National Profiles > Regions > Middle Africa > Angola
Search National Profiles:

  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (56.4%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 Yes
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 Yes


Constitution Year4 2010
Last Amended4 not amended
Source4 World Intellectual Property Organization
Translation4 Source is an English translation
Current as of4 May 11, 2011

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)4

Article 10 (Secular State)

The Republic of Angola shall be a secular state and there shall be separation between state and church, under the terms of the law.
The state shall recognize and respect the different religious faiths, which shall be free to organize and exercise their activities, provided that they abide by the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Angola.
The state shall protect churches and faiths and their places and objects of worship, provided that they do not threaten the Constitution and public order and abide by the Constitution and the law.

Article 17 (Political Parties)

… Through their objectives, programs and activities, political parties must contribute towards:
… f) The defense of the republican nature of the government and the secular nature of the state.

Article 23 (Principle of Equality)

Everyone shall be equal under the Constitution and by law.
No one may be discriminated against, privileged, deprived of any right or exempted from any duty on the basis of ancestry, sex, race, ethnicity, color, disability, language, place of birth, religion, political, ideological or philosophical beliefs, level of education or economic, social or professional status.

Article 41 (Freedom of Conscience, Religion and Worship)

1. Freedom of conscience, religion and worship shall be inviolable.
2. No one shall be deprived of their rights, persecuted or exempted from obligations due to their religious beliefs or philosophical or political convictions.
3. Under the terms of the law, the right to be a conscientious objector shall be guaranteed.
4. No authority shall question anyone with regard to their convictions or religious practices, except in order to gather statistical data that cannot be individually identified.

Article 69 (Habeas Data)

…2. The recording and processing of data referring to political, philosophical or ideological beliefs, religious faith, political party or trade union membership or the ethnic origins of citizens for discriminatory purposes shall be prohibited.

Article 236 (Material Limits)

Alterations to the Constitution must respect:
a) The dignity of the human person;
b) National independence, territorial integrity and unity;
c) The republican nature of the government;
d) The unitary nature of the state;
e) Essential core rights, freedoms and guarantees;
f) The state based on the rule of law and pluralist democracy;
g) The secular nature of the state and the principle of separation of church and state;
h) Universal, direct, secret and periodic suffrage in the election of officeholders to sovereign and local authority bodies;
i) The independence of the courts;
j) The separation and interdependence of the bodies that exercise sovereign power;
k) Local autonomy.


1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson the principal investigator of the World Christian Database and the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports the estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. The RCS was created to fulfill the unmet need for a dataset on the religious dimensions of countries of the world, with the state-year as the unit of observation. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivision within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson the principal investigator of the World Christian Database and the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database.

3.  Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

4.  The constitutional excerpts shown above are reproduced from the websites given in the "Source" field; the links to these websites were active as of May 2011. Where the constitutional text shown on these websites was provided in a language other than English, this text was translated to English by ARDA staff with assistance from web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate and Yahoo! Babel Fish. Constitutional text was converted to American English where applicable. Constitutional clauses were judged to contain religious content based largely on the standards used in the construction of the Religion and State Constitutions Dataset collected by Jonathan Fox. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to highlight religious content in articles that also contain content that does not pertain to matters of religion. The data on this page were correct to the best of the knowledge of the ARDA as of the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

Bookmark and Share