Citations
Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • Le désenchantement désenchanté?
    Gauchet, Marcel (2014)
    In S. Taussig (ed.) Charles Taylor. Religion et sécularisation. Paris: CNRS Éditions, pp. 73-82.

    Associated Search Terms: Disenchantment; Secularization
  • Changing Faith: The Dynamics and Consequences of Americans' Shifting Religious Identities.
    Sherkat, Darren E. (2014)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Describes U.S.A. religion with General Social Survey data; presents models predicting religious switching & apostasy. Secularization, supply-side rational choice theories, & other grand theories fail to explain changes of religion in the U.S.

    Associated Search Terms: Migration; Mobility (vertical); Politics, U.S.A.; Polity; Stratification; Sexual activity; Sexual attitudes; Marriage; Practice; Identification; Fundamentalist, U.S.A.; Homosexuality; Ethnic; Membership; United States; Rational choice theory; Secularization; Conversion; Belief; Change; Education; Disaffiliation
  • Regime type, religion-state arrangements, and religious markets in the Muslim world.
    Driessen, Michael D. (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:3: 367-394.

    Analyzes 2 datasets; state favoritism can enhance participation in the favored religion.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularization; Market model; Islam; Differentiation
  • Which societies provide a strong religious socialization context? Explanations beyond the effects of national religiosity.
    Müller, Tim S., Peter Schmidt, and Nan Dirk DeGraff (2014)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 53:4: 739-759.

    Analyzes 1971-2008 International Social Survey Programme data. High levels of income inequality predict greater effects of religious socialization. parents need invest less in religiously socializing their children when the society does it.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Differentiation; Family; Legitimation; Practice; Religiosity; Secularization; Socialization
  • Seeking empowerment and spiritualiy in the secular age: Secular and traditionalsit Israelis consulting rabbis.
    Keshet, Yael, and Ido Liberman (2014)
    Sociology 48:1: 92-110.

    The phenomenon of secular & less religious Jews who consult orthodox rabbis on personal matters indicates the current relevance of religion and spirituality as resources for empowerment when dealing with various kinds of existential and personal difficulty.

    Associated Search Terms: Clergy role; Israel; Jewish, Israel
  • Chaplaincies in a "post-secular" multicultural university.
    Possamai, Adam, Arathi Sriprakash, Ellen Brackenreg, and John McGuire (2014)
    Fieldwork in Religion 9:1: 147-165.

    The phenomenon of secular & less religious Jews who consult orthodox rabbis on personal matters indicates the current relevance of religion and spirituality as resources for empowerment when dealing with various kinds of existential and personal difficulty.


    Associated Search Terms: Chaplain, university; Education
  • The Republic Unsettled: Muslim French and the Contradictions of Secularism.
    Fernando, Mayanthi L. (2014)
    Durham, North Carolina: Duke Unviersity Press.

    The phenomenon of secular & less religious Jews who consult orthodox rabbis on personal matters indicates the current relevance of religion and spirituality as resources for empowerment when dealing with various kinds of existential and personal difficulty.



    Associated Search Terms: Clothing; France; Laïcité
  • Melodies of resistance: Islamist music in secular Turkey.
    Tas, Hakki (2014)
    Social Compass 61:3: 368-383.

    During the official secularist era in Turkey, resistance took the form of Islamist music.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Turkey; Music; Persecution; Politics, Turkey; Turkey
  • Grounded theologies: "Religion" and the "secular" in human geography.
    Tse, Justin K.H. (2014)
    Progress in Human Geography 38:2: 201-220.

    During the official secularist era in Turkey, resistance took the form of Islamist music.


    Associated Search Terms: Sacred/profane; Space
  • You Can't Put God in a Box: Thoughtful Spirituality in a Rational Age.
    Besecke, Kelly (2014)
    Oxford: Oxford University Press

    Based on interviews with people who are neither secular nor biblically literalist.

    Associated Search Terms: Liberal, U.S.A.; Spirituality
  • Sociology of Religion in America. A History of a Secular Fascination with Religion.
    Blasi, Anthony J. (2014)
    Leiden: Brill.

    Trends in the sociology of religion in the U.S.A. based on content analyses of dissertations 1895-1959 & articles 1964-84. Reviews community studies, history of research organizations, ^ professional associations.

    Associated Search Terms: American Catholic Sociological Society; Sociology of religion, U.S.A.; Society for the Scientific Study of Religion; Review of Religious Research; Religious Research Association; Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion; Sociology of Religion (journal); Association for the Sociology of Religion; Association for the Sociological Study of Jewry; Association for the Scientific Study of Jewry; Community study
  • Inheritance of religiosity among Muslim immigrants in a secular society.
    Pol, Jasper van de, and Frank van Tubergen (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:1: 87-106.

    Analyzes 2008-10 interview & questionnaire data from Turkish & Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands, aged 15-45. A stronger transmission is found in families with warm ties, different parental backgrounds, families strongly embedded in religious community, & families with higher parental religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Assimilation; Family; Generations; Islam, Netherlands; Migrant; Netherlands; Religiosity; Socialization
  • Living the Secular Life: New Answers to Old Questions.
    Zuckerman, Phil (2014)
    New York: Penguin.

    Analyzes 2008-10 interview & questionnaire data from Turkish & Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands, aged 15-45. A stronger transmission is found in families with warm ties, different parental backgrounds, families strongly embedded in religious community, & families with higher parental religiosity.


    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • Secular or nonreligious? Investigating and interpreting generic "Not religious" categories and populations.
    Lee, Lois (2014)
    Religion 44: 466-482.

    Analyzes 2008-10 interview & questionnaire data from Turkish & Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands, aged 15-45. A stronger transmission is found in families with warm ties, different parental backgrounds, families strongly embedded in religious community, & families with higher parental religiosity.



    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • Religion and parental values in a secularized country: Evidence from the Netherlands.
    Halman, Loek (2014)
    Social Compass 61:1: 121-140.

    Analyzes 2008 European Values Study data from the Netherlands. Parental values are related to religion; denominational differences in autonomy & obedience can be explained by attendance (a network mechanism) while differences in autonomy are partly explained by beliefs.

    Associated Search Terms: Autonomy; Belief; Family; Netherlands; Network; Obedience; Practice; Socialization
  • The impact of economic deprivation and regional differences on individual secularization in Western Europe.
    Gundelach, Peter (2014)
    Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion 2:1: 3-40.

    Analyzes 2008 European Values Study data from the Netherlands. Parental values are related to religion; denominational differences in autonomy & obedience can be explained by attendance (a network mechanism) while differences in autonomy are partly explained by beliefs.


    Associated Search Terms: Deprivation; Europe, western; Economic
  • What about China? Religious vitality in the most secular and rapidly modernizing society.
    Yang, Fenggang (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:4: 564-578.

    Auto-biographical statement of coming to study Chinese religious phenomena.

    Associated Search Terms: China; Yang, Fenggang
  • Dating in light of Christ: Young Evangelicals negotiating gender in the context of religious and secular American culture.
    Irby, Courtney Ann (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:2: 260-283.

    Based on 19 open-ended interviews from students & alumni of Evangelical colleges. The theme of commitment was stressed, & hence a future orientation. Chastity was emphasized, along with Christian identity. Within this framework there were patterned differences.

    Associated Search Terms: Courtship; Dating; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Gender role; Young adults
  • Finding the sacred in unexpected places: Religious evanescence and evocation.
    Bartkowski, John P. (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:3:357-371.

    Without using the term "dialectic," notes the movement toward the sacred in secular song lyrics (evocation) & away from the sacred in seemingly religious song lyrics (evanescence).

    Associated Search Terms: Dialectic; Music; Sacred/profane
  • Is it really religion? Comparing main and stress-buffering effecs of religion and secular civic engagement on psychological distress.
    Acevedo, Gabriel A., Christopher G. Ellison, and Xiaohe Xu. (2014)
    Society and Mental Health 4:2: 111-128.

    Without using the term "dialectic," notes the movement toward the sacred in secular song lyrics (evocation) & away from the sacred in seemingly religious song lyrics (evanescence).


    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Civic engagement; Stress
  • Gifts of money and gifts of time: Folk religion and civic involvement in a Chinese soiety.
    Hu, Anning (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:2: 313-335.

    Analyzes 2009 survey data from Taiwan. Ancestor worship predicts less secular contributing. Local deity worship predicts more religious volunteering. Sectarian membership predicts more religious volunteering. Individual folk religion predicts religious volunteering &, occasionally, giving to Buddhism, Taoism, & folk religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Volunteering; Taiwan; Folk religion; Contributions; Ancestor
  • Moderate secularism in liberal societies?
    McGhee, Derek (2013)
    In Gavin D'Costa, Malcolm Evans, Tariq Modood, and Julian Rivers (eds.) Religion in a Liberal State. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 117-134.

    In the secular state, religions participate in the political culture, but they need to be able to use secular speech in the public realm, just as the secularity of the state needs to be a moderate one.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Habermas, Jürgen; Politics; Secularism; Modood, Tariq
  • Liberal religion and illiberal secularism.
    Woodhead, Linda (2013)
    In Gavin D'Costa, Malcolm Evans, Tariq Modood, and Julian Rivers (eds.) Religion in a Liberal State. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 93-116.

    Argues that religion is an important element in liberalism, & that in the U.K. illiberal religion is the exception, not the norm. The U.K. & Europe are secular theory not practice. uses British illustrations.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Politics, Great Britain; Great Britain; Liberalism
  • Secularization and the Sources of Morality: Religion and Morality in Contemporary Europe.
    Halman, Loek, and Erik van Ingen (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 87-107.

    Analyzes 2008 European Values Study data. Religious membership and attendance are inversely related to permissiveness, especially in more secular (modern) European nations where religious people are in the minority.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Moral; Secularization; Europe
  • Exploring the postsecular: Three meanings of "the secular" and their possible transcendence.
    Casanova, José V. (2013)
    In Craig Calhoun, Eduardo mendieta, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Habermas and Religion. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 27-48.

    Analyzes 2008 European Values Study data. Religious membership and attendance are inversely related to permissiveness, especially in more secular (modern) European nations where religious people are in the minority.


    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular; Secular
  • The Religious and the Politcal. A Comparative Sociology of Religion.
    Turner, Bryan S. (2013)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; State; Comparative
  • Religion as Heritage, Religion as Belief: Shifting Frontiers of Secularism in Europe, the USA and Brazil.
    Lehmann, David (2013)
    International Sociology 28:6: 645-662.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.


    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States; Secularism; Europe; Comparative; Brazil
  • Secularization and church growth in the United Kingdom.
    Bruce, Steve (2013)
    Journal of Religion in Europe 6:3: 273-296.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.



    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Membership; Secularization
  • Religious Globalisms in the Post-Secular Age.
    Wilson, Erin K., and Manfred B. Steger (2013)
    Globalizations 10:3: 481-495.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.




    Associated Search Terms: Global; Post-secular; Transnational
  • Multiple secularities: Religion and modernity in the global age: Introduction.
    Burchardt, Marian, and Monika Wohlrab-Sahr (2013)
    International Sociology 28:6: 605-611.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.





    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularism
  • Post-secularity and religion in Britain: An empirical assessment.
    Bruce, Steve (2013)
    Jouranl of Contemporary Religion 28:3: 369-384.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.






    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Post-secular
  • Secularization in Europe: An analysis of inter-generational religious change.
    Voas, David, and Stefanie Doebler (2013)
    In Loek Halman and Paul de Graaf (eds.) Value Contrasts and Consensus in Present-day Europe. Leiden: Brill, pp. 231-250.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.







    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Generations; Secularization
  • American Jewish secularism: Jewish life beyond the synagogue.
    Kosmin, Barry A., and Ariela Keysar (2013)
    In Arnold Dashefsky and I. Sheskin (eds.) American Jewish Yearbook 2012. New York: Springer.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.








    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, U.S.A.; Secularism
  • Secularization in Poland and Spain after the democratic transition: A cohort analysis.
    Requena, Miguel, and Mikolaj Stanek (2013)
    International Sociology 28:1: 84-101.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.









    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Poland; Spain; Change; Cohort
  • Excluded, included or foundational? Religion in liberal-democratic states.
    Bader, Veit (2013)
    In Gavin D'Costa, Malcolm Evans, Tariq Modood, and Julian Rivers (eds.) Religion in a Liberal State. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 135-163.

    Argues that a liberal-democratic constitutional state needs be founded neither on a religion nor on an exclusive secularism. References are largely to Germany.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Secularism; State
  • "Multiple secularities": Postcolonial variations and guiding ideas in India and South Africa.
    Burchardt, Marian, Monika Wohlrab-Sahr, and Ute Wegert (2013)
    International Sociology 28:6: 612-628.

    Argues that a liberal-democratic constitutional state needs be founded neither on a religion nor on an exclusive secularism. References are largely to Germany.


    Associated Search Terms: South Africa; Secular; Comparative; India
  • Danish state policy on the teaching of religion from 1900 to 2007.
    Reeh, Niels (2013)
    Social Compass 60:2: 236-250.

    The Danish state became more interested in the teaching of religion during World War II & during the War on Terror. The trajectory was not one of simple secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Denmark; Education; Secularization; State
  • A down under approach and reaction to Shari'a: An impasse towards post-secularism?
    Hussain, Jamila, and Adam Possamai (2013)
    In Maurits S. Berger (ed.) Applying Sharia in the West: Facts, Fears and Figures of Islamic Rules on Fmaily Relations in the West. Leiden: Leiden University Press (in USA, Chicago: University of Chicagod Press), pp. 65-78.

    The Danish state became more interested in the teaching of religion during World War II & during the War on Terror. The trajectory was not one of simple secularization.


    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular; Law; Sharia; Australia; Islam, Australia
  • "Secularization of consciousness" or alternative opportunities? The impact of economic growth on religious belief and practice in 13 European countries.
    Hirschle, Jochen (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:2:410-424.

    Uses data from various sources; economic development is associated with reduced church attendance but not belief, though belief may decline as a result of the lowered attendance.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Economic; Europe; Practice; Secularization
  • Von Multiple Modernities zu Multiple Secularities: kulturelle Diversität, Säkularismus und Toleranz als Leitidee in Indien.
    Burchardt, Marian, and Monika Wohlrab-Sahr (2013)
    Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie 38:4: 355-374.

    Uses data from various sources; economic development is associated with reduced church attendance but not belief, though belief may decline as a result of the lowered attendance.


    Associated Search Terms: Tolerance; Secularism; Pluralism; Diversity; India; Modernity
  • Religion and Civil Society: Theoretical Reflections.
    Herbert, David (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 13-45.

    Reviews rational choice, secularization, and public (civil society) religion theories. Opts for a "functionalization" approach, where religions help overcome shortcomings in the functioning of other institutions or even resist the other institutions.

    Associated Search Terms: Functionalization; Mediatization; Secularization; Rational choice theory; Civil society; Islam; Public religion
  • Entwurf einer Theorie religiös-säkularer Konkurrenz.
    Stolz, Jörg (2013)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 65, 1 Suppl., 25-49.

    Reviews rational choice, secularization, and public (civil society) religion theories. Opts for a "functionalization" approach, where religions help overcome shortcomings in the functioning of other institutions or even resist the other institutions.


    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Secularization
  • Zur Neubestimmung des Verhältnisses von Religion und Moderne: Säkularisierung, Differenzierung und multiple Modernitäten.
    Schwinn, Thomas (2013)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 61, 1 Suppl., 73-97.

    Reviews rational choice, secularization, and public (civil society) religion theories. Opts for a "functionalization" approach, where religions help overcome shortcomings in the functioning of other institutions or even resist the other institutions.



    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Differentiation; Modernity
  • Des glissements du spirituel au "psy". Entre quête de sens et quête de santé dans le contexte de la sécularisation avancée.
    Garnoussi, Nadia (2013)
    Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 163:3: 63-82.

    Reviews rational choice, secularization, and public (civil society) religion theories. Opts for a "functionalization" approach, where religions help overcome shortcomings in the functioning of other institutions or even resist the other institutions.




    Associated Search Terms: Medicalization; Psychology; Secularization
  • The Dynamics of Civil Society: Density, Age, Fertility and Completeness in the Religious Voluntary Sector.
    Ro?tentscher, Sigrid (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 87-107

    Reviews rational choice, secularization, and public (civil society) religion theories. Opts for a "functionalization" approach, where religions help overcome shortcomings in the functioning of other institutions or even resist the other institutions.





    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe; Moral; Practice
  • Declining religious authority? Confidence in the leaders of religious organizations, 1973-2010.
    Hoffmann, John P. (2013)
    Review of Religious Research 55:1: 1-25.

    Analyzes 1973-2010 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; confidence in clergy declined among those born 1945-70, rebounding among later cohorts among thsoe who attend religious services.

    Associated Search Terms: Clergy image; Generations; Secularization; United States
  • Outsourcing moral authority: The internal secuarization of Evangelicals' anti-pornography narratives.
    Thomas, Jeremy N. (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:3: 457-475.

    A content analysis of Christianity Today (1956-2010) shows the rationale for opposition to pornography depending less on explicitly religious rationales over time.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Pornography; Evangelical; Moral; Discourse; Content analysis
  • Religion, state and civil society in Europe: Triangular entanglements.
    Madeley, John T.S. (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Sprnger, pp. 69-86.

    Based on a survey of organizations in 8 medium sized European cities. Churches in Europe have neglected supplying church-related organizations for people to join.

    Associated Search Terms: Civil society; Ecology; Europe; Levels of inclusiveness; Organization; Secularization; Urban
  • The politics of new atheism.
    Kettell, Steven (2013)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 2:1: 61-72.

    Based on a survey of organizations in 8 medium sized European cities. Churches in Europe have neglected supplying church-related organizations for people to join.


    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • The secularization of Sunday: Real or perceived competition for churches.
    McMullin, Steve (2013)
    Review of Religious Research 55:1: 43-59.

    2009-10 questionnaire & interview research in 16 declining Protestant congregations in Canada & U.S.A.; respondents attribute decline to competing Sunday events & activities while other reasons seem likely.

    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Competition; Congregation; Sunday
  • Religion, spirituality and civil participation.
    deHart, Joep, and Paul Dekker (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 169-188.

    Reports data from various European surveys. Among the European nations, the proportion protestant correlates positively with secular volunteering, & the proportion Orthodox or Muslim correlates negatively with secular volunteering.

    Associated Search Terms: Protestant, Europe; Volunteering; Islam, Europe; Orthodox, eastern, Europe; Civic engagement; Catholic, Europe; Europe
  • Piety in a Secular Society: Migration, Religiosity, and Islam in Britain.
    Lewis, Valerie A., and Ridhi Kashyap (2013)
    International Migration 51:3: 57-66.

    Reports data from various European surveys. Among the European nations, the proportion protestant correlates positively with secular volunteering, & the proportion Orthodox or Muslim correlates negatively with secular volunteering.


    Associated Search Terms: Education; Great Britain; Islam, Great Britain; Migrant; Practice; Religiosity
  • Bonding alone: Familism, religion, and secular civic participation.
    Kim, Young-Il, and W. Bradford Wilcox (2013)
    Social Science Research 42;1: 31-45.

    Reports data from various European surveys. Among the European nations, the proportion protestant correlates positively with secular volunteering, & the proportion Orthodox or Muslim correlates negatively with secular volunteering.



    Associated Search Terms: Civic engagement; Familism; Family; Social participation
  • Euro-American ethnic and native Christians: Believing in belonging.
    Day, Abby (2013)
    In Abby Day, Giselle Vincent, and Christopher R. Cotter (eds.) Social Identities between the Sacred and the Secular. Surrey, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 61-74.

    Reports data from various European surveys. Among the European nations, the proportion protestant correlates positively with secular volunteering, & the proportion Orthodox or Muslim correlates negatively with secular volunteering.




    Associated Search Terms: Ethnic; Identification
  • Secular-Islamist cleavage, values, and support for democray and Shari'a in the Arab world.
    Ciftci, Sabri (2013)
    Political Research Quarterly 66:4: 781-793.

    Reports data from various European surveys. Among the European nations, the proportion protestant correlates positively with secular volunteering, & the proportion Orthodox or Muslim correlates negatively with secular volunteering.





    Associated Search Terms: Democracy; Islam; Law
  • Secular values, religious beliefs and civil life: A comparative analysis of helping values and behaviour.
    Purdam, Kingsley, and Ingrid Storm (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 147-167.

    Analyzes 2006 European Social Survey data. Religious attenders report they place more value on helping & that they help more than do others.

    Associated Search Terms: Civic engagement; Europe; Practice
  • Democracy, civil society, and Islam
    Esmer, Yilmaz (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 267-284.

    Reviews various indexes of democracy & empirical data on democracy; Islam's presence is inversely related to democracy, probably because it is incompatible with secular civil society.

    Associated Search Terms: Democracy; Islam; Civil society
  • Character strengths and deep connections following hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Spiritual and secular pathways to resistance among volunteers.
    Ai, Amy L., Catherine Lemieux, Roslyn Richardson, Terrence N. Tice, Carol Plummer, Bu Huang, and Christopher G. Ellison (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:3: 537-556.

    Analyzes data from student volunteers in post-hurricane relief work; religion & spirituality were elements in psychologies of resilience (non-depression).

    Associated Search Terms: Resilience; Disaster; Depression
  • Are we still secular? Explorations on the secular and post-secular.
    Casanova, José V. (2012)
    In P. Nynäs, M. Lassander, and T. Utriainen (eds.) Post-Secular Society. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, pp. 27-46.

    Analyzes data from student volunteers in post-hurricane relief work; religion & spirituality were elements in psychologies of resilience (non-depression).


    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular
  • Questioning secularization? Church and religion in Poland.
    Hall, Dorota (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 121-141.

    Legal standing of religion in Poland. Description of church organization & works. 2006 descriptive staistics on individual practice. Correlations shown include education, urban, income, & spirituality. Secularization is largely at the macro level.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; State; Spirituality; Secularization; Stratification; Levels of inclusiveness; Education; Catholic, Poland; Poland
  • Secularization or de-secularization? The challenges of and from the post-Soviet experience.
    Shterin, Marat (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 143-166.

    Based on ethnographic studies in Russia & 2006 survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Russia; Secularization
  • Trajectories of post-secular complexity: An introduction.
    Moberg, Marcus, and Kennet Granholm (2012)
    In Peter Nynäs, M. Lassander, and T. Utriainen (eds.) Post-Secular Society. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, pp. 95-128.

    Based on ethnographic studies in Russia & 2006 survey data.


    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular
  • The Religious Landscape in Germany: Secularizing West--Secularized East.
    Müller, Olaf, Detlef Pollack, and Gert Pickel (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 95-120.

    The Catholic Church was disestablished longer & became less dependent on the state, though it has a priest shortage, compared to the Protestant Church. Both provide this-worldly services. Surveys show individual religion is stronger in the West than in the East.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularization; Individualism; Rational choice theory; Germany; Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland; Catholic, Germany
  • Differentiated secularization in Europe: Comparative results.
    Pickel, Gert, Detlef Pollack, and Olaf Müller (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 229-237.

    Based on 2006 survey data. Finds differentiation. Despite using only descriptive statistics, tables are opaque.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Differentiation; Europe; Secularization
  • The End of Secularization in Europe?: A Socio-demographic Perspective.
    Kaufmann, Eric, Anne Goujon, and Vegard Skirbekk (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:1: 69-91.

    Predicts a leveling off of secularization in Europe after taking demographic factors into account, followed by a modest increase in religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Demography; Secularization
  • Is there a crisis of secularism in western Europe?
    Modood, Tariq (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:2: 130-149.

    Secularism of the state in Europe enters into conflict with multicuturalism when the latter includes a desecularizing Islam. It also encounters Islamophobia.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularism; Pluralism; Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Islam, Europe; Europe
  • Ireland in the twenty-first century: Secularization or religious vitality?
    Andersen, Karen (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 51-75.

    Church/state relations, organizational presence of the Catholic Church, & 1973-74, '91, '98, & 2006 survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Ireland; Ireland; Secularization; State
  • Church and religion in Hungary: Between religious individualization and secularization.
    Rosta, Gergely (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 187-205.

    Historical background, membership, churches' works, & survey-based descriptive statistics.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Secularization; Membership; Belief; Hungary; Individualism
  • Church and religion in the enlarged Europe: Analyses of the social significance of religion in east and west.
    Pollack, Detlef, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp.1-26.

    Overview of secularization, individualization, & market theories of religious change & questions these raise concerning Europe. Describes a 2006 survey on which other essays in the book are based.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Europe; Individualism; Market model; Secularization
  • Atheism and secularity.
    Keysar, Ariela (2012)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 27:1: 131-144.

    Overview of secularization, individualization, & market theories of religious change & questions these raise concerning Europe. Describes a 2006 survey on which other essays in the book are based.


    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Secularism
  • Multiple secularities: Toward a cultural sociology of secular modernities.
    Wohlrab-Sahr, Monika, and Marian Burchardt (2012)
    Comparative Sociology 11:6: 875-909.

    Overview of secularization, individualization, & market theories of religious change & questions these raise concerning Europe. Describes a 2006 survey on which other essays in the book are based.



    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Secularism
  • Explaining global secularity: Existential security or education?
    Braun, Claude M.J. (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1: 68-93.

    Statistical analysis of international data suggests educational attainment rather than material prosperity explains rates of secularism.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Atheist; Deprivation; Security
  • Reaching the limits of secularization? Turkish- and Moroccan-Dutch Muslims in the Netherlands.
    Maliepaard, Mieke, Mérove Gijsberts, and Marcel Lubbers (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:2: 359-367.

    Secondary analysis of 1998-2006 surveys of Dutch Muslims. Rather than adopting Dutch secularism, as seemed to occur previously, a second female generation & first male generation are reviving Mosque attendance.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Assimilation; Education; Gender; Generations; Islam, Netherlands; Moroccan Dutch; Netherlands; Practice; Turkish Dutch
  • Contested secularities: Religious minorities and secular progressivism in the Netherlands.
    Schuh, Cora, Marian Burchardt, and Monika WhlrabSahr (2012)
    Journal of Religion in Europe 5:3: 349-383.

    Secondary analysis of 1998-2006 surveys of Dutch Muslims. Rather than adopting Dutch secularism, as seemed to occur previously, a second female generation & first male generation are reviving Mosque attendance.


    Associated Search Terms: Minority; Netherlands; Secular
  • Modernity and the secularization debate.
    Mouzelis, Nicos (2012)
    Sciology 46;2: 207-223.

    Secondary analysis of 1998-2006 surveys of Dutch Muslims. Rather than adopting Dutch secularism, as seemed to occur previously, a second female generation & first male generation are reviving Mosque attendance.



    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization
  • Talcott Parsons and the enigma of secularization.
    Vanderstraeten, Raf (2012)
    European Journal of Social Theory 16:1: 69-84.

    Secondary analysis of 1998-2006 surveys of Dutch Muslims. Rather than adopting Dutch secularism, as seemed to occur previously, a second female generation & first male generation are reviving Mosque attendance.




    Associated Search Terms: Parsons, Talcott; Secularization
  • Theorizing the sacred: The role of the implicit in yearning "away."
    Heelas, Paul (2012)
    Implicit Religion 15:4: 477-521.

    The secular is not an end-point but generates momentum toward som ekind of perfection.

    Associated Search Terms: Implicit religion; Secular
  • Patronage and secularization: Social obligation and church support.
    Bruce, Steve (2012)
    Briish Journal of Sociology 63:3: 533-552.

    Focuses on expectations upon elites in Great Britain.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Secularization; Contributions
  • Public Religions and the Postsecular: Critical Reflections.
    Beckford, James A. (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:1: 1-19.

    Finds 6 general meanings of "post secular." Responses of the British government to pluralism, its efforts at equality, and its respect for the voluntary sector have little to do with post-secularism.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Post-secular
  • Not so indifferent after all? Self-conscious atheism and the secularization thesis.
    Bullivant, Stephen (2012)
    Approaching Religion 2:1: 100-106.

    Finds 6 general meanings of "post secular." Responses of the British government to pluralism, its efforts at equality, and its respect for the voluntary sector have little to do with post-secularism.


    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Secularization
  • Contrasting irreligious orientations: Atheism and secularity in the USA and Scandinavia.
    Zuckerman, Phil (2012)
    Approaching Religion 2:1: 8-20.

    Finds 6 general meanings of "post secular." Responses of the British government to pluralism, its efforts at equality, and its respect for the voluntary sector have little to do with post-secularism.



    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Scandinavia; Secularism
  • Some aspects of religiosity in Estonia.
    Jaanus, Eva-Liisa (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 167-185.

    Historical overview & some descriptive statistics.

    Associated Search Terms: Estonia; Membership; Practice; Secularization; State
  • Transnational understandings of secularisms and their impact on the right to religious freedom – Exploring religious symbols cases at the UN and ECHR.
    Barras, Amelie (2012)
    Journal of Human Rights 11(2): 263–279.

    Historical overview & some descriptive statistics.


    Associated Search Terms: Symbol; Secularism; Freedom of religion
  • Religion and the "Public/Private" Problematic: The Three "Public" Spheres of the Lourdes Pilgrimage.
    Terado, Junko (2012)
    Social Compass 59:3: 345-356.

    The Lourdes pilgrimage originated as a protest identity in the face of militantly secular France & become a center for deprivatizing suffering. The author employs 3 meanings of "public."

    Associated Search Terms: France, Lourdes; Historical; Identity; Pilgrimage; Secularization
  • Negotiating pluralism in Québec: Identity, religion and secularism in the debates over "reasonable accommodation."
    Zubrzycki, Geneviève (2012)
    In Courtney Bender, Wendy Cadge, Peggy Levitt, and David Smilde (eds.) Religion at the Edge: Toward a New Sociology of Religion. New York: Oxford University Press.

    The Lourdes pilgrimage originated as a protest identity in the face of militantly secular France & become a center for deprivatizing suffering. The author employs 3 meanings of "public."


    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Quebec; Catholic, Canada; Identity, national; Pluralism; Secularism; Accommodation
  • Religión, política y secularización: comparaciones entre Europe del Oeste y del Este./Religion, politics and secularization.
    Martin, David (2012)
    In Rodrigo Muñoz, Javier Sánchez Cañizares, and Gregoro Guitián (eds.) Religión, Socedad Moderna y Razón Práctica. Pamplona: EUNSA, pp. 15-31./DAvid Martin, Religion and Power. No Logos without Mythos. Burlingon, Vermont: Ashgate, pp. 155-171.

    The Lourdes pilgrimage originated as a protest identity in the face of militantly secular France & become a center for deprivatizing suffering. The author employs 3 meanings of "public."



    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Europe, eastern; Europe, western; Politics, Europe; Secularization
  • Locating nonreligion, in mind, body and space: New research methods for a new field.
    Lee, Lois (2012)
    In Luigi Berzano and Ole Preben Riis (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion 3. New Methods in the Sociology of Religion. Leiden Brill, pp. 135-157.

    Non religion is a broader term than atheism, going beyond the intellectual. It is narrower than secularism, which is a negative measure of religion taken as a positive. Describes strategies for gethering interview data on nonreligion; uses illustrative intervews from work in southeast England.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Great Britain, England; Methods; Nonreligion; Secularism
  • The elusive religious field in Lithuania.
    Schröder, Ingo W. (2012)
    In Milda Ališauskiene and Ingo W. Schröder (eds.) Religious Diversity in Post-Soviet Society: Ethnographies of Catholic Hegemony and the New Pluralism in Lithuania. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 79-98.

    Based on 2008-09 fieldwork in Vilnius & Kaunas. A middle class habitus of superficial Catholicism is hegemonic in urban Lithuania. Pluralism is notable, even within Catholicism. The hegemony is limited by secularism. Overview of Church efforts to reach the public.

    Associated Search Terms: Bourdieu, Pierre; Catholic, Lithuania; Cultural capital; Field; Gramsci, Antonio; Habitus; Hegemony; Lithuania; Pluralism; Secularism
  • Portugal: Secularization and religious vitality of the Roman Catholic Church in a southern European country.
    Vilaça, Helena (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 77-93.

    Church/state relations, some personnel decline. 2001 census & 1999-2000 & 2006 survey data. There is an institutional secularization process, with religion remaining important.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Portugal; Portugal; State
  • Pour une sociologie des pèlerinages séculiers contemporains. Essai de typologie.
    Frégosi, Franck (2012)
    Social Compass 59:3: 311-323.

    Programatic essay.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Pilgrimage
  • Beauty contra God. Has aesthetics replaced religion in modernity?
    Carroll, John (2012)
    Journal of Sociology 48:2: 206-223.

    Programatic essay.


    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization; Aesthetic
  • Cambio religioso en España: los avatars de la secularización.
    Pérez-Agote, Alfonso (2012)
    Madrid: Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas.

    Programatic essay.



    Associated Search Terms: Change; Secularization; Spain
  • Why Are Women More Religious Than Men?
    Trzebiatowska, Marta, and Steve Bruce (2012)
    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Programatic essay.




    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sex; Women
  • Pentecostalismo e secularização: Da rigidez doutrinária ao pluralism religioso.
    Ferreira, Ismael de Vasconcelos (2012)
    Horizonte 10:28: 1458-1472.

    Programatic essay.





    Associated Search Terms: Change; Pentecostal; Pluralism; Secularization
  • Säkularisierung, Individualisierung oder religiöse Marktwirtschaft? Die vergebliche Suche nach einem Leitparadigma in der Religionssoziologie.
    Kelle, Udo (2012)
    In Gerhard Wegner (ed.) Gott oder die Gesellschaft? Das Spannungsfeld von Theologie und Soziologie. Würzburg: Ergon, pp. 65-107.

    Programatic essay.






    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Market model; Secularization
  • Catholic women religious vocations in the twentieth century: The Slovenian case.
    Bezjak, Sonja (2012)
    Review of Religious Research 54:2: 157-174.

    Examines statistics on the number of Slovenian women entering Catholic religious orders & congregations in Slovenia in the 20th century; the population sex ratio and governmental policies as well as other factors prove to be important.

    Associated Search Terms: Sex ratio; Vocation; Secularization
  • Säkularisierung als Entkirchlichung: Trends und Konjunkturen in Deutschland von der Mitte des 19. Jahrhudnerts bis zur Gegenwart.
    Liedhegener, Antonius (2012)
    In Karl Gabriel, Christel Gärtner, and Detlef Pollack (eds.) Umstrittene Säkularisierung: Soziologische und historische Analysen zur Differenzierung von Religion und Politik. Berlin: Berlin University Press, pp. 481-531.

    Examines statistics on the number of Slovenian women entering Catholic religious orders & congregations in Slovenia in the 20th century; the population sex ratio and governmental policies as well as other factors prove to be important.


    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Germany; Politics, Germany; Secularization
  • The emergence of post-dogmatic religion.
    Riis, Ole (2012)
    Implicit Religion 15:4: 423-438.

    Religion is increasingly centering on values & emotional groundings rather than on doctrinally distinct churches.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Doctrine; Emotion; Post-dogmatic
  • Religion and the Demographic Revolution: Women and Secularisation in Canada, Ireland, UK and USA since the 1960s.
    Brown, Candy Gunther (2012)
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Religion is increasingly centering on values & emotional groundings rather than on doctrinally distinct churches.


    Associated Search Terms: Women; United States; Secularization; Ireland; Demography; Canada; Great Britain
  • Spirituality, Activism, and the 'Postsecular' in the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence.
    Wilcox, Melissa M. (2012)
    In Peter Nynäs and Andrew Kam-Tuck Yip (eds.) Religion, Gender and Sexuality in Everyday Life. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate, pp. 37-50.

    Based on interviews & observation of a communal spirituality-based (i.e., no religious affiliation) LGBT group involving some parody of Catholic nuns.

    Associated Search Terms: Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence; LGBT; Activism; Spirituality; Nun; Participant observation; Orders/congregations; Post-secular
  • Secularisation and Nationalism: A Critical Review.
    Santiago, José (2012)
    Social Compass 59:1: 3-20.

    Review of the literature on nationalism as a surrogate for religion. Finds the theories confound function & cause; nations do not need ucltural integration. Nationalism does not lead to ndividual immortality but social immortlaity & hence is unlike religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Surrogate for religion; Secularization; Political religion; Nationalism; Integration (social); Durkheim, Émile; Functionalism; Civil religion; Integration (national)
  • Forms, frequency, and correlates of perceived anti-atheist discrimination.
    Hamer, Joseph H., Ryan T. Cragun, Karen Hwang, and Jesse Smith (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1: 43-67.

    Review of the literature on nationalism as a surrogate for religion. Finds the theories confound function & cause; nations do not need ucltural integration. Nationalism does not lead to ndividual immortality but social immortlaity & hence is unlike religion.


    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Discrimination
  • Irreligious socialization? The adult religious preferences of individuals raised with no religion.
    Merino, Stephen M. (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1: 1-16.

    Review of the literature on nationalism as a surrogate for religion. Finds the theories confound function & cause; nations do not need ucltural integration. Nationalism does not lead to ndividual immortality but social immortlaity & hence is unlike religion.



    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Family; Socialization
  • Forms, frequency, and correlates of perceived anti-atheist discrimination.
    Hammer, Joseph H., Ryan T. Cragun, Jesse M. Smith, and Karen Hwang (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1: 43-58.

    Review of the literature on nationalism as a surrogate for religion. Finds the theories confound function & cause; nations do not need ucltural integration. Nationalism does not lead to ndividual immortality but social immortlaity & hence is unlike religion.




    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Discrimination
  • Atheisms unbound: The role of the new media in the formation of a secularist identity.
    Smith, Christopher, and Richard Cimino (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1:1: 17-31.

    Review of the literature on nationalism as a surrogate for religion. Finds the theories confound function & cause; nations do not need ucltural integration. Nationalism does not lead to ndividual immortality but social immortlaity & hence is unlike religion.





    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Internet; Media
  • "They just don't stand for nothing": LGBT Christians' definition of non-religious others.
    Sumerau, J. Edward (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 5:1: 1-12.

    Review of the literature on nationalism as a surrogate for religion. Finds the theories confound function & cause; nations do not need ucltural integration. Nationalism does not lead to ndividual immortality but social immortlaity & hence is unlike religion.






    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Homosexuality
  • Investigating the Role of Religion-supported Secular Programs for Explaining Initiation into First Sex.
    Adamczyk, Amy (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:2: 324-342.

    Analyzes 2002-03 telephone interview data from American teens; conservative attitudes about sexual activity rather than involvement in religiously sponsored secular youth activities explains the delayed initation into sex by the more religious adolescents.

    Associated Search Terms: Adolescents; Sexual activity
  • Glaube als Option./Faith as an Option, tr. Alex Skinner.
    Joas, Hans (2012)
    Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder/Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2014.

    Modernization doe snot inevitably result in secularization, & secularization doe snot inevitably undermine morality.

    Associated Search Terms: Weber, Max; Change; Merton, Robert K.; Modernization; Moral; Pluralism; Troeltsch, Ernst; Violence; Hinze, Otto
  • Perceptions of Science and American Secularism.
    Baker, Joseph O. (2012)
    Sociological Perspectives 55:1: 167-188.

    Favorable view of science is more characteristic of secularists than religiously affiliated Americans.

    Associated Search Terms: Agnostic; United States; Science; Atheist, U.S.A.; Creationism; Evolution
  • Religion, secular democracy and conflcit resolution in Zimbabwe.
    Tarusarira, Joram, and Gladys Ganiel (2012)
    In Lee Marsden (ed.) Ashgate Companion on Religion and Conflict Resolution. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 99-117

    Favorable view of science is more characteristic of secularists than religiously affiliated Americans.


    Associated Search Terms: Zimbabwe; Peace; Democracy
  • Laïcité as an “ideal type” and a continuum: Comparing Turkey, France, and Senegal.
    Kuru, Ahmet T., and Alfred Stepan (2012)
    In Ahmet T. Kuru and Alfred Stepan (eds.) Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 95-121.

    Favorable view of science is more characteristic of secularists than religiously affiliated Americans.



    Associated Search Terms: Turkey; Senegal; Laïcité; State; Comparative; France
  • The limits of secularization? The resurgence of Orthodoxy in post-Soviet Russia.
    Evans, Geoffrey, and Ksenia Northmore-Ball (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:4: 795-808.

    Uses 1993-2007 Russian survey data; Orthodox identification, attendance, & the association between religiosity & conservative morality increased over time.

    Associated Search Terms: Russia; Religiosity; Practice; Russian Orthodox, Russia; Identification; Desecularization; Moral
  • Explaining Differences in Philanthropic Behavior between Christians, Muslims, and Hindus in the Netherlands.
    Carabain, Christine L., and René Bekers (2012)
    Review of Religious Research 53:4: 419-440.

    Analyzes 2008 Dutch interview data. Community orientation, communal worship orientation, & beliefs affect giving patterns. Dutch Hindus have more secular & less religious giving levels, Dutch Muslims more religious & less secular.

    Associated Search Terms: Indian Dutch; Hindu, Netherlands; Protestant, Netherlands; Netherlands; Islam, Netherlands; Belief; Catholic, Netherlands; Altruism; Contributions
  • Croatia's religious story: The coexistence of institutionalized and individualized religiosity.
    Nikodem, Krunoslav, and Siniša Zrinšcak (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 207-227.

    Based on 2006 survey data, which are compared to other surveys. Individual & church religiosity coexist.

    Associated Search Terms: Croatia; Factor analysis; Individualism; State
  • Church, Religion and Spirituality in Finland.
    Kääriäinen, Kimmo, and Kati Niemelä (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 27-50.

    History & descriptive data.

    Associated Search Terms: Finland
  • Socially engaged religion in a post-Westphalian global context: Remodeling the secular/religious distinction.
    Beyer, Peter F. (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:2: 109-129.

    History & descriptive data.


    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Globalization; Sacred/profane; Systems theory
  • Do Latino Christians and seculars fit the culture war profile? Latino religiosity and political behavior.
    Gibson, M. Troy, and Christopher Hare (2012)
    Politics and Religion 5:1: 53-82.

    History & descriptive data.



    Associated Search Terms: Latino Americans; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Femmes précaires et religion en Allemagne de l'Est.
    Sammet, Kornelia, and Marliese Weissmann (2012)
    Social Compass 59:1: 102-119.

    Uses 3 case studies of poor, religiously unaffiliated East German women to illustrate a world view that is secular but open to religion as a way of dealing with contingency.

    Associated Search Terms: Case study; Germany, East; Women; World view
  • Storytelling in Liberal Religious Advocacy.
    Braunstein, Ruth (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:1: 110-127.

    Analyzes 2008-2011 interview data with professionals in liberal religious advocacy in the U.S., as well as policy statements. Focuses on story telling as a non-technical yet secular form of discourse.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Liberal, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Public policies, interfaith associations and religious minorities: A new policy paradigm? Evidence from the case of Barcelona.
    Griera, Mar (2012)
    Social Compass 59:4: 570-587.

    Based on 2008-10 field work in Barcelona. A prior secularization policy paradigm, predicting the disappearance of religion, was replaced by a pluralist one as immigrant & other new religions occasioned public decisions..

    Associated Search Terms: Spain, Barcelona; Pluralism; Participant observation; Change
  • Cruzadas pela paz: práticas religiosas e projetos seculares relacionados à questão da violência no Rio de Janeiro.
    Birman, Patricia (2012)
    Religião e Sociedade 32:1: 209-226.

    Based on 2008-10 field work in Barcelona. A prior secularization policy paradigm, predicting the disappearance of religion, was replaced by a pluralist one as immigrant & other new religions occasioned public decisions..


    Associated Search Terms: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro; Violence
  • Beyond Krishnacore: Straight Edge punk and implicit religion.
    Stewart, Francis. (2012)
    Implicit Religion 15:3: 259-288.

    Uses the case of Straight Edge punk rock to illustrate the blurring of the religous/secular divide. Based on 2009-11 interviews in the San Francisco Bay Area, Chicago, & the U.K., which involved respondents creating visual images.

    Associated Search Terms: Music; Implicit religion
  • Religion, religious tradition, and nationalism: Jewish revival in Poland and "religious heritage" in Quebec.
    Zubrzycki, Geneviève (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:3: 442-455.

    Riesebrodt distinguised religion & religious tradition, the latter capable of being secularized. The left in Polish politics seeks a revival of Polish Judaism to promote pluralism while the right seeks to strengthen Catholic Polish identity. In Quebec there is an accommodation of non-Catholic sensibilities by the left, which yet retains some Catholic symbols in public places as indicators of tradition & Quebec identity.

    Associated Search Terms: Riesebrodt, Martin; Politics, Poland; Politics, Canada; Pluralism; Nationalism; Poland; Catholic, Poland; Catholic, Canada; Canada, Quebec; Accommodation; Jewish, Poland
  • The secular, secularization, secularisms.
    Casanova, José V. (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 54-74.

    Clarifies distinctions among the concepts secular, secularism, & secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Secularism; Secular
  • Rethinking the secular and religious aspects of violence.
    Juergensmeyer, Mark (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 185-203.

    The political construction of secular state & its related secular nationalism has become an idea contested, sometimes violently, by marginalized religiously-minded people.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; State; Violence
  • Secularism, religious change, and social conflict in Asia.
    Madsen, Richard (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 248-269.

    Examines the secularity or non-secularity of the state, society, & culture in Asia, with the cases of China, Taiwan, & Indonesia given particular attention.

    Associated Search Terms: Taiwan; Indonesia; Secularism; Asia; China
  • Western secularity.
    Taylor, Charles (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Anwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 31-53.

    Examines the secularity or non-secularity of the state, society, & culture in Asia, with the cases of China, Taiwan, & Indonesia given particular attention.


    Associated Search Terms: Secularism
  • Secularism, citizenship, and the public sphere.
    Calhoun, Craig (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 75-91.

    Norms of citizen participation that have a bias against religion drive a wedge between religious & non-religious citizens.

    Associated Search Terms: Desecularization; Secularization; Tolerance
  • Developing a Historical Sociology of Nationalism and State Secularization in Latin America.
    Eastwood, Jonathan (2011)
    In Barbara Jones Denison (ed.) History, Time, Meaning, and Memory. Ideas for the Sociology of Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 145-177.

    Outlines a general 4-state model for nationalism causing secularization (laicization of the state) for Latin American nations. Contrasts the cases of Venezuela & Mexico as different types within the 4-state framework.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Laïcité; Latin America; Mexico; Nationalism; Secularization; State; Venezuela
  • Secularization: In Defence of an Unfashionable Theory.
    Bruce, Steve (2011)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Outlines a general 4-state model for nationalism causing secularization (laicization of the state) for Latin American nations. Contrasts the cases of Venezuela & Mexico as different types within the 4-state framework.


    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization, Individualization, or (Re)vitalization? The State and Development of Churchliness and Religiosity in post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe.
    Müller, Olaf (2011)
    Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe 4:1:21-37.

    Uses multiple survey data sources; Orthodox countries have experienced religious growth, while Catholic & Protestant countries have varied trajectories. There is little support for secularization and supply-side (competition) hypotheses, but some for individualization.

    Associated Search Terms: Competition; State; Secularization; Europe, central; Europe, eastern; Individualism
  • Recent trends and anomalies in American secularization.
    Clark, Roger, and Devin Grandchamp (2011)
    International Review of Modern Sociology 37:91-110.

    Uses multiple survey data sources; Orthodox countries have experienced religious growth, while Catholic & Protestant countries have varied trajectories. There is little support for secularization and supply-side (competition) hypotheses, but some for individualization.


    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States
  • Secularization in Europe: Religious change between and within birth cohorts.
    Voas, David, and Stefanie Doebler (2011)
    Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe (online) 4:1: 39-62.

    Uses multiple survey data sources; Orthodox countries have experienced religious growth, while Catholic & Protestant countries have varied trajectories. There is little support for secularization and supply-side (competition) hypotheses, but some for individualization.



    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Generations; Secularization
  • Religious Pluralization and Intimations of a Post-Westphalian Condition in a Global Society.
    Beyer, Peter F. (2011)
    In Patrick Michel and Enzo Pace (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Volume 2: Religion and Politics. Leiden: Brill, pp. 3-29.

    Grand narrative of the development of religion as a distinct but not isolated aspect of western society & then as a plural phenomenon within & across secular societies. Non-western societies duplicated the pattern in response to colonialism. Globallly, the result is a pluralization of patterns, not secularization or religious resurgence.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Globalization; Differentiation
  • A Secular Cancellation of the Secularist Truce: Religion and Political Legitimation in Australia.
    Maddox, Marion (2011)
    In Patrick Michel and Enzo Pace (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Volume 2: Religion and Politics. Leiden: Brill, pp. 287-308.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.

    Associated Search Terms: Australia; Politics, Australia; Privatization; Secularization
  • The Future of Christianity: Reflections on Violence and Democracy, Religion and Secularization.
    Martin, David (2011)
    Farnham, UK, and Williston, Vermont: Ashgate.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.


    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Violence; Pentecostal; Protestant; Catholic; Orthodox, eastern
  • Secular intolerance in a post-Christian society: The case of Islam in the Netherlands.
    Van Bohemen, Samira, Roy Kemmers, Dick Houtman, Sttef Aupers, and Willem de Koster (2011)
    In Dick Houtman, Stef Aupers, and Willem de Koster (eds.) Paradoxes of Individualization: Social Control and Social Conflict in Contemporary Modernity. Farnham, UK: Ashgate, pp. 123-140.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.



    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Netherlands; Netherlands; Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Secular
  • Administering secularization. Religious education in New South Wales since 1960.
    Mayrl, Damon (2011)
    European Journal of Sociology 52:1: 111-142.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.




    Associated Search Terms: Education; Australia, New South Wales; Secularization
  • Administering secularization: Religious education in New South Wales since 1960.
    Mayri, Damon (2011)
    European Journal of Sociology 52:1: 111-142.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.





    Associated Search Terms: Australia, New South Wales; Education; Secularization; State
  • Patterns of Secularization: Church, State and Nation in Greece and the Republic of Ireland.
    Halikiopoulou, Daphne (2011)
    Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.






    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Catholic, Ireland; Greece; Greek Orthodox, Greece; Ireland; Nationalism; State
  • Jenseits des Säkulaisierungsparadigmas? Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Charles Taylor.
    Koenig, Matthias (2011)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 63:4: 649-673.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.







    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religions, secularisations, modernities.
    Casanova, José V. (2011)
    European Journal ofSociology 52:3: 425-445.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.








    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization
  • Religions séculières: origine, nature et destin.
    Gauchet, Marcel (2011)
    Débat 167:5: 187-192.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.









    Associated Search Terms: Secular religion
  • Kirchendämmerung: Wie die Kirchen unser Vertrauen versplielen.
    Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm (2011)
    Munich: Beck

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.










    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Trust
  • Christian Religion in the West: Privatization or Public Revitalization?
    Roeland, Johan, Peter Achterberg, Dick Houtman, Stef Aupers, Willem de Koster, Peter Mascini, and Jeroen van der Waal (2011)
    In Patrick Michel and Enzo Pace (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Volume 2: Religion and Politics. Leiden: Brill, pp. 119-134.

    Analyzes 1998 survey data from 18 Western nations where Christianity is the dominant religion. Where Christians are numerically most marginal, they have greater aspirations for a public role for their creed.

    Associated Search Terms: Marginality; Politics; Privatization; Secularization
  • Postcolonialism and religion: new spaces of "belonging and participation" in the postsecular city.
    Baker, Christopher, and Justin Beaumont (2011)
    In Justin Beaumont and Christopher Baker (eds.) Postsecular Cities--Space, Theory and Practice. London: Continuum, pp. 33-49.

    Analyzes 1998 survey data from 18 Western nations where Christianity is the dominant religion. Where Christians are numerically most marginal, they have greater aspirations for a public role for their creed.


    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular; Belonging, sense of; Urban
  • Pertinence de la Théorie de la Dualisation de la Religion en Suisse, en France et en Europe.
    Bréchon, Pierre, and Roland J. Campiche (2011)
    Social Compass 58:2: 162-175.

    Dualization (institutional religions being replaced by a lesser level of institutional religion & new presence of individualized spirituality) is emerging in Europe.

    Associated Search Terms: Spirituality; Institutionalization; Secularization; Deinstitutionalization; Europe
  • La "montée" au Mur des Fédérés du Père-Lachaise, pèlerinage laïque partisan.
    Frégosi, Franck (2011)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 155:3: 165-189.

    Focuses on the site where communards were executed in 1871.

    Associated Search Terms: France, Paris; Pilgrimage; Secular religion
  • Sécularisation, catholicisme et transformation du régime de religiosité au Québec. Étude comparative avec le catholicisme au Canada (1968-2007).
    Meunier, É. Martin, and Sarah Wilkins-LaFlamme (2011)
    Recherches sociographiques 52:3: 683-729.

    Focuses on the site where communards were executed in 1871.


    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Quebec; Catholic, Canada; Change; Secularization; Comparative
  • Säkularisierung, religiöses Sozialkapital und Politik: Religiöses Sozialkapital als Faktor der Zivilgesellschaft und als kommunale Basis subjektiver Religiosität?
    Pickel, Gert, and Anja Gladkich (2011)
    In Antonius Liedhegener and Ines-Jacqueline Werkner (eds.) Religion zwischen Zivilgesellschaft und politischen System. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag fur Sozialwissenschaften, pp. 81-109.

    Focuses on the site where communards were executed in 1871.



    Associated Search Terms: Social capital; Religiosity; Secularization; Civil society; Politics
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