Demographics, Behaviors, Beliefs and Practices of Members
The following tables provide information on a variety of demographics, behaviors, beliefs and attitudes for self-identified members of Evangelical Lutheran Church in America using the Pew Religious Landscape Survey (2014). These figures are not from official denominational records. Click here for more information on this data source.
Click here or on the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America logo at any time to return to the home page.

Demographics

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Percent that are 60 or older 53.4%
Percent that are currently citizens of the United States 99.5%
Percent that live in the South. 15.1%
Percent female 55.4%
Percent of Hispanic origin or descent 0.8%
Percent that are white 95.3%
Percent born in the United States 97.8%
Percent that are currently married 61.3%
Percent with a family income of less than $40,000 a year 24.8%
Percent that have a B.A., B.S. or other 4-year college degree 49%

Moral Attitudes

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Percent that believe that there are clear and absolute standards for what is right and wrong 32.6%
Percent that think homosexuality should be accepted by society 72.9%
Percent that "strongly favor" allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally 28.9%
Percent that think more women in the workforce is a change for the worse 9.7%
Percent that think that more people having children without getting married is a change for the worse 63.2%
Percent that believe that abortion should be illegal in all cases 3.7%

Other Beliefs and Attitudes

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Percent that are very satisfied with their health 58%
Percent that are "very satisfied" with family life 72.7%
Percent that say they are "very happy" with life these days 34%
Percent that believe that humans and other living beings evolved over time 67.7%

Political Attitudes

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Percent Republican 27%
Percent that are conservative or very conservative 33.4%
Percent that are not registered to vote 8.3%
Percent that personally know anyone who is gay or lesbian 86.9%
Percent that believe that government aid to the poor does more harm than good 45.6%
Percent that think that growing immigration is a change for the worse 41%
Percent that believe that stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost. 60.1%
Percent that would prefer a smaller government, with fewer services 62.9%

Religious Beliefs

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Percent that believe in God or a universal spirit 98.4%
Percent that believe in Heaven 84.1%
Percent that believe in Hell 56.8%
Percent that believe in reincarnation 0%
Percent that say religion is a very important part of their life 63.7%
Percent that believe their holy book is the word of God 64.4%
Percent that believe that their church or denomination should preserve its traditional beliefs and practices 33.9%
Percent that look most to "religious teachings and beliefs" when it comes to questions of right and wrong 33.5%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations bring people together and strengthen community bonds 96.4%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations play an important role in helping the poor and needy 94.1%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations protect and strengthen morality in society 84.1%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations are too involved with politics 39%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations are too concerned with money and power 41.7%
Percent that believe that churches and other religious organizations focus too much on rules 40.4%
Percent that think about the meaning and purpose of life at least once a week 51%
Percent that feel a strong sense of gratitude or thankfulness at least once a week 82.7%
Percent that feel a deep sense of wonder about the universe at least once a week 46.8%
Percent that feel a deep sense of spiritual peace and well-being at least once a week 60.7%
Percent that think many religions can lead to eternal life 87.5%

Religious Practices

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Percent that are members of a local house of worship 78%
Percent that pray at least once a day 59.9%
Percent that meditate at least once a week 37.9%
Percent that attend religious services at least once a week 41.5%
Percent that read scripture outside of religious services at least once a week 29.3%
Percent that participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs at least once a week 18.6%
Percent that share their faith with "non-believers or people from other relgious backgrounds" at least once a week 13.3%
Percent that did volunteer work in the last seven days 42.6%
Percent that speak in tongues at least once a month 7.3%

The tables above use data from the 2014 U.S. Religious Landscape Survey, collected by Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life.

Compare Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Members

Click on a religious group below to compare its members to Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. (The comparison will open in a new window.)

Agnostic (not sure if there is a god)
American Baptist Churches USA
Atheist (do not believe in God)
Buddhist
Church of Christ
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Church of the Nazarene
Episcopal Church in the USA
Hindu
Jehovah's Witnesses
Judaism (Conservative)
Judaism (Reform)
Lutheran Church, Missouri Synod
Muslim (Islam)
National Baptist Convention
Nondenominational evangelical
None (Nothing in particular)
Orthodox (Greek, Russian, or some other Orthodox church)
Presbyterian Church (USA)
Presbyterian Church in America
Roman Catholic
Southern Baptist Convention
Unitarian (Universalist)
United Church of Christ
United Methodist Church

Surveys of the Lutheran Family

The ARDA has archived surveys of groups in the Lutheran Family. Click on a survey below to learn more about it (opens in a new window)

U.S. Congregational Life Survey, Wave 2, 2008/2009, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) Attender Survey
U.S. Congregational Life Survey, Wave 2, 2008/2009, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) Leader Survey
U.S. Congregational Life Survey, Wave 2, 2008/2009, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) Congregational Profile Survey
Faith Communities Today Survey (FACT) 2000, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)
Faith Communities Today Survey (FACT) 2010, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)
Ministries By and To Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod Men and Women, 1987
Families and the Church, Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, 1987
Congregational Ministry, Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, 1987
Beliefs and Inter-Church Relations, Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, 1987
Combined Panel Surveys of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, 1987
U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Lutheran Attenders
U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Lutheran Leaders
U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Lutheran Profile
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