Questions/Variables on Surveys
  • VCF0875 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004
    What do you think are the most important problems facing this country? (IF MORE THAN ONE PROBLEM:) Of those you've mentioned, what would you say is the single most important problem the country faces? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings)

    0) None; "there were no issues;" "there was no campaign in my district" (non-presidential years); DK (1960, 1964, 1966 only)
    1) AGRICULTURAL
    2) ECONOMICS; BUSINESS; CONSUMER ISSUES (includes foreign investment, tariffs/protection of U.S. industries, international trade deficit/balance of payments, immigration, interstate commerce/transportation; does not include unemployment [09], defense spending [03],foreign [03] or government spending on domestic social welfare [09])
    3) FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND NATIONAL DEFENSE (includes: foreign aid, defense spending, the space program; does not include: international trade deficit [02])
    4) GOVERNMENT FUNCTIONING (not "the economy" [02])
    5) LABOR ISSUES (not unemployment [09])
    6) NATURAL RESOURCES
    7) PUBLIC ORDER (includes: crime, drugs, civil liberties and nonracial civil rights, women's rights, abortion rights, gun control, family/social/religious/moral 'decay,' church and state, etc.)
    8) RACIAL PROBLEMS (note: this primarily includes civil rights issues and racial equality; monetary assistance to minorities is primarily found in code 9, however there is a slight overlap)
    9) SOCIAL WELFARE (includes: population, child care, aid to education, the elderly, health care, housing, poverty, unemployment, 'welfare' etc.)
    97) Other problems (incl. specific campaign issues)
    98) DK (exc. 1960, 1964, 1966)
    99) NA; no Post IW; abbrev. telephone IW (1984); Form I, III or IV (1972); no Pre IW; short form IW (1992); question not administered in assigned half sample (1996, 2000)

  • GUNS911 from General Social Survey, 2006
    As a result of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, do you think that gun control laws should be stricter, making it harder for people to purchase firearms or that gun control laws should be less strict, making it easier for people to purchase firearms?

    1) Should be stricter
    2) Should be less strict
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • GUN12 from General Social Survey, 2002
    In the past 12 months, have you used the Web to find out about or discuss: -- Gun control?

    1) Yes
    2) No
    9) No answer

  • GUN12 from General Social Survey, 2000
    In the past 12 months, have you used the Web to find out about or discuss: -- Gun control?

    1) Yes
    2) No
    9) No answer

  • Q123 from Political Polarization and Typology Survey, 2014
    [RANDOMIZE IN BLOCKS: Q121/121a/b, Q122/122a/b, Q123/a/b, Q124/a/b, Q125/a/b, Q126/a/b] [ASK ALL PHASE A:] What do you think is more important - to protect the right of Americans to own guns or to control gun ownership?

    1) Protect the right of Americans to own guns
    2) Control gun ownership
    9) Don't know/Refused (VOL)

  • PRERND60 from American National Election Studies, 2004
    Random order Presidential candidates P5b-c gun control

    1) George Bush placement administered first
    2) John Kerry placement administered first

  • ISSUE12 from God and Society in North America, 1996
    To begin with, thinking of the issues presently confronting (Canada/the United States), what other issues do you think are important for (Canada/the U.S.) right now? -- Justice system - gun control, death penalty

    0) Not checked
    1) Checked

  • Q123B from Political Polarization and Typology Survey, 2014
    [RANDOMIZE IN BLOCKS: Q121/121a/b, Q122/122a/b, Q123/a/b, Q124/a/b, Q125/a/b, Q126/a/b] [ASK IF MORE IMPORTANT TO CONTROL OWNERSHIP (Q123=2):] And do you think [READ AND RANDOMIZE]?

    1) Most Americans should be able to own guns with certain limits in place [OR]
    2) Only law enforcement and security personnel should be able to own guns
    9) Don't know/Refused (VOL)

  • MELS1 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Lying about a test score when reporting performance to a teacher. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS2 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Faking an injury to collect on insurance. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS3 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Parking in a handicapped parking spot when not handicapped. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS4 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Using someone else's tooth brush without his or her permission. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS5 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Packing for a trip at the last minute. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS6 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Choosing to wake up late, despite having a busy day ahead. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS7 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Ignoring a woman struggling to carry bags of groceries. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS8 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Ignoring a driver whose car is stuck in the snow. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS9 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). An 18-year-old girl breaking an abstinence vow to have premarital sex. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS10 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Drinking 10 beers at a party and vomiting several times. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS11 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Defecating, not washing one's hands, and then preparing dinner for oneself. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • MELS12 from Measuring Morality Study, 2012
    Many people are used to thinking about morality as it relates to a few controversial public-policy issues: abortion, gay marriage, gun control, the death penalty, etc. This survey is instead about the things people do in their own daily lives. Below you'll be presented with a variety of situations and asked to say whether certain behaviors in those situations would be morally wrong. Please use the following scale from 1 to 7, to indicate the degree to which you judge the behavior to be wrong (if at all). Wearing a pair of pants for three weeks without washing them. [Moralization in Everyday Life Scale (MELS)]

    -1) Refused
    1) Not at all wrong; has nothing to do with morality
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) Very wrong; an extremely immoral action

  • IMPTISS from God and Society in North America, 1996
    To begin with, thinking of the issues presently confronting (Canada/the United States), which one do you feel should receive the greatest attention from (Canada's/America's) leaders? -- First Mentioned

    1) Abortion
    2) Crime/Violence
    3) Deficit/Debt/Government spending
    4) Defense/Military/Peace/NATO
    5) Drugs
    6) Economy - general/recession
    7) Education/Schools
    8) Environment/Pollution
    9) Health care/Medicare
    10) Immigration/Refugees
    11) Jobs/Unemployment
    12) Justice system - gun control, death penalty
    13) Moral issues/Pornography
    14) National unity/Quebec's future
    15) Poverty/The poor/Homeless
    16) Racism/Equality
    17) Social services - pensions/day care/housing
    18) Taxes/Tax reform/GST - general
    19) Welfare
    20) AIDS
    21) Cost of living
    23) Teen pregnancy
    24) Family problems/issues
    25) Farming/Agriculture
    26) Fisheries/Fishing dispute
    27) Foreign aid
    28) Free trade/NAFTA/International-Province
    30) Government/Politics/Government salaries
    31) Human rights/Civil rights/Bill 33
    32) Interest Rates
    33) Labor issues/Unions
    34) Language issues
    35) Native issues
    36) Natural resources
    37) Research and development
    38) Senior issues
    39) Value of the dollar
    40) Women's issues
    41) Constitution
    42) Foreign affairs
    43) CBC cutbacks/Destruction of CBC
    44) National identity
    45) Wages/Salaries
    47) Youth
    48) Religion
    49) Child abuse/Well-being of children
    50) Interprovincial relations
    52) Population
    53) Other
    54) Don't know/Not sure

  • Q5 from PRRI-RNS Religion News Survey, August 2012
    What do you think is the most important thing that could be done to prevent mass shootings from occurring in the United States?

    1) Stricter gun control laws and enforcement
    2) Better mental health screening and support
    3) Stricter security measures for public gatherings
    4) Allow more private citizens to carry guns for protection
    5) Put more emphasis on God and morality in school and society
    7) Other
    8) Don't know
    9) Refused

  • Q2 from PRRI-RNS Religion News Survey, August 2012
    Do you think laws about gun control are something that should be decided at the national level or is it something that each state should decide for itself?

    1) National level
    2) State level
    3) Both/Neither
    8) Don't know
    9) Refused

  • GUNIMP from General Social Survey, 1976
    How important is the gun control issue to you--would you say that it is one of the most important issues, important, not very important, or not important at all?

    1) One of the most important issues
    2) Important
    3) Not very important
    4) Not important at all
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

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