Georgia
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Orthodox

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Orthodox (83.1%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 recognition only [Article 9]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 19(1,2)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Articles 14, 38(1)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1995
Last Amended3 2018
Source3 Legislative Herald of Georgia
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 July 30, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

... before God and the nation.

Article 9.

(1) The State shall declare absolute freedom of belief and religion. At the same time, the State shall recognise the outstanding role of the Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Georgia in the history of Georgia and its independence from the State.

(2) Relations between the State of Georgia and the Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Georgia shall be governed by Constitutional Agreement. Constitutional Agreement shall be in full compliance with the universally recognised principles and norms of international law, specifically in terms of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Article 14.

Everyone is born free and is equal before the law regardless of ... religion ...

Article 19.

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of ... conscience, religion, and belief.

(2) No one shall be persecuted because of his/her ... religion or belief, or be compelled to express his/her opinion about them.

...

Article 26.

...

(3) Formation and activity of public and political associations that aim ... to stir up ... religious ... strife, shall be inadmissible.

...

Article 38.

(1) Citizens of Georgia shall be equal in their social, economic, cultural, and political lives irrespective of ... religious ... origin. ...

...

Article 73.

(1) The President of Georgia shall:

(b) conclude a constitutional agreement with the Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Georgia on behalf of the State of Georgia;

...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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