Site Features
  • Theories, Concepts & Measures: Theories, Concepts & Measures links major Theories to Concepts and Measures from available datasets in an interactive format.
[Viewing Matches 1-1]  (of 1 total matches in Site Features)
Timeline
  • Missionary Member Care Movement: Beginning in 1980, the Missionary Member Care Movement sought to reduce missionary attrition and provide more holistic care to humanitarian workers.
  • Church of Scientology: In 1954, L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) began the Church of Scientology with teachings on how to reach a blissful "state of clear."
  • Eddy, Mary Baker: Mary Baker Eddy (1821-1910) founded the Christian Science movement.
  • Hubbard, L. Ron: L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) founded Scientology, a controversial new religious movement.
[Viewing Matches 1-4]  (of 4 total matches in Timelines)
ARDA Dictionary
  • Mental Health:Mental health broadly refers to a person's psychological and emotional condition.
  • Mental Health Measures:Questions covering issues pertaining to an individual’s mental health, views of mental health, attitudes toward those with mental health issues, medication, government intervention, etc. Definitions of good mental health vary, as do ways to measure mental health. Particular measures related to mental health, such as views of mental health, attitudes toward those with mental health issues, medication and mental health, government intervention, etc., can be found in the following ARDA datasets: HEALTH2 - 1997 Faith and Community Survey of Four Indianapolis Neighborhoods, MNTLHLTH - 2004 General Social Survey, EVMHP - 1996 General Social Survey, OUTSIDER - 2002 General Social Survey, PSYCMED4 - 2006 General Social Survey, SEENMNTL - 1998 General Social Survey MNTLHLTH - 2002 General Social Survey, SPMENTL - 1996 General Social Survey, KNWMHOSP - 1996 General Social Survey, MHTRTSLF - 2006 General Social Survey.
  • Mental Health, Religion and:Mental health consists of positive and negative dimensions. Positive mental health includes positive emotions (e.g., happiness, peace, etc.) as well as positive cognitive processes (e.g., optimistic thinking and adaptation), while negative mental health involves emotions, cognitions and behaviors that cause dysfunction in social relationships, occupation and recreation, and interfere with adaptation (e.g., anger, violence, addiction, etc.; see Koenig et al. 2012: 298). In the area of religion and health, an estimated 80 percent of studies focus specifically on mental health (Koenig 2012). In general, religiousness tends to improve positive mental health and reduce negative mental health outcomes. Examining hundreds of studies on mental health and religion, Koenig and colleagues (2012) found that religion/spirituality tends to improve mental well-being, increase hope/optimism, reduce loneliness/depression, increase social capital, reduce substance abuse and improve marital outcomes. There are, however, some studies that do not find religion to be a positive factor for mental health. For example, traditional religiousness is associated with the negative personality traits of authoritarianism (Shaffer and Hastings 2007; Watson et al. 2003) and neuroticism (Duriez and Soenens 2006; Jaarmsa et al. 2007). Nonetheless, the general conclusions from previous studies is that religion, as means to promote meaning, happiness and self-control, tends to be positively associated with beneficial mental health outcomes.
  • Spiritual, Religious, and Personal Beliefs (SRPB) Scale:As a subscale of the World Health Organization’s Quality of Life (WHOQOL) scale, the Spiritual, Religious and Personal Beliefs (SRPB) scale assesses spirituality in health studies. Studies have found that SRPB was associated with better mental and physical health (see Saxena 2006). However, five of the eight dimensions of the subscale are so closely tied with mental health (e.g., hopefulness, meaning in life, peace, etc.) that the findings become somewhat circular and unclear, according to some researchers (see Koenig et al. 2012).
  • Religious Doubts:Doubting or questioning one's religion can take many forms, and religious doubts have been linked to adverse effects on mental health and well-being (Galek et al. 2007), though when framed as a change process, religious doubts can lead to psychological growth (see religious quest).
  • Brief RCOPE:A 14-item scale that is widely used by psychologists to measure religious coping (Pargament et al. 1998). Seven items assess positive religious coping strategies (e.g., seeking spiritual support, seeking religious help to forgive others, collaborating with God, etc.), while the other seven items measure negative religious coping strategies (e.g., believing God is punishing them, not loving, or has deserted them). Although positive coping tends to be more prevalent than negative coping, both tend to present themselves to some degree given the situation (see Koenig, Pargament, and Nielsen 1998). Many studies find that negative religious coping is associated with poor mental health, although there have been some cases where positive religious coping also was associated with poor mental health (for a discussion, see Koenig et al. 2012: 94-120). There also is a long version of the Brief RCOPE, known simply as the RCOPE, which consists of 105 items.
  • Counseling, Religious:A type of counseling that incorporates religious teachings to serve mental health needs. Many clients are already religious, although counselors may reach out to those nominally religious, homeless or poor. Depending on the particular faith group, counseling may incorporate prayer, meditation or scripture reading. Some forms of religious counseling may be completely faith-based, while others may incorporate secular therapeutic practices (Koenig, King and Carson 2012: 56-57).
  • Yoga:A term meaning "union," specifically referring to union with the divine. Early forms of yoga were related to ascetic practices and Hindu philosophy, but now many use it for physical fitness and mental health. In 1893, yoga was introduced to Americans by Swami Vivekananda, the first Hindu missionary in the United States. The practice took off in the 1950s and 1960s, and now it is considered mainstream (Prothero 2008: 291).
  • Prayer, Health Benefits of:Studies on the health benefits of prayer tend to be mixed, particularly in the context of intercessory prayer (praying on the behalf of others). Hodge (2007), in his meta-analysis of intercessory prayer studies, found that prayer produced with a small, but significant, association with health benefits among 7 of 17 studies, though the more rigorous studies tended to not produce significant results. In contrast, studies generally find that the person doing the praying, either for oneself or for others, tends to receive mental health benefits from it. A study by Boelens and colleagues (2009) found that prayer sessions with patients at a primary care office tended to lower their depression and anxiety while increasing optimism. However, sometimes prayer and religion is used as replacements for professional medical help, which can be dangerous for health outcomes (see Koenig et al. 2012). In sum, the person doing the praying, and how prayer is used in conjunction with medical services, matter when examining the health benefits of prayer.
  • Daily Spirituality Experiences (DSE) Scale:A popular scale used to assess spirituality in health studies (Underwood and Teresi 2002). The scale is actually a subscale of the widely used Fetzer Institute’s Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness and Spirituality. It consists of either six or 16 items, depending on whether the researcher is using the long or short form. Some of the items include, “I feel deep inner peace of harmony," “I am spiritually touched by the beauty of creation” and “I feel thankful in my blessings.” However, Koenig and colleagues (2012) argue that the scale suffers from measurement contamination, as it is unclear whether some of the items are measures of spirituality or outcomes that are the result of spirituality. For example, is feeling peaceful the sign of spirituality or the result that comes from being spiritual? When used to predict other mental health outcomes, findings become difficult to interpret and tautological (i.e., the independent and dependent variables reflect the same phenomenon). Similar concerns have been voiced regarding the CAM, FACIT-SP and WHOQO-SRPB scales (see Koenig et al. 2012: 43-44).
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-11]  (of 11 total matches in the ARDA Dictionary)
Religious Membership County Reports
[Viewing Matches 1-2]  (of 2 total matches in RCMS County Reports)
Citations
Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • Miscarriage, religious participation, and mental health.
    Petts, Richard J. (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:1: 109-122.

    Analyzes 1997-2010 panel interview data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth (U.S.A.). Women who had miscarriages had better mental health if they were religious.

    Associated Search Terms: Coping; Mental health; Women
  • Childhood adversity, religion, and change in adult mental health.
    Jung, Jong Hyun (2018)
    Research on Aging 40:2: 155-179.

    Associated Search Terms: Mental health
  • Forgiveness, attachment to God, and mental health outcomes in older U.S. adults: A longitudinal study.
    Kent, Blake Victor, Matt Bradshaw, and Jeremy E. Uecker (2018)
    Research on Aging 40;5: 456-479.

    Associated Search Terms: Gerontology; Attachment to God; Mental health; Forgiveness
  • Goal striving stress and self-concept: The moderating role of perceived divine control.
    DeAngelis, Reed T. (2018)
    Society and Mental Health 8:2: 141-156.

    Associated Search Terms: Self concept; Stress; Control, divine
  • Aspiration strain and mental health: The eduction-contingent role of religion.
    DeAngelis, Reed T., and Christopher G. Ellison (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:2: 341-364.

    Analyzes survey data from non-Hispanic whites & African Americans in Davidson County (Nashville), Tennessee. Among those with high school or less education, religious involvement buffered strain from aspirations.

    Associated Search Terms: Stress; United States, Tennessee, Davidson County; United States, Tennessee, Nashville; Education
  • Religious service attendance aids coping by providing a sense of continuity: A test of the stress-support matching hypothesis using mental health outcome measures.
    Rainville, G. (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:2: 396-408.

    Analyzes 2016 survey data from American adults aged 40+. Service attendance buffers discontinuity stress.

    Associated Search Terms: Stress; Gerontology; Practice
  • Country-level differences in the effects of financial hardship on life satisfaction: The role of religious context and age-contingent buffering.
    Jung, Jong Hyun (2017)
    Society and Mental Health 8:2: 123-140 .

    Associated Search Terms: Life satisfaction; Mental health; Stress
  • Does religious involvement mitigate theeffects of major discrimination on the mental health of African Americans? Findings from the Nashville stress and health study.
    Ellison, Christopher G., Reed T. DeAngelis, and Metin Güven (2017)
    Religions 8:9: 195; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel8090195

    Associated Search Terms: African Americans; Discrimination; Mental health
  • The honeymoon is over: Occupational relocation and changes in mental health among United Methodist clergy.
    Eagle, David E., Andrew A. Miles, and Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell (2017)
    Review of Religious Research 59:1: 31-45.

    Analyzes 2008 & '10 panel survey data from United Methodist clergy in the U.S.A. Those who had relocated between the 2 survey waves reported less stress & higher morale.

    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Morale; Panel study; Stress; United Methodist, U.S.A.
  • Demonic influence: The negative mental health effects of belief in demons
    Nie, Fanhao, and Daniel V.A. Olson (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:3: 498-515.

    Analyzes 2003-08 panel National Study of Youth and Religion (US.A.) data. Belief in malevolent spirits predicts lower mental health scores among adolescents & declines in the scores in young adulthood.

    Associated Search Terms: Adolescents; Youth; Young adults; Panel study; Mental health; Belief; Devil
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-150]  (of 161 total matches in Citations)
Data Archive
  • General Social Survey, 2006:
    The General Social Surveys (GSS) have been conducted by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) annually since 1972 except for the years 1979, 1981, and 1992 (a supplement was added in 1992), and biennially beginning in 1994. The GSS is designed as part of a program of social indicator research, replicating questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. The 2006 GSS features special modules on mental health and social networks. Items on religion cover denominational affiliation, church attendance, religious upbringing, personal beliefs, and religious experiences.

    To download syntax files for the GSS that reproduce well-known religious group recodes, including RELTRAD, please visit the ARDA’s Syntax Repository .
    Funded By: National Science Foundation
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 9/14/2007
  • General Social Survey, 2002:
    The General Social Surveys (GSS) have been conducted by the National Opinion Research Center annually since 1972 except for the years 1979, 1981, and 1992 (a supplement was added in 1992), and biennially beginning in 1994. The GSS are designed as part of a program of social indicator research, replicating questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. Items in the 2002 GSS include questions on religious self-identification, denominational affiliation, church attendance, personal beliefs, and religious upbringing.

    To download syntax files for the GSS that reproduce well-known religious group recodes, including RELTRAD, please visit the ARDA’s Syntax Repository .
    Funded By: National Science Foundation , National Opinion Research Center (NORC) , The Lilly Endowment, Inc. , the Fetzer Institute , Academy Sinica, the Lilly Corporation, the National Institutes of Mental Health , the Office of Naval Research , the American Association of Retired Persons , and the Luce Foundation .
    Collected: 2002, Uploaded 11/17/2003
  • General Social Survey, 2000:
    The General Social Surveys (GSS) have been conducted by the National Opinion Research Center annually since 1972 except for the years 1979, 1981, and 1992 (a supplement was added in 1992), and biennially beginning in 1994. The GSS are designed as part of a program of social indicator research, replicating questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. Items in the 2000 GSS include a module on religion (with items measuring religious self-identification, religious schooling, congregational affiliation, church attendance, and local church performance).

    To download syntax files for the GSS that reproduce well-known religious group recodes, including RELTRAD, please visit the ARDA’s Syntax Repository .
    Funded By: National Science Foundation , National Opinion Research Center (NORC) , The Lilly Endowment, Inc. , the Fetzer Institute , Academy Sinica, the Lilly Corporation, the National Institutes of Mental Health , the Office of Naval Research , the American Association of Retired Persons , and the Luce Foundation .
    Collected: 2000, Uploaded 4/12/2002
  • General Social Survey, 1996:
    The General Social Surveys (GSS) have been conducted by the National Opinion Research Center annually since 1972 except for the years 1979, 1981, and 1992 (a supplement was added in 1992), and biennially beginning in 1994. The GSS are designed as part of a program of social indicator research, replicating questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. Items on religion include religious preference, church attendance, beliefs about the Bible, attitudes toward organized religion and its opponents, and more. In addition, it contains a special module examining respondents' images of God. The survey also contains topical modules on national identity, the role of government, and mental health.

    To download syntax files for the GSS that reproduce well-known religious group recodes, including RELTRAD, please visit the ARDA’s Syntax Repository .
    Funded By: National Science Foundation
    Collected: 1996, Uploaded 11/10/2008
  • General Social Survey, 1998:
    The General Social Surveys (GSS) have been conducted by the National Opinion Research Center annually since 1972 except for the years 1979, 1981, and 1992 (a supplement was added in 1992), and biennially beginning in 1994. The GSS are designed as part of a program of social indicator research, replicating questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. Items in the 1998 GSS include special modules on religion (with items measuring giving, volunteering, religious self-identification, religious schooling, congregational affiliation, and spiritualism), culture, job experiences, inter-racial friendships, national security, medical care, medical ethics, and the social security system.

    To download syntax files for the GSS that reproduce well-known religious group recodes, including RELTRAD, please visit the ARDA’s Syntax Repository .
    Funded By: National Science Foundation , National Opinion Research Center (NORC) , The Lilly Endowment, Inc. , the Fetzer Institute , Academy Sinica, the Lilly Corporation, the National Institutes of Mental Health , the Office of Naval Research , the American Association of Retired Persons , and the Luce Foundation .
    Collected: 1998, Uploaded 12/20/2000
  • Culturally Adapted Spiritually Oriented Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Child Survivors of Restavek:
    Restavek is a form of modern-day slavery that is estimated to affect 300,000 (i.e., approximately 1 in 10) children in Haiti. It typically involves a child from a poor rural family being sent to work as an indentured domestic servant for an affluent urban family. Restavek children experience a high rate of trauma, as well as other mental health concerns.The present study explored the effectiveness of a culturally adapted form of Spiritually Oriented Trauma-Focused Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy (SO-TF-CBT), a treatment model for assessing and treating religious and spiritual issues within the standard TF-CBT protocol (an evidence-based treatment for childhood trauma). This study involved 20 control participants and 38 treatment participants assigned to a 12-session protocol. The primary research question of the present study is whether a culturally adapted SO-TFCBT intervention, relative to a control, would lead to a reduction in posttraumatic stress symptoms among child survivors of Restavek in Haiti. Because SO-TF-CBT also targets potential religious and spiritual issues related to trauma, a secondary research question examined the effects of this intervention on participants’ tendencies to experience spiritual struggles. In the interests of better addressing the mental health treatment gap among this population in Haiti, our study also investigated, as a secondary goal, whether this treatment could be effectively delivered by people with less formal mental health training. Specifically, we examined three distinct delivery methods: (a) community- based lay counselors, (b) NGO staff volunteers, and (c) undergraduate students from a local university.
    Funded By: This survey is part of a larger grant from the John Templeton Foundation entitled "Earth as a School: Finding Meaning, Relating to God, and Experiencing Growth After a Natural Disaster" (#44040) .
    Collected: 2015, Uploaded 10/29/2018
  • Nebraska Annual Social Indicators Survey, 2004:
    The Nebraska Annual Social Indicators Survey (NASIS) aims to survey quality of life in the state of Nebraska, covering topics such as the environment, housing, health, recreation, occupation, education, family life, among others. A set of core questions are repeated each year and additional questions are purchased by those interested in gathering additional data. The 2004 NASIS asks questions about outdoor and recreational activities, environmental conservation issues, household composition, job situation, civic attitudes and behavior, mental health and attitudes toward criminal justice.
    Funded By: Department of Sociology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln , Bureau of Sociological Research , and other state agencies and educational and research organizations
    Collected: 2004, Uploaded 12/3/2018
  • Marital Instability Over the Life Course [United States]: A Five-Wave Panel Study, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1992-1994, 1997:
    To examine the causes of marital instability throughout the life course, five waves of data were collected between 1980 and 1997 from married individuals who were between the ages of 18 and 55 in 1980. Information collected in 1980 (Wave I) focused on the effects of wives' participation in the labor force on marriage and marital instability. Measures predicting marital instability and divorce and assessing marital quality were developed. Variables include information on earnings, commitment to work, hours worked, and occupational status. The focus of Wave II, conducted in 1983, was to link changes in factors such as economic resources, wife's employment, presence of children, marital satisfaction, life goals, and health to actions intended to dissolve a marriage, such as divorce and permanent separation. Information on adjustment to marital dissolution, relationship with in-laws, size of home, parents' employment, use of free time, club membership, child-care arrangements, and responsibility for chores was gathered. Wave III, collected in 1988, further examined the impact of changes in employment, economics, and health on marital relationships. Questions were asked about divorce and remarriage, investment of energy and resource use in the care of aging parents and dependent offspring, asset value, awareness of aging, mental health issues, and history of disease. In 1992, a fourth wave of data was collected to look at changes in employment, economics, and health. Questions were asked about retirement issues, family structure, and the impact of caring for aging parents while at the same time caring for dependent offspring. Data were also collected in 1992 and 1994 from adult offspring who were living in the household in 1980 and had reached age 19 by 1992, thus providing parallel measures with their parents regarding the quality of parent-child relationships, attitudes, and support along with exploring the impact of childhood experiences on the transition to adult life. In 1997, the fifth wave was collected and interviews were conducted with a second sample of adult offspring (N=202) along with second interviews of offspring selected in 1992 (N=606). Wave 5 also examines the relationship between marital quality and stability and how it relates to changes in marital quality later in life. Among the variables included in all five waves are age, sex, educational attainment, marital status and history, attitude toward divorce, number of children, religious affiliation, and income level.
    Funded By: National Institute on Aging
    Collected: 1980, Uploaded 5/21/2010
  • Longitudinal Study of Generations, 1997:
    The Longitudinal Study of Generations (LSOG), initiated in 1971, began as a survey of intergenerational relations among 300 three-generation California families with grandparents (then in their 60s), middle-aged parents (then in their early 40s), and grandchildren (then aged 15 to 26). The study broadened in 1991 and now includes a fourth generation, the great-grandchildren of these same families. The LSOG, with a fully elaborated generation-sequential design, allows comparisons of sets of aging parents and children at the same stage of life but during different historical periods. These comparisons make possible the investigation of the effects of social change on inter-generational solidarity or conflict across 35 years and four generations, as well as the effects of social change on the ability of families to buffer stressful life transitions (e.g., aging, divorce and remarriage, higher female labor force participation, changes in work and the economy, and possible weakening of family norms of obligation), and the effects of social change on the transmission of values, resources, and behaviors across generations. The study also examines how intergenerational relationships influence individuals' well-being as they transition across the life course from early, to middle, to late adulthood. The LSOG contains information on family structure, household composition, affectual solidarity and conflict, values, attitudes, behaviors, role importance, marital relationships, health and fitness, mental health and well-being, caregiving, leisure activities, and life events and concerns. Demographic variables include age, sex, income, employment status, marital status, socioeconomic history, education, religion, ethnicity, and military service. This file contains Wave 6, 1997, of the Longitudinal Study of Generations.

    Presence of common scales: Affectual Solidarity Reliability, Consensual Solidarity (Socialization), Associational Solidarity, Functional Solidarity, Intergenerational Social Support, Normative Solidarity, Familism, Structural Solidarity, Intergenerational Feelings of Conflict, Management of Conflict Tactics, Rosenberg Self-Esteem, Depression (CES-D), Locus of Control, Bradburn Affect Balance, Eysenck Extraversion/Neuroticism, Anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist), Activities of Daily Living (IADL/ADL), Religious Ideology, Political Conservatism, Gender Role Ideology, Individualism/Collectivism, Materialism/Humanism, Work Satisfaction, Gilford-Bengtson Marital Satisfaction.
    Funded By: United States Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health National Institute on Aging
    Collected: 1997, Uploaded 8/19/2016
  • Longitudinal Study of Generations, 1994:
    "The Longitudinal Study of Generations (LSOG), initiated in 1971, began as a survey of intergenerational relations among 300 three-generation California families with grandparents (then in their 60s), middle-aged parents (then in their early 40s), and grandchildren (then aged 15 to 26). The study broadened in 1991 and now includes a fourth generation, the great-grandchildren of these same families. The LSOG, with a fully elaborated generation-sequential design, allows comparisons of sets of aging parents and children at the same stage of life but during different historical periods. These comparisons make possible the investigation of the effects of social change on inter-generational solidarity or conflict across 35 years and four generations, as well as the effects of social change on the ability of families to buffer stressful life transitions (e.g., aging, divorce and remarriage, higher female labor force participation, changes in work and the economy, and possible weakening of family norms of obligation), and the effects of social change on the transmission of values, resources, and behaviors across generations. The study also examines how intergenerational relationships influence individuals' well-being as they transition across the life course from early, to middle, to late adulthood. The LSOG contains information on family structure, household composition, affectual solidarity and conflict, values, attitudes, behaviors, role importance, marital relationships, health and fitness, mental health and well-being, caregiving, leisure activities, and life events and concerns. Demographic variables include age, sex, income, employment status, marital status, socioeconomic history, education, religion, ethnicity, and military service." [Longitudinal Study of Generations Description] This file contains Wave 5, 1994, of the Longitudinal Study of Generations.

    Presence of common scales: Affectual Solidarity Reliability, Consensual Solidarity (Socialization), Associational Solidarity, Functional Solidarity, Intergenerational Social Support, Normative Solidarity, Familism, Structural Solidarity, Intergenerational Feelings of Conflict, Management of Conflict Tactics, Rosenberg Self-Esteem, Depression (CES-D), Locus of Control, Bradburn Affect Balance, Eysenck Extraversion/Neuroticism, Anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist), Activities of Daily Living (IADL/ADL), Religious Ideology, Political Conservatism, Gender Role Ideology, Individualism/Collectivism, Materialism/Humanism, Work Satisfaction, Gilford-Bengtson Marital Satisfaction.
    Funded By: United States Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health National Institute on Aging
    Collected: 1994, Uploaded 2/23/2018
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-18]  (of 18 total matches in the Data Archive Files)
Investigators/Researchers
[Viewing Matches 1-1]  (of 1 total matches in Investigators)
Questions/Variables on Surveys
  • MHTREATD from General Social Survey, 2018
    Did you get treatment for your mental health problem?

    0) Not applicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    9) No answer

  • MHTREAT1 from General Social Survey, 2018
    Is [NAME 1] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem?

    0) Not applicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    3) Unsure
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • MHTREAT2 from General Social Survey, 2018
    Is [NAME 2] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem?

    0) Not applicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    3) Unsure
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • MHTREAT3 from General Social Survey, 2018
    Is [NAME 3] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem?

    0) Not applicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    3) Unsure
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • MHTREAT4 from General Social Survey, 2018
    Is [NAME 4] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem?

    0) Not applicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    3) Unsure
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • MHTREAT5 from General Social Survey, 2018
    Is [NAME 5] currently receiving treatment for their mental health problem?

    0) Not applicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    3) Unsure
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • MENTLOTH from General Social Survey, 2018
    Should [NAME] go to a therapist, or counselor, like a psychologist, social worker, or other mental health professional for help?

    0) Not applicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • DIAGNOSD from General Social Survey, 2018
    Now, a few more questions about you and your opinions. Have you ever been diagnosed with a mental health problem?

    0) Not applicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • HLTHMNTL from General Social Survey, 2018
    In general, how would you rate your mental health, including your mood and your ability to think?

    1) Excellent
    2) Very good
    3) Good
    4) Fair
    5) Poor
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • MNTLHLTH from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good?

    -1) Inapplicable
    0) 0
    1) 1
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) 7
    8) 8
    9) 9
    10) 10
    12) 12
    14) 14
    15) 15
    20) 20
    21) 21
    24) 24
    25) 25
    28) 28
    30) 30
    98) Don't know
    99) No answer

[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-150]  (of 579 total matches in Data Archive Questions/Variables)
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