of the Catholic Church is recognized. The other churches may obtain recognition of their personality in conformity with the law.
[Some civil liberties may be suspended in case of war or other national emergency,] except for meetings or associations with religious … purposes.
Labor shall be regulated by a Code which … shall include especially the following rights:
1st. In the same business or establishment and under identical circumstances, to equal work shall correspond equal remuneration for the worker, without regard for his … creed …
Employers and private employees without distinction of … creed … have the right to associate freely for the protection of their respective interests, by forming professional associations or trade unions.
No educational establishment shall refuse to accept students … for … religious … differences.
The ministers of any religious cult … may not belong to political parties nor opt for popularly elected positions.
Nor may they produce political propaganda in any form.
No … ecclesiastical corporation or foundation, regardless of its denomination or objective, shall have legal capacity to preserve or administer real estate [bienes raíces], with the exception of those immediately and directly destined to the service or objective of the institution.
To be elected President of the Republic it is required: … to be a layman [del estado seglar] …
To be a Minister or Vice Minister of State it is required to be … a layman …
To be a Magistrate of the Supreme Court of Justice, it is required: to be … a layman …
To be a Magistrate of the Chambers of Second Instance, it is required: to be … a layman …
To be a Judge of First Instance, it is required: to be … a layman …
The minimum requirements to be a Justice of Peace are: to be … a layman …
To be a Governor it is required: to be … a layman …
Churches and their dependencies immediately and directly designated for religious service are exempt from taxes on real property.
1. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
2. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
3. Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.