Timeline
  • Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement: In 1901, Christians became filled with the Holy Spirit and spontaneously spoke in foreign languages, leading to the growth of the Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement.
  • Church of God in Christ: The Church of God in Christ was formed in 1897 in Mississippi. It is the oldest and largest black Pentecostal body in the United States.
  • William Seymour and Azusa Street Revival: The Azusa Street Revival (1906-1915) was a defining event for early Pentecostalism and functioned as the catalyst to the growth of American Pentecostalism.
  • Church of God (Cleveland, TN): The Church of God (Cleveland, TN) was founded in 1886 and is the oldest Pentecostal denomination in the United States.
  • Assemblies of God Founded: The Assemblies of God started with a handful of Pentecostal ministers in Hot Springs, Arkansas in April 1914, but would grow into a global phenomenon.
  • Catholic Charismatic Renewal at Duquesne University: The Catholic Charismatic Renewal is a movement influenced by both Catholicism and Pentecostalism and whose American roots can be traced to Duquesne University in 1967.
  • McPherson, Aimee Semple: American evangelist and gifted preacher, Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944) was the founder of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, a Pentecostal denomination.
  • Palmer, Phoebe : Phoebe Palmer (1807-1874) is considered the founder of the Holiness movement, initiating Spirit-led Bible meetings that linked Wesleyan revivalism with modern Pentecostalism.
  • Pat Robertson Founds Christian Broadcasting Network: In 1961, Pat Robertson founded the Christian Broadcast Network, which became a multi-million dollar outlet for Christian television.
  • Robertson, Marion "Pat": Pat Robertson (1930-present) became a prominent media and political figure in the New Christian Right during the 1980s and '90s.
  • Sharpton, Alfred "Al": Alfred “Al” Sharpton (1954-present) is a Baptist minister, civil rights leader, media figure, and politician, who draws public attention to racial issues in America.
  • The Third Great Awakening: The Third Great Awakening (1850s-1920s) saw a resurgence of religious vigor, as Dwight Moody and Billy Sunday drew in crowds of religious seekers.
  • Dennis Bennett's Charismatic Outpouring: In 1960, Dennis Bennett's public announcement of his baptism by the Holy Spirit led to the Second Wave of Charismatic Christianity in America.
  • Millenarian Movement: Since William Miller predicted the return of Jesus Christ in the mid-1800s, Millenarian movements emerged and anticipated the end of the world.
  • The Second Great Awakening: The Second Great Awakening(s) (1790s-1840s) fueled the rise of an evangelical Protestant majority in antebellum America, giving rise to new denominations and social reform organizations.
  • The Second Great Awakening: The Second Great Awakening(s) (1790s-1840s) fueled the rise of an evangelical Protestant majority in antebellum America, giving birth to new denominations and social reform organizations.
  • Jakes, Thomas Dexter "T.D.": Thomas Dexter "T.D." Jakes (1957-present) is a popular televised pastor known for his large church services, bestselling books, and cable ministry programs.
  • National Association of Evangelicals Founded: The National Association of Evangelicals was founded in 1942 to provide representation for evangelicals in Washington, D.C., and with the broadcasting industry.
  • Alma Bridwell White Becomes First Female Bishop: In 1918, Alma Bridwell White (1862-1946) was consecrated bishop of a Holiness sect she founded, becoming the first woman bishop of a Christian church.
[Viewing Matches 1-19]  (of 19 total matches in Timelines)
ARDA Dictionary
  • Pentecostal Family:A movement of churches that emerged in early 20th century America , stressing enthusiastic worship and the restoration of such practices evident in New Testament Christianity, such as speaking in tongues and healing. It is sometimes divided into "classical Pentecostalism," indicating the movement's historical bodies, and "neo-Pentecostalism," the modern movement emphasizing charismatic renewal (Reid et al. 1990: 885-886).
  • Pentecost:The annual Christian celebration commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit on the disciples of Jesus as recorded in the biblical book of Acts. The term derives from Greek, literally meaning "50 days," traditionally the time between the Passover feast and the wheat harvest. In the early church and in some churches today, Pentecost is celebrated fifty days following Easter. Later Judaism associated Pentecost with God giving Moses the Law on Mount Sinai. The Christian celebration is common in liturgical churches with the final lighting of the Paschal candle, readings from the lectionary, and prayer (Reid et al. 1990: 881).
  • Worship Style:The types of activities that occur within the context of worship services in a given religious group. Some worship styles are more liturgical (e.g., Catholic Mass), and some are more spontaneous (e.g., Pentecostal services).
  • Assemblies of God:One of the largest Pentecostal denominations in the United States. As the Pentecostal movement began to flourish in the early 20th century, several diverse regional constituencies of the Reformed tradition desired to combine their efforts into one movement. Click here for more information on the founding of the Assemblies of God. Today they have a little under three million adherents (Smith and Green 1995: 84).
  • Azusa Street Revival (1906-1915):The Azusa Street Revival, led by William Seymour, took place in Los Angeles, where Seymour's congregants began experiencing miraculous healings, glossalia (i.e., "speaking in tongues"), and spontaneous worship. It was a defining event for early Pentecostalism and functioned as the catalyst to the growth of American Pentecostalism. For more on William Seymour and the Azusa Street Revival, click here .
  • Speaking In Tongues:The practice of speaking in unknown or foreign languages by charismatic and Pentecostal Christians. It is usually seen as a gift of the Holy Spirit first described in the New Testament book of Acts. It is also known as "glossolalia" (Reid et al. 1990: 1179-1180).
  • All Saints Day:A feast celebrated in the Western Church on the first of November to commemorate Christian martyrs and all those who have led conspicuously holy lives. In the Eastern Church it is observed on the first Sunday after Pentecost (Reid et al. 1990: 36).
  • Charismatics:Christians who stress spiritual gifts described in the New Testament, such as speaking in tongues and healing. Prior to 1960, this phenomenon was closely associated with the Pentecostal tradition (see Azusa Street Revival ), but since then it has become a more general term that emphasizes the presence of the Holy Spirit, without a specific denominational affiliation (Smith and Green 1995: 194).
  • Ordination:The setting apart of some members by a church for ministerial or priestly leadership. In Christianity, this usually is done by either the laying on of hands or invocation of the Holy Spirit. Ordination is considered a sacrament in the Catholic and Orthodox traditions. Roman Catholic , Eastern Orthodox , and evangelical churches ordain men only, while liberal , some Holiness , and some Pentecostal churches have ordained women (Reid et al. 1990: 846). Ordinations also exist in Buddhism and Judaism (Smith and Green 1995: 815-816).
[Viewing Matches 1-9]  (of 9 total matches in the ARDA Dictionary)
Religious Family Trees
[Viewing Matches 1-1]  (of 1 total matches in Religion Family Trees)
Citations
Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • Restoring religion through collective memory: How Chinese Pentecostals engage in mnemonic practices afte the Cultual Revolution.
    Huang, Ke-hsien (2018)
    Social Compass 65:1: 76-96.

    Chinese Pentecostal elites use collective memory as a resource for meeting the felt religious needs of people.

    Associated Search Terms: China; Collective memory; Elite; Pentecostal, China
  • Secularist understandings of Pentecostal healing practices in Amsterdam: Developing an intersectional and post-secularist sociology of religion.
    Knibbe, Kim Esther (2018)
    Social Compass 65:5: 650-666.

    Debate in Amsterdam about Pentecostal "healings" of homosexuality occasioned rhetoric labeling migrants as religious & unmodern.

    Associated Search Terms: Homosexuality; Pentecostal, Netherlands; Netherlands, Amsterdam; Migrant; Discourse; Healing; Modernity
  • Maranatha (O Lord, come): The power/surrender dynamic of Pentecostal worship.
    Marti, Gerardo (2018)
    Liturgy 33:3: 20-28.

    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal; Power; Ritual; Surrender
  • The making of an Evangelical prison: Study on neo-pentecotalism and its leadership process in the Argentine penitentiary system.
    Algranti, Joaquín (2018)
    Social Compass 65%: 549-565.

    Based on interviews & observation in a prison on the outskirts of Buenos Aires. Focuses on the development of semi-autonomous Evangelical cell blocks.

    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal, Argentina; Prison chaplain; Prisoners; Penology; Argentina
  • Rejecting Darwinian evolution: The effects of education, church tradition, and individual theological stance among UK churchgoers.
    Village, Andrew, and Sylvia Baker (2018)
    Review of Religious Research 60: 285-303.

    Analyzes 2009, '15, & '17 questionnaire data from a convenience sample of churchgoers, mostly in north England. Evangelicals & Pentecostals were more likely to reject evolution than were Anglicans & Methodists. Those with conservative theologies were most likely to reject, despite education. Frequent attendance & Bible reading predicted rejecting.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Belief; Denomination (organizational entity); Evolution; Great Britain
  • Understanding the rise of born-again Catholics in the United States: The role of educational attainment.
    Perry, Samuel L., and Cyrus Schleifer (2018)
    Review of Religious Research 60:4: 555-574.

    Analyzes 2004-16 U.S. General Social Survey data. Whether Evangelicals whop became Catholic, born-again Catholic immigrants, conservatives allied with Evangelicals, or loosely connected to Catholic spirituality, Catholics with a born-again experience have less education than other Catholics.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Pentecostal, Catholic, U.S.A.; Conservative, U.S.A.; Born again experience; Education
  • Global Pentecostalism and ethnic identity maintenance among Latino immigrants: A case study of a Guatemalan neo-Pentecostal congregation in the Pacific Northwest.
    Berhó, Deborah, Gerardo Martí, and Mark T. Mulder. (2017)
    Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 39:1-2: 5-33.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Congregation; Case study; Migrant; Guatemalan Americans; Ethnic; Pentecostal, neo, U.S.A.
  • Taming the spirit by appropriating indigenous culture: An ethnographic study of the True Jesus Church as Confucian-style Pentecostalism.
    Huang, Ke-hsien (2017)
    In Fenggang Yang, Joy K. C. Tong, and Allan H. Anderson (eds.) Global Chinese Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity. Leiden: Brill.

    Associated Search Terms: China; Participant observation; Pentecostal, China; True Jesus Church, China
  • When sects become mdidle class: Impression management among middle-class Pentecostals in Argentina.
    Koehrsen, Jens (2017)
    Sociology of Religion 78:3: 318-339.

    Upwardly mobile Argentine Pentecostal congregations selectively conceal practices that would stand in tension with the wider society.

    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal, Argentina; Mobility (vertical); Sect; Impression management; Argentina, Buenos Aires
  • Secularisation, Pentecostalism and Violence. Receptions, Rediscoveries and Rebuttals in the Sociology of Religion.
    Martin, David (2017)
    New York: Routledge.

    Associated Search Terms: Violence; Secularization; Pentecostal; Modernization
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-150]  (of 741 total matches in Citations)
Data Archive
  • Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals:
    This multi-country survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys were conducted under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample in each country.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 4/23/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil:
    This file of respondents in Brazil is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in Brazil were conducted by the research firm, Research International Brazil, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 5/19/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile:
    This file of respondents in Chile is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in Chile were conducted by the research firm, MORI Chile, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 5/19/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines:
    This file of respondents in the Philippines is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in the Philippines were conducted by the research firm TNS Philippines, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India:
    This file of respondents in the chosen regions of India is part of a multi-country survey. This project in India includes a probability sample of disproportionately Christian districts of three states of India-Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Meghalaya. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in the chosen regions of India were conducted by the research firm TNS India, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample. Note that this is not a representative sample of India.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa:
    This file of respondents in South Africa is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in South Africa were conducted by the research firm Markinor, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States:
    This file of respondents in the United States is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in the United States were conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea:
    This file of respondents in South Korea is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in South Korea were conducted by the research firm Gallup Korea, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya:
    This file of respondents in Kenya is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in Kenya were conducted by the research firm, Research Path Associates, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 5/19/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria:
    This file of respondents in Nigeria is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in Nigeria were conducted by Research International Nigeria under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 5/19/2008
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-11]  (of 11 total matches in the Data Archive Files)
Investigators/Researchers
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-11]  (of 11 total matches in Investigators)
Questions/Variables on Surveys
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-150]  (of 1480 total matches in Data Archive Questions/Variables)
Bookmark and Share