Site Features
  • Theories, Concepts & Measures: Theories, Concepts & Measures links major Theories to Concepts and Measures from available datasets in an interactive format.
  • ARDA Guiding Papers Series: Prominent scholars provide guidance on the study of religion, new research agendas, and/or commentaries on the current state of the study of religion.
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Timeline
  • Secular Movement: Gaining prominence in the mid-20th century, the modern secular movement pushed for a society without religion.
  • Christian Fundamentalism: In the 1920s, Christian fundamentalism arose as a means to counter liberal interpretations of the Christian Bible and "secularizing" changes in society.
  • Home School Movement: The Home School Movement began in the 1970s and attracted evangelical Christians who feared the secular influences of public education.
  • Abington School District v. Schempp: In 1963, the Supreme Court ruled that required Bible readings and recitation of the Lord's Prayer in the public schools was unconstitutional.
  • Jerry Falwell Helps Found the Moral Majority : With the help of Baptist preacher Jerry Falwell in 1979, the founding of the Moral Majority would later influence Ronald Reagan's election in 1980.
  • Jones, Robert "Bob": "Bob" Jones, Sr. (1883-1926) was a renowned evangelist and educator. He founded Bob Jones University, which promoted a conservative Christian education.
  • Presbyterian Church v. Hull Memorial Presbyterian Church: In 1969, this Supreme Court case prohibited the government from interfering in doctrinal disputes between churches.
  • New Evangelicalism: After World War II, a movement of conservative, but socially engaged Protestants emerged. They are known as the "new evangelicals."
  • Lemon v. Kurtzman: This 1971 ruling established an influential precedent (the "Lemon test") for whether a law violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
  • Missional Church Movement: Founded in 1998, the missional church movement arose and changed the focus of modern Christian missions.
  • LaHaye, Timothy "Tim": Tim LaHaye (1926-present) is a famous evangelical pastor/author, known for co-authoring the Left Behind series and authoring one of the first evangelical sex manuals.
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ARDA Dictionary
  • Secular:Someone or something not identified as religious or spiritual (Esposito et al. 2012b: 27).
  • Secularization:1) The process of a group or individual discarding religious beliefs and practices. 2) Sociologists also refer to a society being secularized when religion loses its public presence. 3) A theory about the eventual decline of religion due to modernity (i.e. science, economic development, pluralism, etc.), which is debated among social scientists (Reid et al. 1990: 1069-1070). For more information on secularization, click here .
  • Antinomianism:1) The belief that certain religious allegiances exempt one from following secular law. 2) The belief that secular laws ought to be disobeyed because they are evil (Smith 1995: 53). 3) A theological position in which subjective elements of Christianity are emphasized over objective elements of Christianity, like moral law. The famous "Antinomian Controversy" took place in the 1630s, where Anne Hutchinson was brought to trial in Massachusetts for claiming to follow her direct revelation of the Holy Spirit instead of Scripture alone. She was banished from the colony in 1638 (Reid et al. 1990: 69).
  • Sacralization:The process through which there is little differentiation between religious and secular institutions, and the primary aspects of life, from family to politics, are suffused with religious symbols, rhetoric and rituals (Stark and Finke 2000: 199). For more information on sacralization, click here .
  • Conservative Protestantism:A broad social category of Protestantism that advocates a conservative theological position (e.g., the inspiration of the Bible, the physical resurrection of Jesus Christ, etc.). Conservative Protestants are often subdivided into Evangelical Protestants and Fundamentalists, who differ in terms of their engagement with the secular non-Christian world.
  • Social Network Theory:Studies of conversion, religious schisms and secularization utilize social network theory to understand the influence of community and networks on the religious life of individuals, groups and societies. In his classic study of suicide, Emile Durkheim used religion as an indicator of how well or poorly a society was socially integrated (Durkheim 1897). Other research indicates that religion actively builds social networks (Bainbridge 2006).
  • Postmillennialism:The belief that the return of Christ will take place after the millennium, which may be a literal period of peace and prosperity or else a symbolic representation of the final triumph of the gospel. This new age will come through Christian teaching and preaching on earth. This view is often dismissed by critics as a Christian version of the secular idea of progress, but it was actually formulated by Puritan theologians (Reid et al. 1990: 919).
  • Cognitive Consistency:As influentially stated by Leon Festinger (1957), humans are theorized to have a natural need to form coherent mental models of the world, and thus they will exert effort to resolve any contradiction between two beliefs, or between a belief and a behavior. Festinger explicitly connects these abstract ideas to religion through the example of the Great Disappointment of 1843-1844, when William Miller’s prediction of the Second Coming was apparently disconfirmed. The theory of cognitive consistency predicts that people will join together to defend their beliefs against disconfirmation, perhaps resulting in religious innovation, like a new religious group or a reconciliation between religious ideas and potentially contradictory secular ideas
  • Anti-Semitism:Unreasoning hostility toward and discrimination against the Jews. It can range from a formal doctrine and from mild antipathy to active efforts to kill the Jews. German writer Wilhelm Marr coined the term in 1880 to distinguish between secular hatred for the Jews as a people and hatred toward the Jewish religion, although the modern usage of the word denotes hatred for the Jews and Judaism in all forms (Smith and Green 1995: 53). Also defined on the ARDA's Theory, Concepts & Measures page.
  • Post-hoc Scales:The development of multi-item scales from a secondary analysis of existing data. For example, 16 years after the 1963 Survey of Northern California Church Bodies, Rodney Stark, one of the original principal investigators, returned to the data in order to refine conceptions of sectarian tension, the extent to which religious groups distance themselves from secular norms. Several items relevant to this issue were included in the original questionnaire, which he, along with William Bainbridge, developed into a multi-item scale of sectarian tension. It is generally best to do this on the basis of theory, although at times a more empirical approach may be appropriate. (Statistical Term)
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Religious Family Trees
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Teaching Tools
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Citations
Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • From religious to secular place-making: How does the secular matter for religious place construction in the local?
    Berg, Anna Lea (2019)
    Social Compass 66:1: 35-48.

    Rather than treating the secular as a void into which the sacred is inserted, its agents contest sacralization. Based on 2014 field work in Montrueil, a working class city east of Paris, the secular officials required Islam to unify as one "religion" to build a mosque while difficulties were created for Evangelicals, who were "sects."

    Associated Search Terms: Laïcité; France, Montrueil; Space; Evangelical, France; Islam, France; Urban
  • Unorganized atheism and the secular movement: Reddit as a site for studying "lived atheism."
    Lundmark, Evelina, and Stephen LeDrew (2019)
    Social Compass 66:1: 112-129.

    Discourse on an atheist online forum resembles those in formal atheist organizations.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Internet; Atheist
  • French and German teenagers in multicultural cities: Religious indifference as a paradox of secular societies.
    Michon, Bruno (2019)
    Social Compass 66:1: 94-111.

    Based on 2006-09 interviews with secondary students in France & Germany. Develops a typology of indifference.

    Associated Search Terms: Indifference; Students, secondary; Europe, western; Pluralism
  • Religious urbanism in Singapore: Competition, commercialism and compromise in the search for space.
    Woods, Orlando (2019)
    Social Compass 66:1: 24-34.

    The dense settlement pattern of Singapore forces religious organizations there to compete for space, sometimes resulting in mixed sacred & secular uses a some spaces.

    Associated Search Terms: Space; Singapore; Sacred/profane; Competition; Urban
  • Elitist by Default? Interaction Dynamics and the Inclusiveness of Secularization in Turkish Literary Milieus.
    Büyükokutan, Bar?? (2018)
    American Journal of Sociology 123:5: 1249-1295.

    The secularization of poetry in Turkey, unlike most non-western secularization processes, was not elitist.

    Associated Search Terms: Literature; Network; Secularization; Turkey
  • Divergent global roads to secularization and religious pluralism.
    Casanova, José V. (2018)
    Social Compass 65:2: 187-198.

    In continental Western Europe modernization & urbanization came with drastic secularization & limited religious pluralism; elsewhere modernization & urbanization have led to religious pluralism with limited secularization. In the present global era, the 2 dynamics intertwin & interrelate.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernization; Urbanization; Secularization; Globalization; Pluralism
  • Secularization and attribution: How mainline Protestant clergy and congregants explain church growth and decline.
    Flatt, Kevin N., D. Millard Haskell, and Stephanie Burgoyne (2018)
    Sociology of Religion 79:1: 78-107.

    Based on a small survey; suggests varying reasons given for growth or decline in congregation membership point to secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Attribution theory; Canada, Ontario; Secularization; Protestant, Canada
  • Secular Beats Spiritrual. The Westernization of the Easternization of the West.
    Bruce, Steve (2018)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Spirituality
  • Why God has left the Netherlands: Explanations for the decline of institutional Christianity in the Netherlands between 1966 and 2015.
    Kregting, Joris, Peer Scheepers, Paul Vermeer, and Chris Hermans (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:1: 58-79.

    Analyzes 1966-2012 survey data from native-born Dutch adults; education & absence of Christian socialization led to secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Modernization; Netherlands; Secularization
  • One step up and two steps back? The Italian debate on secularization, heteronormativy and LGBTQ citizenship.
    Bellè, Elisa, Caterina Peroni, and Elisa Rapetti (2018)
    Social Compass 65:5: 591-607.

    Discourse analysis of 2 demonstrations in Rome, June 2015--one by a conservative Catholic group and one by a gay pride group.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Italy; Homosexuality; Discourse analysis
  • "Ashes to Ashes...": Could the recent evolution of the cremation practice in Italy be interpreted as an indication of secularisation?
    Breschi, Marco, Gabriele Ruiu, and Marco Francini (2018)
    Review of Religious Research 60:4: 519-533.

    Examines Italian data on cremation, vs. inhumation. Though the Roman Catholic Church no longer prohibits cremation, it favors inhumation. The increase in cremation may reflect secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Italy; Funeral; Italy; Secularization
  • Postsecular Catholicism. Relevance and Renewal.
    Dillon, Michele (2018)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Interprets trends in papal & other Vatican discourse, especially on moral issues, & U.S. Catholicism in terms of secular engagement & religious commitment, or tension between the two.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Moral; Catholic; Post-secular; Freedom; Habermas, Jürgen; Dialectic; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Religiosity, secularity and fertility in Canada.
    Dilmaghani, Maryam (2018)
    European Journal of Population, DOI: 10.1007/s1680-018-9487-z,

    Associated Search Terms: Fertility; Canada
  • Catholic commitment around the globe: A 52-country analysis.
    Conway, Brian, and Bram Spruyt (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:2: 276-299.

    Analyzes European Values Survey & World Values Survey data. Catholicism is eroded by modern society & by security, & affected by historical legacies.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Modernity; Catholic
  • Canadian religious trends: Secularization, polarization, or free-rider exclusion?
    Dilmaghani, Maryam (2018)
    Social Compass 65:5: 626-649.

    Analyzes 1985-2011 Canadian General Social Survey data; notes geographical differences in unaffiliation rates and religiosity; proposes a quantitative measure of polarization; suggests free-rider exclusion as an explanation. Those who are religious in low-religiosity regions in the West of Canada tend to be intensely religious.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Membership; Regionalism; Religiosity
  • Where men appear more religious than women: Turning a gender lens on religion in Israel.
    Schnabel, Landon, Conrad Hackett, and David McClendon (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:1: 80-94.

    Analyzes 2014-15 interview data from adults in Israel. Jewish non-secular men were more religious than Jewish non-secular women.

    Associated Search Terms: Israel; Jewish, Israel; Gender; Religiosity
  • The surprising predictable decline of religion in the United States.
    Brauer, Simon (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:4: 654-675.

    Analyzes 2006 European Social Survey & 1998 & 2000 U.S. General Social Survey data. Uses David Voas's model of self-reinforcing religious decline in Europe to interpret USA data, with the latter resembling an early stage.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Generations; Secularization; United States; Comparative
  • Religious America and secular European courts, or vice-versa? A study of institutional cross-pollination.
    Fokas, Effie (2018)
    In Titus Hjelm (ed.) Peter Beerger and the Sociology of Religion: 50 Years after The sacred Canopy. London: Bloomsbury Academic, pp. 135-155.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Law
  • Whose moral community? Religiosity, secularity and self-rated health across religious contexts.
    Stroope, Samuel, and Joseph O. Baker (2018)
    Journal of Health and Social Behavior 29:2: 185-199.

    Associated Search Terms: Health; Moral community
  • Secularism and liberalism in contemporary Argentia: Neoliberal responses, initiatives, and criticisms of Pope Francis.
    Semán, Pablo, Nicolás Viotti, and Mari-Sol García Somoza (2018)
    Social Compass 65:4: 516-533.

    The non-conservative positions of the Argentine Pope, Francis, have led the political right in Argentina to distance itself from Catholicism and promote a laicist position.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Argentina; Pope; State; Laïcité; Argentina; Catholic, Argentina; Change
  • Putting politics first: The impact of politics on American religious and secular orientations.
    Campbell, David E., Geoffrey C. Layman, John C Green, and Nathanael G. Sumaktoyo (2018)
    American Journal of Political Science 62:3: 551-565.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.
  • Shifts in religiosity across cohorts in Europe: A multilevel and multidimensional analysis based on the European Values Study.
    Molteni, Francesco and Ferruccio Biolcati (2018)
    Social Compass 65:3: 413-432.

    Practice in Europe is in decline, but belief and self-definition as religious are not.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Belief; Change; Dimensions of religiosity; Individualism; Practice; Religiosity; Secularization
  • Cultural authority in comparative context: A multilevel analysis of trust in science and religion.
    O'Brien, Timothy L., and Shiri Noy (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:3: 495-513.

    Analyzes 2008 International Social Survey program data. Using nations as context variables, finds individuals' trust in science & in religion inversely related, especially in secular societies.

    Associated Search Terms: Contextual effects; Science
  • Zones grises. Diversité religieuse et pouvoir en institution.
    Becci, Irene (2018)
    Social Compass 65:2: 199-214.

    Ambiguities of the religious in secular total institutions allows for uninstitutionalized exertions of power & resistance to power. Refers to some 2017 survey data from Swiss prisons.

    Associated Search Terms: Penology; Pluralism; Power; Switzerland; Total institution
  • Recasting secular thinking for emancipatory feminist practice.
    Reilly, Niamh (2017)
    Social Compass 64:4: 481-494.

    Secularism has become oppressive toward minority women in Europe while religion sometimes serves emancipatory purposes. The Musawah Framework for Action, advanced by the Malaysian group, Sisters in Islam, provides an example how this can be so.

    Associated Search Terms: Feminism; Islam, Malaysia; Malaysia; Prejudice, sexism; Secularism; Women; Sisters in Islam
  • The lived religion approach in the sociology of religion and its implications for secular feminist analyses of religion.
    Nyhagen, Line (2017)
    Social Compass 64:4: 495-511.

    The lived religion approach in the sociology of religion furthers the recognition of women's agency in a "soft secular feminist" stance.

    Associated Search Terms: Feminist theory; Agency; Secularism; Lived religion
  • Reviving the civil religious tradition.
    Gorski, Philip S. (2017)
    In Ruth Braunstein, Todd Nicholas Fuist, and Rhys H. Williams (eds.) Religion and Progressive Activism. New Stories about Faith and Politics. New York: New York University Press, pp. 271-288.

    Favors civil religion over religious nationalism & radical secularism.

    Associated Search Terms: Nationalism; Secularism; Civil religion
  • Secular tolerance? Anti-Muslim sentiment in Western Europe.
    Ribberink, Egbert, Peter Achterberg, and Dick Houtman (2017)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 56:2: 259-276.

    Analyzes 2008 European Values Study data; while the more secularized nations are more tolerant of Muslims, it is the non-religious who are most intolerant in those nations.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Europe; Levels of inclusiveness; Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Tolerance; Europe
  • Face à l’affaissement du scenario politique: Parcours de redéfinition du catholicisme en Italie.
    Abbruzzese, Salvatore (2017)
    Social Compass 64:2: 151-166.

    Traces the changes in Italian secularization--from religion vs. modernity, to compromise, to religion in modernity.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Italy; Change; Italy; Moral; Politics, Italy; Secularization
  • Secularization, religious plurality and position: Local inter-religious cooperation in contemporary Sweden.
    Nordin, Magdalena (2017)
    Social Compass 64:3:388-403.

    Based on 2010-11 participant observation & interviews. Shows power imbalances in inter-religious cooperation. Interfaith cooperation aims at overcoming secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Power; Ecumenism; Sweden
  • The i-zation of Society, Religion, and Neoliberal Post-Secularism.
    Possamai, Adam (2017)
    Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan

    Argues that religions are increasingly taking on a neoliberal form; they are comprised of individual consciousness rather than collective solidarity. This implies a new definition of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Capitalism; Definition of religion; Civil religion; Australia; Change; Consumerism; Deterritorialization; Individualism; Internet; Islam, Australia; Neoliberalism; Rationalization; Scientology, Australia; Sharia; i-zation; Commodification; Post-secular
  • Faithful to Secularism. The Religious Politics of Democracy in Ireland, Senegal, and the Philippines.
    Buckley, David T. (2017)
    New York: Columbia University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; State; Secularism; State; Politics, Senegal; Democracy; Politics, Ireland; Politics, Philippines
  • No one expects a transgender Jew: Religious sexual, and gendered intersections in the evaluation of religious and nonreligious others.
    Cragun, Ryan T., and J. Edward Sumerau (2017)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 6:1: 1-16.

    Associated Search Terms: Transgender; Atheist; Gender
  • Expanding on the experiences of transgender nonreligious people: An exploratory analysis.
    Mathers, Lain A.B. (2017)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 6:1-10.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Gender; Transgender
  • Diffused religion: Beyond secularization.
    Cipriani, Roberto (2017)
    Dordrecht: Springer.

    Associated Search Terms: Non-institutional religion; Diffused religion
  • Sacralizing the secular. The ethno-fundamentalist movements.
    Pace, Enzo (2017)
    Politica & Sociedades 36: 402-427.

    Associated Search Terms: Ethnic; Fundamentalist; Sacralization; Social movement
  • Britain on its knees: Prayer and the public since the Second World War.
    Field, Clive D. (2017)
    Social Compass 64:1: 92-112.

    Overview of survey data shows a decline in private prayer.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Secularization; Prayer
  • Secularisation, Pentecostalism and Violence. Receptions, Rediscoveries and Rebuttals in the Sociology of Religion.
    Martin, David (2017)
    New York: Routledge.

    Associated Search Terms: Violence; Secularization; Pentecostal; Modernization
  • "What It Means to be Truly Human": The Postsecular Hack of Mindfulness.
    Arat, Alp (2017)
    Social Compass 54:2: 167-179.

    Contemporary mindfulness is not a secular detachment of meditation from religious tradition.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Meditation; Mindfulness
  • No mosque, no refugees: Some reflections on Syrian refugees and construction of religion in Canada.
    Beaman, Lori G., Jennifer A. Selby, and Amélie Barras (2017)
    In Luca Mavelli and Erin K. Wilson (eds.) The Refugee Crisis and Religion: Secularism, Security and Hospitality in Question. London: Rowman & Littlefield, pp. 77-95.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Migrant; Syrian Canadians
  • Does economic insecurity predict religiosity? Evidence from the European Social Survey 2002-2014.
    Storm, Ingrid (2017)
    Sociology of Religion 78:2: 146-172.

    Analyzes 2002-14 European Social Survey data. Finds an inverse relationship between religiosity & economic security.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Religiosity; Practice; Europe; Deprivation; Economic
  • From Belonging to Belief: Modern Secularisms and the Construction of Religion in Kyrgyzstan.
    McBrien, Julie (2017)
    Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Kyrgyzstan; Kyrgyzstan
  • Assessing measures of religion and secularity with crowdsourced data from Amazon's Mechanical Turk.
    Baker, Joseph O., Jonathan P. Hill, and Nathaniel D. Porter (2017)
    In Roger Finke and Christopher D. Bader (eds.) Faithful Measures. New Methods in the Measurement of Religion. New York: New York University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Crowdsourced data; Methods
  • Religious-secular polarization compared: The cases of Quebec and British Columbia.
    Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah (2017)
    Studies in Religion 46:2: 166-185.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada, British Columbia; Canada, Quebec; Comparative
  • Religious change over the generations in an extremely secular society: The case of Sweden.
    Hagevi, Magnus (2017)
    Review of Religious Research 59:4: 499-518.

    Longitudinal analysis of several Swedish surveys. Despite shrinking church attendance, interest in religion has risen among those born after 1970, the year the religious monopoly in Sweden was replaced by a competitive religious market.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Sweden
  • Producing Sacredness and Defending Secularity: Faith in the Workplace of Taiwanese Scientists.
    Di, Di, and Elaine Howard Ecklund (2017)
    Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World 3:1-15.

    Associated Search Terms: Scientist; Taiwan; Sacred/profane; Work
  • Diversity as neoliberal governmentality: Towards a new sociological genealogy of religion.
    Burchardt, Marian (2017)
    Social Compass 64:2: 180-193.

    Religious diversity is a form of governmentality that is both engendered by and enables secular neocapitalist governmentality.

    Associated Search Terms: Foucault, Michel; Pluralism; Modernization; Governmentality; Diversity; Capitalism
  • Challenging the secualrist assumption: Religion, public policy and civil service culture.
    Lindsay, Jane (2017)
    Social Compass 64:2: 262-274.

    Based on interviews with UK civil service officials; finds not secularism but a desire for impartiality when dealing with religion.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Great Britain
  • When secular universalism meets pluralism: Religious schools and the politics of school-based management in Hong Kong.
    Qian, Junxi, and Lily Kong (2017)
    Annals of the Association of American Geographers 108:3: 794-810.

    Associated Search Terms: China, Hong Kong; Education; Politics, China
  • The effect of religiosity on life satisfaction in a secularized context: Assessing the relevance of believing and belonging.
    tenKate, Josje, Willem de Koster, and Jeroen van der Waal (2017)
    Review of Religious Research 59:2: 135-155.

    Analyzes 2009 survey data from Netherlands residents aged 14-49. Belonging rather than belief is the religious dimension that furthers life satisfaction, with a residual effect of attendance.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Practice; Netherlands; Belonging, sense of; Dimensions of religiosity; Life satisfaction
  • Secularization, sacralization and the reproduction of sacred space: Exploring the industrial use of ancestral temples in rural Wenzhou, China.
    Chen, Ningning (2017)
    Social & Cultural Geography 18:4: 530-552.

    Associated Search Terms: Space; Sacred/profane; Ancestor; China, Wenzhou
  • Female Muslim subjectivity in the secular public sphere: Hijab and ritual prayer as "technologies of the self."
    Topal, Semiha (2017)
    Social Compass 64:4: 582-596.

    Based on 20 interviews in Turkey. Analyzes practices as "technologies of the self" as described by Foucault, which form, rather than merely express, an identity.

    Associated Search Terms: Self; Women; Turkey; Islam, Turkey; Identity; Foucault, Michel; Clothing; Practice
  • Gare à l’écart! De l’importance du genre dans la religion, la spiritualité et la laïcité en Italie.
    Palmisano, Stefania, and Simone Martino (2017)
    Social Compass 64:4: 563-681.

    Examines Italian women's participation in the decline of religion in Italy, with their rejection of the Catholic Church's political stands on moral issues.

    Associated Search Terms: Divorce; Catholic, Italy; Italy; Moral; Politics, Italy; Secularization; Women; Abortion; Gender
  • Religious practices and beliefs among religious stayers and religious switchers in Israeli Judaism.
    Beider, Nadia (2017)
    Sociology of Religion 78:1: 81-99.

    Analyzes 2009 survey data from Israeli Jews. Religious switchers' religious practice & attitudes do not manifest predicted higher converts' commitment but conform to the levels of the groups that converts arrived at. The groups are "secular" & "religious."

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Israel; Conversion; Convert; Israel
  • Alternative Sociologies of Religion: Through Non-Western Eyes.
    Spickard, James V. (2017)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Sociology of religion has been bound to western culture, as organization, belief, & morals. The Confucian perspective leads to popular or everyday religion, de-individualized. Ibn Khaldun saw religion & ethnicity as forces for solidarity beyond familism. The Navajo perspective reveals the performative nature of ritual.

    Associated Search Terms: Everyday life; Secularization; Navajo; Khaldun, Ibn; Confucian; Familism; Individualism; Ethnic; Definition of religion; Culture; Ancestor; Theory; Sociology of religion; Market model; Popular religion; Ritual; Solidarity
  • Beyond the paradigm of secularization?
    Koenig, matthias (2016)
    In Florian Zemmin, Colin Jager, and Guido Vanheesijck (eds.) Working with a Secular Age. Boston: DeGruyter, pp. 23-48.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religious vs secular nationhood: "Multiple secularities" in post-Soviet Armenia.
    Burchardt, Marian, and Hovhannes Hovhannisyan (2016)
    Social Compass 63:4: 427-443.

    Analyzes post-Soviet Armenian history in terms of multiple secularities and cultural defense (resistance against secularization).

    Associated Search Terms: NGO; Historical; Identity, national; Freedom of religion; Integration (national); Martin, David A.; National religions; Nationalism; Pluralism; Secularization; Security; State; War; Boundary maintenance; Armenia; Cultural defense; Education; Armenian Apostolic Church, Armenia
  • (Un)Believing in modern society. Religion, spirituality, and religious-secular competition.
    Stolz, Jorg, Judith Konemann, Mallory Schneuwly Purdie, Thomas Engleberger, and Michael Kruggeler (2016)
    Florence, Kentucky: Taylor & Francis/Routledge.

    Finds institutional, alternative, distanced, & secular categories relevant, using quantitative & qualitative Swiss data.

    Associated Search Terms: Spirituality; Individualism; Switzerland; Secular; Competition
  • A post-secular reading of public sociology.
    Hashemi, Morteza (2016)
    Social Compass 63:4: 461-477.

    Critique of Michael Burroway's call for an engaged public sociology.

    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular; Secular; Value free theory
  • Is the United States a counterexample fo the secularization thesis?
    Voas, David, and Mark Chaves (2016)
    American Journal of Sociology 12:5: 1517-1556.

    No.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States
  • American Secularism. Cultural Contours of Nonreligious Belief Systems.
    Baker, Joseph O., and Buster G. Smith (2016)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Secularism
  • Secularization versus religious revival in Eastern Europe: Church institutional resilience, state repression and divergent paths.
    Northmore-Ball, Ksenia, and Geoffrey Evans (2016)
    Social Science Research 57: 31-48.

    Associated Search Terms: Desecularization; Europe, eastern; Persecution; Secularization
  • The dynamics of religious practice in Spain from the mid-19th century to 2010.
    Rossi, Maurizio, and Ettore Scappini (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:3: 579-596.

    Uses Spanish census data from the 19th century & after, & time use data from 2003 & 2010. Analyzes by birth cohort, age, & period. Secularization began in the 19th century.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Time use survey; Spain
  • Beheading the Saint: Nationalism, Religion and Secularism in Quebec.
    Zubrzycki, Geneviève (2016)
    Chicago: University of Chicago Press

    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Quebec; Feast; Migration; Identity, national; Politics, Canada; Prejudice, anti-religious; Secularization
  • Religious forms in secularized society: Three Catholic groups in comparison.
    Turco, Daniela (2016)
    Social Compass 63:4: 513-528.

    With a background of secularization, where ordinary practice is ancillary to extraordinary experiences, Catholic Action, charismatic renewal, and Catholic-affiliated scouting represent different aspects of Catholicism. Only the charismatics resist modernity.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Italy; Belief; Moral; Homosexuality; Euthanasia; Abortion; Scouting; Catholic Action; Divorce; Pentecostal, Catholic, Italy; Italy, Cosenza
  • What "cultural religion" says about secularization and national identity: A neglected religio-political configuration.
    Laniel, Jean-François (2016)
    Social Compass 63:3: 372-388.

    Between secularity and religious institutions having authority over society, there is cultural religion, which is prevalent in the West. Focuses on the example of France & other nations.

    Associated Search Terms: Vicarious religion; Civil religion; Cultural religion; Bellah, Robert N.; Demerath, Nicholas Jay III; Davie, Grace; Identity; LeBras, Gabriel; Political religion; Catholic, France; Turcotte, Paul André; Boulard, Fernand; France
  • The Nonreligious. Understanding Secular People and Societies.
    Zuckerman, Phil, Luke W. Galen, and Frank L. Pasquale (2016)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • Religion as theoretical case, lens, and resource for critique: Three ways social theory can learn from the study of religion.
    Wincheser, Daniel (2016)
    Sociology of Religion 77:3: 241-260.

    Highlights religion as an explanation, conceptual lens, & critique of secular assumptions.

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of religion; Theory
  • European principles and Canadian practices: Developing secular contexts for religious diversity.
    Christiano, Kevin J. (2016)
    In Francisco Colom Gonzalez and Gianni D'Amato (eds.) Multireligious Society: Dealing with Religious Diversity in Theory and Practice. Fqarnham, U.K.: Ashgate,

    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Pluralism
  • Secularization and the wider gap in values and personal religiosity between the religious and nonreligious.
    Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:4: 717-736.

    Analyzes 2008 International Social Survey Program data; in regions where the unaffiliated form a greater proportion of the population, differences in sexual attitudes & stances toward abortion & gender roles between the affiliated & unaffiliated are greater.

    Associated Search Terms: Abortion; Atheist; Gender role; Sexual attitudes
  • Secular Conversions: Political Institutions and Religious Education in the United States and Australia, 1800-2000.
    Mayrl, Damon (2016)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Education; State; United States; Australia
  • Religion, secular humanism, and atheism: Multi-institutional politics and the USAFA cadets' freethinkers group.
    Konieczny, Mary Ellen, and Megan C. Rogers (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:4: 821-838.

    Examines the opportunity structure of the Cadet Freethinkers Group at the U.S. Air Force Academy.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Military
  • Superstitions, religiosity and secularization: An analysis of the periodic oscillations of weddings in Italy.
    Breschi, Marco, and Gabriele Ruiu (2016)
    Genus 72:7 (online)

    Observes the selection of wedding dates as directed by superstitious beliefs.

    Associated Search Terms: Italy; Superstition; Wedding
  • Just how Pascalian are the Pascalian Meditations? Critical reflections on the theological unconscious of Bourdieusian theory.
    Gorski, Philip S. (2016)
    Sociology of Religion 77:3: 280-296.

    Bourdieu's assumptions about ethics & politics can be understood as secularized versions of central dogmas of Reformed theology. Notes parallels with Pascal.

    Associated Search Terms: Bourdieu, Pierre
  • Religious seekers' attraction to the plain Mennonites and Amish.
    Anderson, Cory (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:1: 125-147.

    Factor analysis of survey data from a web-based convenience sample of seekers attracted to austere plain Anabaptist sects. Factor themes: familism, rejection of sexualized youth culture, fundamentalism perceived as anti-secularization, primitivism, desire for structure, Anabaptist ancestors.

    Associated Search Terms: Anabaptist; Conversion; Factor analysis; Internet survey; Mennonite; Seeker; Amish
  • Bridging alone: Religious conservatism, marital homogamy, and voluntary association membership.
    Kim, Young-Il (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:1: 47-73.

    Analyzes 1992-94 (2nd wave) National (U.S.A.) Survey of families and Households data. Conservative religious homogamy, paired with belief in biblical authority & inerrancy, increases membership in religious groups & reduces wives' membership in secular organizations.

    Associated Search Terms: Social participation; Marriage; Conservative, U.S.A.; Civic engagement
  • Transforming Post-Catholic Ireland. Religious Practice in Late Modernity.
    Ganiel, Gladys (2016)
    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Based on 2009 surveys, on interviews, & on case studies. For many, the Roman Catholic Church is a convenient foil against which the define their fair. Describes extra-institutional religion--religiosity connected to & going beyond organized churches, thereby balancing individualism. Reports attitudes toward reconciliation & ecumenism.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Great Britain, Northern Ireland; State; Secularization; Pluralism; Parish council; Marginality; Ireland; Individualism; Extra-institutional; Ecumenism; Diversity; Clergy; Catholic, Ireland; Ambivalence; Conflict
  • Vulnerable post-Soviet secularities; Patterns and dynamics in Russia and beyond.
    Agadjanian, Alexander (2015)
    In Marian Burchardt, Monika Wohlrab-Sahr, and Matthias Middell (eds.) Multiple Secularities beyond the West: Religion and Modernity in the Global Age. Boston: De Gruyter, pp. 241-260.

    Associated Search Terms: Russia; Secular
  • Religious Difference in a Secular Age: A Minority Report.
    Mahmood, Saba (2015)
    Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

    Persecution of minorities in Egypt is a function of secular nationalism.

    Associated Search Terms: Participant observation; Egypt; Nationalism; Secularization; Persecution
  • Disenchantment revisited: Formations of the "secular" and "religious" in the technological discourse of modernity.
    Han, Sam (2015)
    Social Compass 61:1: 76-88.

    Weber's concept of demagicalization is not as important as a grand narrative of modernit & secularization but as a prompt to redefining the technological & the religious.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Disenchantment; Modernity; Weber, Max; Secularization
  • Recognizing the Nonreligious: Reimagining the Secular.
    Lee, Lois (2015)
    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secular; Atheist
  • How does the state structure secularization?
    Maryl, Damon (2015)
    European Journal of Sociology 56:2: 207-239.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularization
  • Political Secularism, Religion, and the State: A Time Series Anaysis of Worldwide Data.
    Fox, Jonathan (2015)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Increases, not decreases, of state involvements with religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; State
  • Islam and Secularity: The Future of Europe's Public Sphere.
    Göle, Nilüfer (2015)
    Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Laïcité; Islam, Europe; Europe
  • Religion, reintegration, and rehabilitation in French prisons: The impact of prison secularism.
    Rostaing, Corinne, Céline Béraud, and Claire de Galembert (2015)
    In I. Becci and O. Roy (eds.) Religious Diversity in European Prisons: Challenges and Implications for Rehabilitation. Basel: Springer, pp. 63-79.

    Associated Search Terms: France; Penology; Secularism
  • Religious monoplies, religious pluralism, and secularization: The relationship between religious pluralism and religious participation in Sweden.
    Hamberg, Eva M. (2015)
    International Journal of Research on Religion 11: 1-15.

    Associated Search Terms: Sweden; Secularization; Pluralism
  • Traditional, modern, and post-secular perspectives on science and religion in the Untied States.
    O'Brien, Timothy L., and Shiri Noy (2015)
    American Sociological REview 80:1: 92-115.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Science; Post-secular
  • Religious diversity in the neoliberal welfare state: Secularity and the ethos of egalitarianism in Sweden.
    Schenk, Susanne, Marian Burchart, and Monika Wohlrab-Sahr (2015)
    Inernational Sociology 30:1: 3-20.

    In the politics of confessional schools, the discourse of free choice & freedom of religion confront the Swedish tradition of creating equality through a unitary public school system.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Diversity; Education; Equality; Politics, Sweden; Secularism; State; Sweden
  • Interventionist secularism: A comparative analysis of the Turkish Grand National Assembly (1923-1928) and the Indian Constituent Assembly (1946-1949) debates.
    Madra, Aysel (2015)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 54:2: 222-241.

    Modern Turkish government limits religion in order to fashion unity while the Indian government promotes reforms for purposes of equality & justice.

    Associated Search Terms: Turkey; State; Secularism; Pluralism; Justice; Identity, national; India
  • Familial relationship outcomes of coming out as an atheist.
    Zimmerman, Kevin, Jesse Smith, Kevin Simonson, and Benjamin W. Myers (2015)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 4:1: 1-13.

    Associated Search Terms: Family; Atheist
  • Der säkulare Staat, religiöser Pluralismus und Liberalismus.
    Casanova, José V. (2015)
    In G. Schwarz, B. Sitter-Liver, A. Holderegger, and B. Tag (eds.) Religion, Liberalität und Rechtstaat: Ein offenes Spannungsverhältnis. Zürich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung, pp. 19-26.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Politics; Secular
  • Losing our religion: How unaffiliated parents are raising their children.
    Manning, Christel J. (2015)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Socialization; Secularization; Family
  • The Making of a Postsecular Society: A Durkheimian Approach to Memory, Pluralism and Religion in Turkey.
    Rosati, Massimo (2015)
    Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Turkey; Post-secular
  • Religion and Politics in the European Union: The Secular Canopy.
    Foret, François (2015)
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Focuses on backgrounds of European Union leaders.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Europe; Europe
  • Secular Faith. How Culture has Trumped Religion in American Politics.
    Smith, Mark A. (2015)
    Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Slavery; United States; Abortion; Politics, U.S.A.; Feminism; Homosexuality; Historical; Divorce
  • "Men of iron will": Idealized gender in Christian heavy metal.
    Rademacher, Heidi E. (2015)
    Social Compass 62:4: 632-648.

    Sees convergence of Evangelical music & secular heavy metal music in an idealized gender trope.

    Associated Search Terms: Content analysis; Gender traditionalism; Popular culture; Music; Evangelical
  • An extraordinary degree of exaltation: Durkheim, effervescence and Pentecostalism's defeat of secularisation.
    Jennings, Mark (2015)
    Social Compass 62:1: 61-75.

    While Durkheim thought society would of itself provide effervescence, Pentecostalism has done this instead.

    Associated Search Terms: Collective effervescence; Durkheim, Émile; Pentecostal; Secularization
  • The Meaning of Sunday: The Practice of Belief in a Secular Age.
    Thiessen, Joel (2015)
    Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.

    Reports interview data from active & marginal church members as well as non-members in Canada.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada
  • Secularization and desecularization in Georgia: State and chrch under the Saakashvili government (2003-2012).
    Janelidze, Babare (2015)
    In Alexander Agadjanian, A.Jodicke, and E. van der Zweerde (eds.) Religion, Nation, and Democracy in the South Caucasus. New York: Routlege, pp. 63-80.

    Associated Search Terms: Georgia; State
  • Gendering (non)religion: Politics, education, and gender gaps in secularity in the Untied States.
    Baker, Joseph O., and Andrew L. Whitehead (2015)
    Social Forces 94:4: 1623-1645.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Education; Gender; United States; Politics, U.S.A.
  • The Secular State Under Siege: Religion and Politics in Europe and America.
    Joppke, Christian (2015)
    Cambridge, UK: Polity.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Europe; Politics, U.S.A.; State
  • Seculaization and changing moal views. European trends in church attendance and views on homosexuality, divorce, abortion, and euthanasia.
    Halman, Loek, and Erik van Ingen (2015)
    European Sociological Review 31:5: 616-627

    Associated Search Terms: Abortion; Divorce; Europe; Euthanasia; Homosexuality; Moral; Practice; Secularization
  • Languages of change in prison: Thoughts about the homologies between secular rehabilitation, religious conversion and spiritual quest.
    Becci, Irene (2015)
    In Irene Becci and Olivier Roy (eds.) Religious Diversity in European Prisons. Challenges and Implications for Rehabilitation. Berlin: Springer, pp. 159-176.

    Associated Search Terms: Conversion; Quest; Penology
  • Reassessing women, religion and the Turkish secular state in the light of the professionalisation of female preachers (vaizeler) in Istanbul.
    Maritato, Chiara (2015)
    Religion, State and Society 44:3: 258-275.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Women; Professionalization; Turkey, Istanbul; Islam, Turkey
  • The cultural, the nominal, and the secular: The social reality of religious identity among Sri Lankan Tamil youth in Canada.
    Amarasingam , Amarnath (2015)
    In Lori G. Beaman and Steven Tomlins (eds.) Atheist Identities: Spaces and Social Contexts. New York: Springer, pp. 69-85.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Youth; Tamil, Canada; Sri Linkan Canadians; Nominal religion; Cultural religion; Atheist, Canada
  • Prayers, protest, and police: How religion influences police presence at collective action events in the United States, 1960-1995.
    Beyerlein, Kraig, Sarah Soule, and Nancy Martin (2015)
    American Sociological Review 80:6: 1250-1271.

    Police are generally less likely to be present for protest events staged by religious groups than ones by secular groups, but there are exceptions.

    Associated Search Terms: Protest; Deviance/social control
  • Perceptions of science education among African American and white Evangelicals: A Texas case study.
    Korver-Glenn, Elizabeth, Esther Chan, and Elaine Howard Ecklund (2015)
    Review of Religious Research 57:1: 131-148.

    Based on interviews & participant observation at a largely white upscale megachurch & at a middle class African American Baptist congregation in a Texas city. The white church's leaders & members viewed science education in terms of their theological opposition to evolution; the African American counterparts saw it in secular terms, underfunded.

    Associated Search Terms: Science; Participant observation; Parish; Evolution; Education; African Americans; Congregation; Comparative; Southern Baptist; Megachurch
  • The Spirit Moves West. Korean Missionaries in America.
    Kim, Rebecca Y. (2015)
    New York: Oxford University Press

    Case study of a non-denominational Evangelical Korean mission society in the U.S.A. Responding to Korea's relationship to its "big brother," U.S.A., the missionaries sought to "make history" by saving the U.S. from secularization. After the founder's death, the missionary society began to Americanize.

    Associated Search Terms: Generations; Conservative, U.S.A.; Patriarchy; Race; Sect; Typology; Conservative, Korea (South); Evangelical, Korea (South); University Bible Fellowship; Korea (South); Evangelical, U.S.A.; Authoritarianism; Korean Americans; Missionary; Participant observation; Case study
  • The subjective secularization of Great Britain, 1991-200.
    Swenson, Donald S. (2014)
    Implicit Religion 17:2: 165-182.

    Analyzes 1991-2007 panel survey data from British subjects; supports a subjective secularization thesis.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Panel study; Great Britain
  • The two dimensions, temporal and spatial, of the secular: Comparative reflections on the Nordic Protestant and Southern Catholic patterns from a global perspective.
    Casanova, José V. (2014)
    In R. van den Breemer, J. Casanova, and T. Wyller (eds.) Secular and Sacred? The Scandinavian Case of Religion, in Human Rights, Law, and Public Space. Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, pp. 21-33.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe
  • A laicidade e o “jeitinho brasileiro”: formas diversificadas e improvisadas de regulação do religioso em ambientes laicos e públicos: o caso de escolas municipais de Juiz de Fora/ MG / Secularism and the ‘Brazilian way.’
    Camurça, Marcelo, and Sueli Martins (2014)
    Numen: Revista de estudos e pesquisa da religião 17:1: 141-170.

    Takes a multidimensional approach to secularization in the public schools of a town in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Brazil, Minas Gerais, Juiz de Fora; Education; Regulation
  • Secularism and Religion in Multi-faith Societies. The Case of India.
    Sen, Ragini, Wolfgang Wagner, and Caroline Howarth (2014)
    Dordrecht: Springer.

    Based on open-ended interviews from a purpose sample of Hindu & Muslim young adult Indians. Secularism was understood as peaceful pluralism &, by the authors, as a form of social capital.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, India; Hindu, India; Pluralism; Social capital; Minority; India; Islam, India; Young adults; Secularism; Conflict
  • Agency-driven secularization and Chinese experiments in multiple modernities.
    Yang, Fenggang (2014)
    In Peter Berger, The Many Altars of Modernity: Towad a Paradigm for Religion in a Pluralsit Age. Berlin: DeGruyter, pp. 123-140.

    The essay is a response to Peter Berger's text.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; China
  • Are high levels of existential security conducive to secularization? A response to our critics.
    Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart (2014)
    In Stanley D. Brumm (ed.) The Changing World Religion Map: Sacred Places, Identities, Practices and Politics. Dordrecht: Springer, 3389-3408.

    Associated Search Terms: Security; Secularization
  • Religious tendencies in Brazil: Disenchantment, secularization, and sociologists.
    Motta, Roberto (2014)
    In Giuseppe Giordan and Enzo Pace (eds.) Religious Pluralism: Framing Religious Diversity in the Contemporary world. London: Springer, pp. 171-184.

    Associated Search Terms: Brazil; Secularization; Disenchantment; Sociologists
  • Atheist Awakening: Secular Activism & Community in America.
    Cimino, Richard, and Christopher Smith (2014)
    New York: Oxford University Press

    Based on participant observation in atheist meetings & events, on interviews, surveys, & content analyses of literature & websites. Awakened atheism & religious activism dialectically need each other.

    Associated Search Terms: Dialectic; Atheist, U.S.A.; Media; Content analysis; Minority; Participant observation; Ritual; Schism; Secular humanism; Social movement; Internet; Identity
  • Seeking empowerment and spiritualiy in the secular age: Secular and traditionalsit Israelis consulting rabbis.
    Keshet, Yael, and Ido Liberman (2014)
    Sociology 48:1: 92-110.

    The phenomenon of secular & less religious Jews who consult orthodox rabbis on personal matters indicates the current relevance of religion and spirituality as resources for empowerment when dealing with various kinds of existential and personal difficulty.

    Associated Search Terms: Clergy role; Jewish, Israel; Israel
  • An investigation into the swiftness and intensity of recent secularization in Canada: Was Berger right?
    Hay, D. Alastair (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:1: 136-162.

    Analyzes 2002-03 telephone interview & follow-up questionnaire data from Canadians. Pluralism, individualism, & scientific rationalism (evolution & philosophical materialism) inversely predicted religiosity. Deprivation & differentiation did not.

    Associated Search Terms: Evolution; Differentiation; Individualism; Materialism; Pluralism; Secularization; Science; Canada; Deprivation
  • Négocier les différences religieuses dans les organisations laïques: l’exemple des chapelles d’hôpitaux.
    Cadge, Wendy (2014)
    Social Compass 61:2:178-194.

    Studies chapels in academic hospitals in the U.S.A. Sees a process of secularization with the removal of explicitly denominational materials, albeit it retaining underlying Christian themes. Comments by Afe Adogame, pp. 207-218.

    Associated Search Terms: Hospital; Hospital chaplain; Material culture; Secularization
  • Religiosity and politics in Spain and Poland: A period effect analysis.
    Requena, Miguel, and Mikolaj Stanek (2014)
    Social Compass 61:3: 348-367.

    The Catholic Church legitimated authoritarian rule in Spain & opposed it in Poland. After the fall of Franco in Spain & Communism in Poland, both nations experienced secularization, but moreso in Spain.

    Associated Search Terms: Poland; Spain; Secularization; Politics, Poland; Comparative; Catholic, Spain; Catholic, Poland; Politics, Spain
  • Religion and power: No logos without mythos.
    Martin, David (2014)
    Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate.

    A collection of essays, having power & religion as a theme. Criticizes the privatization & rationalization versions of the secularization thesis. Focus on differentiation & the relationship of religion to power. Presupposes a functionalist definition of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Power; Lithuania; Nationalism; Politics; Charisma; Axial age; Ukraine; Poland; Differentiation; Privatization; Peace/war; Violence; Great Britain, London; Secularism; Comparative; Rationalization; Secularization; Symbol; Identity, national; Spain; Individualism; Great Britain; Voluntarism; Definition of religion
  • Changing Faith: The Dynamics and Consequences of Americans' Shifting Religious Identities.
    Sherkat, Darren E. (2014)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Describes U.S.A. religion with General Social Survey data; presents models predicting religious switching & apostasy. Secularization, supply-side rational choice theories, & other grand theories fail to explain changes of religion in the U.S.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Marriage; Membership; Rational choice theory; Disaffiliation; Change; United States; Ethnic; Fundamentalist, U.S.A.; Conversion; Identification; Belief; Migration; Mobility (vertical); Politics, U.S.A.; Polity; Practice; Sexual activity; Sexual attitudes; Stratification; Homosexuality; Education
  • Le désenchantement désenchanté?
    Gauchet, Marcel (2014)
    In S. Taussig (ed.) Charles Taylor. Religion et sécularisation. Paris: CNRS Éditions, pp. 73-82.

    Associated Search Terms: Disenchantment; Secularization
  • Chaplaincies in a "post-secular" multicultural university.
    Possamai, Adam, Arathi Sriprakash, Ellen Brackenreg, and John McGuire (2014)
    Fieldwork in Religion 9:1: 147-165.

    Associated Search Terms: Chaplain, university; Education
  • Living the Secular Lif: New Answers to Old Questions.
    Zuckerman, Phil (2014)
    New York: Penguin.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • The Republic Unsettled: Muslim French and the Contradictions of Secularism.
    Fernando, Mayanthi L. (2014)
    Durham, North Carolina: Duke Unviersity Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Laïcité; Clothing; France
  • Inheritance of religiosity among Muslim immigrants in a secular society.
    Pol, Jasper van de, and Frank van Tubergen (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:1: 87-106.

    Analyzes 2008-10 interview & questionnaire data from Turkish & Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands, aged 15-45. A stronger transmission is found in families with warm ties, different parental backgrounds, families strongly embedded in religious community, & families with higher parental religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Generations; Islam, Netherlands; Assimilation; Family; Socialization; Religiosity; Netherlands; Migrant
  • Grounded theologies: "Religion" and the "secular" in human geography.
    Tse, Justin K.H. (2014)
    Progress in Human Geography 38:2: 201-220.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred/profane; Space
  • Melodies of resistance: Islamist music in secular Turkey.
    Tas, Hakki (2014)
    Social Compass 61:3: 368-383.

    During the official secularist era in Turkey, resistance took the form of Islamist music.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Turkey; Music; Persecution; Politics, Turkey; Turkey
  • You Can't Put God in a Box: Thoughtful Spirituality in a Rational Age.
    Besecke, Kelly (2014)
    Oxford: Oxford University Press

    Based on interviews with people who are neither secular nor biblically literalist.

    Associated Search Terms: Spirituality; Liberal, U.S.A.
  • Regime type, religion-state arrangements, and religious markets in the Muslim world.
    Driessen, Michael D. (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:3: 367-394.

    Analyzes 2 datasets; state favoritism can enhance participation in the favored religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Islam; Market model; Secularization; State
  • Secular or nonreligious? Investigating and interpreting generic "Not religious" categories and populations.
    Lee, Lois (2014)
    Religion 44: 466-482.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • Religion and parental values in a secularized country: Evidence from the Netherlands.
    Halman, Loek (2014)
    Social Compass 61:1: 121-140.

    Analyzes 2008 European Values Study data from the Netherlands. Parental values are related to religion; denominational differences in autonomy & obedience can be explained by attendance (a network mechanism) while differences in autonomy are partly explained by beliefs.

    Associated Search Terms: Obedience; Practice; Socialization; Autonomy; Belief; Family; Netherlands; Network
  • Sociology of Religion in America. A History of a Secular Fascination with Religion.
    Blasi, Anthony J. (2014)
    Leiden: Brill.

    Trends in the sociology of religion in the U.S.A. based on content analyses of dissertations 1895-1959 & articles 1964-84. Reviews community studies, history of research organizations, ^ professional associations.

    Associated Search Terms: Association for the Scientific Study of Jewry; Sociology of religion, U.S.A.; American Catholic Sociological Society; Sociology of Religion (journal); Association for the Sociology of Religion; Community study; Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion; Religious Research Association; Review of Religious Research; Society for the Scientific Study of Religion; Association for the Sociological Study of Jewry
  • What about China? Religious vitality in the most secular and rapidly modernizing society.
    Yang, Fenggang (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:4: 564-578.

    Auto-biographical statement of coming to study Chinese religious phenomena.

    Associated Search Terms: China; Yang, Fenggang
  • Which societies provide a strong religious socialization context? Explanations beyond the effects of national religiosity.
    Müller, Tim S., Peter Schmidt, and Nan Dirk DeGraff (2014)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 53:4: 739-759.

    Analyzes 1971-2008 International Social Survey Programme data. High levels of income inequality predict greater effects of religious socialization. parents need invest less in religiously socializing their children when the society does it.

    Associated Search Terms: Socialization; Practice; Belief; Legitimation; Family; Religiosity; Differentiation; Secularization
  • Is it really religion? Comparing main and stress-buffering effecs of religion and secular civic engagement on psychological distress.
    Acevedo, Gabriel A., Christopher G. Ellison, and Xiaohe Xu. (2014)
    Society and Mental Health 4:2: 111-128.

    Associated Search Terms: Civic engagement; Mental health; Stress
  • Dating in light of Christ: Young Evangelicals negotiating gender in the context of religious and secular American culture.
    Irby, Courtney Ann (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:2: 260-283.

    Based on 19 open-ended interviews from students & alumni of Evangelical colleges. The theme of commitment was stressed, & hence a future orientation. Chastity was emphasized, along with Christian identity. Within this framework there were patterned differences.

    Associated Search Terms: Gender role; Young adults; Courtship; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Dating
  • Finding the sacred in unexpected places: Religious evanescence and evocation.
    Bartkowski, John P. (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:3:357-371.

    Without using the term "dialectic," notes the movement toward the sacred in secular song lyrics (evocation) & away from the sacred in seemingly religious song lyrics (evanescence).

    Associated Search Terms: Dialectic; Music; Sacred/profane
  • Gifts of money and gifts of time: Folk religion and civic involvement in a Chinese soiety.
    Hu, Anning (2014)
    Review of Religious Research 56:2: 313-335.

    Analyzes 2009 survey data from Taiwan. Ancestor worship predicts less secular contributing. Local deity worship predicts more religious volunteering. Sectarian membership predicts more religious volunteering. Individual folk religion predicts religious volunteering &, occasionally, giving to Buddhism, Taoism, & folk religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Contributions; Folk religion; Taiwan; Volunteering; Ancestor
  • Moderate secularism in liberal societies?
    McGhee, Derek (2013)
    In Gavin D'Costa, Malcolm Evans, Tariq Modood, and Julian Rivers (eds.) Religion in a Liberal State. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 117-134.

    In the secular state, religions participate in the political culture, but they need to be able to use secular speech in the public realm, just as the secularity of the state needs to be a moderate one.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Habermas, Jürgen; Politics; Secularism; Modood, Tariq
  • Liberal religion and illiberal secularism.
    Woodhead, Linda (2013)
    In Gavin D'Costa, Malcolm Evans, Tariq Modood, and Julian Rivers (eds.) Religion in a Liberal State. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 93-116.

    Argues that religion is an important element in liberalism, & that in the U.K. illiberal religion is the exception, not the norm. The U.K. & Europe are secular theory not practice. uses British illustrations.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Liberalism; Politics, Great Britain; Secularism
  • Secularization and the Sources of Morality: Religion and Morality in Contemporary Europe.
    Halman, Loek, and Erik van Ingen (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 87-107.

    Analyzes 2008 European Values Study data. Religious membership and attendance are inversely related to permissiveness, especially in more secular (modern) European nations where religious people are in the minority.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Practice; Europe; Moral
  • The Religious and the Politcal. A Comparative Sociology of Religion.
    Turner, Bryan S. (2013)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Case studies refute the secularization thesis.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularization; Comparative
  • Exploring the postsecular: Three meanings of "the secular" and their possible transcendence.
    Casanova, José V. (2013)
    In Craig Calhoun, Eduardo mendieta, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Habermas and Religion. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 27-48.

    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular; Secular
  • Religious Globalisms in the Post-Secular Age.
    Wilson, Erin K., and Manfred B. Steger (2013)
    Globalizations 10:3: 481-495.

    Associated Search Terms: Global; Post-secular; Transnational
  • Secularization and church growth in the United Kingdom.
    Bruce, Steve (2013)
    Journal of Religion in Europe 6:3: 273-296.

    Associated Search Terms: Membership; Great Britain; Secularization
  • Post-secularity and religion in Britain: An empirical assessment.
    Bruce, Steve (2013)
    Jouranl of Contemporary Religion 28:3: 369-384.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Post-secular
  • Secularization in Europe: An analysis of inter-generational religious change.
    Voas, David, and Stefanie Doebler (2013)
    In Loek Halman and Paul de Graaf (eds.) Value Contrasts and Consensus in Present-day Europe. Leiden: Brill, pp. 231-250.

    Associated Search Terms: Generations; Secularization; Europe
  • Religion as Heritage, Religion as Belief: Shifting Frontiers of Secularism in Europe, the USA and Brazil.
    Lehmann, David (2013)
    International Sociology 28:6: 645-662.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Brazil; Comparative; Europe; Secularism; Secularization
  • American Jewish secularism: Jewish life beyond the synagogue.
    Kosmin, Barry A., and Ariela Keysar (2013)
    In Arnold Dashefsky and I. Sheskin (eds.) American Jewish Yearbook 2012. New York: Springer.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, U.S.A.; Secularism
  • Danish state policy on the teaching of religion from 1900 to 2007.
    Reeh, Niels (2013)
    Social Compass 60:2: 236-250.

    The Danish state became more interested in the teaching of religion during World War II & during the War on Terror. The trajectory was not one of simple secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Education; Denmark; State
  • Excluded, included or foundational? Religion in liberal-democratic states.
    Bader, Veit (2013)
    In Gavin D'Costa, Malcolm Evans, Tariq Modood, and Julian Rivers (eds.) Religion in a Liberal State. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 135-163.

    Argues that a liberal-democratic constitutional state needs be founded neither on a religion nor on an exclusive secularism. References are largely to Germany.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Germany; State
  • "Multiple secularities": Postcolonial variations and guiding ideas in India and South Africa.
    Burchardt, Marian, Monika Wohlrab-Sahr, and Ute Wegert (2013)
    International Sociology 28:6: 612-628.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; India; Secular; South Africa
  • Secularization in Poland and Spain after the democratic transition: A cohort analysis.
    Requena, Miguel, and Mikolaj Stanek (2013)
    International Sociology 28:1: 84-101.

    Associated Search Terms: Spain; Change; Cohort; Poland; Secularization
  • "Secularization of consciousness" or alternative opportunities? The impact of economic growth on religious belief and practice in 13 European countries.
    Hirschle, Jochen (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:2:410-424.

    Uses data from various sources; economic development is associated with reduced church attendance but not belief, though belief may decline as a result of the lowered attendance.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Secularization; Europe; Economic; Belief
  • A down under approach and reaction to Shari'a: An impasse towards post-secularism?
    Hussain, Jamila, and Adam Possamai (2013)
    In Maurits S. Berger (ed.) Applying Sharia in the West: Facts, Fears and Figures of Islamic Rules on Fmaily Relations in the West. Leiden: Leiden University Press (in USA, Chicago: University of Chicagod Press), pp. 65-78.

    Associated Search Terms: Australia; Islam, Australia; Law; Post-secular; Sharia
  • Von Multiple Modernities zu Multiple Secularities: kulturelle Diversität, Säkularismus und Toleranz als Leitidee in Indien.
    Burchardt, Marian, and Monika Wohlrab-Sahr (2013)
    Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie 38:4: 355-374.

    Associated Search Terms: Diversity; India; Modernity; Pluralism; Secularism; Tolerance
  • Religion and Civil Society: Theoretical Reflections.
    Herbert, David (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 13-45.

    Reviews rational choice, secularization, and public (civil society) religion theories. Opts for a "functionalization" approach, where religions help overcome shortcomings in the functioning of other institutions or even resist the other institutions.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Functionalization; Mediatization; Rational choice theory; Islam; Civil society; Public religion
  • Entwurf einer Theorie religiös-säkularer Konkurrenz.
    Stolz, Jörg (2013)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 65, 1 Suppl., 25-49.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Secularization
  • The politics of new atheism.
    Kettell, Steven (2013)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 2:1: 61-72.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Atheist
  • The Dynamics of Civil Society: Density, Age, Fertility and Completeness in the Religious Voluntary Sector.
    Ro?tentscher, Sigrid (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 87-107

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Moral; Europe; Practice
  • Des glissements du spirituel au "psy". Entre quête de sens et quête de santé dans le contexte de la sécularisation avancée.
    Garnoussi, Nadia (2013)
    Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 163:3: 63-82.

    Associated Search Terms: Medicalization; Psychology; Secularization
  • Bonding alone: Familism, religion, and secular civic participation.
    Kim, Young-Il, and W. Bradford Wilcox (2013)
    Social Science Research 42;1: 31-45.

    Associated Search Terms: Family; Familism; Social participation; Civic engagement
  • The secularization of Sunday: Real or perceived competition for churches.
    McMullin, Steve (2013)
    Review of Religious Research 55:1: 43-59.

    2009-10 questionnaire & interview research in 16 declining Protestant congregations in Canada & U.S.A.; respondents attribute decline to competing Sunday events & activities while other reasons seem likely.

    Associated Search Terms: Sunday; Competition; Congregation; Parish
  • Religion, spirituality and civil participation.
    deHart, Joep, and Paul Dekker (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 169-188.

    Reports data from various European surveys. Among the European nations, the proportion protestant correlates positively with secular volunteering, & the proportion Orthodox or Muslim correlates negatively with secular volunteering.

    Associated Search Terms: Protestant, Europe; Catholic, Europe; Civic engagement; Europe; Islam, Europe; Orthodox, eastern, Europe; Volunteering
  • Euro-American ethnic and native Christians: Believing in belonging.
    Day, Abby (2013)
    In Abby Day, Giselle Vincent, and Christopher R. Cotter (eds.) Social Identities between the Sacred and the Secular. Surrey, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 61-74.

    Associated Search Terms: Ethnic; Identification
  • Outsourcing moral authority: The internal secuarization of Evangelicals' anti-pornography narratives.
    Thomas, Jeremy N. (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:3: 457-475.

    A content analysis of Christianity Today (1956-2010) shows the rationale for opposition to pornography depending less on explicitly religious rationales over time.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Pornography; Moral; Evangelical; Discourse; Content analysis
  • Declining religious authority? Confidence in the leaders of religious organizations, 1973-2010.
    Hoffmann, John P. (2013)
    Review of Religious Research 55:1: 1-25.

    Analyzes 1973-2010 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; confidence in clergy declined among those born 1945-70, rebounding among later cohorts among thsoe who attend religious services.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Clergy image; Generations; United States
  • Secular values, religious beliefs and civil life: A comparative analysis of helping values and behaviour.
    Purdam, Kingsley, and Ingrid Storm (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 147-167.

    Analyzes 2006 European Social Survey data. Religious attenders report they place more value on helping & that they help more than do others.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Civic engagement; Practice
  • Piety in a Secular Society: Migration, Religiosity, and Islam in Britain.
    Lewis, Valerie A., and Ridhi Kashyap (2013)
    International Migration 51:3: 57-66.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Religiosity; Practice; Migrant; Great Britain; Islam, Great Britain
  • Religion, state and civil society in Europe: Triangular entanglements.
    Madeley, John T.S. (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Sprnger, pp. 69-86.

    Based on a survey of organizations in 8 medium sized European cities. Churches in Europe have neglected supplying church-related organizations for people to join.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Organization; Civil society; Secularization; Ecology; Levels of inclusiveness; Urban
  • Character strengths and deep connections following hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Spiritual and secular pathways to resistance among volunteers.
    Ai, Amy L., Catherine Lemieux, Roslyn Richardson, Terrence N. Tice, Carol Plummer, Bu Huang, and Christopher G. Ellison (2013)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 52:3: 537-556.

    Analyzes data from student volunteers in post-hurricane relief work; religion & spirituality were elements in psychologies of resilience (non-depression).

    Associated Search Terms: Depression; Disaster; Resilience
  • Democracy, civil society, and Islam
    Esmer, Yilmaz (2013)
    In Joep de Hart, Paul Dekker, and Loek Halman (eds.) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 267-284.

    Reviews various indexes of democracy & empirical data on democracy; Islam's presence is inversely related to democracy, probably because it is incompatible with secular civil society.

    Associated Search Terms: Democracy; Islam; Civil society
  • Questioning secularization? Church and religion in Poland.
    Hall, Dorota (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 121-141.

    Legal standing of religion in Poland. Description of church organization & works. 2006 descriptive staistics on individual practice. Correlations shown include education, urban, income, & spirituality. Secularization is largely at the macro level.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Urban/rural; Catholic, Poland; Education; Levels of inclusiveness; State; Stratification; Spirituality; Poland
  • Are we still secular? Explorations on the secular and post-secular.
    Casanova, José V. (2012)
    In P. Nynäs, M. Lassander, and T. Utriainen (eds.) Post-Secular Society. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, pp. 27-46.

    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular
  • Trajectories of post-secular complexity: An introduction.
    Moberg, Marcus, and Kennet Granholm (2012)
    In Peter Nynäs, M. Lassander, and T. Utriainen (eds.) Post-Secular Society. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, pp. 95-128.

    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular
  • Secularization or de-secularization? The challenges of and from the post-Soviet experience.
    Shterin, Marat (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 143-166.

    Based on ethnographic studies in Russia & 2006 survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Russia
  • Differentiated secularization in Europe: Comparative results.
    Pickel, Gert, Detlef Pollack, and Olaf Müller (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 229-237.

    Based on 2006 survey data. Finds differentiation. Despite using only descriptive statistics, tables are opaque.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Differentiation; Europe; Secularization
  • The End of Secularization in Europe?: A Socio-demographic Perspective.
    Kaufmann, Eric, Anne Goujon, and Vegard Skirbekk (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:1: 69-91.

    Predicts a leveling off of secularization in Europe after taking demographic factors into account, followed by a modest increase in religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe; Demography
  • Ireland in the twenty-first century: Secularization or religious vitality?
    Andersen, Karen (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 51-75.

    Church/state relations, organizational presence of the Catholic Church, & 1973-74, '91, '98, & 2006 survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Ireland; Secularization; Catholic, Ireland; State
  • The Religious Landscape in Germany: Secularizing West--Secularized East.
    Müller, Olaf, Detlef Pollack, and Gert Pickel (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 95-120.

    The Catholic Church was disestablished longer & became less dependent on the state, though it has a priest shortage, compared to the Protestant Church. Both provide this-worldly services. Surveys show individual religion is stronger in the West than in the East.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Rational choice theory; Individualism; Germany; Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland; State; Catholic, Germany
  • Church and religion in Hungary: Between religious individualization and secularization.
    Rosta, Gergely (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 187-205.

    Historical background, membership, churches' works, & survey-based descriptive statistics.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Membership; Individualism; Belief; Secularization; Hungary
  • Is there a crisis of secularism in western Europe?
    Modood, Tariq (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:2: 130-149.

    Secularism of the state in Europe enters into conflict with multicuturalism when the latter includes a desecularizing Islam. It also encounters Islamophobia.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Europe; Europe; State; Secularism; Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Pluralism
  • Church and religion in the enlarged Europe: Analyses of the social significance of religion in east and west.
    Pollack, Detlef, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp.1-26.

    Overview of secularization, individualization, & market theories of religious change & questions these raise concerning Europe. Describes a 2006 survey on which other essays in the book are based.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Europe; Individualism; Market model; Secularization
  • Portugal: Secularization and religious vitality of the Roman Catholic Church in a southern European country.
    Vilaça, Helena (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 77-93.

    Church/state relations, some personnel decline. 2001 census & 1999-2000 & 2006 survey data. There is an institutional secularization process, with religion remaining important.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Portugal; Portugal; State
  • Atheism and secularity.
    Keysar, Ariela (2012)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 27:1: 131-144.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Secularism
  • Reaching the limits of secularization? Turkish- and Moroccan-Dutch Muslims in the Netherlands.
    Maliepaard, Mieke, Mérove Gijsberts, and Marcel Lubbers (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:2: 359-367.

    Secondary analysis of 1998-2006 surveys of Dutch Muslims. Rather than adopting Dutch secularism, as seemed to occur previously, a second female generation & first male generation are reviving Mosque attendance.

    Associated Search Terms: Assimilation; Turkish Dutch; Education; Islam, Netherlands; Gender; Generations; Secularization; Practice; Netherlands; Moroccan Dutch
  • Multiple secularities: Toward a cultural sociology of secular modernities.
    Wohlrab-Sahr, Monika, and Marian Burchardt (2012)
    Comparative Sociology 11:6: 875-909.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Secularism
  • Modernity and the secularization debate.
    Mouzelis, Nicos (2012)
    Sciology 46;2: 207-223.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization
  • Contested secularities: Religious minorities and secular progressivism in the Netherlands.
    Schuh, Cora, Marian Burchardt, and Monika WhlrabSahr (2012)
    Journal of Religion in Europe 5:3: 349-383.

    Associated Search Terms: Minority; Netherlands; Secular
  • Patronage and secularization: Social obligation and church support.
    Bruce, Steve (2012)
    Briish Journal of Sociology 63:3: 533-552.

    Focuses on expectations upon elites in Great Britain.

    Associated Search Terms: Contributions; Secularization; Great Britain
  • Theorizing the sacred: The role of the implicit in yearning "away."
    Heelas, Paul (2012)
    Implicit Religion 15:4: 477-521.

    The secular is not an end-point but generates momentum toward som ekind of perfection.

    Associated Search Terms: Implicit religion; Secular
  • Public Religions and the Postsecular: Critical Reflections.
    Beckford, James A. (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:1: 1-19.

    Finds 6 general meanings of "post secular." Responses of the British government to pluralism, its efforts at equality, and its respect for the voluntary sector have little to do with post-secularism.

    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular; Great Britain
  • Some aspects of religiosity in Estonia.
    Jaanus, Eva-Liisa (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 167-185.

    Historical overview & some descriptive statistics.

    Associated Search Terms: Estonia; Membership; Practice; Secularization; State
  • Contrasting irreligious orientations: Atheism and secularity in the USA and Scandinavia.
    Zuckerman, Phil (2012)
    Approaching Religion 2:1: 8-20.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Scandinavia; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Religion and the "Public/Private" Problematic: The Three "Public" Spheres of the Lourdes Pilgrimage.
    Terado, Junko (2012)
    Social Compass 59:3: 345-356.

    The Lourdes pilgrimage originated as a protest identity in the face of militantly secular France & become a center for deprivatizing suffering. The author employs 3 meanings of "public."

    Associated Search Terms: France, Lourdes; Secularization; Historical; Identity; Pilgrimage
  • Negotiating pluralism in Québec: Identity, religion and secularism in the debates over "reasonable accommodation."
    Zubrzycki, Geneviève (2012)
    In Courtney Bender, Wendy Cadge, Peggy Levitt, and David Smilde (eds.) Religion at the Edge: Toward a New Sociology of Religion. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Catholic, Canada; Canada, Quebec; Identity, national; Pluralism; Accommodation
  • Religión, política y secularización: comparaciones entre Europe del Oeste y del Este./Religion, politics and secularization.
    Martin, David (2012)
    In Rodrigo Muñoz, Javier Sánchez Cañizares, and Gregoro Guitián (eds.) Religión, Socedad Moderna y Razón Práctica. Pamplona: EUNSA, pp. 15-31./DAvid Martin, Religion and Power. No Logos without Mythos. Burlingon, Vermont: Ashgate, pp. 155-171.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Europe; Secularization; Europe, eastern; Comparative; Europe, western
  • Investigating the Role of Religion-supported Secular Programs for Explaining Initiation into First Sex.
    Adamczyk, Amy (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:2: 324-342.

    Analyzes 2002-03 telephone interview data from American teens; conservative attitudes about sexual activity rather than involvement in religiously sponsored secular youth activities explains the delayed initation into sex by the more religious adolescents.

    Associated Search Terms: Sexual activity; Adolescents
  • Locating nonreligion, in mind, body and space: New research methods for a new field.
    Lee, Lois (2012)
    In Luigi Berzano and Ole Preben Riis (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion 3. New Methods in the Sociology of Religion. Leiden Brill, pp. 135-157.

    Non religion is a broader term than atheism, going beyond the intellectual. It is narrower than secularism, which is a negative measure of religion taken as a positive. Describes strategies for gethering interview data on nonreligion; uses illustrative intervews from work in southeast England.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Nonreligion; Methods; Great Britain, England; Atheist
  • The elusive religious field in Lithuania.
    Schröder, Ingo W. (2012)
    In Milda Ališauskiene and Ingo W. Schröder (eds.) Religious Diversity in Post-Soviet Society: Ethnographies of Catholic Hegemony and the New Pluralism in Lithuania. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 79-98.

    Based on 2008-09 fieldwork in Vilnius & Kaunas. A middle class habitus of superficial Catholicism is hegemonic in urban Lithuania. Pluralism is notable, even within Catholicism. The hegemony is limited by secularism. Overview of Church efforts to reach the public.

    Associated Search Terms: Field; Bourdieu, Pierre; Catholic, Lithuania; Secularism; Cultural capital; Habitus; Hegemony; Pluralism; Gramsci, Antonio; Lithuania
  • Forms, frequency, and correlates of perceived anti-atheist discrimination.
    Hammer, Joseph H., Ryan T. Cragun, Jesse M. Smith, and Karen Hwang (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1: 43-58.

    Associated Search Terms: Discrimination; Atheist
  • "They just don't stand for nothing": LGBT Christians' definition of non-religious others.
    Sumerau, J. Edward (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 5:1: 1-12.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Homosexuality
  • Atheisms unbound: The role of the new media in the formation of a secularist identity.
    Smith, Christopher, and Richard Cimino (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1:1: 17-31.

    Associated Search Terms: Media; Atheist; Internet
  • Irreligious socialization? The adult religious preferences of individuals raised with no religion.
    Merino, Stephen M. (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1: 1-16.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Socialization; Family
  • Forms, frequency, and correlates of perceived anti-atheist discrimination.
    Hamer, Joseph H., Ryan T. Cragun, Karen Hwang, and Jesse Smith (2012)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 1: 43-67.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Discrimination
  • Pour une sociologie des pèlerinages séculiers contemporains. Essai de typologie.
    Frégosi, Franck (2012)
    Social Compass 59:3: 311-323.

    Programatic essay.

    Associated Search Terms: Pilgrimage; Secularization
  • Glaube als Option./Faith as an Option, tr. Alex Skinner.
    Joas, Hans (2012)
    Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder/Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2014.

    Modernization doe snot inevitably result in secularization, & secularization doe snot inevitably undermine morality.

    Associated Search Terms: Violence; Weber, Max; Hinze, Otto; Pluralism; Modernization; Change; Merton, Robert K.; Troeltsch, Ernst; Moral
  • Perceptions of Science and American Secularism.
    Baker, Joseph O. (2012)
    Sociological Perspectives 55:1: 167-188.

    Favorable view of science is more characteristic of secularists than religiously affiliated Americans.

    Associated Search Terms: Evolution; Creationism; Atheist, U.S.A.; Agnostic; Science; United States
  • Pentecostalismo e secularização: Da rigidez doutrinária ao pluralism religioso.
    Ferreira, Ismael de Vasconcelos (2012)
    Horizonte 10:28: 1458-1472.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Change; Pentecostal; Pluralism
  • Beauty contra God. Has aesthetics replaced religion in modernity?
    Carroll, John (2012)
    Journal of Sociology 48:2: 206-223.

    Associated Search Terms: Aesthetic; Modernity; Secularization
  • Cambio religioso en España: los avatars de la secularización.
    Pérez-Agote, Alfonso (2012)
    Madrid: Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Secularization; Spain
  • Catholic women religious vocations in the twentieth century: The Slovenian case.
    Bezjak, Sonja (2012)
    Review of Religious Research 54:2: 157-174.

    Examines statistics on the number of Slovenian women entering Catholic religious orders & congregations in Slovenia in the 20th century; the population sex ratio and governmental policies as well as other factors prove to be important.

    Associated Search Terms: Vocation; Secularization; Sex ratio
  • Why Are Women More Religious Than Men?
    Trzebiatowska, Marta, and Steve Bruce (2012)
    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Women; Sex; Secularization
  • The emergence of post-dogmatic religion.
    Riis, Ole (2012)
    Implicit Religion 15:4: 423-438.

    Religion is increasingly centering on values & emotional groundings rather than on doctrinally distinct churches.

    Associated Search Terms: Doctrine; Secularization; Emotion; Post-dogmatic
  • Religion, secular democracy and conflcit resolution in Zimbabwe.
    Tarusarira, Joram, and Gladys Ganiel (2012)
    In Lee Marsden (ed.) Ashgate Companion on Religion and Conflict Resolution. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 99-117

    Associated Search Terms: Peace; Democracy; Zimbabwe
  • Laïcité as an “ideal type” and a continuum: Comparing Turkey, France, and Senegal.
    Kuru, Ahmet T., and Alfred Stepan (2012)
    In Ahmet T. Kuru and Alfred Stepan (eds.) Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 95-121.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Laïcité; France; Comparative; Senegal; Turkey
  • The limits of secularization? The resurgence of Orthodoxy in post-Soviet Russia.
    Evans, Geoffrey, and Ksenia Northmore-Ball (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:4: 795-808.

    Uses 1993-2007 Russian survey data; Orthodox identification, attendance, & the association between religiosity & conservative morality increased over time.

    Associated Search Terms: Russia; Practice; Desecularization; Identification; Moral; Religiosity; Russian Orthodox, Russia
  • Socially engaged religion in a post-Westphalian global context: Remodeling the secular/religious distinction.
    Beyer, Peter F. (2012)
    Sociology of Religion 73:2: 109-129.

    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Globalization; Sacred/profane; Systems theory
  • Do Latino Christians and seculars fit the culture war profile? Latino religiosity and political behavior.
    Gibson, M. Troy, and Christopher Hare (2012)
    Politics and Religion 5:1: 53-82.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Latino Americans
  • Explaining Differences in Philanthropic Behavior between Christians, Muslims, and Hindus in the Netherlands.
    Carabain, Christine L., and René Bekers (2012)
    Review of Religious Research 53:4: 419-440.

    Analyzes 2008 Dutch interview data. Community orientation, communal worship orientation, & beliefs affect giving patterns. Dutch Hindus have more secular & less religious giving levels, Dutch Muslims more religious & less secular.

    Associated Search Terms: Hindu, Netherlands; Indian Dutch; Belief; Catholic, Netherlands; Contributions; Islam, Netherlands; Protestant, Netherlands; Altruism; Netherlands
  • Church, Religion and Spirituality in Finland.
    Kääriäinen, Kimmo, and Kati Niemelä (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 27-50.

    History & descriptive data.

    Associated Search Terms: Finland
  • Croatia's religious story: The coexistence of institutionalized and individualized religiosity.
    Nikodem, Krunoslav, and Siniša Zrinš?ak (2012)
    In Detlef Pollack, Olaf Müller, and Gert Pickel (eds.) The Social Significance of Religion in the Enlarged Europe. Secularization, Individualization and Pluralization. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 207-227.

    Based on 2006 survey data, which are compared to other surveys. Individual & church religiosity coexist.

    Associated Search Terms: Croatia; Factor analysis; Individualism; State
  • Cruzadas pela paz: práticas religiosas e projetos seculares relacionados à questão da violência no Rio de Janeiro.
    Birman, Patricia (2012)
    Religião e Sociedade 32:1: 209-226.

    Associated Search Terms: Violence; Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
  • Spirituality, Activism, and the 'Postsecular' in the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence.
    Wilcox, Melissa M. (2012)
    In Peter Nynäs and Andrew Kam-Tuck Yip (eds.) Religion, Gender and Sexuality in Everyday Life. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate, pp. 37-50.

    Based on interviews & observation of a communal spirituality-based (i.e., no religious affiliation) LGBT group involving some parody of Catholic nuns.

    Associated Search Terms: Activism; Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence; LGBT; Nun; Participant observation; Spirituality; Orders/congregations; Post-secular
  • Secularisation and Nationalism: A Critical Review.
    Santiago, José (2012)
    Social Compass 59:1: 3-20.

    Review of the literature on nationalism as a surrogate for religion. Finds the theories confound function & cause; nations do not need ucltural integration. Nationalism does not lead to ndividual immortality but social immortlaity & hence is unlike religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Durkheim, Émile; Integration (social); Integration (national); Civil religion; Functionalism; Nationalism; Political religion; Secularization; Surrogate for religion
  • Beyond Krishnacore: Straight Edge punk and implicit religion.
    Stewart, Francis. (2012)
    Implicit Religion 15:3: 259-288.

    Uses the case of Straight Edge punk rock to illustrate the blurring of the religous/secular divide. Based on 2009-11 interviews in the San Francisco Bay Area, Chicago, & the U.K., which involved respondents creating visual images.

    Associated Search Terms: Implicit religion; Music
  • Public policies, interfaith associations and religious minorities: A new policy paradigm? Evidence from the case of Barcelona.
    Griera, Mar (2012)
    Social Compass 59:4: 570-587.

    Based on 2008-10 field work in Barcelona. A prior secularization policy paradigm, predicting the disappearance of religion, was replaced by a pluralist one as immigrant & other new religions occasioned public decisions..

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Spain, Barcelona; Change; Participant observation
  • Storytelling in Liberal Religious Advocacy.
    Braunstein, Ruth (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:1: 110-127.

    Analyzes 2008-2011 interview data with professionals in liberal religious advocacy in the U.S., as well as policy statements. Focuses on story telling as a non-technical yet secular form of discourse.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Liberal, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Femmes précaires et religion en Allemagne de l'Est.
    Sammet, Kornelia, and Marliese Weissmann (2012)
    Social Compass 59:1: 102-119.

    Uses 3 case studies of poor, religiously unaffiliated East German women to illustrate a world view that is secular but open to religion as a way of dealing with contingency.

    Associated Search Terms: Case study; Germany, East; Women; World view
  • Religion, religious tradition, and nationalism: Jewish revival in Poland and "religious heritage" in Quebec.
    Zubrzycki, Geneviève (2012)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:3: 442-455.

    Riesebrodt distinguised religion & religious tradition, the latter capable of being secularized. The left in Polish politics seeks a revival of Polish Judaism to promote pluralism while the right seeks to strengthen Catholic Polish identity. In Quebec there is an accommodation of non-Catholic sensibilities by the left, which yet retains some Catholic symbols in public places as indicators of tradition & Quebec identity.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Canada; Politics, Poland; Poland; Nationalism; Pluralism; Canada, Quebec; Riesebrodt, Martin; Catholic, Canada; Jewish, Poland; Catholic, Poland; Accommodation
  • The secular, secularization, secularisms.
    Casanova, José V. (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 54-74.

    Clarifies distinctions among the concepts secular, secularism, & secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secular; Secularization; Secularism
  • Rethinking the secular and religious aspects of violence.
    Juergensmeyer, Mark (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 185-203.

    The political construction of secular state & its related secular nationalism has become an idea contested, sometimes violently, by marginalized religiously-minded people.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularism; Violence
  • Western secularity.
    Taylor, Charles (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Anwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 31-53.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism
  • Secularism, religious change, and social conflict in Asia.
    Madsen, Richard (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 248-269.

    Examines the secularity or non-secularity of the state, society, & culture in Asia, with the cases of China, Taiwan, & Indonesia given particular attention.

    Associated Search Terms: Indonesia; China; Taiwan; Secularism; Asia
  • Secularism, citizenship, and the public sphere.
    Calhoun, Craig (2011)
    In Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer, and Jonathan Van Antwerpen (eds.) Rethinking Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 75-91.

    Norms of citizen participation that have a bias against religion drive a wedge between religious & non-religious citizens.

    Associated Search Terms: Tolerance; Secularization; Desecularization
  • Secularization: In Defence of an Unfashionable Theory.
    Bruce, Steve (2011)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Developing a Historical Sociology of Nationalism and State Secularization in Latin America.
    Eastwood, Jonathan (2011)
    In Barbara Jones Denison (ed.) History, Time, Meaning, and Memory. Ideas for the Sociology of Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 145-177.

    Outlines a general 4-state model for nationalism causing secularization (laicization of the state) for Latin American nations. Contrasts the cases of Venezuela & Mexico as different types within the 4-state framework.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Mexico; Venezuela; Historical; Nationalism; Laïcité; Latin America; State
  • Secularization, Individualization, or (Re)vitalization? The State and Development of Churchliness and Religiosity in post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe.
    Müller, Olaf (2011)
    Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe 4:1:21-37.

    Uses multiple survey data sources; Orthodox countries have experienced religious growth, while Catholic & Protestant countries have varied trajectories. There is little support for secularization and supply-side (competition) hypotheses, but some for individualization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Individualism; Europe, eastern; Europe, central; Competition; State
  • Recent trends and anomalies in American secularization.
    Clark, Roger, and Devin Grandchamp (2011)
    International Review of Modern Sociology 37:91-110.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States
  • Secularization in Europe: Religious change between and within birth cohorts.
    Voas, David, and Stefanie Doebler (2011)
    Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe (online) 4:1: 39-62.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Generations; Europe
  • Administering secularization: Religious education in New South Wales since 1960.
    Mayri, Damon (2011)
    European Journal of Sociology 52:1: 111-142.

    Associated Search Terms: Australia, New South Wales; State; Education; Secularization
  • A Secular Cancellation of the Secularist Truce: Religion and Political Legitimation in Australia.
    Maddox, Marion (2011)
    In Patrick Michel and Enzo Pace (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Volume 2: Religion and Politics. Leiden: Brill, pp. 287-308.

    Historically, religion was marginal to Australian politics. In the 2000s, politicans made religious references & directed funding to chaplaincies, religious schools, & faith-based social services to please the minimally religious part of the public, which is not very religiously literate but vaguely favors religious values.

    Associated Search Terms: Australia; Privatization; Secularization; Politics, Australia
  • Religious Pluralization and Intimations of a Post-Westphalian Condition in a Global Society.
    Beyer, Peter F. (2011)
    In Patrick Michel and Enzo Pace (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Volume 2: Religion and Politics. Leiden: Brill, pp. 3-29.

    Grand narrative of the development of religion as a distinct but not isolated aspect of western society & then as a plural phenomenon within & across secular societies. Non-western societies duplicated the pattern in response to colonialism. Globallly, the result is a pluralization of patterns, not secularization or religious resurgence.

    Associated Search Terms: Globalization; Differentiation; Secularization
  • Italian secularism revisited? Muslim claims in the public sphere and the long struggle towards religious equality.
    Pace, Enzo, and A. Frisina (2011)
    In T. Keskin (ed.) The Sociology of Islam and Muslim Societies: Secularism, Economy and Politics. Reading: Ithaca Press, pp. 291-317.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Italy; Italy; State
  • Secular intolerance in a post-Christian society: The case of Islam in the Netherlands.
    Van Bohemen, Samira, Roy Kemmers, Dick Houtman, Sttef Aupers, and Willem de Koster (2011)
    In Dick Houtman, Stef Aupers, and Willem de Koster (eds.) Paradoxes of Individualization: Social Control and Social Conflict in Contemporary Modernity. Farnham, UK: Ashgate, pp. 123-140.

    Associated Search Terms: Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Netherlands; Secular; Islam, Netherlands
  • The Future of Christianity: Reflections on Violence and Democracy, Religion and Secularization.
    Martin, David (2011)
    Farnham, UK, and Williston, Vermont: Ashgate.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Catholic; Violence; Pentecostal; Orthodox, eastern; Protestant
  • Assessing the Role of Religious Beliefs on Secular and Spiritual Behaviors.
    Driskell, Robyn L., and Larry Lyon (2011)
    Review of Religious Research 52:4: 386-404.

    Based on the 2005 wave of the Baylor Religion Survey; shows importance of beliefs on secular & religious behavior.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Social participation; United States; New age
  • Patterns of Secularization: Church, State and Nation in Greece and the Republic of Ireland.
    Halikiopoulou, Daphne (2011)
    Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularization; Catholic, Ireland; Greece; Greek Orthodox, Greece; Ireland; Nationalism
  • Jewish Identity and the Secular Achievements of American Jewish Men and Women.
    Hartman, Harriet, and Moshe Hartman (2011)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 50:1: 133-153.

    Analyzes 2000-01 National Jewish Population Survey data. Greater Jewish dientity, including religious identity, correlates with secular achievement: education, labor force participation, occupational achievement.

    Associated Search Terms: Economic; Education; Identity; Jewish, U.S.A.; Achievement
  • Jenseits des Säkulaisierungsparadigmas? Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Charles Taylor.
    Koenig, Matthias (2011)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 63:4: 649-673.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religions séculières: origine, nature et destin.
    Gauchet, Marcel (2011)
    Débat 167:5: 187-192.

    Associated Search Terms: Secular religion
  • Religions, secularisations, modernities.
    Casanova, José V. (2011)
    European Journal ofSociology 52:3: 425-445.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization
  • Mormons in the United States 1900-2008: Socio-Demographic Trends and Regional Differences.
    Phillips, Rick, Ryan T. Cragun, Barry A. Kosmin, and Ariela Keysar (2011)
    Hartford, Connecticut: Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culture.

    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Mormon, U.S.A.; Regionalism
  • Christian Religion in the West: Privatization or Public Revitalization?
    Roeland, Johan, Peter Achterberg, Dick Houtman, Stef Aupers, Willem de Koster, Peter Mascini, and Jeroen van der Waal (2011)
    In Patrick Michel and Enzo Pace (eds.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Volume 2: Religion and Politics. Leiden: Brill, pp. 119-134.

    Analyzes 1998 survey data from 18 Western nations where Christianity is the dominant religion. Where Christians are numerically most marginal, they have greater aspirations for a public role for their creed.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics; Marginality; Secularization; Privatization
  • La "montée" au Mur des Fédérés du Père-Lachaise, pèlerinage laïque partisan.
    Frégosi, Franck (2011)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 155:3: 165-189.

    Focuses on the site where communards were executed in 1871.

    Associated Search Terms: Secular religion; Pilgrimage; France, Paris
  • Pertinence de la Théorie de la Dualisation de la Religion en Suisse, en France et en Europe.
    Bréchon, Pierre, and Roland J. Campiche (2011)
    Social Compass 58:2: 162-175.

    Dualization (institutional religions being replaced by a lesser level of institutional religion & new presence of individualized spirituality) is emerging in Europe.

    Associated Search Terms: Spirituality; Secularization; Institutionalization; Europe; Deinstitutionalization
  • Buddhism in the reform era: A secularized revival?
    Ji, Zhe (2011)
    In Adam Yuet chau (ed.) Religion in Contemporary China: Revitalization and Innovation. London: Routledge, pp. 32-53.

    Associated Search Terms: Buddhist, China; China
  • Sécularisation, catholicisme et transformation du régime de religiosité au Québec. Étude comparative avec le catholicisme au Canada (1968-2007).
    Meunier, É. Martin, and Sarah Wilkins-LaFlamme (2011)
    Recherches sociographiques 52:3: 683-729.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Catholic, Canada; Canada, Quebec; Comparative; Change
  • Säkularisierung, religiöses Sozialkapital und Politik: Religiöses Sozialkapital als Faktor der Zivilgesellschaft und als kommunale Basis subjektiver Religiosität?
    Pickel, Gert, and Anja Gladkich (2011)
    In Antonius Liedhegener and Ines-Jacqueline Werkner (eds.) Religion zwischen Zivilgesellschaft und politischen System. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag fur Sozialwissenschaften, pp. 81-109.

    Associated Search Terms: Social capital; Secularization; Religiosity; Civil society; Politics
  • Postcolonialism and religion: new spaces of "belonging and participation" in the postsecular city.
    Baker, Christopher, and Justin Beaumont (2011)
    In Justin Beaumont and Christopher Baker (eds.) Postsecular Cities--Space, Theory and Practice. London: Continuum, pp. 33-49.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban; Belonging, sense of; Post-secular
  • Substitution or symbiosis? Assessing the relationship between religious and secular giving.
    Hill, Jonathan P., and Brandon Vaidyanathan (2011)
    Social Forces 90:1: 157-180.

    Associated Search Terms: Contributions
  • Do church-based social relationships influence social relationships in the secular world?
    Krause, Neal (2011)
    Mental Health, Religion and Culture 14: 877-897.

    Associated Search Terms: Network
  • Pilgrimage in a Secular Age: Religious & Consumer Landscapes of Late Modernity.
    Chemin, Eduardo (2011)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Exeter.

    Associated Search Terms: Pilgrimage
  • Secular intolerance in a post-Christian society: The case of Islam in the Netherlands.
    DeKoster, W., Dick Houtman, S. van Bohemen, et al. (2011)
    In Dick Houtman, S. Aupers, and W. deKoster (eds.) Paradoxes of Individualization: Scoial Control, Social Conflict in Contemporary Modernity. Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 141-156.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Netherlands; Netherlands; Prejudice, anti-Islamic
  • Religion and Charitable Financial Giving to Religious and Secular Causes: Does Political Ideology Matter?
    Vaidyanathan, Brandon, Jonathan P. Hill, and Christian Smith (2011)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 50:3: 450-469.

    Analyzes U.S.A. interview data; congregational participation mediates the spurious relationship between political conservatism & charitable giving.

    Associated Search Terms: Philanthropy; United States; Practice; Politics, U.S.A.
  • An Islam of Her Own: Reconsidering Religion and Secularism in Women's Islamic Movements.
    Hafez, Sherine (2011)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Social movement; Women; Islam
  • Religion and Modern Society: Citizenship, Secularisation and the State.
    Turner, Bryan S. (2011)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Douglas, Mary; Weber, Max; Secularization; Parsons, Talcott; Durkheim, Émile; Globalization
  • Providing Human Services in Collaboration with Government: Comparing Faith-Based and Secular Organizations that Serve Homeless Veterans.
    Garrow, Eve, John Nakashima, and James McGuire (2011)
    Review of Religious Research 52:3: 266-281.

    Faith-based agencies fared as well as other ones in using U.S. government resources to assist homeless veterans.

    Associated Search Terms: Veterans; State; Homeless; Social services
  • Muslim Attitudes toward Business in the Emerging Market Economy of China.
    Wang, Yutin, and Fenggang Yang (2011)
    Social Compass 58:4: 554-573.

    Based on 2006 open-ended interviews with Chinese Muslim business people in 3 cities--Beijing, Zhengzhou, & Guangzhou. Develops a typology of urban Muslim business people: socially detached, socially engaged, pragmatic, traditional, & secular.

    Associated Search Terms: Business people; Economic; China; Islam, China
  • Religiousness, Spirituality, and Psychological Distress in Taiwan.
    Liu, Eric Y., Scott Schieman, and Sung Joon Jang (2011)
    Review of Religious Research 53:2: 137-159.

    Analyzes 2004 survey data from Taiwan. Supernatural belief & resort to fortune telling & other secular supernatural activities predict more stress, while daily prayer predicts less; but attendance is unrelated to it.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Fortune telling; Practice; Prayer; Stress; Taiwan
  • Wake Up, Lazarus! On Catholic Renewal (2 vols.).
    Hegy, Pierre (2011)
    Bloomington, Indiana: iUniverse.

    Reviews survey & historical data on American Catholicism, & adds observation of Catholic parishes and an Evangelical congregation. Volume II (2013) includes analyses of homilies from the U.S. & Guatemala.

    Associated Search Terms: Homily; Pastoral sociology; Participant observation; Communitas; Catholic, U.S.A.; Consumerism; Secularization; Liminality; Catholic, Guatemala; Ecclesiola; Spirituality; Content analysis; Guatemala
  • A secular age: Dawn or twilight.
    Casanova, José V. (2010)
    In Michael Warner, Craig Calhoun, and Jonathan VanAntwerpen (eds.) Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age. Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, pp. 265-281.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularity in Great Britain.
    Voas, David, and Abby Day (2010)
    In Barry A. Kosmin and A. Keysar (eds.) Secularism and Secularity: Contemprary International perspectives. Hartford, Connecticut: Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culture, pp. 95-112.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Great Britain
  • Atheism, secularity, family, and children.
    Manning, Christel J. (2010)
    In Phillip Zuckerman (ed.) Atheism and Secularity, Vol. I. New York: Praeger, pp. 19-41.

    Associated Search Terms: Socialization; Secular; Family; Atheist
  • The civilizational, spatial, and sexual powers of the secular.
    Göle, Nilüfer (2010)
    In Michael Warner, Jonathan VanAntwerpen, Craig Calhoun (eds.)Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Univrsity Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Space
  • Nationalism, Religion, and Secularization: An Opportune Moment for Research.
    Eastwood, Jonathan, and Nikolas Prevalakis (2010)
    Review of Religious Research 52:1: 90-111.

    Nationalism foments the processes of intitutional differentiation and thus helps cause secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Differentiation; Nationalism
  • Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age.
    Warner Michael, Jonathan VanAntwerpen, and Craig Calhoun (2010)
    Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism
  • The anthropology of secularism.
    Cannell, Fenella (2010)
    Annual Review of Anthropology 39: 85-100.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism
  • Secularization and Its Discontents.
    Warner, Rob (2010)
    New York: Continuum.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Sacred archipelagos: Geographies of secularization.
    Wilford, Justin G. (2010)
    Progress in Human Geography 34: 328-348.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Space
  • The new atheism and the secularization thesis.
    Borer, Michael Ian (2010)
    In Amarnath Armarasingam (ed.) Religion and the New Athesm. Leiden: Brill, pp. 125-137.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Secularization
  • Moderate secularism, religion as identity and respect for religion.
    Modood, Tariq (2010)
    Political Quarterly 81:1:4-14.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularism
  • A portrait of secular group affliates.
    Pasquale, Frank (2010)
    In Phil Zuckerman (ed.) Atheism and Secularity, vol. 1. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger, pp. 43-47.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • Atheism and Secularity in Modern Japan.
    Roemer, Michael K. (2010)
    In Phil Zuckerman (ed.) Atheism and Secularity, vol. 2. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger, pp. 23-44.

    Associated Search Terms: Japan; Atheist, Japan
  • The contingency of secularization. Reflections on the problem of secularization in the work of Reinhart Koselleck.
    Joas, Hans (2010)
    In Hans Joas and Barbro Klein (eds.) The Benefit of Broad Horizons. Intellectual and Institutional Preconditions for a global Socal Scence. Festschrft for Björn Wittrock. Leiden: Brill, pp. 87-104.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Koselleck, Reinhart
  • A Silent Battle: Theorizing the Effects of Competition between Churches and Secular Institutions.
    Stolz, Jörg (2010)
    Review of Religious Research 51:3:253-276.

    Theoretical essay.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Competition
  • A (post-)secular age? Religion and the two exceptionalisms.
    Torpey, John (2010)
    Social Research 77:1: 269-296.

    Associated Search Terms: Berger, Peter L.; Post-secular; Secularization
  • Can Post-Secular Society Tolerate Religious Differences?
    Dillon, Michele (2010)
    Sociology of Religion 71:2: 139-156.

    Appreciation of Habermas's recognition of religion as a resource for democracy but also notes limits to tolerance.

    Associated Search Terms: Habermas, Jürgen; Tolerance; Post-secular
  • A New Paradigm for the Study of Religion: A Re-examination.
    McMullin, Steve (2010)
    Implicit Religion 13:1:3-16.

    Reviews literature on secularization & rational choice, & offers theoretical prospects.

    Associated Search Terms: Theory; Secularization; Rational choice theory
  • Sacrée Médecine. Histoire et Devenir d'un Sanctuaire de la Raison.
    Baubérot, Jean, and Raphaël Liogier (2010)
    Paris: Éditions Entrelacs.

    Religious secularization created a need for medical sacralization.

    Associated Search Terms: Death; Orders/congregations; France; Secularization; Medical
  • The Return of the Sacred: What African Chiefs Teach us about Secularization.
    Swidler, Ann (2010)
    Sociology of Religion 71:2: 157-171.

    In Malawi the sacred can activate traditional leadership and vice-versa.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sacred; Malawi
  • Inscribing the General Theory of Secularization and its Basic Patterns in the Architectural Space/Time of the City.
    Martin, David (2010)
    In Arie L. Molendijk, Justin Beaumont, and Christoph Jedan (eds.) Exploring the Postsecular. Leiden: Brill, pp. 183-205. Expanded version in David A. Martin, Religion and Power. No Logos without Mythos. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate, pp. 203-223.

    Associated Search Terms: Ecology; Secularization; Urban
  • La Population Musulmane de France: de l'Ombre à la Lumière?
    Dargent, Claude (2010)
    Revue Française de Sociologie 51:2: 219-246.

    While 1990s surveys neglected the Muslim population of France, it has been increasing. Survey data on them contradicts the secularization model.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; France; Islam, France
  • Buddha-Dhamma in Israel. Explicit Non-Religious and Implicit Non-Secular Localization of Religion.
    Loss, Joseph (2010)
    Nova Religio 13:4: 84-105.

    Buddha-Dhamma presents itself as non-religious in Israel, recruiting mostly secular Jews; but it adopts some Jewish religious symbols to be non-secular.

    Associated Search Terms: Israel; Buddha-Dhamma; Buddhist, Israel
  • From Religious to Consumption-related Routine Activities? Analyzing Ireland's Economic Boom and the Decline in Church Attendance.
    Hirschle, Jachen (2010)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49:4: 673-687. Comment by David Voas 688-690. Reply by Hirschle 691-693.

    Analyzes 1988-2005 survey data from Ireland; religious values did not decline with the decline in church attendance, suggesting consumption of alternative symbolic media rather than secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Consumerism; Media; Practice; Secularization; Ireland
  • Politica, legalità e religione nel Mezzogiorno.
    Costabile, Antonio (2010)
    In Vittorio Cotesta, Alberto Febbrajo, Enzo Pace, and Roberto Segatori (eds.) Il pluralismo religioso tra politica, diritto e società. Soveria Mannelli, Catanzaro, pp. 239-293.

    The differentiation of the economy, religion, & politics in the Mezzogiorno is incomplete & not fully legitimated; hence there is clientelism & familism, which secularize by using religion for benefits.

    Associated Search Terms: Familism; Italy, South; Clientelism; Legitimation; Secularization; Differentiation
  • La Dimension Conséquentielle et la Nouvelle Pluralité Religieuse de l'Espagne Actuelle.
    Santiago, José (2010)
    Social Compass 57:1: 3-14.

    Theoretical framing of secularization & the consequential dimension, & review of Spanish survey data on importance of religion in people's lives, which is in decline.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Spain; Secularization; Consequential dimension; Salience
  • Deseclarization: A conceptual framework.
    Karpov, Vyacheslav (2010)
    Journal of Church and State 52:2:232-270.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Desecularization
  • Leaving the Institution. Secularized Priests.
    Núñez, Francesc (2010)
    Social Compass 57:2: 268-284.

    Based on interviews with ex-priests from the Barcelona diocese.

    Associated Search Terms: Ex-priests; Catholic, Spain; Spain, Barcelona; Ex-clergy
  • When was Secularisation? Dating the Decline of the British Churches and its Cause.
    Bruce, Steve, and Tony Glendinning (2010)
    British Journal of Sociology 61:1: 107-126.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Great Britain
  • Logiques religieuses et logiques de laïcisation au Canada. Des compatibilités paradoxales.
    Milot, Micheline (2010)
    In J. Lagrée ad P. Portier (eds.) La modernité contre la religion? Pour une nouelle approche de la laïcité. Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, pp. 149-164.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Change; Laïcité; Secularization
  • Entre lo “que es” y lo que “queremos que sea”: secularización y laicidad en la Argentina.
    Mallimaci, Fortunato (2010)
    Sociedad y Religión 32/33: 8-30.

    Associated Search Terms: Argentina; Secularization; Laïcité
  • Does Duration of Deregulated Religious Markets Affect Church Attendance? Evidence from 26 Religious Markets in Europe and North America Between 1981 and 2006.
    Aarts, Olav, Manfred te Grotenhuis, Ariana Need, and Nan Dirk de Graaf (2010)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49:4: 657-672.

    Based on European & World Values Study data; modernization corrodes church attendance more than deregulation can stimulate it.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Modernization; Market model; Secularization
  • Secularización: una dimensión empirica de la modernidad en la zona andina de Nariño (Colombia).
    Villamarín, Francisco Javier (2010)
    Revista Cultura e Religión 4:2: 166-191.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization; Colombia, Nariño region
  • Religious Change in Spain.
    Pérez-Agote, Alfonso (2010)
    Social Compass 57:2: 224-234.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Change; Migration; Secularization; Spain
  • As esferas seculares e religiosas na sociedade portuguesa.
    Dix, Steffen (2010)
    Análise Social 194: 5-27.

    Associated Search Terms: Portugal
  • Secular and Liminal: Discovering Heterogeneity Among Religious Nones.
    Lim, Chaeyoon, Carol Ann MacGregor, and Robert D. Putnam (2010)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49:4: 596-618.

    Uses several U.S.A. surveys; about 30% of "nones" in a panel later report a religion, with little change in religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Sunday celluloids: Visual media and Protestant boundaries with secular culture.
    Draper, Scott, and Jerry Z. Park (2010)
    Sociological Spectrum 30:4: 433-458.

    Content analysis of homily references to cinema; compares Evangelical with mainline Protestant.

    Associated Search Terms: Media; Boundary maintenance; Content analysis; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Homily; Protestant (mainline), U.S.A..
  • Theocratic Democracy: The Social Construction of Religious and Secular Extremism.
    Ben-Yehuda, Nachman (2010)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Theocracy; Politics, Israel; Violence; Jewish, Haredi; Israel
  • Säkularisierung, Individualisierung oder Marktmodell?
    Pickel, Gert (2010)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 62:2: 219-245.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Comparative; Europe; Secularization; Market model
  • L'Europe au défi du pluralisme religieux du XXIe siècle.
    Willaime, Jean-Paul (2010)
    In Vittorio Cotesta, Alberto Febbrajo, Enzo Pace, and Roberto Segatori (eds..) Il pluralismo religioso tra politica, diritto e società. Soveria Mannelli, Catanzaro: Rubbettino, pp. 11-53.

    Overview of changes from "cujus regio cujus religio" to religiosity with at best loose connections to historical churches.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Secularization; Pluralism; State; Europe; Anticlericalism; Change
  • Temple and dam, fez and hat: The secular roots of religious politics in Turkey and India.
    Roy, Sruripa (2010)
    Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 48:2: 148-172.

    Associated Search Terms: India; Politics, Turkey; Politics, India; Turkey; Comparative
  • Secularism, Fundamentalism, or Catholicism? The Religious Compostiion of the United States to 2043.
    Skirbekk, Vegard, Eric Kaufmann, and Anne Goujon (2010)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49:2: 293-310.

    Makes projections of the religious composition of the U.S.A.

    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Membership; United States
  • Religious Politics and Secular States: Egypt, India and the United States.
    Hibbard, Scott W. (2010)
    Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; State; Politics, U.S.A.; Politics, India; Politics, Egypt; India; Egypt
  • The Secular Transition: Two Worldwide Growth of Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Seventh-Day Adventists.
    Cragun, Ryan T., and Ronald Lawson (2010)
    Sociology of Religion 71:3: 349-373.

    1960-2006 membership data for 3 religious denominations show economic development curtailing membership growth.

    Associated Search Terms: Mormon; Seventh-day Adventist; Modernization; Development; Membership; Jehovah´s Witness
  • Irish Secularization and Religious Identities: Evidence of an Emerging New Catholic Habitus.
    Andersen, Karen (2010)
    Social Compass 57:1: 15-39.

    Based on 2006 interview data; Irish Catholics aged 18-29 retain a Catholic identity but are autonomous in selecting responses to interview questions.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Catholic, Ireland; Ireland; Habitus; Youth; Individualism
  • Brazilian University Students and Religion.
    Oro, Ari Pedro, and Mauro Meirelles (2010)
    In Giuseppe Giordan (ed.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Vol. 1: Youth and Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 65-87.

    Analyzes survey & follow-up interview data from medical & social science students in Brazilian universities.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Brazil; Practice; Students, social science; Students, medical; Secularization; Medical
  • La Religion Visible. Pratiques et Croyances en Suisse.
    Campiche, Roland J. (2010)
    Lausanne: Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes.

    Reviews a variety of surveys of religion in Switzerland, often making comparisons to the rest of Europe.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Belief; Membership; Family; Switzerland; Change; Secularization; Pluralism
  • German Youth: Neither Participants nor Partakers in Religion?
    Pickel, Gert (2010)
    In Giuseppe Giordan (ed.) Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion. Vol. 1: Youth and Religion. Leiden: Brill, pp. 251-287.

    Based on 1990-2008 data from multiple German surveys.

    Associated Search Terms: Market model; Germany; Secularization; Youth; Invisible religion; Individualism
  • Higher Education and Theological Liberalism: Revisiting the Old Issue.
    Reimer, Samuel H. (2010)
    Sociology of Religion 71:4: 393-408.

    Analyzes interview data from congregations in three U.S. cities from three denominations; exposure to secular theories in higher education liberalizes theological beliefs.

    Associated Search Terms: Assemblies of God, U.S.A.; Belief; United Methodist, U.S.A.; Education; Episcopal
  • Corporéités, Ascéticismes et Sécularisation dans le Discours de la Confrérie Naqshbandi Turque Contemporaine.
    Manço, Ural (2010)
    Social Compass 57:4: 479-492.

    Analysis of the discourse of a late 20th century Sufi sheik.

    Associated Search Terms: Other-worldly asceticism; Islam, Sufi; Discourse; Asceticism; Islam, Turkey; Mobility (vertical); Inner-worldly asceticism; Secularization; Turkey
  • The relevance of the European model of secularization in Latin America and Africa.
    Martin, David (2009)
    In Hans Joas and Klaus Wiegandt (eds.) Secularization and the World Religions. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, pp. 278-295.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Muslims, religious equality and secularism.
    Modood, Tariq (2009)
    In Geoffrey Brahm Levey and Tariq Modood (eds.) Secularism, Religion and Multicultual Citizenship. New York: Cambridge Univesity Press, pp. 164-185.

    Associated Search Terms: Equality; Islam; Secularism
  • China Challenges Secularization Theory.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (2009)
    Social Compass 56:3: 362-370.

    Comments on 3 previous articles in the same number of Social Compass, which are not particularly sociological but which represent challenges to secularization theory.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; China; Secularization
  • Religious reason and secular affect.
    Mahmood, Saba (2009)
    Critical Inquiry 35: 836-862.

    As secular rationality has come to characterize the state, law, economics, etc., it has altered religion as well.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Dialectic; Differentiation
  • The Meaning and Scope of Secularization.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (2009)
    In Peter B. Clarke (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 599-615.

    At the macro level, a baseline for the study of secularization would be 13th century Europe; macro, organizational, & individual secularizations are described.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Individualism; Rationalization; Differentiation; Levels of inclusiveness
  • The secular and secularisms.
    Casanova, José V. (2009)
    Social Research 76:4: 1049-1066.

    Associated Search Terms: Secular; Secularism
  • The Polysemy of the Secular.
    Taylor, Charles (2009)
    Social Research 76:4:1,143-1,166.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism
  • Patterns of Secularization and Religious Rationalization in Emile Durkheim and Max Weber.
    Goldstein, Warren S. (2009)
    Implicit Religion 12:2: 135-163.

    The linear secularization model is only one theme in classical sociological theory.

    Associated Search Terms: Durkheim, Émile; Rationalization; Weber, Max; Differentiation; Dialectic; Secularization
  • Secularization Patterns in the Old Paradigm.
    Goldstein, Warren S. (2009)
    Sociology of Religion 70:2: 157-178.

    Critique of "old paradigm" secularization is misguided since the paradigm did not speak of a linear process; favors a dialectical model.

    Associated Search Terms: Luhmann, Niklas; Bellah, Robert N.; Wilson, Bryan R.; Secularization; Parsons, Talcott; Martin, David A.; Berger, Peter L.; Luckmann, Thomas; Fenn, Richard K.; Dialectic
  • Secularization or the Revival of Religion? Worldviews in 22 Societies: Findings and Suggestions of a Cross-sectional Survey.Säkularisierung oder religiöse Erneuerung? Weltanschauungen in 22 Gesellschaften.
    Meulemann, Heiner (2009)
    In Bertelsmann Stiftung (ed.) What the World Believes: Analyses and Commentary on the Religion Monitor 2008./Woran glaubt die Welt? Analysen und Kommentare zum Religionsmonitor 2008. Gütersloh: Verlag Bertelsmann Stiftung, pp. 663-690/691-723.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The religious situation in Europe.
    Casanova, José V. (2009)
    In Hans Joas and Klaus Wiegandt (eds.) Secularization and the World Religions. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, pp. 206-228.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization
  • Secularization as European Fate? Results from the Church and Religion in an Enlarged Eruope Project 2006.
    Pickel, Gert (2009)
    In Gert Pickel and Olaf Müller (eds.) Church and Religion in Contemporary Europe. Results from Empirical and Compartive Research. Wiesbaden: Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, pp. 89-123.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization
  • Religion and Gender across Europe.
    Voicu, Malina (2009)
    Social Compass 56:2: 144-162.

    Analyzes 1999 European Values Survey data; secularization undermines traditionalist gender roles derived from religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Gender role; Women; Europe; Secularization
  • Towards a New Approach to Secularization: Religion, Education and the State in Denmark, 1721-1900.
    Reeh, Niels (2009)
    Social Compass 56:2: 179-188.

    Teaching religion in Denmark's schools over time reflected changing state interests.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Historical; Education; Secularization; Denmark
  • Brazilian Secularity and Minorities in the Biggest Catholic Nation in the World. A Catholic Country?
    Arriada Lorea, Roberto (2009)
    Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 146: 81-98.

    Associated Search Terms: Brazil; Secularism; Pluralism; Minority; Catholic, Brazil
  • Secularism in Context: The Relations between the Greek State and the Church of Greece in Crisis.
    Karagiannis, Evangelos (2009)
    European Journal of Sociology 50:1: 133-167.

    Associated Search Terms: Greek Orthodox, Greece; Greece; Secularism; State
  • Religion and Modernity in a New Key.
    Vukomanovic, Milan (2009)
    In Danijela Gavrilovic (ed.) Revitalization of Religion. Theoretical and Comparative Approaches. Nis, Serbia: Yugoslav Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, pp. 7-13.

    How one conceptualizes religion & all that religion entails affects assessments of secularization & revitalization.

    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Modernization; Secularization; Definition of religion; Sacralization; Practice
  • Religious challenges to the secularized identity of an insecure polity: A tentative sociology of Québec's reasonable accommodation debate.
    Gaudreault-DesBiens, Jean-François (2009)
    In Ralph Grillo, Roger Ballard, Alessandro Ferrari, André J. Hoekema, Marcel Maussen and Prakash Shah (eds.) Legal Practice and Cultural Diversity. Surrey, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 151-176.

    Associated Search Terms: Accommodation; Canada, Quebec; Secularism; Politics, Canada; Identity, national
  • Muslim women, fragmented secularism and the construction of interconnected "publics" in Italy
    Salih, Ruba (2009)
    Social Anthropology 17:4: 409-423.

    Muslim women are noted favoring the secular nature of the Italian state; in contrast, it is the Catholic Church that is trying to position itself at the center of politics.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Italy; Women; Italy; Politics, Italy
  • Die säkulare Option. Ihr Aufstieg und ihre Folgen.
    Joas, Hans (2009)
    Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 57: 293-300.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Desecularization of the World in Sociological Theory.
    Gavrilovic, Danijela (2009)
    In Danijela Gavrilovic (ed.) Revitalization of Religion. Theoretical and Comparative Approaches. Nis, Serbia: Yugoslav Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, pp. 25-30.

    Review of the literature.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sacralization
  • The Nonformative Elements of Religious Life: Questioning the 'Sociology of Spirituality' Paradigm.
    Wood, Matthew (2009)
    Social Compass 56:2: 237-248.

    Relativization undermines religious authority & appears to counter claims of contemporary religious vitality.

    Associated Search Terms: Relativization; Pluralism; Secularization
  • Canada's Dataless Debate about Religion: The Precarious Role of Research in Identifying Implicit and Explicit Religion.
    Bibby, Reginald W. (2009)
    Implicit Religion 12:3: 251-269.

    Critique of the application of impliict religion to Canada; such use amounts to a denial of data.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Canada; Implicit religion
  • Europas Angst vor der Religion.
    Casanova, José V. (2009)
    Berlin: Berlin University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Democracy; Europe
  • Max Weber. Religion and Modernization.
    Kippenberg, Hans G. (2009)
    In Peter B. Clarke (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 63-78.

    Weber saw modernization as religiously-influenced rationalization, not as secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Weber, Max; Modernization; Rationalization; Disenchantment
  • The triumph of indifference: Irreligion in British society.
    Bagg, Samuel, and David Voas (2009)
    In Phil Zuckerman (ed.) Atheism and Secularity. Volume 2: Global Expressions. Santa Barbara, California: praeger, pp. 91-110.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Indifference
  • Society, state and religion: Their relationship from the perspective of the world religions.
    Joas, Hans (2009)
    In Hans Joas and Klaus Wiegandt (eds.) Secularization and the World Religions. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, pp. 1-22..

    Associated Search Terms: State
  • The religious situation in the U.S.A.
    Joas, Hans (2009)
    In Hans Joas and Klaus Wiegandt (eds.) Secularization and the World Religions. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, pp. 229-240.

    Associated Search Terms: United States
  • A Christian Cancellation of the Secularist Truce? Waning Christian Religiosity and Waxing Religious Deprivatization in the West.
    Achterberg, Peter, Dick Houtman, Stef Aupers, Willem de Koster, Peter Mascini, and Jeroen van der Waal (2009)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 48:4: 687-701.

    1998 survey data from 18 western nations & 1970-96 Dutch survey data show the number of Christians inversely related to their support for public religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Netherlands; Secularization; Public religion; Privatization
  • "We don't do God": The long divorce of religion and national identity in Britain 1832-2008.
    Bruce, Steve (2009)
    Journal for the Study of British Cultures 16:2: 69-76.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Identity, national; Great Britain
  • Les trois vagues de la sécularisation des consciences en Espagne.
    Pérez-Agote, Alfonso (2009)
    Social Compass 56:2: 189-201.

    Sees 3 stages in a progressive decline of Catholicism in Spain.

    Associated Search Terms: Spain; Secularization; Historical; Catholic, Spain
  • The Importance of Protestantism in Max Weber's Theory of Secularisation.
    Carroll, Anthony J. (2009)
    European Journal of Sociology 50:1: 61-95.

    Associated Search Terms: Weber, Max; Protestant Ethic; Secularization
  • Politicized Evangelicalism and Secular Elites; Creating a Moral Order.
    Williams, Rhys H. (2009)
    In Steven Brint and Jean Reith Schroedel (eds.) Evangelicals and Democracy in America, Vol. 2: Religion and Politics. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 143-178.

    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical, U.S.A.; Conservative, U.S.A.; Moral; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Forcierte Säkularität, Religiöser Wandel und Generationendynamik im Osten Deutschlands.
    Wohlrab-Sahr, Monika, Uta Karstein, and Thomas Schmidt-Lux (2009)
    Frankfurt am main: Campus.

    Associated Search Terms: Generations; Secularism; Persecution; Germany, East; Change
  • Straddling the Sacred and Secular: Creating a Spiritual Experience through Belly Dance.
    Kraus, Rachel (2009)
    Sociological Spectrum 29: 598-625.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred/profane; Belly dancer
  • The Culture War and the Sacred/Secular Divide: The Problem of Pluralism and Weak Hegemony.
    Hunter, James Davison (2009)
    Social Research 76:4: 1307-1322.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Hegemony; Sacred/profane; Conflict
  • Symphonic secularism: Eastern Orthodoxy, ethnic identity and religious freedoms in contemporary Bulgaria.
    Ghodsee, Kristen (2009)
    Anthropology of East Europe Review 27: 227-252.

    Associated Search Terms: Bulgaria; Identity; Ethnic; State; Orthodox, eastern, Bulgaria
  • Nordic Satanism and Satanism Scares: The Dark Side of the Secular Welfare State.
    Hjelm, Titus, Henrik Bogdan, Asbjørn Dyrendal, and Jesper Aagaard Petersen (2009)
    Social Compass 56:4: 515-529.

    Historical accounts & present reports for 4 nations.

    Associated Search Terms: Finland; Denmark; Sweden; Satanist; Norway
  • Secularism and State Policies toward Religion: The United States, France, and Turkey.
    Kuru, Ahmet T. (2009)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: France; State; Turkey; United States
  • Renegotiating the Sacred-secular Binary: IX Saves and Contemporary Christian Music.
    Chang, Paul Y., and Dale J. Lim (2009)
    Review of Religious Research 50:4: 392-412.

    Based on participant observation & interviews with an Evangelical Christian rock band.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred/profane; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Participant observation; Music
  • Max Weber on Islam and Confucianism. The Kantian Theory of Secularization.
    Turner, Bryan S. (2009)
    In Peter B. Clarke (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 79-97.

    Places Weber's studies of Islam & Confucianism in the context of his larger intellectual itinerary.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam; Confucian; Weber, Max
  • Congregationally-based Religion: Boon or Bane for Faith in the West?
    Hadaway, Christopher Kirk (2009)
    Review of Religious Research 51:2: 117-133.

    Overview of church attendance in the U.S., with an Episcopalian example. Notes competition with secular alternatives.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Competition; Marginality; United States; Episcopal
  • Les réseaux missionnaires évangéliques en Océanie: mobilités intergénérationnelles et reconfigurations du militantisme chrétien.
    Fer, Yannick (2009)
    Revue internationale de politique comparée 16:1: 119-133.

    Networks of Evangelical missionaries in Oceania appeal to youth who are seeking a non-western, non-secularized identity.

    Associated Search Terms: Youth; Oceania; Identity; Evangelical, Oceania; Missions
  • Higher education as moral community: Institutional influences on religious participation during college.
    Hill, Jonathan P. (2009)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 48:3:515-534.

    1997-2004 panel data show students in Catholic & Mainline Protestant universities declining in religious practice more than those in secular universities, & both of these declining more than in Evangelical universities.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Education; Panel study; Practice
  • Gendering Secularization Theory.
    Woodhead, Linda (2008)
    Social Compass 55:2: 187-193.

    Relates the secularization of women's religiosity to changes in their working lives.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Women; Gender
  • Secularization as Conflict.
    Wohlrab-Sahr, Monika, Thomas Schmidt-Lux, and Uta Karstein (2008)
    Social Compass 55:2: 127-139.

    Based on 2003-08 family interviews in Leipzig, showing secularization resulted not only from repression but the establishment of a worldview that subjectively made religion less plausible.

    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; Germany, Leipzig; Plausibility structure; Secularization
  • After secularization?
    Gorski, Philip S., and Ates Altinordu (2008)
    Annual Review of Sociology 34: 55-85.

    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular
  • Secularism and coercive freedoms.
    Beckford, James A. (2008)
    British Journal of Sociology 59:1:41-45.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Freedom; Freedom of religion
  • Secularization and Religious Change among Elite Scientists.
    Ecklund, Elaine Howard, Jerry Z. Park, and Phil Todd Veliz (2008)
    Social Forces 86:4: 1805-1839.

    Analyzes 1969 & 2005 survey data from American academic social & natural scientists.

    Associated Search Terms: Scientist; Professor; Secularization
  • Secularization and the state: The role government policy plays in determining social religiosity.
    Gill, Anthony (2008)
    In D. Pollack and D. Olson (eds.) The Role of Religion in Modern Societies. New York: Rouledge, pp. 115-140.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; State
  • How Secularized is Germany? Cohort and Comparative Perspectives.
    Wolf, Christof (2008)
    Social Compass 55:2: 111-126.

    Survey data show church membership & participation, as well as individual salience of religion, declining in Germany.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Salience; Secularization
  • The Religious and the Political.
    Martin, David (2008)
    In Eileen Barker (ed.) The Centrality of Religion in Social Life. Essays in Honour of James A. Beckford. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 161-174.

    Christianity encounters Durkheimian sacrality & may be partially absorbed as a political legitimation. That is one form of secularization. Another form would replace it with rationalist appropriations of the Christian ethos.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics; Secularization
  • Conjugating the Modern/Religious, Conceptualizing female Religious Agency: Contours of a "post-Secular" Conjuncture.
    Bracke, Sarah (2008)
    Theory, Culture and Society 25:6: 51-67/

    Associated Search Terms: Feminist theory; Post-secular
  • Two Different Types of Manifest Secularization: Belgium and France Compared.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (2008)
    In Eileen Barker (ed.) The Centrality of Religion in Social Life. Essays in Honour of James A. Beckford. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 69-82.

    Overview of the history of the legal status of religion in France & Belgium.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; State; Secularization; Historical; France; Belgium
  • The Great Secularization Experiment: What Soviet Communism Taught Us about Religion in the Modern Era.
    Froese, Paul (2008)
    Berkeley: University of California Press

    Associated Search Terms: Persecution; Secularization; Soviet Union; State
  • Why no Religious Politics? The Secularization of Poor Relief and Primary Education in Denmark and Sweden.
    Kaspersen, lars Bo, and Johannes Lindvall (2008)
    European Journal of Sociology 49:1: 119-143.

    Associated Search Terms: Welfare; Sweden; Secularization; Denmark; Education
  • Religious America, Secular Europe? A Theme and Variations.
    Berger, Peter L., Grace Davie, and Effie Fokas (2008)
    Hampshire, U.K.: Aldershot.

    Comparisons between U.S.A. & European nations suggest a multiple modernity approach to contemporary religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Competition; Europe; Intellectuals; Modernity; Pluralism; Secularization; Comparative; United States
  • La Sainte Ignorance. Temps de la religion sans culture./Holy Ignorance: When Religion and Culture Part Ways, tr. Ros Schwartz.
    Roy, Olivier (2008)
    Paris: Ed. du Seuil/New York: Columbia University Press, 2010.

    Secularization involves the detachment of religion from a given cuture, thereby enabling its revival in purified form.

    Associated Search Terms: Deterritorialization; Pluralism; Identity; Secularization; Revival; Culture; Language; Ethnic; Globalization; Fundamentalism; Missions
  • American Nones: The Profile of the No Religion Population.
    Kosmin, Barry A., and Ariela Keysar, with Ryan T. Cragon and Jhem Navarro-Rivera. (2008)
    Hartford, Connecticut: Institute for the Study of Secularity in Society.

    Associated Search Terms: Nonreligion; United States; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Does the advancement of science mean secularisation?
    Martin, David (2008)
    Scottish Journal of Theology 61:1: 51-63.

    Associated Search Terms: Science; Secularization
  • Los Retos de la Laicidad y la Secularización en el Mundo Contemporáneo.
    Blancarte, Roberto J. (2008)
    Ciudad de México: El Colegio de México.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Laïcité
  • Reflections on blasphemy and secular ciriticism.
    Asad, Talal (2008)
    In Hent de Vries (ed.) Religion: Beyond a Concept. New York: Fordham University Press, pp.580-609.

    Associated Search Terms: Blasphemy
  • Traditional Christian Belief and Belief in the Supernatural: Diverging Trends in the Netherlands between 1979 and 2005?
    De Graaf, Nan Dirk; and Manfred Te Grotenhuis (2008)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 47:4: 585-598.

    Analyzes 1979-2005 survey data from Dutch adults not belonging to non-Christian religions; notes a decline of traditional belief & belief in the supernatural.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Secularization; Netherlands
  • Débats autour de la sécularisation, la "guerre des genres" et le clivage entre qualitatif et quantitatif.
    Stolz, Jörg (2008)
    Social Compass 55:2: 194-202.

    Comments on 3 articles in the same issue of Social Compass.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Market model; Individualism
  • Human Development and the Demography of Secularisation in Global Perspective.
    Kaufmann, Eric (2008)
    Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion 4:1: 1-37.

    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Global; Secularization
  • Theses on a theory of religion.
    Riesebrodt, Martin (2008)
    International Political Anthropology 1:1: 25-41.

    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Secularization; Deinstitutionalization; Disenchantment
  • In Spite of the Times: The Postsecular Turn in Feminism.
    Braidotti, Rosi (2008)
    Theory, Culture, and Society 25:6: 1-24.

    Associated Search Terms: Feminist theory; Post-secular
  • Exploring Secular Spiritual Capital: An Engagement in Religious and Secular Dialogue for a Common Future?
    Baker, Chris, and Jonathan Miles-Watson (2008)
    International Journal of Public Theology 2:4:424-464.

    Associated Search Terms: Social capital; Spiritualist; Spiritual capital
  • The axial age in world history.
    Eisenstadt, Shmuel N. (2008)
    In Hans Joas and Klaus Wiegandt (eds.) Secularization and the World Religions. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, pp. 22-42..

    Associated Search Terms: Axial age
  • Everyday Discrimination Experienced by Conservative Christians at the Secular University.
    Hyers, Lauri L., and Conrad Hyers (2008)
    Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy 8: 113-137.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Discrimination; Conservative
  • Organizing Urban America: Secular and Faith-based Progressive Movements.
    Swarts, Heidi J. (2008)
    Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Community organization
  • L'évolution liturgique comme réponse à la sécularisation: le cas de deux Églises protestantes aux Pays-Bas.
    Versteeg, Peter (2008)
    Social Compass 55:1: 42-53.

    Charismatic worship & prayer ministry establish boundaries & identity in the face of secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Ritual; Parish; Netherlands, Houten; Protestantse Gemeerte; Protestant, Netherlands; Nederlands Gereformeerde Kerk; Boundary maintenance
  • Religious change in the West: Watch the women.
    Marler, Penny Long (2008)
    In K. Aune, S. Sharma, and G. Vincett (eds.) Women and Religion in the West: Challenging Secularization. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, pp. 23-56.

    Associated Search Terms: Women; Change
  • "Because I'm worth it": Religion and women's changing lives in the West.
    Woodhead, Linda (2008)
    In K. Aune, S. Sharma, and G. Vincett (eds.) Women and Religion in the West: Challenging Secularization. Aldershot UK: Ashgate, pp. 147-164.

    Associated Search Terms: Women
  • Religious Change in Europe: Theoretical Considerations and Empirical Findings.
    Pollack, Detlef (2008)
    Social Compass 55:2: 168-186.

    The emergence of new religious groups & individualistic forms has not compensated for the losses experienced by traditional churches & religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Secularization; Market model; Individualism; Europe
  • The church vesus the mall: What happens when reliion faces increased secular competition?
    Gruber, Jonathan, and Daniel M. Hungerman (2008)
    QuarterlyJournal of Economics 123:2: 831-862.

    Associated Search Terms: Competition
  • Development, Civil Society and Faith-based Organizations: Bridging the Sacred and the Secular.
    Clarke, Gerard, and Michael Jennings (2008)
    New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Associated Search Terms: Development; NGO
  • The problem of religion and the anxieties of European secular democracies.
    Casanova, José V. (2008)
    In Gabriel Motzkin and Yochi Fischer (eds.) Religion and Democracy in Contemporary Europe. London: Alliance, pp. 63-74.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Democracy; Politics, Europe; Europe
  • Global Rebellion: Religious Challenges to the Secular State, from Christian Militias to al Quaeda.
    Juergensmeyer, Mark (2008)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Associated Search Terms: State
  • Beyond Sacred and Secular: Politics of Religion in Israel and Turkey.
    Tepe, Sultan (2008)
    Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Israel; Politics, Turkey; Politics, Israel; Islam, Turkey
  • The Plot to Kill God. Findings from the Soviet Experiment in Secularization.
    Froese, Paul (2008)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Soviet Union; Historical; Persecution
  • "Doing Religion" in a Secular World: Women in Conservative Religions and the Question of Agency.
    Avishai, Orit (2008)
    Gender & Society 22:4:409-433.

    Associated Search Terms: Women; Agency; Conservative
  • Pluralismo, subjetivización y mundanización. El impacto de la secularización en el neopentecostalismo chileno.
    Mansilla, Miguel A. (2008)
    Polis: Revista latinoamerica 19 (online).

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Secularization; Pentecostal, neo, Chile; Globalization; Chile; Subjectivism
  • Society without God: What the Least Religious Nations can Tell Us About Contentment.
    Zuckerman, Phil (2008)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Based on interviews in Denmark & Sweden. The relative absence of religion & social problems or individual anxiety refutes macro & micro functionalist explanations of religion. Speaks of cultural religion--occasional observance without belief.

    Associated Search Terms: Meaning; Happiness; Cultural religion; Atheist, Denmark; Death; Sweden; Denmark; Secularism
  • Migration and Religion. Testing the Limits of Secularisation among Turkish and Moroccan Muslims in the Netherlands 1998-2005.
    Phalet, Karen, Merove Gijsberts, and Louk Hagendoorn. (2008)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 481:: 412-436.

    Associated Search Terms: Moroccan Dutch; Turkish Dutch; Netherlands; Secularization; Migrant; Islam, Netherlands
  • Submitting to God, Submitting to the Self. Secular and Religious Trajectories of Second Generation Maghrebi in Belgium.
    Fadil, Nadia (2008)
    Leuven: KULeuven, Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Centrum voor Sociologsch Onderzoek.

    Associated Search Terms: Belgium; Generations; North African Belgians; Islam, Belgium
  • The Impact of Religious Switching and Secularization on the Estimated Size of the U.S. Adult Catholic Population.
    Gray, Mark M. (2008)
    Review of Religious Research 49:4: 457-460.

    2003 Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate survey data show American Catholicism relatively successful in retaining members; those who leave tend to do so in their late teens.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Disaffiliation; Membership
  • Examining the "Spill-over" Effect of Religiosity on Civic Involvement and Efficacy.
    Smith, H. Lovell, and Mark Peyrot (2008)
    Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 19: 143-162.

    Analyzes 1987 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; religiosity is related to faith-based civic activity, but not other kinds. There is, however, a spill-over effect from invovlement in religious organizations to secular ones.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Social participation; Cultural capital
  • And Who is Your Neighbor? Explaining Denominational Differences in Charitable Giving and Volunteering in the Netherlands.
    Bekkers, René, and Theo Schuyt (2008)
    Review of Religious Research 50:1: 74-96.

    Contributions to religion are based on involvement, to charities on values socialized in by churches. Dutch Catholics are less involved & thus contribute less than Protestants, both to religion & to secular charities.

    Associated Search Terms: Netherlands; Volunteering; Altruism; Contributions; Catholic, Netherlands; Protestant, Netherlands; Atheist, Netherlands
  • Secularization as a Property of Action.
    Turina, Isacco (2007)
    Social Compass 54:2: 161-173.

    Defines secularization as a lessening of the influecne of religion on action.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Testing Secularization Theory in Comparative Perspective.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (2007)
    Nordic Journal of Religion and Society 20:2: 137-147.

    Suggests measurements of societal secularization & ways to incorporate rational choice theory.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Rational choice theory; Measurement; Comparative
  • The Continuing Secular Transition.
    Voas, David (2007)
    In Detlef Pollack and Daniel V.A. Olson (eds.) The Role of Religion in Modern Societies. New York: Routledge, pp. 25-48.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • A Secular Age.
    Taylor, Charles (2007)
    Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard Universiy Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secular
  • Secularization and sacralization deconstructed and reconstructed.
    Demerath, Nicholas J. III (2007)
    In James A. Beckford and N.J. Demerath III (eds.) Sage Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. London: Sage, pp. 57-80.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sacralization
  • Global Millennialism: A Postmortem on Secularization.
    Robertson, Roland (2007)
    In Peter Beyer and Lori G. Beaman (eds.) Religion, Globalization and Culture. Leiden: Brill, 9-34.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Millennial; Globalization
  • "People were not made to be in God's image." A contemporary overview of secular Australians.
    Singleton, Andrew (2007)
    In Barry Kosmin and Ariela Keysar (eds.) Secularism and Secularity: Contemporary International Perspectives. Hartford, Connecticut: Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culture, pp. 83-94.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, Australia; Australia
  • Passive and assertive secularism: Historical conditions, ideological struggles, and state policies toward religion.
    Kuru, Ahmet T. (2007)
    World Politics 59;4: 568-594.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularism
  • Protestant Modernity, Weber, Secularization and Protestantism.
    Carroll, Anthony J. (2007)
    Scranton, Pennsylvania: University of Scranton Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Protestant; Modernity; Weber, Max; Secularization
  • Secularization Theory and Rational Choice. An Integration of Micro- and Macro-theories of Secularization Using the Example of Switzerland."
    Stolz, Jörg (2007)
    In Detlef Pollack and Daniel V.A. Olson (ed.) The Role of Religion in Modern Societies. New York: Routledge, pp. 249-270.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Rational choice theory; Levels of inclusiveness
  • Religious Individualization or Secularization? Testing Hypotheses of Religious Change--The Case of Eastern and Western Germany.
    Pollack, Detlef, and Gert Pickel (2007)
    British Journal of Sociology 58:4:603-632.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany, Western; Secularization; Germany, East; Individualism; Change; Germany
  • Behind secularism, the nation: Looking back at the controversy of reasonable accommodations and the crisis of Québécois multiculturalism.
    Bock-Côté, Mathieu (2007)
    GLOBE: Revue internationale d'études Québécoises 10:2: 95-113.

    Associated Search Terms: Accommodation; Politics, Canada; Canada, Quebec; Pluralism; Tradition; Secularism
  • Religion as Communication: The Changing Shape of Catholicism in Europe.
    Pace, Enzo (2007)
    In Nancy T. Ammerman (ed.) Everyday Religion: Observing Modern Religious Lives. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 37-49.

    Secularization in Italy & Spain has forced the Catholic Church to turn to communication & persuasion rather than rely on a no-longer existing authority.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Spain; Identity; Italy; Catholic, Italy; Individualism; Spain; Secularization
  • Secular Humanism and Atheism beyond Progressive Secularism.
    Cimino, Richard, and Christopher Smith (2007)
    Sociology of Religion 68:4: 407-424.

    Examines atheists' & humanists' adaptation to their minority status in the U.S.A., with a content analysis of Free Inquiry, 37 interviews, & participant observation.

    Associated Search Terms: Content analysis; Participant observation; Cognitive minority; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • The Secularisation Debate in Western Societies: Ireland as a Unique Case.
    Anderson, Karen (2007)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University College Dublin.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Ireland
  • Il dibattito sulla secolarizzazione e il caso italiano.
    Diotallevi, Luca (2007)
    Religione e società 57: 162-170.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Italy
  • El proceso de secularización en la sociedad espanyola.
    Pérez-Agote, Alfonso (2007)
    Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals 77: 65-82.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Spain
  • Kein Anzeichen für ein Wiedererstarken der Religion. Analysen zum Wandel von Konfessionzugenhörigkeit und Kirchenbindung.
    Wolf, Christof (2007)
    Informationsdienst Soziale Indikatoren 37: 7-11.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Secularization; Membership
  • The Spirit of Generation Y: Young People's Spirituality in a Changing Australia.
    Mason, Michael C., Andrew Singleton, and Ruth Webber (2007)
    Victoria, Australia: John Garrett.

    Based on telephone survey data & in-depth interviews with Australia youth

    Associated Search Terms: Youth; Australia; Generations; Secularization
  • Secularism or Democracy? Associational Governance of Religious Diversity.
    Bader, Veit (2007)
    Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Diversity; Pluralism
  • 'Religious Politicians' and 'Secular Politicians' in Southern Brazil.
    Oro, Ari Pedro (2007)
    Social Compass 54:4: 583-592.

    Based on interviews with legislators of the state of Pio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Associated Search Terms: Politicians; Politics, Brazil; Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul
  • Seminarians and Vocation.
    Dal Piaz, Giovanni (2007)
    In Giuseppe Giordan (ed.) Vocation and Social Context. Leiden: Brill, pp. 177-195.

    Reports demographics over time of secular & regular clergy, women religious, and seminarians in Italy.

    Associated Search Terms: Italy; Clergy; Vocation; Sisters; Seminarians
  • Notions of Evil, the Devil and Sin among Chilean Businessmen.
    Thumala Olave, María Angélica (2007)
    Social Compass 54:4: 613-632.

    Based on interviews with Chilean business executives, whose discourse on evil is not traditional (hell, devil) but whose beliefs are nevertheless theistic.

    Associated Search Terms: Chile; Business people; Belief; Secularization; Evil; Devil
  • Religious Affiliation and Participation among Immigrants in a Secular Society: A Study of Immigrants in Netherlands.
    Tubergen, Frank van (2007)
    Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 33:5: 747-765.

    Associated Search Terms: Migrant; Netherlands
  • Beyond Secularisation Versus Sacralisation: Lessons from a Study of the Dutch Case.
    Droogers, André (2007)
    In Kieran Flanagan and Peter C. Jupp (eds.) A Sociology of Spirituality. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate, pp. 81-99.

    Ethnographic work in the Netherlands in 5 sites addressed issues of identity, experience, ritual, morality, & discourse.

    Associated Search Terms: Moral; Experience; Discourse; Identity; Netherlands; Ritual; Participant observation; Secularization
  • Changes in Religious Giving Reflect Changes in Involvement: Age and Cohort Effects in Religious Giving, Secular Giving, and Attendance.
    Wilhelm, Mark O., Patrick M. Rooney, and Eugene R. Tempel (2007)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 46:2: 217-232.

    Based on data from several U.S.A. surveys; changes in practice predict changes in contributions.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Practice; Philanthropy; Contributions
  • Immigration and the new religious pluralism: A European Union/United States comparison.
    Casanova, José V. (2007)
    In Thomas Banchoff (ed.) Democracy and the new religious pluralism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 59-83.

    Also pp. 139-163 in Geoffrey Brahm Levey and Tariq Madood (eds.) Secularism, Religion and Multicultural Citizenship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; United States; Pluralism; Migration; Comparative
  • La Crise de la Laïcité Face au Processus de Mondialisation.
    Baubérot, Jean (2007)
    In Martin Geoffroy, Jean-Guy Vaillancourt, and Michel Gardaz (eds.) La mondialisation du phénomène religieux. Montréal: Mediaspaul.

    Laïcité is a global phenomenon, having seeral dimensions. Explores the case of France.

    Associated Search Terms: Case study; France; Socialization; Globalization; Identity; Laïcité; Secularization; State; Civil religion
  • How Secular is Europe?
    Hall, Brian, and Veerie Draulans (2006)
    British Journal of Sociology 57:2: 263-288.

    Based on European values Study data; beliefs as well as practic show secularization increasing in Europe despite pluralism, which rational choice theory would have countering secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Belief; Europe; Secularization; Rational choice theory
  • Secularization revisited: A reply to Talal Asad.
    Casanova, José V. (2006)
    In D. Scott and C. Hirschkind (eds.) Powers of the Secular Modern: Talal Asad and His Interlocuters. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, pp. 12-30.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Asad, Talal
  • How Secular is Europe?
    Halman, Loek, and Veerle Draulans (2006)
    British Journal of Sociology 57:2: 263-288.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe
  • Secularization and the Impotence of Individualized Religion.
    Bruce, Steve (2006)
    Hedgehog Review 8:1-2: 35-45.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Individualism
  • Rethinking Secularization: A Global Comparative Perspective.
    Casanova, José V. (2006)
    Hedgehog Review 8:1-2: 7-22.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Comparative
  • Challenging Secularization Theory: The Growth of 'New Age.'
    Heelas, Paul (2006)
    Hedgehog Review 8:1-2: 46-59.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; New age
  • Bryan Wilson's Contributions to the Study of Secularization.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (2006)
    Social Compass 53:2: 141-146.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Wilson, Bryan R.
  • Nostalgia for the Modern: State Secularism and Everyday Politics in Turkey.
    Özyürek, Esra (2006)
    Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Turkey; Secularism; State; Turkey
  • Religion and Political Economy in an International Panel.
    McCleary, Rachel M., and Robert J. Barro (2006)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45:2: 149-175.

    Tests hypotheses derived from 2 perspectives--secularization and market theory--with international data; results are mixed.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; State; Pluralism; Ecumenism; Market model
  • Säkularisierung als Konflikt? Zur subjektiven Plausibilität des ostdeutschen Säkularisierungsprozesses.
    Karstein, Uta, Thomas Schmidt-Lux, Monika Wohlrab-Sahr, and Mirko Punken (2006)
    Berliner Journal für Soziologie 16:4: 441-461.

    Based on interviews with east German families; macro-level conflicts become plausible at the micro level in terms of belonging, world-interpretation, & ethics. Secularization is a durable result.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Secularization; Levels of inclusiveness; Conflict; Moral; Membership
  • From Piety to Professionalism--and Back?: Transformations of Organized Religious Virtuosity.
    Wittberg, Patricia (2006)
    Lanham, Maryland: Lexington.

    Examines the effects of secularization of schools, charities, & hospitals on the female religious organizational sponsors; 36 focus groups conducted 1999-2000 with a missionary society, deaconesses, & Catholic sisters.

    Associated Search Terms: Social services; Goal displacement; Women; Orders/congregations; Identity; Change; Organization; Deaconess; Secularization; Missionary; Education; Focus group; Hospital; Sisters
  • Sellers or Buyers in Religious Markets? The Supply and Demand of Religion.
    Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart (2006)
    Hedgehog Review 8:1-2: 69-83.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Is Europe an Exceptional Case?
    Davie, Grace (2006)
    Hedgehog Review 8:1-2: 23-34.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe
  • La sécularisation: une exception européene? Retour sur un concept et sa discussion en sociologie des religions.
    Willaime, Jean-Paul (2006)
    Revue française de sociologie 47:4: 755-783.

    Sees secualrization in Europe as part of a global reconfiguration of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Globalization; Secularization
  • Desert Pilgrimage: Liminality, Transfomation, and Other at the Burning Man Festival.
    Gilmore, Lee (2006)
    In William H. Swatos, Jr. (ed.) On the Road to Being There. Studies in Pilgrimage and Tourism in Late Modernity. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, pp. 125-158.

    Ethnography & survey of a secular pilgrimage.

    Associated Search Terms: Participant observation; Communitas; Liminality; Pilgrimage; Turner, Edith; Turner, Victor; United States, Nevada, Black Rock Desert
  • French Secularism and the "Islamic Veil Affair."
    Asad, Talal (2006)
    Hedgehog Review 8:1-2: 93-107.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, France; Laïcité; France
  • Les laïcités européennes au miroir du cas britannique. XVIme-XXIme siècle.
    Champion, Françoise (2006)
    Rennes: Presses Universitairs de Rennes.

    Associated Search Terms: Laïcité; Secularization; Great Britain
  • A decline of religious values?
    Halman, Loek, and Thorleif Pettersson (2006)
    In Peter Ester, Michael Braun, and Peter Mohler (eds.) Globalization, Value Change and Generations. Leiden: Brill, pp. 31-60.

    Associated Search Terms: Values; Generations; Secularization
  • Modernité Tardive, Religion et Mutation du Public et du Privé (à Partir de l'Exemple Français).
    Baubérot, Jean (2006)
    Social Compass 53:2: 155-168.

    The privatization of religion is part of a general increase in the private sphere, rendering identity an individual responsibility.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Identity; France; Individualism; Privatization
  • Religion and Civic Culture: A Cross-National Study of Voluntary Association Membership.
    Lam, Pui-Yan (2006)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45:2: 177-193.

    Internationally, Catholicism is related inversely to membership in associations.

    Associated Search Terms: Social participation; Protestant; Catholic; Secularization
  • Technology.
    Stahl, William A. (2006)
    In Helen Rose Fuchs Ebaugh (ed.) Handbook of Religion and Social Institutions. New York: Springer, pp. 321-332.

    Associated Search Terms: Technology; Science; Secularization; Implicit religion
  • Islam in European Publics: Secularism and Religious Difference.
    Göle, Nilüfer (2006)
    Hedgehog Review 8:1-2: 140-185.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Europe; Europe
  • Secular Payoffs to Religious Origins: Gender Differences among American Jews.
    Hurst, Dawn S., and Frank L. Mott (2006)
    Sociology of Religion 67:4: 439-463.

    Based on 2000-01 National Jewish Population Survey data; reveals some curvilinear relationships & differences by sex.

    Associated Search Terms: Sex; Social capital; Economic; Education; Jewish, U.S.A.
  • Non-Institutional Religious Re-Composition among the Chinese Youth.
    Ji, Zhe (2006)
    Social Compass 53:4: 535-549.

    Given state hostility toward religion, Chinese youth acquire religious fragments through private secular sources.

    Associated Search Terms: Non-institutional religion; China; Youth
  • Religious Decline in Scotland: New Evidence on Timing and Spatial Patterns.
    Voas, David (2006)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45:1: 107-118.

    Based on the 2001 Census; denominations lost most where they were not strong to begin with.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Ecology; Secularization; Conversion; Great Britain, Scotland
  • Conversioni religiose. La ricerca del senso nella società contemporanea.
    Pannofino, Nicola (2006)
    Religioni e società 55: 90-97.

    Associated Search Terms: Meaning; Secularization; Levels of inclusiveness; Individualism; Conversion
  • Generations of Decline: Religious Change in 20th-century Britain.
    Crockett, Alasdair, and David Voas (2006)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45:4: 567-584.

    Records the decline of religion in Britain across generations in the 20th century.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Practice; Membership; Secularization; Great Britain
  • La Modernité Religieuse dans la Pensée Sociologique. Ernst Troeltsch et Max Weber.
    Gendron, Pierre (2006)
    Saint-Nicolas, Quebec: Les Presses de l'Université de Laval/Paris: Cerf.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Modernity; Weber, Max; Troeltsch, Ernst
  • The "Secular" Indvidual in Britain: Toward a Sociology of (Ir)religion.
    Lee, Lois (2006)
    Unpublished M.Phil. dissertation, University of Cambridge.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Nonreligion
  • The politics of diaspora and the morality of secularism: Muslim identities and Islamic authority in Maritius.
    Eisenlohr, Patrick (2006)
    Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 12:2:395-412.

    Associated Search Terms: Mauritius; Pluralism; Participant observation; Islam, Mauritius; State
  • Religion and survival in a secular region: 20-year follow-up of 734 Danish adults born in 1914.
    laCour, Peter, Kirsten Avlund, and Kirsten Schultz-Larsen (2006)
    Social Science and Medicine 62:1: 157-164.

    Associated Search Terms: Denmark; Mortality; Demography; Gerontology
  • Exploring the Stress-buffering Effects of Church-based Social Support and Secular Social Support on Health in Late Life.
    Krause, Neal (2006)
    Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 61 B: S35-S43.

    Associated Search Terms: Social support; Gerontology
  • Religion in Europe in the 21st Century: The Factors to Take into Account.
    Davie, Grace (2006)
    Archives europeénnes de sociologie 47:2: 271-296.

    Cites the Judeo-Christian heritage, the continuing influence of the historical churches, changing patterns of attendance, new arrivals, secular reactions, & the growing importance of religion globally.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe
  • Le 'dede' moderne: évolution des paramètres de l'autorité religieuse de l'alévisme dans la turquie contemporaine.
    Dressler, Markus (2006)
    Sociologie et sociétés 38:1: 69-92.

    As the once marginal Alevist sect enters Turkish & diaspora society, its traditional leadership (dedelik) is differentiating into a traditional ritual sector & a secular one.

    Associated Search Terms: Turkey; Leadership; Islam, Turkey; Differentiation; Alevi
  • Religion and the State of Denmark--State Religious Politics in the Elementary School System from 1721 to 1975: An Alternative Approach to Secularization.
    Reeh, Niels (2006)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Copenhagen.

    Associated Search Terms: Denmark; Politics, Denmark; State; Education
  • National context, religiosity, and volunteering: Results from 53 countries.
    Ruiter, Stijn, and Nan Dirk de Graaf (2006)
    American Sociological Review 71:2: 191-210.

    Uses international survey data sets; contextual religiosity &, especially absent that, individual practice predicts volunteering levels in secular activities. Comment by Van der Meer, Te Grotenhuis, & Pelzer 75:1 (2010): 173-17; reply by Ruiter & De Graaf 75:1 (2010) 179-184.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Practice; Social participation; Volunteering
  • Explaining a Religious Anomaly: A Historical Analysis of Secularization in Eastern Germany.
    Froese, Paul, and Steven Pfaff (2005)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 44:4: 397-422.

    Explains the secularity of eastern Germany in terms of a limited supply of religious offerings--specifically, there was a monopoly.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Market model; Secularization
  • On Secularization: Towards a Revised General Theory.
    Martin, David (2005)
    Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate; Williston, Vermont: Ashgate.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Secularization of Confessional Protests: The Role of Religious Processes of Rationalization and Differentiation.
    Young, Michael P., and Stephen M. Cherry (2005)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 44:4: 373-395.

    Religiously inspired social movements lead to secularization as the movements rationalize; based on letters & diaries of 6 white anti-slavery activists.

    Associated Search Terms: Rationalization; Slavery; Historical; Differentiation; Social movement; Secularization
  • The secularization of Spanish society: Change in religious practice.
    Requena, Miguel (2005)
    South European Society and Politics 10:3: 369-390.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Secularization; Spain
  • Modernity, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey. Bodies, Places, and Time.
    Çinar, Alev (2005)
    Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Turkey; Islam, Turkey; Modernity; Secularism
  • The Dialectics of Religious Rationalization and Secularization: Max Weber and Ernst Bloch.
    Goldstein, Warren S. (2005)
    Critical Sociology 31(1-2): 115-152.

    Associated Search Terms: Bloch, Ernst; Rationalization; Secularization; Weber, Max; Dialectic
  • Cowboys and Schoolteachers: Gender in Romance Novels, Secular and Christian.
    Clawson, Laura (2005)
    Sociological Perspectives 48:4: 461-479.

    Content analysis of romance novels; secular ones have strong men giving in to the wiles of women while Christian ones have men not so superficially strong not giving in.

    Associated Search Terms: Gender role; Content analysis; Literature
  • Religion, Secularization and Social Change in Wales: Congregational Studies in a Post-Christian Society.
    Chambers, Paul (2005)
    Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

    The vitality of congregations depends on that of the communities to which they are linked.

    Associated Search Terms: Community; Parish; Secularization; Great Britain, Wales, Swansea; Participant observation
  • Secularisation and the future of Christianity.
    Martin, David (2005)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 20: 145-160.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Sociology of the Sacred: An Introduction to Philip Rieff's Theory of Culture.
    Zondervan, Antonius (2005)
    Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

    Overview of Rieff's critique of modernity.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Modernity; Rieff, Philip
  • Secular Czechs and Devout Slovaks: Explaining Religious Differences.
    Froese, Paul (2005)
    Review of Religious Research 46:3: 269-283.

    History, not contemporary demographics, explains the different levels of religious practice among Czechs & Slovaks.

    Associated Search Terms: Czech Republic; Nationalism; Historical; Practice; Slovakia
  • "We are all Gods": New Age in the Netherlands (1960-2000).
    Aupers, Stef (2005)
    In Erik Sengers (ed.) The Dutch and Their Gods. Secularization and Transformation of Religion in the Netherlands since 1950. Hilversum: Verloren, pp. 181-201.

    Associated Search Terms: New age; Netherlands
  • The Case for Secular Assimilation? The Latino Experience in Richmond, Virginia.
    Cavalcanti, H.B., and Debra Schleef (2005)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 44:4: 473-483.

    Analyzes interview data from Latino Americans in Richmond; those with no religion had the highest assimilation scores.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; United States, Virginia, Richmond; Migrant; Assimilation; Latino Americans
  • Building Bridges and Bonds: Generating Social Capital in Secular and Faith-based Poverty-to-work Programs.
    Lockhart, William H. (2005)
    Sociology of Religion 66:1: 45-60.

    Based on interviews & observation at poverty-to-work programs in Raleigh, North Carolina, & Richmond, Virginia; faith-based social services add congregation-based social bonds to other kinds of social capital.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Virginia, Richmond; Social services; United States, North Carolina, Raleigh; Social capital
  • The Catholic Church in State Politics: Negotiating Prophetic Demands and Political Realities
    Yamane, David (2005)
    Lanham, Maryland: Sheed & Ward/Rowman & Littlefield.

    Focuses on lobbyists & entities of the Catholic Church at the state level in U.S. politics.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Secularization; Differentiation; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Polarization, Secularization, or Differences as Usual? The Denominational Cleavage in U.S. Social Attitudes Since the 1970s.
    Bolzendahl, Catherine, and Clem Brooks (2005)
    Sociological Quarterly 46:1: 47-78.

    Analyzes 1972-2000 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; uses the categories: Evangelical Protestant, Catholic, Mainline Protestant; Black Protestant; Jewish, & none.

    Associated Search Terms: Gender; Abortion; Sexual attitudes; United States
  • How are Religious Belief and Behavior Good for You? An Investigation of Mediators Relating Religion to Mental Health in a Sample of Israeli Jewish Students.
    Vilchinsky, Noa, and Shlomo Kravetz (2005)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 44:4: 459-471.

    Among religious & secular students in Israel, but not those self-identified on family or national grounds, religious practice predicts mental health.

    Associated Search Terms: Israel; Meaning; Students, undergraduate; Mental health
  • The Movement that Fell from the Sky? Secularization and the Structuring of Progressive Catholicism in Latin America, 1920s-1970s.
    Mackin, Robert Sean (2005)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin.

    Associated Search Terms: Latin America; Liberation theology; Catholic, Latin America
  • Education and Churchgoing Protestants' Views of Highly Politicized Christianity.
    Schwadel, Philip (2005)
    Review of Religious Research 47:2: 150-161.

    Analyzes 1996 telephone interview data from U.S. church-going Protestants; the more educated opposed basing laws on Christian doctrines.

    Associated Search Terms: Privatization; Secularization; Education; Protestant, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide.
    Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart (2004)
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Argues for a deprivation theory built around the concept of security. Uses World Values Survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Comparative; Nation; Politics; Deprivation
  • Church attendance in Spain (1930-1992): Gender differences and secularization.
    Brañas-Garza, Pablo (2004)
    Economics Bulletin 26:1: 1-12.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Spain; Gender; Secularization
  • A turning point in religious evolution in Europe.
    Lambert, Yves (2004)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 19:1: 29-45.

    Highlights 1999 evidence of a reversal of European secularization, especially an increase in belief in an afterlife among the young.

    Associated Search Terms: Afterlife; Secularization; Europe
  • Enforced Secularization--Spontaneous Revival? Religious Belief, Unbelief, Uncertainty and Indifference in East and West European Countries 1991-1998.
    Meulemann, Heiner (2004)
    European Sociological Review 20:1: 47-61.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Europe; Atheist; Secularization
  • Can Rising Rates of Church Participation be a Consequence of Secularization?
    Phillips, Rick (2004)
    Sociology of Religion 65:2: 139-153.

    Not competition, but rather the loss of extra-worship activities to the churches results in greater emphasis being placed on worship--hence higher rates of practice.

    Associated Search Terms: Revival; Differentiation; Revival periods; Secularization; Competition; Mormon; Practice
  • Contentious Public Religion: Two Conceptions of Islam in Revolutionary Iran. Ali Shariàti and Abdolkarim Soroush.
    Ghamari-Tabrizi, Behrooz (2004)
    International Sociology 19:4: 504-523.

    Argues that political Islam contradicts the secularization, privatization, & market models of modern religion. Reviews the thought of Ali Shariàti & Abdolkarim Soroush.

    Associated Search Terms: Privatization; Differentiation; Iran; Market model; Islam; Secularization; Public religion; Shi'ite, Iran
  • From Sacred Canopy to Consumable Condiment. The Marginalization of Religion in the West.
    Hadaway, Christopher Kirk (2004)
    In Alasdair Crockett and Richard O'Leary (eds.) Patterns and Processes of Religious Change in Modern Industrial Societies. Europe and the United States. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 207-230.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Regards croisés sur une fin annoncée.
    Isambert, François A. (2004)
    Archives de sciences sociles des religions 126:5-16.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religion in Europe at the End of the Second Millennium. A Sociological Profile.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (2004)
    New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe
  • Säkularisierung. Der europäischer Sonderweg in Sachen Religion.
    Lehmann, Hartmut (2004)
    Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization
  • Politica e religione: la secolarizzazione nella modernità.
    Pezzimenti, Rocco (2004)
    Roma: Città Nuovo.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics; Secularization
  • The Quest for Spirituality among Secular Israelis.
    Ezrachi, Elan (2004)
    In Uzi Rebhun and Chaim Isaac Waxman (eds.) Jews in Israel: Contemporary Social and Cultural Patterns. Lebanon, New Hampshire: University Press of New England, pp. 315-328.

    Associated Search Terms: Israel; Atheist
  • Religion, European secular identities, and European integration.
    Casanova, José V. (2004)
    Transit 27:2. Retrieved from http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2004-07-29-casanova-en.html Also in T. Byrnes and P. Katzenstein (eds.) Religion in an expanding Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, pp. 65-92.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Europe; Integration (societal)
  • Religious and Secular Views on Endtime.
    Weigert, Andrew J. (2004)
    Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Millenarian; Messian; Time; Eschatology; Millennial
  • Secular but Spiritual in the Pacific Northwest.
    Shibley, Mark A. (2004)
    In Patricia O'Connell Killen and Mark Silk (eds.) Religion and Public Life in the Pacific Northwest: The None Zone. Walnut Creek, California: AltaMira Press, pp. 139-167.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Pacific Northwest; Regionalism; United States, regions
  • The "Empty" Church Revisited.
    Gill, Robin (2004)
    London: Ashgate.

    There are empty churches in the U.K. because of 19th century over-building.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Secularization
  • L'Héritage Chrétien de l'Europe Occidentale: Qu'en ont Fait les Nouvelles Générations?
    Bréchon, Pierre (2004)
    Social Compass 51:2: 203-219.

    Uses 1981, '90, & '99 European Values Survey data to show cohort changes in religious adherence. Only the earlier cohorts & a minority of the recent ones built a system of attitudes influenced by religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization; Generations
  • The Sociocultural Significance of Modern New Religious Movements.
    Dawson, Lorne L. (2004)
    In James R. Lewis (ed.)The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 68-98.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; New religions; Secularization
  • Is Norhtern Ireland abnormal?: An extension of the sociological debate on religion in modern Britain.
    Mitchell, Claire (2004)
    Sociology 38:1: 237-254.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Great Britain, Northern Ireland
  • Christians in a Secular World: The Canadian Experience.
    Bowen, Kurt (2004)
    Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press and Gille & Macmillan

    Associated Search Terms: Canada
  • Forced Secularization in Soviet Russia: Why an Atheist Monopoly Failed.
    Froese, Paul (2004)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 43:1: 35-50.

    Associated Search Terms: Soviet Union; Atheist
  • Religious Beliefs and Practices in Contemporary Europe.
    Halman, Loek, and Veerle Draulans (2004)
    In Wil Arts and Loek Halman (eds.) European Values at the Turn of the Millennium. European Values Studies 7. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, pp. 283-316.

    Analyzes 1999-2000 European Values Study data, at both the individual & national levels.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization; Belief; Practice; Levels of inclusiveness
  • Laïcisation au Canada et au Québec: un processus tranquille.
    Milot, Micheline (2004)
    Studies in Religion/Sciences religeiuses 33:1: 27-49.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Canada, Quebec; Laïcité; Secularization; Canada
  • Religiosity in Central and Eastern Europe: Results from the PCE survey.
    Müller, Olaf (2004)
    In Jerolimov, Dinka Marinovic, Sinisa Zrinscak, and Irena Borowik (eds.), Religion and Patterns of Social Transformation. Zagreb: Institute for Social Research--Zagreb, pp. 61-77.

    Presents survey data (Political Culture in Central and Eastern Europe) from 2000, country-by-country.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Socialization; Conversion; Secularization; Belief; Europe, eastern
  • Catholicism in Italy. The Soft Secularisation in a Post-ideological Society.
    Pace, Enzo (2004)
    In Jerolimov, Dinka Marinovic, Sinisa Zrinscak, and Irena Borowik (eds.), Religion and Patterns of Social Transformation. Zagreb: Institute for Social Research--Zagreb, pp. 89-102.

    Sees the Tridentine pattern of a doctrine-centered individual faith persisting in catechesis, but losing the young after Confirmation; presents 1990s survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Italy; Children; Socialization; Education; Adolescents
  • The Social Organization of Diffuse Beliefs and the Future of Cultic Religion.
    Bruce, Steve (2004)
    In Alasdair Crockett and Richard O'Leary (eds.) Patterns and Processes of Religious Change in Modern Industrial Societies. Europe and the United States. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 231-254.

    Associated Search Terms: New age; Typology; New religions; Belief; Secularization
  • The Politics of Engagement between Islam and the Secular State: Ambivalences of "Civil Society."
    Turam, Berna (2004)
    British Journal of Sociology 55:2: 259-281.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics; State; Islam
  • Churchgoing Rates in Nineteenth-century England: Supply-side Deficiency or Demand-led Decline?
    Crockett, Alasdair (2004)
    In Alesdair Crockett and Richard O'Leary (eds.) Patterns and Processes of Religious Change in Modern Industrial Societies: Europe and the United States. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 13-49.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Great Britain, England; Secularization; Ecology; Urban/rural; Historical
  • Giving to secular causes by the religious and nonreligious: An experimental test of the responsiveness of giving to susidies.
    Eckel, Catherine C., and Phillip J. Grossman (2004)
    Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 33:2: 271-289.

    Associated Search Terms: Contributions
  • Globalized Islam. The Search for a New Ummah.
    Roy, Olivier (2004)
    New York: Columbia University Press.

    Maintains that Islam & other religions are increasingly detached from governments, cultures, & formal religious authorities. This is particularly the case with Islamic neo-fundamentalism. [Revised, expanded & updated from L'Islam mondialisé, 2002]

    Associated Search Terms: Violence; Transnational; Identity; Secularization; Minority; Islam; Assimilation; Deterritorialization; Differentiation; Globalization; Politics; Individualism
  • "The Religious Factor" revisited.
    Wuthnow, Robert (2004)
    Sociological Theory 22:2: 205-218.

    Notes 4 long-term impacts of The Religious Factor in the sociology of religion: categorization of religious groups for statistical analysis (white Protestant, black Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish); comarison of rleigious groups in secular matters; inter-group relations; role of friendship ties in religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Lenski, Gerhard
  • Rethinking the Secularization of American Public Life.
    Smith, Christian (2003)
    In Christian Smith (ed.) The Secular Revolution. Power, Interests, and Confict in the Secularization of American Public Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 1-96.

    Argues that secularization should not be thought of as an inevitable macro-level process but a complex of deliberate & contested group maneuvers.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Rationalization; Conflict; Differentiation; New class; Intellectuals; United States; Social movement
  • Promoting a Secular Standard. Secularism and Modern Journalism, 1870-1930.
    Flory, Richard W. (2003)
    In Christian Smith (ed.) The Secular Revolution. Power, Interests, and Conflcit in the Secularization of American Public Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 395-433.

    Focuses on U.S. journalism.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Secularization; Media
  • Educational Elites and the Movement to Secularize Public Education. The Case of the National Education Association.
    Beyerlein, Kraig (2003)
    In Christian Smith (ed.) The Secular Revolution. Power, Interests, and Conflict in the Secularization of American Public Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 160-196.

    Examines the shift in the policy of the National Education Association from supporting to opposing instruction in "common Christianity" in the U.S. public schools.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Secularization; Education
  • Secularizing American Higher Education. The Case of Early American Sociology.
    Smith, Christian (2003)
    In Christian Smith (ed.) The Secular Revolution. Power, Interests, and Conflict in the Secularization of American Public Life. Berkeley: University of California Pres,s pp. 97-159.

    Explores the anti-religious views of noted early American sociologists & text books.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Sociology, origins; Education; Secularization; Sociology; Social movement
  • Reforming Education, Transforming Religion, 1876-1931.
    Thomas, George M., Lisa R. Peck, and Channin G. DeHaan (2003)
    In Christian Smith (ed.) The Secular Revolution. Power, Interests, and Conflcit in the Secularization of American Public Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 355-394.

    Focuses on the secularization of U.S. education; differentiation was more cultural than organizational.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Education; Historical; Secularization; Rationalization; Culture; Change; Differentiation; Social movement
  • "Secularization" by any other name.
    Marwell, Gerald, and Nicholas Jay Demerath, III (2003)
    American Sociological Review 68:2: 314-316.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization and the Role of Religion in State Institutions.
    Furseth, Inger (2003)
    Social Compass 50:2: 191-202.

    The role of chaplain continues despite secularization & privatization of religion in other sectors of Norwegian society. Church of Norway chaplains act as intermediaries between the state & representatives of other religious traditions.

    Associated Search Terms: Norway; Privatization; Military chaplain; Prison chaplain; Lutheran, Norway; Secularization
  • Historicizing the Secularization Debate. An Agenda for Research.
    Gorski, Philip S. (2003)
    In Michele Dillon (ed.) Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 110-122.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity.
    Asad, Talal (2003)
    Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularism
  • The Positivist Attack on Baconian Science and Religious Knowledge in the 1870s.
    Garroutte, Evan Marie (2003)
    In Christian Smith (ed.) The Secular Revolution. Power, Interests, and Conflict in the Secularization of American Public Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 197-215.

    Associated Search Terms: Literalism; Secularization; Science; Historical
  • Intermarriage and the Demography of Secularization.
    Voas, David (2003)
    British Journal of Sociology 54:1: 83-108.

    Uses baptisms as an indicator of religion in Great Britain. Religiously mixed marriages appear to lead to disaffiliation from any religion in Great Britain.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Secularization; Baptism; Marriage
  • Secularism and French Religious Liberty: A Sociological and Historical View.
    Baubérot, Jean (2003)
    Brigham Young University Law Review 2: 451-464.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularism; France
  • From Christian Civilization to Individual Civil Liberties. Framing Religion in the Legal Field, 1880-1949.
    Sikkink, David (2003)
    In Christian Smith (ed.) The Secular Revolution. Power, Interests, and Conflcit in the Secularization of American Public Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 310-354.

    Associated Search Terms: Law; United States; Secularization; Differentiation; Historical
  • Spectral Secularism: Religion, Politics and Democracy in India.
    Assayag, Jackie (2003)
    Archives européennes de sociologie 44:3: 325-357.

    While the Indian state is secular, the democratic rule by the Hindu majority makes religious majority/minority relations an important political issue.

    Associated Search Terms: India; Politics, India
  • Processes of secularization in contemporary India: Guru faith in the Mata Amritanandamayi Mission.
    Warrier, Maya (2003)
    Modern Asian Studes 37:1: 423-451.

    Associated Search Terms: Charities; Hindu, India; India, Kerala; Secularization
  • Neosecularization and Craft Versus Professional Religious Authority in a Nonreligious Organization.
    Grant, Don, Kathleen M. O'Neil, and Laura S. Stephens (2003)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42:3: 479-487.

    Secularization as loss of religious authority should be placed in the context of the lessening of secular authority as well. Studies nurses after a clinical pastoral education united was closed; nurses began providing pastoral services non-professionally.

    Associated Search Terms: Hospital; Nurse; Secularization; Clinical pastoral education; Medical
  • Deinstitutionalisierung des Religiösen und religiöse Individualisierung in Ost- und Westdeutschland.
    Pollack, Detlef, and Gert Pickel (2003)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 55:3: 447-474.

    2 surveys show that individualized religiosity is not a serious alternative to church religion, & that the decline in the latter results in secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Luckmann, Thomas; Germany; Invisible religion; Secularization
  • Strukturelle Religiosität und ihre Ausprägungen unter Bedingungen der vollständigen Säkularisierung des Bewusstseins.
    Oevermann, Ulrich (2003)
    In Christel Gärtner, Detlef Pollack, and Monika Wohlrab-Sahr (eds.) Atheismus und religiöse Indifferenz. Opladen: Leske + Budrich, pp. 339-387.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Problem of Pluralism.
    Machacek, David W. (2003)
    Sociology of Religion 64:2: 145-161.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Secularization
  • La secolarizzazione. Religione e società nell'Europa contemporanea.
    Rémond, René (2003)
    Rome and Bari: Laterza.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization
  • Dio è tornato. Indagine sulla rivincità delle religioni in Occidente.
    Stark, Rodney, and Massimo Introvigne (2003)
    Casale Monferrato; Piemme.

    Associated Search Terms: Revival; Secularization
  • Still the most areligious part of the world: Developments in the religious field in eastern Germany since 1990.
    Schmidt, Thomas, and Monika Wohlrab-Sahr (2003)
    International Journal of Practical Theology 7:1: 86-100.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Secularization
  • After the Fall. Attempts to Establish an Explicitly Theological Voice in Debates Over Science and Medicine after 1960.
    Evans, John H. (2003)
    In Christian Smith (ed.) The Secular Revolution. Power, Interests, and Conflict in the Secularization of American Public Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 434-461.

    Focuses on the 20th century emergence of bioethics as a distinct universe of discourse.

    Associated Search Terms: Theology; Science; Historical; Moral; Medical
  • No Religion: A Profile of America's Unaffiliated.
    Keysar, Ariela, Egon Mayer, and Barry A. Kosmin (2003)
    Hartford: Institute for the Study of Secularism in Society and Culure.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Erzwungene Säkularisierung in der DDR--Wiederaufleben des Glaubens in Ostdeutschland? Religiösen Glaube in ost- und westdeutschen Alterskohorten zwischen 1991 und 1998.
    Meulemann, Heiner (2003)
    In Christel Gärtner, Detlef Pollack, and Monika Wohlrab-Sahr (eds.) Atheismus und religiöse Indifferenz. Opladen: Leske + Budrich, pp. 271-287.

    Uses 1991 & '98 International Social Survey Program data.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Generations; Secularization; Germany
  • The demise of Christianity in Britain.
    Bruce, Steve (2003)
    In Grace Davie, Paul Heelas, and Linda Woodhead (eds.) Predicting Religion: Christian, Seclar and Alternative Futures. Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 53-63.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Secularization
  • Pour une Sociologie des "Modernités Religieuses Multiples": Une Autre Approche de la "Religion Invisible" des Sociétés Européennes.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (2003)
    Social Compass 50:3: 287-295.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe; Invisible religion; Privatization
  • Religion and the Family.
    Dobbelaere, Karel, Josette Gevers, and Loek Halman (2003)
    In Loek Halman and Ole Riis (eds.) Religion in Secularizing Society: The Europeans' Religion at the End of the 20th Century. Leiden: Brill, pp. 76-91.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Family
  • Contested Meanings and Definitional Boundaries: Historicizing the Sociology of Religion.
    McGuire, Meredith B. (2003)
    In Arthur L. Greil and David G. Bromley (eds.) Defining Religion: Investigating the Boudnaries between the Sacred and the Secular. Oxford: Elsevier, pp. 127-138.

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of religion; Definition of religion
  • Secularization and Aging in Britain: Does Family Formation Cause Greater Religiosity?
    Tilley, James R. (2003)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42:2: 269-278.

    Analyzes British election survey data; cohort (generation) effects explain most of higher church attendance rates of older people.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Age; Generations; Family
  • Oriental Religion in the Secular West: Globalization, New Age and the Reenchantment of the World.
    Aupers, Stef, and Dick Houtman (2003)
    Journal of National Development 16:1-2: 47-86.

    Associated Search Terms: New age; Globalization
  • Lack of a Secularizing Influence of Education on Religious Activity and Parity among Mormons.
    Merrill, Ray M., Joseph L. Lyon, and William J. Jensen (2003)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42:1: 113-124.

    Analyzes 1996 & 2000 Utah survey data; education predicts more religiosity & lower family size (Parity) among Utah Mormons.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Utah; Education; Mormon, U.S.A.; Family size
  • Where's the Religion? Distinguishing Faith-Based from Secular Social Service Agencies.
    Ebaugh, Helen Rose, Paula F. Pipes, Janet Saltzman Chafetz, and Martha Daniels (2003)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42:3: 411-426.

    Based on a survey of aid-to-the-homeless agencies in Houston; religiously-based agencies identified themselves as such, relied more on volunteers, & often employed personnel sharing their own faith identities.

    Associated Search Terms: Social services; Charities; United States, Texas, Houston; Voluntarism
  • Civic participation, regional subcultures, and violence: The differential effects of secular and religious participation on adult and juvenile homicide.
    Lee, Matthew R., and John P. Bartkowski (2003)
    Homicide Studies 8:1: 5-39.

    Associated Search Terms: Regionalism; Criminology; Homicide; Practice; Social participation
  • Religion and Volunteering in America.
    Campbell, David E., and Steven J. Yonish (2003)
    In Corwin Smidt (ed.) Religion as Social Capital. Producing the Common Good. Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, pp. 87-106.

    Analyzes 1985-95 U.S.A. survey data; church attendance furthers volunteering, but among volunteers diverts some to religious rather than secular activities.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Practice; Social capital; Volunteering
  • Social Theory and Religion.
    Beckford, James A. (2003)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Reviews the literature on a number of theoretical concepts from a social constructionist perspective.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Theory; Social construction of reality; Definition of religion; Secularization; Levels of inclusiveness; Rationalization; Differentiation; Social movement; Change; Globalization; Fundamentalist; New religions; Modernization
  • Säkularisierung--ein moderner Mythos? Studien zum religiösen Wandel in Deutschland.
    Pollack, Detlef (2003)
    Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck).

    A collection of essays & studies, most previously published as slightly different versions.

    Associated Search Terms: Literature; Secularization; Privatization; Politics, Germany; Lutheran, Germany; Luhmann, Niklas; Luckmann, Thomas; Proselytizing; Individualism; Germany, East; Germany; Functionalism; Disenchantment; Catholic, Germany; Definition of religion; State; Differentiation; Dimensions of religiosity
  • Secularization and De-secularization.
    Berger, Peter L. (2002)
    In Linda Woodhead, Paul Fletcher, Hiroko Kawanami, and David Smith (eds.), Religions in the Modern World. London & New York: Routledge, pp. 291-298.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • God Is Dead. Secularization in the West.
    Bruce, Steve (2002)
    Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell.

    Argues for the usefulness of secularization as a concept of an empirical process; uses evidence from Great Britain.

    Associated Search Terms: Societalization; Implicit religion; Secularization; Differentiation; Change; Individualism; Identity; Privatization; Sect; New age; Modernization; Great Britain; Schism; Relativism; Compartmentalization; Voluntarism; Pluralism; State
  • Secularization: An Analysis at Three Levels.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (2002)
    Brussels: Presses Interuniversitaires Européennes/Peter Lang.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Sacred as Surrogate: Notes on Implicit A-Religion.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III (2002)
    In Edward I. Bailey (ed.) The Secular Quest for Meaning in Life. Denton Papers in Implicit Religion. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 55-65.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sacred
  • Crisis de lo religioso y crisis e lo secular en la Europa del Tercer Milenio.
    Pace, Enzo (2002)
    Ciencias sociales y religión/Ciências sociais e religião 2002:4: 15-34.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization
  • Faces of the State: Secularism and Public Life in Turkey.
    Navarro-Yashin, Yael (2002)
    Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Turkey; Secularism
  • Internal Competition in a National Religious Monopoly: The Catholic Effect and the Italian Case.
    Diotallevi, Luca (2002)
    Sociology of Religion 63:2: 137-155.

    Secularization & market theory would predict a decline of religion in Italy, but Catholicism remains relatively strong. Vitality seems to derive from internal competition.

    Associated Search Terms: Italy; Competition; Secularization; Market model
  • Stark's Age of Faith Argument and the Secularization of Things: A Commentary.
    Sommerville, C. John (2002)
    Sociology of Religion 63:3: 361-372.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe, medieval; Stark, Rodney; Secularization; Historical
  • The Persistence of Faith among non-Heterosexual Christians: Evidence for the Neosecularization Thesis of Religious Transformation.
    Yip, Andrew K.T. (2002)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 41:2: 199-212.

    The religiosity of non-heterosexual Christians illustrates secularization as the decline of institutional religious authority. Based on 1997-99 survey & interview data from British homosexual respondents.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Great Britain; Homosexuality; Individualism; Authority; Self
  • The Change in Religion and Church in Eastern Germany after 1998: A Research Note.
    Pollack, Detlef (2002)
    Sociology of Religion 63:5: 373-387.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Secularization
  • Europäische Säkularisierung--ein Sonderweg in die postsäkulare Gesellschaft?
    Eder, Klaus (2002)
    Berliner Journal für Soziologie 12:3: 331-343.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe
  • Europe: The Exceptional Case. Parameters of Faith in the Modern World.
    Davie, Grace (2002)
    London: Darton, Longman & Todd.

    Europe's secularization appears exceptional in a global context.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernization; Europe
  • Religion and the State: The Singularity of the Jordanian Religious Experience.
    Moaddel, Mansoor (2002)
    International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society 15:4: 527-568.

    Seeks to explain the peaceful coexistence of a Moslem Brotherhood and a secular government in Jordan.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Jordan; Jordan; Brotherhood; Islam, Jordan
  • Charisma Today.
    Borg, Meerten B. ter (2002)
    In Edward I. Bailey (ed.) The Secular Quest for Meaning in Life. Denton Papers in Implicit Religion. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 105-117.

    Associated Search Terms: Charisma
  • The Notion of Implicit Religion: What it Means, and Does Not Mean.
    Bailey, Edward I. (2002)
    In Edward I. Bailey (ed.) The Secular Quest for Meaning in Life. Denton Papers in Implicit Religion. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 1-11.

    Associated Search Terms: Implicit religion
  • Ethnic Jokes as an Expression of Implicit Religious Values and Religious Identity.
    Davies, Christie (2002)
    In Edward I. Bailey (ed.) The Secular Quest for Meaning in Life. Denton Papers in Implicit Religion. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 71-85.

    Associated Search Terms: Humor; Implicit religion
  • Diffused Religion: Theory and Practice.
    Cipriani, Roberto (2002)
    In Edward I. Bailey (ed.) The Secular Quest for Meaning in Life. Denton Papers in Implicit Religion. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 87-104.

    Associated Search Terms: Diffused religion
  • Religion in the Capital Area of Finland.
    Lampinen, Tapio (2002)
    In Edward I. Bailey (ed.) The Secular Quest for Meaning in Life. Denton Papers in Implicit Religion. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 259-268.

    Associated Search Terms: Civil religion; Finland, Helsinki; Implicit religion
  • Antisatanism as a Social Movement.
    Swatos, William H., Jr. (2002)
    In Edward I. Bailey (ed.) The Secular Quest for Meaning in Life. Denton Papers in Implicit Religion. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 269-289.

    Sees Satanism as a converse of Evangelicalism, & the latter re-energizing around the former.

    Associated Search Terms: Satanist; Resource mobilization; Evangelical; Social movement
  • On the Possibility of Naturalistic Religions.
    Makrides, Vasilios N. (2002)
    In Edward I. Bailey (ed.) The Secular Quest for Meaning in Life. Denton Papers in Implicit Religion. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 149-174.

    Associated Search Terms: Surrogate for religion
  • The Sacralisation of Political Ideology: Implicit Religion in the American Frontier Tradition.
    Beckley, Robert E., and H. Paul Chalfant (2002)
    In Edward I. Bailey (ed.) The Secular Quest for Meaning in Life. Denton Papers in Implicit Religion. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, pp. 309-318.

    West Texas churches succeed in membership as they conform to a worldly view of achievement.

    Associated Search Terms: Implicit religion; Moral; Individualism; United States, Texas
  • Why Do Churches Become Empty, While New Age Grows? Secularization and Religious Change in the Netherlands.
    Houtman, Dick, and Peter Mascini (2002)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 41:3: 455-473.

    Analyzes 1998 Dutch survey data. The decline of Christian adherence & of religiosity & the growth of New Age involvement were caused by high levels of moral individualism.

    Associated Search Terms: New age; Age; Moral; Individualism; Netherlands
  • Religion and Politics in a Secular Europe. Cutting against the Grain.
    Soper, J. Christopher, and Joel Fetzer (2002)
    In Ted Gerard Jelen and Clyde Wilxox (eds.) Religion and Politics in Comparative Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 169-191.

    Associated Search Terms: France; Great Britain; Politics, Germany; Migration; Politics, Great Britain; Education; Politics, France; Germany
  • As the Flocks Gather: How Religion Affects Voluntary Association Participation.
    Lam, Pui-yan (2002)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 41:3: 405-422.

    Analyzes 1996 North American survey data. Religious committee service predicts secular committee service, but volunteering & attendance negatively predict it. Private religiosity predicts volunteer secular participation but salience does not.

    Associated Search Terms: Social participation; Dimensions of religiosity; Voluntarism; Prayer; Practice; Salience
  • National Religious Context and Familial Religiosity Within a Jewish Framework.
    Lazarwitz, Bernard, and Ephraim Tabory (2002)
    Review of Religious Research 44:1: 22-37.

    Israel's contextual influence enhances Jewish observance among secular Jews while the American context lowers practice & transmits some christianizing influences.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Comparative; Jewish, Israel; Jewish, U.S.A.; Israel; Practice
  • Religion and Community among the Elderly: The Relationship between the Religious and Secular Characteristics of their Social Networks.
    McIntosh, William Alex, Dianne Sykes, and Karen S. Kubena (2002)
    Review of Religious Research 44:2: 109-125.

    Analyzes survey data from white non-Latino senior citizens in Houston.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Texas, Houston; Network; Gerontology
  • Religion and Civic Engagement in Canada and the United States.
    Uslaner, Eric M. (2002)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 41:2: 239-254.

    Analyzes U.S. & Canadian survey data (date not given); fundamentalist religious identification is related to volunteering in church works rather than secular works.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Fundamentalist; Voluntarism; Canada; Social participation
  • L'Islam mondialisé.
    Roy, Olivier (2002)
    Paris: Ed. du Seuil

    Maintains that Islam & other religions are increasingly detached from governments, cultures, & formal religious authorities. This is particularly the case with Islamic neo-fundamentalism. [Revised, expanded & updated from L'Islam mondialisé, 2002]

    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Transnational; Assimilation; Deterritorialization; Politics; Minority; Globalization; Individualism; Identity; Islam; Secularization; Violence
  • Secularization.
    Casanova, José V. (2001)
    In Neil J. Smelser and P.B. Baltes (eds.) The International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behaivoral Sciences. Oxford: Elsevier.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization Extended: From Religious 'Myth' to Cultural Commonplace.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III (2001)
    In Richard K. Fenn (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 211-228.

    Secularization is a primary factor in cultural change, often in tandem with its opposite, sacralization.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacralization; Secularization
  • Beyond Idols. The Shape of a Secular Society.
    Fenn, Richard K. (2001)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Argues for a non-idolatrous secular society where the Sacred can be sacred.

    Associated Search Terms: Civil religion; Psychoanalytic; Authoritarianism; Charisma; Sacred; Secularization
  • The Social Process of Secularization.
    Bruce, Steve (2001)
    In Richard K. Fenn (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Sociology of Religion.

    Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 249-263.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Twofold Limit of the Notion of Secularization.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (2001)
    In L. Woodhead (ed.) Peter Berger and the Study of Religion. London: Routledge, pp. 112-125.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Twofold Limits of the Notion of Secularization.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (2001)
    In Linda Woodhead, Paul Heelas, and David Martin (eds.) Peter Berger and the Study of Religion. London: Routledge, pp. 112-125.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Salvation, Secularization, and de-Moralization.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (2001)
    In Richard K. Fenn (ed.) The Blackwell Companion to Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 39-51.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Moral
  • Religion and secularization in the Czech Republic.
    Lužný, Dušan, and Jolana Navrátilová (2001)
    Czech Sociological REview 9:1: 85-98.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Czech Republic
  • Reflections on the Sociology of Religion Today.
    Berger, Peter L. (2001)
    Sociology of Religion 62:4: 443-454.

    Education & pluralism can undermine certainties; under some circumstances this can secularize, as in Europe.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe; Education; Pluralism
  • Messianism and Marxism: Walter Benjamin and Ernst Bloch's Dialectical Theories of Secularization.
    Goldstein, Warren S. (2001)
    Critical Sociology 27:2: 246-281.

    The two authors' dialectical theories of secularization explain their mixture of messianism & Marxism.

    Associated Search Terms: Benjamin, Walter; Bloch, Ernst; Dialectic; Marxian; Marxism; Messian
  • Tribes and Cities: Towards an Islamic Sociology of Religion.
    Spickard, James V. (2001)
    Social Compass 48:1: 103-116.

    Khaldun focuses on tribes & cities, & the role of Islam in transforming group feeling. His approach leads to different views of secularization, authority, & the role of religion in ethnicity.

    Associated Search Terms: Khaldun, Ibn; Authority; Secularization; Ethnic; Islam
  • Les francs-maçons dans le processus de laïcisation de la Belgique (XIXe-XXe siècles).
    Nefontaine, Luc (2001)
    In Jean-Pierre Bastian (ed.) La modernité religieuse en perspective comparée. Europe latine--Amérique latine. Paris: Karthala, pp. 29-40.

    Anti-clericalism was more important in Belgium than in France, and corresponds to a secular pillar or sector of Belgian society.

    Associated Search Terms: Freemasonry; State; Secularization; Laïcité; Belgium; Anticlericalism
  • Le Redéploiement de la Religion dans un Contexte Pluraliste.
    Campiche, Roland J. (2001)
    In Jean-Pierre Bastian (ed.) La modernité religieuse en perspective comparée. Europe latine-Amérique latine. Paris: Karthala, pp. 131-140.

    Consideration of the possibility of comparing religious developments in Europe & Latin Amrica int rms of pluralist recompostiions. Cites swiss examples of pluralism & secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secularization; Pluralism; Individualism; Comparative; Switzerland
  • Entre pluralisation et régulation du champ religieux: premeirs pas vers une approache en termes de médiations pour la Suisse.
    Becci, Irene (2001)
    Social Compass 48:1: 21-36.

    Finds pluralism & individualism insufficient for explaining Swiss religious phenomena. Suggests regulation & mediating structures. Notes 4 kinds of regulation theory: secularization, state domination, market theory, theories of the regulation by beliefs.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Market model; Secularization; Regulation; Mediation; State; Switzerland
  • The changng nature of "faith" in faith-based organizations: Secularization and ecumenism in four AIDS organiations in New York City.
    Chambre, Susan M. (2001)
    Social Service Review 75:3: 435-455.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, New York, New York; Ecumenism; Secularization; Social services; AIDS
  • The persistence of institutional religion in modern Europe.
    Davie, Grace (2001)
    In L. Woodhead, P. Heelas and D. Martin (eds.) Peter Berger and the Study of Religion. London: Routledge, pp. 101-111.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization
  • The Curious Case of the Unnecessary Recantation: Berger and Secularisation.
    Bruce, Steve (2001)
    In Linda Woodhead (ed.), Peter Berger and the Study of Religions. London & New York: Routledge, pp. 87-100.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Berger, Peter L.
  • Christianity in Britain, R.I.P.
    Bruce, Steve (2001)
    Sociology of Religion 62:2: 191-203.

    Reviews evidence that religion in the U.K. is in decline.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Secularization
  • Patterns of Religion in Western Europe: An Exceptional Case.
    Davie, Grace (2001)
    In Richard K. Fenn 9ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 264-278.

    The Western European situation is not paradigmatic for modernity but exceptional; uses 1990 European Values Study data.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization; Europe, western
  • Laïcité et Sécularisation au Mexique.
    Blancarte, Roberto J. (2001)
    In Jean-Pierre Bastian (ed.) La modernité religieuse en perspective comparée. Europe latine-Amérique latine. Paris: Karthala, pp. 81-93.

    The Church separated from the state because it did not want the colonial Patronat in the hands of the republics of the new world.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Mexico; Laïcité; Historical; Catholic, Mexico; State
  • After Paul Left Corinth: The Influence of Secular Ethics and Social Change.
    Winter, Bruce W. (2001)
    Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans.

    Associated Search Terms: Early Christian; Greece, Corinth, ancient
  • Religion, Denomination, and Education in the Netherlands: Cognitive and Noncognitive Outcomes after an Era of Secularization.
    Driessen, Geert, and Frans van der Slik (2001)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40:4: 561-572.

    Religion declined in the Netherlands, but enrollment in church schools remained high. There are no denominational effects on preparedness for school, except for less preparation for denominations of immigrant groups.

    Associated Search Terms: Netherlands; Migrant; Students, primary; Education; Denomination (organizational entity)
  • Analyzing Patterns of Religious Participation in Post-communist Eastern Europe.
    Need, Ariana, and Geoffrey Evans (2001)
    British Journal of Sociology 52:2: 229-248.

    1990s surveys reveal no resurgence of religion among young Eastern Europeans after the Communist era; Catholic countries show more religious practice than do Orthodox countries.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Europe; Orthodox, eastern, Europe; Europe, eastern; Practice; Secularization
  • Les Seuils de Laïcisation dans l'Europe Latine et la Recomposition du Religieux dans la Modernité Tardive.
    Baubérot, Jean (2001)
    In Jean-Pierre Bastian (ed.) La modernité religieuse en perspective comparée. Europe latine--Amérique latine. Paris: Kathala, pp. 15-28.

    Makes comparisons among several nations: France, Spain, Italy, Belgium.

    Associated Search Terms: Belgium; France; Italy; Laïcité; Modernity; Secularization; Spain; State
  • Relationships among Giving, Church Attendance, and Religious Belief: The Case of the Presbyterian Church (USA).
    Lunn, John, Robin Klay, and Andrea Douglass (2001)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40:4: 765-775.

    Analyzes 1996 denomination member survey data; conservative Presbyterians contributed more generally & to the local church while liberals gave more to secular charities.

    Associated Search Terms: Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Belief; Conservative/liberal; Contributions
  • Cultures Jeunes et Religion: Réflexions Théoriques.
    Bizeuil, Yves (2001)
    In Jean-Pierre Bastian (ed.) La modernité religieuse en perspective comparée. Europe latine--Amérique latine. Paris: Karthala, pp. 141-151.

    Post modern youth have functional equivalents for religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Justice; Prophecy; Cosmology; Functionalism, micro; Identity; Integration (social); Ritual; Youth; Meaning; Secularization
  • Il rompicapo della secolarizzazione italiana: Caso italiano, teorie americane e revisione del paradigma della secolarizzazione.
    Diotallevi, Luca (2001)
    Catanzaro: Rubbettino.

    Both secularization theory & market theory predict a crisis in Italian Catholicism, but it is not there. Italian Catholicism is not a "lazy monopoly" but a forum of internal competition.

    Associated Search Terms: Italy; Competition; Market model
  • Attitudes Sécularistes et Fondamentalistes en France et dans Divers Pays Occidentaux.
    Lambert, Yves (2001)
    Social Compass 48:1: 37-49.

    Based on 1991 & '98 International Social Survey Program data. Compares average responses by nation to questions about church/state relations & biblical literalism. French respondents showed the greatest support for secular government & politics.

    Associated Search Terms: France; State; Literalism
  • Cattolicisme et libéralisme: les étapes de l'affrontement pour la définition de la modernité religieuse en Amérique latine.
    Mallimaci, Fortunato (2001)
    In Jean-Pierre Bastian (ed.) La modernité religieuse en perspective comparée. Europe latine--Amérique latine. Paris: Karthala, pp. 59-79.

    A narrative that proceeds from a largely Argentine perspective.

    Associated Search Terms: Latin America; Individualism; Catholic, Latin America; Differentiation; Globalization; Legitimation; Liberation theology; Modernity; Pluralism; Rationalization; Secularization; State; Identity
  • Historicizing the Secularization Debate: Church, State, and Society in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (ca. 1300 to 1700).
    Gorski, Philip S. (2000)
    American Sociological Review 65: 138-167.

    Sees the Reformation as a rationalization & de-secularization process; criticizes the notion of "market," seeing it as a result of macro processes.

    Associated Search Terms: Market model; Europe, early modern; Europe, medieval; Historical; Differentiation; Secularization
  • Japanese Paradox: Secular State, Religious Society.
    Shiose, Yuki (2000)
    Social Compass 47:3: 317-328.

    The disestablishment of Shinto made it more acceptable to the Japanese people.

    Associated Search Terms: Japan; Secularization; State
  • The Varieties of Sacred Experience: Finding the Sacred in a Secular Grove.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III (2000)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 39:1: 1-11.

    Suggests defining religion substantively & sacred functionally.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred; Definition of religion; Secularization; Counterculture
  • La place desmusulmans dans le multiculturalisme laïc en Grande-Bretagne.
    Modood, Tariq (2000)
    Social Compass 47:1: 41-55. Comment by Albert Bastenier, pp. 57-60.

    Secularization in British identity politics threatens multiculturalism by denying recognition to the Muslim minority.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Politics, Great Britain; Pluralism; Great Britain; Islam, Great Britain
  • Religione, individuo e società tra secolarizzazione e risecolarizzazione.
    Scalon, Roberto (2000)
    Rassegna italiani di sociologie 2000:3: 445-458.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Losing faith: Is Britain alone?
    De Graaf, Nan Dirk, and Ariana Need (2000)
    In Roger Jowell, John Curtice, Alison Park, Katarina Thomson, Lindsey Jarvis, Catherine Bromley, and Nina Stratford (eds.) British Social Attitudes: The 17th Report Focusing on Diversity. London: Sage, pp. 119-135.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religiöse Individualisierung statt Säkularisierung? Eine falsche Alternative.
    Pollack, Detlef, and Gert Pickel (2000)
    Zeitschrift für Soziologie 29: 244-248.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Secularization
  • Déchristianisation et Sécularisation: Aspects Sociologiques et Statistiques.
    Gabriel, Karl (2000)
    In Paul Colonge and Rudolf Lill (eds.) Histoire religieus de l'Allemagne. Paris: Cerf, pp. 333-348.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Germany
  • Jews in Disneyland: Religion in Post-Modern Times.
    Lyon, David (2000)
    Cambridge, U.K.: Polity Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Post-modern
  • Der lange Schatten der erzwungenen Säkularisierung.
    Meulemann, Heiner (2000)
    In Heinz-Herbert Noll and Roland Habich (eds.) vom Zusammenwachsen einer Gesellschaft: Analysen zur Angleichung der Lebensverhältnisse in Deutschland. Frankfurt a.M.: Campus, pp. 223-248.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Germany, East; Secularization
  • Religious Minorities During Russia's Transition from Atheism to Secularism.
    Agadjanian, Alexander (2000)
    Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 11: 65-79.

    Associated Search Terms: Minority; Pluralism; Russia
  • La religion, le droit et le problème de l'intégration social en Corée: évolution de la société entre autonomie nationale et tradition confucianiste.
    Jetzkowitz, Jens (2000)
    Social Compass 47:4: 487-505.

    The formation of a secular legal code, essential to modernization, conflicts with Korean religious social integration.

    Associated Search Terms: Korea (South); Modernization; Law; Legitimation; Integration (societal)
  • The Church on the World's Turf: An Evangelical Christian Group at a Secular University.
    Bramadat, Paul A. (2000)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Ethnography of the InterVarsity Christian Fellowship at McMaster University in Ontario.

    Associated Search Terms: University; Students, undergraduate; Intervarsity Christian Fellowship; Evangelical, Canada; Participant observation
  • Religione e morale. Un carico di pesa variabile.
    Cappello, Fanny Stefania (2000)
    Bologna: Clueb.

    Associated Search Terms: Moral; Politics, Italy; Gender; Secularization; Change; Italy; Teachers
  • Die Religion der Gesellschaft./A Systems Theory of Religion, tr. David A. Brenner with Adrian Hermann.
    Luhmann, Niklas (2000)
    Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp./Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2013.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Meaning; Differentiation; Evolution, societal; Functionalism; Systems theory
  • Religion and Secular Status among Hispanics in the United States: Catholicism and the Varieties of Hispanic Protestantism.
    Hunt, Larry (2000)
    Social Science Quarterly 79:4: 828-845.

    Associated Search Terms: Latino Americans
  • Demographic Change and Secularization in an Asian New Religious Movement. The Brahma Kumaris in the Western World, Part II.
    Howell, Julia Day, and Peter L. Nelson (2000)
    Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 11: 225-239.

    As the age structure of what began as a youth movement normalized, world-rejection lessened & service functions differentiated from spirituality functions.

    Associated Search Terms: Australia; Brahma Kumari, Australia; Demography; New religions; World rejection; Differentiation
  • Explaining the Relationship Between Christian Religion and Anti-semitism in the Netherlands.
    Konig, Ruben, Rob Eisinga, and Peer Scheepers (2000)
    Review of Religious Research 41:3: 373-393.

    Analyzes 1990-91 Dutch survey data; the relationship of Christian religion to anti-semitism was largely spurious for religious prejudice, but religion made secular anti-semitism more plausible. Local, narrow perspectives were most important.

    Associated Search Terms: Plausibility structure; Prejudice, anti-Semitism; Netherlands
  • Acts of Faith: Explaining the Human Side of Religion.
    Stark, Rodney, and Roger Finke (2000)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Received the 2001 Book Award from the American Sociological Association’s Sociology of Religion Section. Chinese translation published by the People's University Press of China, 2004. Translated by Fenggang Yang. Korean translation published by Bookorea Publishing Co., Forthcoming.

    Associated Search Terms: Commitment; Market model; Rational choice theory; Secularization; Competition; Conversion; Sect; Mormon; Congregation size; Sisters; Catholic; Vocation; Social capital
  • The Dynamics of Religious Organizations. The Extravasation of the Sacred and Other Essays.
    Hammond, Phillip E. (2000)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Contains revisions of earlier essays.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Sect; Tocqueville, Alexis de; World system; Disaffiliation; United States; New religions; Ethnic; Privatization; Secularization; State; Politics, U.S.A.; Market model; Catholic, U.S.A.; Pluralism; Protestant, U.S.A.; Soka Gakkai, U.S.A.
  • Secularization, R.I.P.
    Stark, Rodney (1999)
    Sociology of Religion 60:3: 249-273.

    No empirical evidence supports the secularization thesis.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization Theory: The Course of a Concept.
    Swatos, William H., Jr., and Kevin J. Christiano (1999)
    Sociology of Religion 60:3: 209-228.

    Overview of the secularization debate.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Differential Patterns of Secularization in Europe.
    Hallman, Loek, and T. Pettersson (1999)
    In Loek Hallman and Ole Riis (eds.) Religion in Secularizing Society: The Europeans' Religion at the End of the Twentieth Century. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press [Boston: Brill, 2003], pp. 48-75.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe
  • Secularization in a Context of Advanced Modernity.
    Voyé, Liliane (1999)
    Sociology of Religion 60:3: 275-288.

    Maintains that secularization in Europe is a fact, but that churches are sometimes resources for ethical expertise & identity.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Identity; Practice; Moral; Secularization
  • Religion in Modernity as a New Axial Age: Secularization or New Religious Forms?
    Lambert, Yves (1999)
    Sociology of Religion 60:3: 303-333.

    Sees modernity as an axial age; secularization has occurred in modernity in terms of autonomization from religious authority but not in terms of an abandonment of any religious symbol.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Modernity
  • Towards an Integrated Perspective of the Processes Related to the Descriptive Concept of Secularization.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (1999)
    Sociology of Religion 60:3: 229-247.

    Individualistic decision making, detraditionalization, mobility, & expressive & utilitarian individualism as well as secularization explain individual religiosity secularization is macro & pluralism meso.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Differentiation; Comparative; Individualism; Secularization
  • Modernization, Indivdiualism and Secularization.
    Bruce, Steve (1999)
    In Eila Helander (ed.), Religion and Social Transitions. Helsinki: Publictions of the Department of Practical Theology 95, University of Helsinki, pp. 15-27.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Secularization; Modernization
  • Secularization from the Perspective of Globalization: A Response to Dobelaere.
    Beyer, Peter F. (1999)
    Sociology of Religion 60:3: 289-301.

    Associated Search Terms: Globalization; Secularization; Levels of inclusiveness
  • The "Secularization" of Utah and Religious Competition.
    Phillips, Rick (1999)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 38:1: 72-82.

    Associated Search Terms: Mormon, U.S.A.; United States, Utah; Monopoly; Competition; Secularization
  • Individualisierung und religiöser Wandel in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
    Pollack, Detlef, and Gert Pickel (1999)
    Zeitschrift für Soziologie 28;6: 465-483.

    Individualism is distinct from secularization, though correlating inversely with orthodox belief & conformity to religions' rules.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Individualism; Germany; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Secularization
  • Ville et paroisse d'élection. Des églises et des pratiques catholiques à quarante ans d'écart.
    Charlier, Jean-Émile, Frédéric Moens, and Sébastien Nahon (1999)
    Recherches sociologiques 30:1: 85-102.

    Replication of a 1960 study by L. Dignemans and J. Remy. A secularized pattern in Charleroi, Belgium, seems to be firmly in place.

    Associated Search Terms: Belgium, Charleroi; Catholic, Belgium; Practice; Secularization
  • The Desecularization of the World: A Global Overview.
    Berger, Peter L. (1999)
    In Peter L. Berger (ed.) The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, pp. 1-18.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sacralization
  • The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics.
    Berger, Peter L., George Wiegel, David Martin, Jonathan Sacks, Grace Davie, Tu Weiming, and A. An-Na'im Abdullahi (1999)
    Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Desecularization
  • Culture Séculaière, Culture Religieuse, Ethos Civique et Administration Publique du Symbole.
    Côté, Pauline (1999)
    Social Compass 57-74.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Secularization; Law
  • New Age Spiritualities as Secular Religion: A Historian's Perspective.
    Hanegraaff, Wouter J. (1999)
    Social Compass 46:2: 145-160.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; New age; Definition of religion; Privatism
  • Religious Outlook, Culture War Politics, and Antipathy toward Christian Fundamentalists.
    Bolche, Louis, and Gerald deMaio (1999)
    Public Opinion Quarterly 63:1: 29-61.

    1988-96 American data show seculars & well-educated people voting against fundamentalist positions.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; United States; Anti-fundamentalist; Fundamentalist, U.S.A.
  • The Journey from the Secular to the Sacred: Experience of Native British Converts to Islam.
    Köse, Ali (1999)
    Social Compass 46:3: 301-312.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Conversion; Islam, Great Britain
  • Religion and the Spirit of Capitalism in Modern Europe.
    Riis, Ole (1999)
    In Loek Halman and Ole Riis (eds.) Religion in Secularizing Society: The Eruopean's Religion at the End of the 20th Century. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press, pp. 19-41.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Economic; Protestant Ethic
  • The Politics of Defining Religion in Secular Society: From a Taken-for-Granted Institution to a Contested Resource.
    Beckford, James A. (1999)
    In J.G. Platvoet and A.L. Molendijk (eds.), The Pragmatics of Defining Religion: Context, Concepts and Contests. Leiden: Brill, pp. 23-40.

    Associated Search Terms: Definition of religion
  • Foreword: What is Secularism?
    Taylor, Charles (1998)
    In Geoffrey Brahm Levey and Tariq Madood (eds.) Secularism, Religion and Multicultural Citizenship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism
  • Secularization in a religiogeneous modernity.
    Hellemans, Staf. (1998)
    In R. Laermans, B. Wilson, and Jaak Billiet (eds.) Secularization and Social Integration. Papers in Honor of Karel Dobbelaere. Leuven: Leuven University Press, pp. 67-81.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization
  • The Helmet and the Turban: Secularization in Islam.
    Pace, Enzo (1998)
    In Rudi Laermans, Bryan R. Wilson, and Jaak Billiet (eds.) Secularization and Social Integration. Papers in Honor of Karel Dobbelaere. Leuven: leuven University Press, pp. 165-175.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam; Secularization
  • Death and Christmas Revisited. Beyond Secularization: A Search for Meaning.
    Voyé, Liliane (1998)
    In Rudi Laermans, Bryan R. Wilson, and Jaak Billiet (eds.) Secularization and Social Integration. Papers in Honor of Karel Dobbelaere. Leuven: Leuven University Press, pp. 287-305.

    Associated Search Terms: Feast; Secularization; Death
  • Religious Advocacy in Secular Society: A Neo-Secularization Perspective (Wisconsin State Legislature, Lobbying).
    Yamane, David (1998)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison. [DA 59:7 A, p. 2749]

    Secularization involves differentiation & a decline in religious authority, & additionally movements of religious entities exerting influence on the secular state. Examines cases of religions lobbying the Wisconsin state legislature.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Politics, U.S.A.; United States, Wisconsin
  • The Secularization Thesis: Criticisms and Rebuttals.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1998)
    In Rudi Laermans, BryanR. Wilson, and Jaak Billiet (eds.) Secualrization and Social Integration. Papers in Honor of Karel Dobelaere. Leuven: Leuven University Press, pp. 45-65.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization in the Netherlands in its historical and geographical dimensions.
    Knippenberg, Hans (1998)
    GeoJournal 45:3: 209-220.

    Associated Search Terms: Netherlands; Secularization
  • The Secularization of Religion and Television Commercials.
    Maguire, Brendan, and Georgie Ann Weatherby (1998)
    Sociology of Religion 59:2: 171-178.

    Finds little religion in 1992 American television commercials.

    Associated Search Terms: Content analysis; Secularization; Media
  • State imposed secularism: Yet another dimension?
    Barker, Eileen (1998)
    In Rudi Laermans, Bryan R. Wilson, and Jaak Billiet (eds.) Secularisation and Social Integration; Papers in Honor of Karel Dobbelaere. Leuven: Leuven University Press, pp. 191-210.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Persecution; Secularization
  • Secularization and the renaissance of religiosity in Lithuanian contemporary culture.
    Juknevi?ius, Stanislovas (1998)
    Spectrum: Studies in the History of Culture 2: 125-143.

    Associated Search Terms: Lithuania; Revival; Secularization
  • Secularization and Religious Modernity in Western Europe.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (1998)
    In Anson Shupe and Bronislaw Misztal (eds.), Religion, Mobilization, and Social Action. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, pp. 15-31.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Definition of religion; Europe; Tradition
  • The Changing Role of Religion and Social Action Groups in Japanese Society.
    Mullins, Mark R. (1998)
    In Anson Shupe and Brinislaw Misztal (eds.) Religion, Mobilization, and Social Action. Westport, Connecticut: praeger, pp. 110-127.

    Modernization in Japan has not meant secularization but rather has had ambivalent effects on religions.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernization; Japan; Secularization
  • Religious and Secular France between Northern and Southern Europe.
    Willaime, Jean-Paul (1998)
    Social Compass 45:1: 155-174.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Catholic, France; France; State
  • Transcending Sacred and Secular: Mutual Benefits in Analyzing Religious and Nonreligious Organizations.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III, and Terry Schmitt (1998)
    In Nicholas J. Demerath III, Peter Dobkin Hall, Terry Schmitt, and Rhys H. Williams (eds.), Sacred Companies. Organizational Aspects of Religion and Religious Aspects of Organizations. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 381-400.

    Religious & non-religious organizations should not be studied alone; the religious have secular aspects & the secular have religious aspects.

    Associated Search Terms: Organization; Sociology of religion; Sacred
  • Secularization and Social Solidarity: A Social Constructionist View.
    Beckford, James A. (1998)
    In R. Laermans, Bryan R. Wilson, and J. Billiet (eds.) Secualrization and Social Integration. Leuven: Leuven University Press, pp. 141-158.

    Associated Search Terms: Social construction of reality; Secularization; Solidarity
  • Confidence in Religious Institutions and Secularization Trends and Implications.
    Hoffmann, John P. (1998)
    Review of Religious Research 39:4: 321-343.

    Analyzes 1974-94 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data; notes a decline in confidence in religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States; Confidence in religion
  • A Secularizing Geography? Patterns and Processes of Religious Change in England and Wales, 1676-1851.
    Crockett, Alasdair (1998)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. thesis, University of Leicester.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Historical; Change; Great Britain
  • Secularization, Religion, and Isomorphism. A Study of Large Nonprofit Hospital Trustees.
    Swartz, David (1998)
    In Nicholas j. Demerath III, Peter Dobkin Hall, Terry Schmitt, and Rhys H. Williams (eds.) Sacred Companies. Organizational Aspcts of Religion and Religious Aspects of Organizations. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 323-339.

    Associated Search Terms: Medical; Organization; Secularization; Trustees, hospital
  • Religion Re-emerging. The Role of Religion in Legitimating Integration and Power in Modern Societies.
    Riis, Ole (1998)
    International Sociology 13:2: 249-272.

    Religion can be part of modern politics, especially in protest against elites; secularization is often a political tactic.

    Associated Search Terms: Civil religion; Politics; Secularization; Protest
  • Contradictions of Secularism and the Preservation of the Sacred. Four Contexts of Religious Change in Communism.
    Tomka, Miklós (1998)
    In Rudi Laermans, Bryan Wilson, and Jaak Billiet (eds.) Secularization and Scoial Integration. Leuven, Beligium: Leuven University Press., pp. 177-189.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe, eastern; Conflict
  • Ethnocentrism, Social Theory and Non-western Sociologies of Religion. Toward a Confucian Alternative.
    Spickard, James V. (1998)
    International Sociology 13:2: 173-194.

    Argues that the Weberian problem of religious authority, the study of secularization, & rational choice theory are ethnocentric.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Confucian sociology of religion; Rational choice theory; Theory; Authority
  • Coping with Persecution. Religious Change in Communism and in post-Communist Reconstruction in Central Europe.
    Tomka, Miklós (1998)
    International Sociology 13:2: 229-248.

    Neither secularization nor rational choice theory explains the changes in religion in central Europe during & after the Soviet era; acculturation serves better.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe, central; Persecution; Secularization; Rational choice theory; Generations; Acculturation
  • Entzauberung oder Wiedererzauberung der Welt? Die Säkularisierungsthese auf den Prüfstand.
    Pollack, Detlef (1998)
    In Eckhart Vietinghoff and Hans May (eds.) Zeitenwende--Wendezeiten. Hanover: Lutherisches Verlagshaus, pp. 125-150. Also in Detlef Pollack, Säkularisierung--ein moderner Mythos? Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2003, pp. 132-148.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Disestablishment
  • Is Religious Belief Declining in Britain?
    Gill, Robin, C. Kirk Hadaway, and Penny Long Marler (1998)
    Journal for the scientific Study of Religion 37:3: 507-516.

    Reviews survey data from the 1930s & after; shows declines in belief.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Secularization; Great Britain
  • The Decline of Traditional Christian beliefs in Germany.
    Shand, John D. (1998)
    Sociology of Religion 59:2: 179-184.

    Analyzes 1967 & '92 German survey data; shows a decline of supernaturalist belief & of church attendance.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Germany; Secularization; Belief
  • Säkularisierungstendenzen in Deutschland und Frankreich in europäischer Perspektive.
    Lambert, Yves (1998)
    In R. Köcher and J. Schild (eds.) Wertewandel in Deutschland und Frankreich. Opladen: Leske + Budrich, pp. 67-92.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; France; Germany
  • Secularização em Max Weber. Da contemprânea serventia de voltarmos a acessar aquele velho sentido.
    Pierucci, Antônio Flávio (1998)
    Revista brasileira de ciências sociais 13/37: 43-73.

    Associated Search Terms: Weber, Max; Secularization
  • Lorsque l'on jette de l'huile sur le feu ardent: sécularisation, homo duplex et retour du sacré.
    Mellor, Philip A., and Chris Shilling (1998)
    Social Compass 45:2: 297-320.

    Associated Search Terms: Durkheim, Émile; Secularization
  • Les Recompositions Religieuses et les Tendances Actuelles de la Sociologie des Religions en France.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (1998)
    Social Compass 45:1: 143-153.

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of religion; France; Secularization
  • Religious Authority and Public Opinion on the Right to Die.
    Hamil-Luker, Jenifer, and Christian Smith (1998)
    Sociology of Religion 59:4: 373-391.

    Analyzes 1996 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data. The dependent variable is questionable as a measure of approval of euthanasia, though used for that purpose.

    Associated Search Terms: Euthanasia; Moral; Secularization; United States
  • Social capital, religious-philosophical involvement and social integration in Belgium: An empirical investigation.
    Billiet, Jaak. (1998)
    In R. Laermans, B. Wilson, and J. Billiet (eds.) Secularization and Social Integration. Papers in Honour of Karel Dobbelaere. Leuven: Leuven University Press, pp. 233-250.

    Associated Search Terms: Social capital; Belgium; Integration (social)
  • Modern Popular Religion. A Complex Object of Study for Sociology.
    Parker Gumucio, Cristián (1998)
    International Sociology 13:2: 195-212.

    In underdeveloped societies with uneven modernization, popular religions thrive as expressive (not magical) systems.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Modernization; Counterculture; Popular religion; Syncretism
  • Anti-essentialism, Multiculturalism and the "Recognition" of Religious Minorities.
    Modood, Tariq (1998)
    Journal of Political Philosophy 6:4: 378-399.

    Formal church-state relations provide room for religious minorities in a way that radical secularism does not.

    Associated Search Terms: Minority; State; Islam
  • The Religious Construction of Intimacy for Emotional Renewal; The Parallel Protestant Ethic.
    Steiner-Aeschliman, Sherrie (1998)
    Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 9:1-23.

    An emotion centered parallel to the Protestant ethic of Weber developed within Protestantism as a coping mechanism for the ascetic nature of the emergent secular life.

    Associated Search Terms: Emotion
  • Why Churches Cannot Endorse or Oppose Political Candidates.
    Davidson, James D. (1998)
    Review of Religious Rsearch 40:1: 16-34.

    U.S. law prohibiting tax-exempt organizations from endorsing or opposing candidates originated with Lyndon B. Johnson's concern about conservative secular ideological entities, not churches.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; State
  • The Spirit of Hispanic Protestantism in the United States: National Survey Comparisons of Catholics and Non-Catholics.
    Hunt, Larry L. (1998)
    Social Science Quarterly 79: 828-845.

    Non-Catholics tend to be English-speaking 3rd generation residents of low-Latino concentration areas. They have attenduated Latino identification & are not higher in secular status.

    Associated Search Terms: Stratification; Catholic, U.S.A.; Latino Americans
  • Secularization on Trial: In Defense of a Neosecularization Paradigm.
    Yamane, David (1997)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 36:1: 109-122.

    Secularization is not the decline of religion but of religion's authority.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization: A Luhmannian Reflection.
    Chaves, Mark (1997)
    Soziale Systeme 3:2: 439-449.

    Associated Search Terms: Luhmann, Niklas; Secularization
  • Secularization: The Trend from the Comics.
    Heeren, John W., and Donald B. Lindsey (1997)
    Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 8: 193-211.

    Associated Search Terms: Parsons, Talcott; Media; Content analysis; Secularization; Wilson, Bryan R.; Berger, Peter L.
  • Religious Vitality in Canada: The Complementarity of Religious Market and Secularization Perspectives.
    Beyer, Peter F. (1997)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 36:2: 272-288.

    Competition furthered the 19th century churching of Canada, but it led to rather than emerged from deregulation.

    Associated Search Terms: Supply side; Competition; Market model; Secularization; Canada
  • Modern Myths, Locked Minds: Secularism and Fundamentalism in India.
    Madan, T.N. (1997)
    New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Hindu, India; Sikh, India; Secularization; Politics, India; India; Fundamentalism; Islam, India
  • Secularization as an Economic and Cultural Phenomenon: A Cross-national Analysis.
    Verweij, Johan, Peter Ester, and Rein Nauta (1997)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 36:2: 309-324.

    Analyzes 1990 European Values Survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Gender; Competition; Modernization; Economic; Secularization; Market model; State
  • Resurgent Evangelicalism in the United States: Mapping Cultural Change Since 1970
    Shibley, Mark A. (1997)
    Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.

    Argues that while Southern-style Evangelicalism is spreading in the U.S.A., it is transformed by the secularism of the host society & loses its moral rigidity in the process.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Moral; Evangelical, U.S.A.; United States
  • Individualisierte Religiosität außerhalb der Kirche oder areligiöse Konfessionslosigkeit?
    Pickel, Gert (1997)
    Frankfurt (Oder): Masch.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Individualism
  • Sociologie de la séclarisation. Etre sans-religion en France à la fin du XXè siècle.
    Denèfle, Sylvette (1997)
    Paris: L'Harmattan.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Atheist; France
  • Patterns of Religious Separation and Adherence in Contemporary Australia.
    Lovat, Terence J. (1997)
    In Mordechai Bar-Lev and William shaffir (eds.) Leaving Religion and Religious Life. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI press, pp. 97-116.

    Sees movement rather than decline of religion in Australia.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; New religions; Australia
  • Italian Catholicism and Lumières.
    Prandi, Carlo (1997)
    Social Compass 44:2: 261-270.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Italy; Secularization; Enlightenment
  • Hibridité, circulation, transmission. Réflexions autour des religiosités séculières.
    Piette, Albert (1997)
    Recherches sociologiques 3: 113-122.

    Associated Search Terms: Quasi-religion; Secular religion
  • Secularización y/o transformación-resignificación de los elementos del sistema religioso católico en Colombia? Análisis sociológico.
    Pereira Souza, A.M. (1997)
    In G. Ferro Medina (ed.) Religión y etnicidad en América latina. bogota: Instituto Colombiano de antropología, volume II.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Change; Colombia; Catholic, Colombia
  • Organized Humanism in Canada: An Expression of Secular Reaffiliation.
    McTaggart, John Mitchell (1997)
    In Mordechai Bar-Lev and William shaffir (eds.) Leaving Religion and Religious Life. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI press, pp. 61-75.

    Associated Search Terms: Humanist, Canada; Canada
  • The Fragmentation of Experience in the Modern World.
    Tomka, Miklós (1997)
    In Giuseppe Ruggieri and Miklós Tomka (eds.) The Church in Fragments: Towards What Kind of Unity? Concilium 1997:3: 3-15.

    Provides a grand historical narrative of the differentiation of institutions & emergence of multicultural experiences, leading to such options as privatization & sectarian withdrawal.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Differentiation; Modernity; Sectarianism; Secularization; Privatization
  • Secularization and the Influence of Religion on Beliefs about Premarital Sex.
    Petersen, Larry R., and Gregory V. Donnenworth (1997)
    Social Forces 75:3: 1071-1089.

    Analyzes 1972-93 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; church-attending conservative Protestants continue most to oppose premarital sex.

    Associated Search Terms: Conservative, U.S.A.; Sexual attitudes; United States
  • Secularization and the influence of religion on beliefs about pre-marital sex.
    Peterson, Larry R., and Gregory V. Donnenwerth (1997)
    Social Froces 75: 1071-1088.

    1972-93 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) show loosening of traditional beliefs about sexual behavior for all except frequently church-attending conservative Protestants.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Sexual attitudes; Conservative, U.S.A.; United States
  • National Context, Parental Socialization, and Religious Belief: Results from 15 Nations.
    Kelley, Jonathan, and Nan Dirk DeGraf (1997)
    American Sociological Review 62: 639-659.

    Analyzes 1991 International Social Survey Programme data; believers in more religious nations are more orthodox. Family is more important in secular nations.

    Associated Search Terms: Family; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Belief; Comparative
  • Religion, Science, and Secularization Theory on a Danish Island.
    Buckser, Andrew S. (1996)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 35:4: 432-441.

    2 religious movements in Denmark show the secularization thesis wanting.

    Associated Search Terms: Pietist, Denmark; Denmark, Mors Island; Secularization; Grundtvigian, Denmark; Identity
  • Secularization in the Netherlands?
    Lechner, Frank J. (1996)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 35:3: 252-264. Comment by Rodney Stark & Laurence A. Iannaccone, 265-271. Reply by Lechner, 272-274.

    Cites Dutch data as inconsistent with theories of Rodney Stark & Laurence R. Iannaccone.

    Associated Search Terms: Rational choice theory; Netherlands; Secularization; Pluralism
  • The Spiritual Dimension of Hospice: The Secularization of an Ideal.
    Bradshaw, Ann (1996)
    Social Science & Medicine 43: 409-419.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Hospice
  • Public Confidence in Religious Leaders: A Perspective From Secularization Theory.
    Kleiman, Michael B., Nancy Ramsey, and Lorella Palazzo (1996)
    Review of Religious Research 38:1: 79-87.

    Analyzes 1972-93 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data; shows a decline in confidence in religious leaders.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Clergy image; United States
  • Beyond Unbelief. Religious Uncertainty and Religious Indifference in Countries with Self-induced and Enforced Secularization.
    Meulemann, Heiner (1996)
    European Societies 2: 167-194.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Atheist; Belief
  • The Discourse of the Ikhwan of Sudan and Secularism.
    Mahmoud, Maghoub (1996)
    In David Westerlund (ed.) Questioning the Secular State: The Worldwide Resurgence of Religion in Politics. New York: St. Martin's, pp. 167-182.

    Focuses on a Muslim brotherhood (Ikhwan).

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Sudan; Sudan; Brotherhood; Islam, Sudan
  • Between Fundamentalism and Secularization: Secularizing and Sacralizing Currents in the Evangelical Debate on Campus Lifestyle Codes.
    Schmalzbauer, John A., and C. Gray Wheeler (1996)
    Sociology of Religion 57:3: 241-257.

    Analyzes campus newspapers & other literature from 6 U.S. Evangelical colleges; shows debates over lifestyle norm used both secular & religious discourse.

    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical, U.S.A.; Education; University; Content analysis
  • Jewish Intellectuals and the De-Christianization of American Public Culture in the Twentieth Century.
    Hollinger, David (1996)
    In David Hollinger (ed.) Science, Jews, and Secular Culture: Studies in Mid-twentieth-century Intellectual History. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Intellectuals; Secularization; Historical; Jewish, U.S.A.
  • Croire sans appartenir: le cs britannique.
    Davie, Grace (1996)
    In Grace Davie and Danièle hervieu-Léger (eds.), Identités religieuses en Europe. Paris: La Décourverte, pp. 175-194.

    In the U.K., apart from Northern Ireland, uncritical belief endures when practice & membership decline; this is hardly secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Media; Great Britain; Membership; Education; Belief
  • "Losing my Religion": A Dynamic Analysis of Leaving the Chuch in the Netherlands.
    Need, Ariana, and Nan Dirk DeGraaf (1996)
    European Sociological Review 12: 87-99.

    Analyzes 1992-93 Dutch Family Survey data. Education beyond secondary studies, educated parents of respondent, & marrying a non-religious spouse contribute to being unchurched. There is an added contemporary secularizing effect.

    Associated Search Terms: Netherlands; Education; Disaffiliation; Secularization; Marriage
  • Swiatopoglad 'New Age.'
    Doktór, Tadeusz (1996)
    In Tadeusz Doktór (ed.), Ruchy Pogranicza Religii I Nauki. Jako Zjawisko Socjopsychologiczne, tom 5. Warsaw: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, pp. 167-216.

    Factor analyses 1992 Warsaw student data; shows "New Age" & "Christian" factors of their beliefs. Sees support for the invisible religion model of secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Invisible religion; Secularization; Students, undergraduate; Luckmann, Thomas; Poland; Factor analysis; New age
  • De la Secularización a la Desinstitucionalización Religiosa.
    Mardones, José Maria (1996)
    Politica y sociedad 22: 123-135.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Individualisierung statt Säkularisierung? Zur Diskussion eines neueren Paradigmas in der Religionssoziologie.
    Pollack, Detlef (1996)
    In Karl Gabriel (ed.), Religiöse Individualisierung oder Säkularisierung: Biographie und Gruppe als Bezugspunkte moderner Religiosität. Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, pp. 567-585.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Individualism
  • Oltre le ambiguità della secolarizzazione. El contributo di indicatori strutturali all'analisi del sistema religiosa.
    Diotallevi, Luca (1996)
    Religioni e società 9/25: 109-121.

    Associated Search Terms: Italy; Secularization
  • Religiöse Individualisierung oder Säkularisierung. Biographie und Gruppe als Bezugspunkte modrner religiosität.
    Gabriel, Karl (1996)
    Gütersloh: Chr.Kaiser.

    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Secularization
  • Théologie et théalogie: les légitimations religieuses du fait féminin en Amérique du Nord.
    Côté, Pauline, and Jacques Zylberberg (1996)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 41/95: 95-115.

    Effect of secular feminism on theology & theaology.

    Associated Search Terms: Women; Legitimation; Goddess; Feminism
  • Religion and Modernity in Germany.
    Daiber, Karl Fritz (1996)
    Social Compass 43:3: 411-423.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Germany; Secularization
  • The Eclipse of Eternity: A Sociology of the Afterlife.
    Walter, Anthony (Tony) (1996)
    New York: St. Martin's.

    Associated Search Terms: Death; Afterlife; Funeral; Secularization
  • Remise en Question de la Théorie de la Sécularisation.
    Martin, David (1996)
    In Grace Davie and Danièle Hervieu-Léger (eds.) Identités religieuses en Europe. Paris: La Découverte, pp. 25-42.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Europe; Differentiation; Secularization
  • La Dimension Implicite dans le Symbole et le Rituel. Applications à la Théorie de la Sécularisation.
    Langley, Myrtle S. (1996)
    Religiologiques 14: 59-74.

    Interprets a seemingly secular social ritual & symbol as implicitly religious.

    Associated Search Terms: Nandi; Symbol; Implicit religion; Kenya; Ritual
  • Chilean Catholic Immigrants and Refugees in a Secularized Society.
    Mella Valenzuela, Orlando (1996)
    Social Compass 43:4: 339-352.

    Analyzes interview data from Chilean migrants to Sweden; shows a lessening of religiosity with length of residence in Sweden.

    Associated Search Terms: Migrant; Catholic, Sweden; Sweden; Chilean Swedes
  • Why America Needs Religion. Secular Modernity and Its Discontents.
    Lewy, Guenter (1996)
    Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans.

    Associated Search Terms: Functionalism; United States
  • Black Catholicism and Secular Status: Integration, Conversion, and Consolidation.
    Hunt, Larry L. (1996)
    Social Science Quarterly 77:842-859.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; African Americans
  • La Religion des Européens: Modernité, Religion, Sécularisation.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (1996)
    In Grace Davie and Danièle Hervieu-Léger (eds.), Identités religieuses en Europe. Paris: La Découverte, pp. 9-23.

    The great religions in Europe cannot control all their traditional dimensions--identity, culture, ethical, & emotional.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Moral; Affect; Culture; Europe; Identity; Secularization
  • L'Accès des femmes au pastorat et la sécularisation du rôle du clerc dans le protestantisme.
    Willaime, Jean-Paul (1996)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 41/95: 29-45.

    Associated Search Terms: Clergy role; Secularization; Women; Protestant, France
  • Does Religious Observance Promote Health? Mortality in Secular vs. Religious Kibbutzim in Israel.
    Kark, Jeremy D., Galia Shemi, Yehiel Friedlander, Oz Martin, Orly Manor, and S.H. Blondheim (1996)
    American Journal of Public Health 86:3: 341-346.

    Associated Search Terms: Israel; Commune; Health; Jewish, Israel; Kibbutz; Mortality; Comparative
  • A Comparison of the Political Behavior of Faith-based and Secular Peace Groups.
    Pagnucco, Ronald (1996)
    In Christian Smith (ed.) Disruptive Religion. The Force of faith in Social Movement Activism. New York: Routledge, pp. 205-222.

    1988 survey data from 483 peace movement organizations in the U.S.A. show religious ones more likely to use unconventional tactics. Case study of Pax Christi USA.

    Associated Search Terms: Pax Christi USA; Factor analysis; Peace/war; Social movement
  • Des Systèmes de Connaissance Alterntifs et du Pouvoir des Femmes à la Lumière de la NEP. Une Perspective Organisationnelle.
    Dietrich, Gabriele (1996)
    Social Compass 43:4: 583-611.

    Argues that even feminist discourse can be used to co-opt the powerless into a system of domination, both in religious & secular organizations.

    Associated Search Terms: Women; Feminism; India; Stratification
  • The Growth and Decline of the Population of Catholic Nuns Cross-Nationally, 1960-1990: A Case of Secularization as Social Structural Change.
    Ebaugh, Helen Rose, Jon Lorence, and Janet Saltzman Chafetz (1996)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 35:2: 171-183.

    Analyzes nuns/Catholic populations ratios; developed nations' women's opportunity predict declines.

    Associated Search Terms: Sisters; Economic; Comparative; Women; Catholic; Education; Orders/congregations
  • Volksreligion und Herrschafts-kirche. Die Werzeln religiösen Verhaltens in westlichen Gesellschaften.
    Höllinger, Franz (1996)
    Opladen: Leski + Budrich.

    Presents comparative data from western European nations & the U.S. on religious identification, practice, prayer, belief in God, belief in magic & astrology. Focuses especially on Germany, Netherlands, & Ireland.

    Associated Search Terms: Disenchantment; Privatization; Ireland; Netherlands; Germany; Astrology; Magic; Religiosity; Definition of religion; Change; Secularization; Comparative
  • Religion in the Modern World. From Cathedrals to Cults.
    Bruce, Steve (1996)
    Oxford; Oxford University Press.

    Modernity erodes religion except where the latter finds important work other than relating people to God.

    Associated Search Terms: Typology; Secularization; Protestant Ethic; New religions; New age; Modernity; Migration; Ethnic; Individualism
  • Gay Christians and their Participation in the Gay Subculture.
    Yip, Andrew K.T. (1996)
    Deviant Behavior 17: 297-318.

    Based on 1993 separate interviews with partners in 30 couples. Respondents sought support & identity in Christian gay organizations & political representation in secular ones. Younger respondents sought sexual expression in the commercial gay culture.

    Associated Search Terms: Homosexuality; Great Britain
  • Is Religious Change a Form of Secularization? The Case of the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands.
    Dekker, Gerard (1995)
    Social Compass 42:1: 79-88.

    Argues that adaptive changes are not secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Netherlands; Gereformeerd, Netherlands; Change; Secularization; Adaptation
  • Sociology, religion and secularization: An orientation.
    Martin, David (1995)
    Religion 25: 295-303.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization and Church Religiosity.
    Jagodzinski, Wolfgang, and Karel Dobbelaere (1995)
    In Jan W. van Deth and Elinor Scarbrough (eds.) The Impact of Values. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 76-119.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Religiosity
  • Zur neueren religionssoziologischer Diskussion des Säkularisierungstheorems.
    Pollack, Detlef (1995)
    Dialog der Religionen 2: 114-121. Also in Detlef Pollack, Säkularixierung--ein moderner Mythos? Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2003, pp. 21-27.

    Theoretical review; asserts the need to postulate seclarization theory in a testable form.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Peut-on parler de sécularisation au sein de l'islam?
    Pace, Enzo (1995)
    In L. Babès (ed.) Les nouvelles manières de croire. Paris: Ed. de l'Atelier.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam; Secularization
  • The Truth about Religion in Britain.
    Bruce, Steve (1995)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 34:4: 417-430. Comment by Rodney Stark, Roger Finke, & Laurence R. Iannaccone 516-519. Reply by Steve Bruce 520-522.

    Reviews evidence on religion in Great Britain; confirms the decline of religion there, despite denominational competition.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Secularization; Competition
  • Säkularisierung und religiöser Glaube. Rückgang traditioneller Religiosität und religiöser Pluralismus in West-europa.
    Jagodzinski, Wolfgang (1995)
    In Karl-Heinz Reuband, Franz U. Pappi and Heinrich Best (eds.), Die Deutsche Gesellschaft in vergleichender Perspektive. Festschrift für Erwin K. Scheuch zum 65. Geburtstag. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 261-285.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Pluralism; Secularization
  • Pluralism and Piety: England and Wales, 1851.
    Stark, Rodney, Roger Finke, and Laurence R. Iannaccone (1995)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 34:4: 431-444.

    Re-analysis of 1851 British religious census data to support the theory of religious competition furthering religious membership.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Competition; Great Britain
  • L'évolution du "mouvement contre les sectes" chrétien 1978-1993.
    Introvigne, Massimo (1995)
    Social Compass 42:2: 237-247.

    Notes increasing differences & dissociation of secular & religious anti-cult movements.

    Associated Search Terms: Anti-cult movement
  • Religiöse Sozialisation, konfessionelle Milieus und Generation.
    Wolf, Christof (1995)
    Zeitschrift für Soziologie 24:5: 345-357.

    Analyzes interview data from Cologne adults; shows fewer religious persons than in the past but more intense religious socialization in families where it does occur.

    Associated Search Terms: Socialization; Family; Secularization; Germany, Cologne
  • Honor Your Fathers. Reform Movements, Catechisms, and the "Civilizing Process" in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany.
    Bast, Robert J. (1995)
    Amsterdams Sociologisch Tijdschrift 21:4: 116-125.

    Fearing the unraveling of the social fabric, religious reformers taught discipline, civility, & deference toward secular rulers.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Catholic, Germany; Reformation; Social control; Socialization
  • The secular anti-cult and the religious counter-cult movmements: Strange bedfellows or future enemies?
    Introvigne, Massimo (1995)
    In E. Towler (ed.) New Religions and the New Europe. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, pp. 32-54.

    Associated Search Terms: Anti-cult movement; Europe
  • Religion and Crime Reexamined: The Impact of Religion, Secular Controls, and Social Ecology on Adult Criminality.
    Evans, T. David, Francis T. Cullen, R. Gregory Dunaway, and Valmer S. Burton, Jr. (1995)
    Criminology 33: 195-225.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from a Midwest U.S. urban area; of several measures of religiosity, attendance most strongly inversely predicted criminal activity.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Criminology; Deviance/social control
  • Rhetorical Pluralism and Secularization in the New Christian Right: The Oregon Citizens Alliance.
    Bates, Vernon L. (1995)
    Review of Religious Research 37;1: 46-64.

    Based on a 1994 field study of the Oregon Citizens Alliance.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Conservative, U.S.A.; Participant observation; United States, Oregon
  • Rationalisation et Désenchantement du Monde: Problèmes d'Interpretation de la Sociologie des Religions de Max Weber.
    Colliot-Thélène, Catherine (1995)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 40/89: 61-81.

    Emphasizes the continuity in Weber's review of the origins of capitalism; disenchantment is not secularization but a change in ethic.

    Associated Search Terms: Disenchantment; Rationalization; Weber, Max
  • Religiosity, Religious Secularism and Secular Religion.
    Cipriani, Roberto (1994)
    International Social Science Journal 46:2/140: 277-284.

    Sees the secular & the religious as polar points on a continuum.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Secularism
  • Secularization as Declining Religious Authority.
    Chaves, Mark (1994)
    Social Forces 72:3: 749-774.

    Conceptualizes secularization as a decline in a particular kind of legitimation at individual & macro levels.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Secularization; Legitimation
  • A Supply-side Reinterpretation of the 'Secularization' of Europe.
    Stark, Rodney, and Laurence R. Iannaccone (1994)
    Journal for the scientific Study of Religion 33:3: 230-252.

    Inefficient religious monopolies & regulated religious economies, not declines of religiosity, were responsible for declines in religious practice in Europe; rejects the secularization model.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Europe; Practice; Competition; Pluralism
  • Transcending Sacred and Secular: Mutual Benefits in Analyzing Religious and Nonreligious Organizations.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III, and Terry Schmitt (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.), Religion and the Social Order, Vol. 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 27-49.

    Religious & non-religious organizations should not be studied alone; the religious have secular aspects & the secular have religious aspects. [Same as a 1998 item]

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of religion; Sacred
  • Secularization or Sacralization: The Change in LDS Church Policy on Blacks.
    McNamara, Mary Lou (1994)
    In Marie Cornwall, Tim B. Heaton, and Lawrence A. Young (eds.) Contemporary Mormonism. Social Science perspectives. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, pp. 310-325.

    Tries to ascertain whether adaptation to the secular environment or reversal of an earlier adaptation led to the admission of African Americans to the Mormon priesthood.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Adaptation; Secularization; Mormon; African Americans
  • Secularization and Value Change in Sweden.
    Hamberg, Eva M. (1994)
    In Thorleif Pettersson and Ole Riis 9eds.), Scandinavian Values. Religion and Morality in the Nordic Countries. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Psychologia et Sociologia Religionum 10, pp. 179-195.

    Analyzes 1985 Swedish survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sweden
  • Religion and the Global Field.
    Robertson, Roland (1994)
    Social Compass 41:1: 121-135. Comment by Yoshiya Abe 41:1: 151-159.

    Criticizes sociology of religion for implicitly tying concepts such as secularization & desecularization to the societal rather than the global paradigm.

    Associated Search Terms: Globalization; Secularization
  • Il problema dell'agire morale nell'età del pluralismo.
    Berger, Peter L. (1994)
    Il Mulino 1994:3: 400-413.

    Examines the dilemma of the break between religion & morality created by pluralist secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Pluralism; Moral
  • Sociological Controversies in Perspective.
    Tschannen, Olivier (1994)
    Review of Religious Research 36:1: 70-86.

    Explores why participants in the debate in the sociology of religion over secularization talk past each other.

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of religion; Secularization
  • Patterns of Secularization in Scandinavia.
    Riis, Ole (1994)
    In Thorleif Pettersson and Ole Riis (eds.) Scandinavian Values. Religion and Morality in the Nordic Countries. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Psychologia et Sociologia Religionum 10, pp. 99-128.

    Analyzes 1990 European Values Survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Science; Age; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Sex; Atheist; Stratification; Sweden; Norway; Denmark; Membership; Politics, Sweden; Politics, Norway; Politics, Denmark; Politics, Scandinavia; Scandinavia; Secularization; Reincarnation
  • La communauté juive de Bagdad à la fin de l'époque ottomane. L'émergence de classes sociales et de la sécularisation.
    Deshen, Shlomo A. (1994)
    Annales 1994:3: 681-703.

    As the community grew, its structure became complex & stratified; the upper class clashed with tradition but did not secularize.

    Associated Search Terms: Iraq, Baghdad; Jewish, Iraq; Historical; Stratification; Secularization
  • Tradizione, secolarizzazione e individualizzazione. Un riesame di dati e modelli.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (1994)
    Religioni e società 20/9: 4-2.

    Reviews European studies; argues secularization as differentiation & rationalization causes the decline of individual religiosity. Reports comparative European survey data.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Individualism; Education; Age; Comparative; Rationalization; Secularization; Differentiation
  • Déplacements du sacré dans la société moderne.
    Tessier, Robert (1994)
    Montréal: Bellarmin.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • El mito de la secularización.
    Estruch, Joan (1994)
    In Rafael Díaz-Salazar, Salvador Giner, and Fernando Velasco (eds.) Fromas modernas de religion. Madrid: Alianza Editorial.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Soul of the American University: From Protestant Establishment to Established Nonbelief.
    Marsden, George M. (1994)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Secularization
  • Laïcité, Laïcisation, Sécularisation.
    Baubérot, Jean (1994)
    In A. Dierkens (eds.), Pluralisme religieux et laïcité dans l'Union européenne. Bruxelles: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles.

    Associated Search Terms: Laïcité; Europe; Secularization
  • Le Protestantisme en Europe: la précrité d'une religion sécularisée.
    Willaime, Jean-Paul (1994)
    In Roberto Cipriani (ed.) "Religions sans Frontières?" Present and Future Trends of Migration, Culture, and Communication. Roma: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, pp. 169-179. Comment by Mario Miegge, pp. 197-202.

    Examines alternatives within the particularity of European Protestantism (at the levels of actors, organizations, & symbol systems), & its relation to Catholicism & to modernity.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Precarity; Protestant, Europe
  • Églises et l'Etat en Allemagne: la difficile laicisation d'une société secularisée.
    Ouédraogo, Jean-Martin (1994)
    In Jean Baubérot (ed.) Religions et laïcité dans l'Europe des Douze. Paris:Syros, 1994, pp. 15-28.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Secularization; State
  • Telling Congregational Stories.
    Ammerman, Nancy T. (1994)
    Review of Religious Research 35:4: 289-301.

    Proposes focusing on the marginal rather than established narratives.

    Associated Search Terms: Narrative; Women; Parish; Secularization
  • Religiosità del nuovo areopago: credenze e forme religiose nell'epoca postsecolare.
    Berzano, Luigi (1994)
    Milano: Franco Angeli.

    Associated Search Terms: Post-secular; New age; Damanhur
  • Les religiosités séculières: une hybridité exemplaire pour l'anthropologie du religieux. A propos de La religion pour mémoire de D. Hervieu-Léger.
    Piette, Albert (1994)
    Social Compass 41:4: 571-584.

    Questions the distinction between religion & non-religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Secular religion; Definition of religion
  • Religious and Ethnic Patterns of American Jewish Baby Boomers.
    Waxman, Chaim I. (1994)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 33:1: 74-80. Comment by Egon Mayer and Barry A. Kosmin 34:2 (1995): 268-270. Reply by Chaim I. Waxman 34:2: 271.

    Analyzes 1990 National Jewish Population Survey data on American Jews born 1946-64; notes a trend toward decreased ritual observance & communal affiliation.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, U.S.A.; Secularization
  • God's Own Scientists: Creationists in a Secular World.
    Toumey, Christopher P. (1994)
    New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

    Overview of the American "scientific creationism" movement.

    Associated Search Terms: Creationism
  • Modernization and Mormon Growth: The Secularization Thesis Revisited.
    Stark, Rodney (1994)
    In Marie Cornwall, Tim B. Heatin, and Lawrence A. Young (eds.) Contemporary Mormonism. Social Science Perspectives. Urbana: University of Illinois Press pp. 13-23.

    Argues that Mormonism is about to grow into a major world religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Mormon; Membership
  • The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State.
    Juergensmeyer, Mark (1994)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Nationalism; State
  • Magia, racionalidade e sujectos políticos.
    Montero, Paula (1994)
    Revista brasileira de ciências sociais 9/26: 72-90.

    Magical beliefs in Brazil are involved in the rational & the public, rather than limiting themselves to the archaic & private.

    Associated Search Terms: Moral; Rationality; Privatism; Modernity; Secularization; Magic; Brazil
  • The Moth and the Flame: Religion and Power in Comparative Blur.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III (1994)
    Sociology of Religion 55:2: 105-117.

    Argues that an international perspective allows one to see selected topics take on different meanings in different contexts.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Civil religion; Identity; Secularization; Fundamentalist; Comparative
  • Christliche Religiosität in der Großstadt und anderso. Ergebnisse einer Kölner Studie im Westdeutschen Vergleich. Beitrag zur Tagung: Weltanschauungen im Wandel. Religiöser Pluralismus oder End der Religion?
    Kecskes, Robert, and Christof Wolf (1994)
    Köln: Zentralarchiv für empirische Sozialforschung.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany, Cologne; Pluralism; Secularization; Urban; Change
  • Secular Immigrants: Religiosity and Ethnicity among Iranian Muslims in Los Angeles.
    Sabagh, Georges, and Mehdi Bozorgmehr (1994)
    In Yvonne Y. Haddad and Jane I. Smith (eds.), Muslim Communities in North America. Albany: State University of New York press, pp. 445-473.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, U.S.A.; Iranian Americans; United States, California, Los Angeles; Migrant; Ethnic
  • Culture Shift and Generational Population Replacement: Individualization, Secularization, and Moral Value Change in Contemporary Scandinavia.
    Pettersson, Thorleif (1994)
    In Thorleif Pettersson and Ole Riis (eds.) Scandinavian Values. Religion and Morality in the Nordic Countries. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Psychologia et Sociologia Religionum 10, pp. 197-212.

    Analyzes 1981 & '90 European Values Study data; shows changes over the interim.

    Associated Search Terms: Values; Change; Moral; Family; Religiosity; Scandinavia; Sexual attitudes
  • Religious Voting Blocs in the 1992 Election: The Year of the Evangelical?
    Kellstedt, Lyman A., John C. Green, James L. Guth, and Corwin E. Smidt (1994)
    Sociology of Religion 55:3: 307-326. [Also in Steve Bruce, Peter Kivisto, and William H. Swatos, Jr. (eds.) The Rapture of Politics. The Christian Right as the United States Approaches the Year 2000 (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1995), pp. 85-104]

    Analyzes 1960-92 American presidential election databases; shows party & voting trends of Evangelicals, mainline Protestants, Catholics, & seculars.

    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical, U.S.A.; Atheist, U.S.A.; Protestant (mainline), U.S.A..; Catholic, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.; United States; Protestant, U.S.A.
  • Is "Nothing" Sacred? "Sacred" Cosmology Among the Avant-garde.
    Hunter, James Davison, James L. Nolan, Jr., and Beth A. Eck (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4. Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Thery on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 79-94.

    Based on interviews with 12 avant-garde artists; finds a denial of any telos at the center of their cosmology.

    Associated Search Terms: Cosmology; Artist
  • Gendered Spirituality and Quasi-religious Ritual.
    McGuire, Meredith B. (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.) Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 273-287.

    Examines the presence & implications of gender-specific religious movements.

    Associated Search Terms: Gender
  • A New Religious Movement and Spiritual Healing Psychology Based on A Course in Miracles.
    Weiss, Arnold S. (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.) Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 197-215.

    Account of a 20th century spiritual healing movement that developed around a new book of Christian revelation.

    Associated Search Terms: Course in Miracles; Healing
  • Evolution: The Central Mythology of the New Age Movement.
    Hexham, Irving (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular:Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 303-321.

    Sees evolution as a myth, supplanting biblical narratives.

    Associated Search Terms: Evolution; New age; Myth
  • Occultism and Private Salvation Movements in Israel.
    Beit-Hallahmi, Benjamin (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Vol. 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Thery on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 289-301.

    Describes occultism in Israel as oriented to extreme events rather than individual transformation.

    Associated Search Terms: Occult; Israel
  • The Interface of Religion and Politics: A Normative Approach.
    Cochran, Clarke (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Vol. 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 181-196.

    Argues against the notion of politics as quasi-religion; politics tends toward compromise, not righteousness & transcendence.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics; Quasi-religion
  • The Therapeutic God: Transcendence and Identity in two Twelve-step Quasi-religions.
    Rice, John Steadman (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.) Religion an the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 151-164.

    Contrasts the ideologies & social programs of Co-Dependents Anonymous & Alcoholics Anonymous.

    Associated Search Terms: Co-Dependents Anonymous; Quasi-religion; Alcoholics Anonymous
  • The Quasi-sacred: A Theoretical Introduction.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 253-271.

    The quasi-sacred occupies the conceptual space between the sacred & anti-sacred; it can be interpreted in terms of a primordial fear of soul loss.

    Associated Search Terms: Quasi-religion; Sacred
  • The Market for Gods and Services: Religion, Commerce, and Deviance.
    Passas, Nikos (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.) Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 217-240.

    Argues that for-profit activities are needed by new religions; focuses on Scientology.

    Associated Search Terms: New religions; Finances; Scientology
  • The Hidden Truth: Astrology as Worldview.
    Faher, Shoshanah (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 165-177.

    Analyzes 1989 questionnaire data from an astrology conference; describes respondents as a network of seekers.

    Associated Search Terms: Seeker; Network; Astrology
  • Metaphysics: 'A Practical Religious Philosophy.'
    Wagner, Melinda Bollar (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.) Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 111-125.

    Describes 2 therapy groups that use a spiritual idiom.

    Associated Search Terms: Quasi-religion; Association for Research and Enlightenment; Spiritual Frontiers fellowship; Individualism
  • But is It a Genuine Religion?
    Barker, Eileen (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 97-109.

    Argues that the boundary between religion & non-religion is an empirical issue of social construction, not a theoretical one.

    Associated Search Terms: Definition of religion; New religions; Constructionist theory
  • The Problem of Authenticity in the Study of Religious Traditions.
    Carter, Lewis F. (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.), Religion and the Social Order, Vol. 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and theroy on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 241-249.

    Proposes studying criteria by which different religions decide what is authentically religious.

    Associated Search Terms: Authenticity; Constructionist theory
  • The Sullivan Institute/Fourth Wall Community: "Radical" Psychotherapy as Quasi-religion.
    Siskind, Amy B. (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.) Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 51-77.

    Associated Search Terms: Quasi-religion; Sullivan Institute/Fourth Wall
  • Quasi-religious and Cultural Movements: Contemporary Witchcraft as a Churchless Religion.
    Neitz, Mary Jo (1994)
    In Arthur L. Greil and Thomas Robbins (eds.) Religion and the Social Order. Volume 4 Between Sacred and Secular: Research and Theory on Quasi-Religion. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 127-149.

    Examines meanings of initiation & problems created by low levels of structure in Wicca.

    Associated Search Terms: Organization; Initiation; Witch; Quasi-religion
  • Public Religions in the Modern World.
    Casanova, José V. (1994)
    Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Disputes the secularization model; explores the cases of Catholicism in Spain, Poland, Brazil, & the U.S.A., & Protestantism in the U.S.A.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Poland; Poland; Catholic, Brazil; Catholic, U.S.A.; Public religion; Differentiation; Catholic, Spain; Liberation theology; Politics, U.S.A.; Spain; Politics, Spain; Politics, Brazil; Privatization; Brazil; Politics, Poland; United States; Conservative, U.S.A.
  • Intransigeance ou compromis. Sociologie et histoire du catholicisme actuel.
    Turcotte, Paul-André (1994)
    Montréal: Fides.

    Depicts late 20th century Catholicism in Quebec; uses the themes: intransigence & compromise or engagement with the world. Focuses on the secularization of education & on the Viatorians.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Quebec; Practice; Clercs de Saint-Viateur; Belief; Troeltsch, Ernst; Education; Identity; Plausibility; Catholic, Canada; Orders/congregations
  • New Religions, Science, and Secularization.
    Bainbridge, William Sims (1993)
    In David G. Bromley and Jeffrey K. Hadden (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Volume 3 The Handbook on Cults and Sects in America (Part A). Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 277-292.

    Proposes that new religions overcome secularization by embracing scientific metaphors.

    Associated Search Terms: Science; New religions; Secularization
  • Buddhism in the Modern World: Secularization or Protestantization?
    Gombrich, Richard F. (1993)
    In Eileen Barker, James Beckford, and Karel Dobbelaere (eds.), Secularization, Rationalism, and Sectarianism: Essays in Honour of Bryan R. Wilson. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 59-79.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Buddhist
  • Present-Day Emotional Renewals. The End of Secularization or the End of Religion?
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (1993)
    In William H. Swatos, Jr. (ed.), A Future for Religion? New Paradigms for Social Analysis. Newbury Park, California: Sage, pp. 129-148.

    Contrasts 2 approaches: religious emotion as permanent, resisting secularization, & as compensation for a disappearing religious languages.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Experience
  • Intraorganizational Power and Internal Secularization in Protestant Denominations.
    Chaves, Mark (1993)
    American Journal of Sociology 99:1: 1-48.

    Examines the organization of 83 U.S. Protestant denominations; notes internal secularization with agencies not under clerical authority increasing control over assets.

    Associated Search Terms: Power; Organization; Authority; Protestant, U.S.A.; Secularization
  • Secularization and Change.
    Bibby, Reginald W. (1993)
    In Warren Edward Hewitt (ed.), The sociology of Religion: A Canadian Focus. Toronto: Butterworth, pp. 65-81.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Canada; Change
  • Cults and Sects in America: Organizational Development.
    Hammond, Phillip E., and David W. Machecek (1993)
    In David G. Bromley and Jeffrey K. Hadden (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Volume 3 The Handbook on Cults and Sects in America (Part A). Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 93-105.

    Reviews the literature from the perspective of secularization & typological theory.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Typology; New religions
  • Religion and the Dynamics of Social Change in Contemporary Europe.
    Kokosalakis, Nikos (1993)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 38/81: 133-148.

    Contrary to secularization theory, a privatized religion constitutes a new general religion for Europe.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization; Privatization; Change
  • L'ancien Testament a-t-il contribué à la territorialisation de la Suisse?
    Piveteau, Jean-Luc (1993)
    Social Compass 40:2: 159-177.

    Links secularization with a greater consciousness of Swiss territorial identity, though in continuity with a biblical theme of chosenness.

    Associated Search Terms: Switzerland; Nationalism; Secularization
  • Gentrification as Secularization: The Status of Religious Belief in the Post-industrial City.
    Ley, David, and R. Bruce Martin (1993)
    Social Compass 40:2: 217-232.

    Reports 1981 data showing upwardly mobile sections of 6 major Canadian cities having higher rates of non-belief.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Urban; Atheist, Canada; Secularization
  • Les balises étatiques de la religion au Canada.
    Zylberberg, Jacques, and Pauline Côté (1993)
    Social Compass 40:4: 529-553.

    Sees a decline of church influence not as an aspect of secularization but of the expansion of state control; presents 1901-91 Canadian religious census data, summaries of relevant court decisions & laws, & poll data.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Canada; Secularization; Canada; Law
  • La Religion pour Mémoire./Religion as a Chain of Memory, tr. Simon Lee.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (1993)
    Paris: Cerf./New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2000.

    Uses a functional definition of religion to examine the alleged secularization of France.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Utopian; Surrogate for religion; Modernity; Sacred; Tradition; Definition of religion; Sociology of religion, France; Collective memory; Implicit religion; France
  • Denominations as Dual Structures: An Organizational Analysis.
    Chaves, Mark (1993)
    Sociology of Religion 54:2: 147-169. [Also in Nicholas J. Demerath III, Peter Dobkin Hall, Terry Schmitt, and Rhys H. Williams (eds.), Sacred Companies (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), pp. 175-194.

    Sees American denominations as dual entities of religious authority & agency structures; cites cases & draws implications for internal conflict & schism, & for internal secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Episcopal; United Methodist; African Methodist Episcopal Church; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Assemblies of God; Denomination (type); Schism; Secularization; American Lutheran Church; Conflict; Organization
  • Language and Cultural Authority: Nineteenth-Century Science and the Colonization of Religious Discourse.
    Garroutte, Evan Marie (1993)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Princeton University.

    Associated Search Terms: Science; Authority; Culture; Secularization
  • Entre laïcisation et sécularisation. Des rapports Église-État dans l'Europe communautaire.
    Champion, Françoise (1993)
    Le Débat, novembre-décenbre

    Associated Search Terms: State; Laïcité; Secularization
  • Contingency Theory Applied to Religious Organizations.
    Johnson, Doyle Paul, and H. Paul Chalfant (1993)
    social Compass 40:1: 75-81.

    Calls attention to religious organizations' relationships with their secularized environments.

    Associated Search Terms: Systems theory; Contingency theory
  • "Kulturprotestantismus"--Zum Problem moderner Religion.
    Homann, Harald (1993)
    In Jörg Bergmann, Alois Hahn, and Thomas Luckmann (eds.), Religion und Kultur. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, Sonderheft 33/1. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 169-190.

    Notes change brought about by the reunification of Germany.

    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Modernity; Secularization; Protestant, Germany
  • Work in Progress toward a New Paradigm for the Sociological Study of Religion in the United States.
    Warner, R. Stephen (1993)
    American Journal of Sociology 98:5: 1044-1093.

    Contrary to models predicated on monopolistic religious settings, American pluralism allows for adaptive religious growth amidst modernity.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Adaptation; United States; Secularization
  • All Is Forgiven: The Secular Message in American Protestantism.
    Witten, Marsha G. (1993)
    Princeton, New Jersey; Princeton University Press.

    Discourse analysis of texts of 47 sermons on the Parable of the Prodigal Son, delivered in large metropolitan churches, 1986-88.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Discourse analysis; God, image of; Accommodation; Privatization; Southern Baptist; Preaching; Rationalization; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.
  • Community, Society, Globality and the Category of Religion.
    Robertson, Roland (1993)
    In Eileen Barker, James A. Beckford, and Karel Dobbelaere (eds.) Secularization, Rationalism, and SEctarianism: Essays in Honour of Bryan R. Wilson. Oxford: Clarendon, pp. 1-17.

    Associated Search Terms: Globalization
  • The apocalyptic theme in religious orders.
    Séguy, Jean (1993)
    In Eileen Barker, James A. Beckford, and Karel Dobbelaere (eds.) Secularization, Rationalism and Sectarianism. Essays in Honour of Bryan R. Wilson. Oxford: Clarendon, pp. 203-221.

    Associated Search Terms: Apocalyptic; Orders/congregations
  • States, Governments and the Management of Controversial New Religious Movements.
    Beckford, James A. (1993)
    In Eileen Barker, James A. Beckford, and Karel Dobbelaere (eds.) Secularization, Rationalism and Sectarianism. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press, pp. 125-143.

    Associated Search Terms: State; New religions
  • Religion and crime reexamined: The impact of religion, secular controls and social ecology on adult criminality.
    Evans, David T., Francis T. Cullen, Gregory R. Dunaway, and Velmer S. Burton, Jr. (1993)
    Criminology 33: 195-224.

    Associated Search Terms: Criminology
  • Religious Rituals and Secular Rituals: Interpenetrating Models of Childbirth in a Modern, Israeli Context.
    Sered, Susan Starr (1993)
    Sociology of Religion 54:1: 101-114. [Also in William H. Swatos, Jr. (ed.) Gender and Religion. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, 1994, pp. 113-126]

    Based on interviews of Israel women about childbirth rituals; the rituals' origins are varied, & their mix idiosyncratic.

    Associated Search Terms: Ritual; Israel; Nativity ritual; Women
  • Les religiosités séculières.
    Piette, Albert (1993)
    Paris: Les Presses Universitaires de France.

    Associated Search Terms: Secular religion; Quasi-religion; Political religion; Paranormal; Syncretism
  • Christians' Attitudes toward Mental Health Intervention in the Church: An Exploratory Study.
    Kunst, Jennifer L. (1993)
    Review of Religious Research 34:3: 225-234.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from a varied population of American Protestants; shows theological conservatives less open to secular psychology & more open to pastors' interventions.

    Associated Search Terms: Conservative; Belief; Mental health
  • The Resurgence of Palestinian Islamic Fundamentalism in the West Bank and Gaza.
    Rekhess, Elie (1993)
    In laurence J. Silberstein (ed.) Jewish Fundamentalism in Comparative Perspective. Religion, Ideology, & the Crisis of Modernity. New York: New york University Press, pp. 94-103.

    Defeat discredited secular Arab nationalism; retreat into religion, followed by the example of the Iranian Revolution, led to the emergence of political Islam among Palestinians.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Palestine; Palestine; Islam, Palestine
  • Denominations as Dual Structures: An Organizational Analysis.
    Chaves, Mark (1993)
    Sociology of Religion 54:2: 147-169. [Also in Nicholas J. Demerath III, Peter Dobkin Hall, Terry Schmitt, and Rhys H. Wiliams (eds.), Sacred Companies (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), pp. 175-194.

    Sees American denominations as dual entities of religious authority & agency structures; cites cases & draws implications for internal conflict & schism, & for internal secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Southern Baptist; Disciples of Christ
  • The Growth and Decline of Catholic Religious Orders of Women Worldwide: The Impact of Women's Opportunity Structures.
    Ebaugh, Helen Rose (1993)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 32:1: 68-75.

    Analyzes data on the sizes of female Catholic orders in regions of the world; shows growth inversely related to secular opportunities for women.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic; Sisters; Women; Orders/congregations
  • The Influence of Religion on the Chicago School of Sociology.
    Tomasi, Luigi (1993)
    Clinical Sociology Review 11: 17-34.

    The social Gospel movement visibly influenced the 1st Chicago sociologists, & in secularized form as a reform impulse continued to do so; a number of Chicago theses & dissertations studied religion as an ethnic phenomenon & community resource.

    Associated Search Terms: Social Gospel movement; Chicago school of sociology; Sociology of religion
  • Fellowship ties and the transmission of religious identity.
    Olson, Daniel V.A. (1993)
    In Jackson W. Carroll and Wade Clark Roof (eds.), Beyond establishment: Protestant identity in a post-Protestant age. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox, pp. 32-53.

    Reports General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data & questionnaire data from 5 Baptist General Conference congregations in St. Paul; argues that distinctive identity is an organizational advantage in a secular society.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Baptist General Conference; United States, Minnesota, St. Paul; Network
  • Secularization: The Orthodox Model.
    Wallis, Roy, and Steve Bruce (1992)
    In Steve Bruce (ed.) Religion and Modernization: Sociologists and Historians Debate the Secularization Thesis. Oxford: Clarendon, pp. 8-30.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religious Involvement in a Secularized Society: An Empirical Confirmation of Martin's General Theory of Secularization.
    Giorgi, Liana (1992)
    British Journal of Sociology 43:4: 639-656.

    Analyzes 1981 European Values Survey data; supports David Martin's A General Theory of Secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Devotionalism; Orthodoxy (doctrinal); Religiosity; Practice; Secularization; Europe
  • Secular cities? Berlin, London, and New York in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries..
    McLeod, Hugh (1992)
    In Steve Bruce (ed.) Religion and Modernization: Sociologists and Historians Debate the Secularization Thesis. London: Clarendon.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban; Germany, Berlin; Great Britain, London; Secularization; United States, New York, New York; Historical
  • La Genèse de l'Approche Moderne de la Sécularisation: Une Analyse en Histoire de la Sociologie.
    Tschannen, Olivier (1992)
    Social Compass 39:2: 291-308.

    Reviews a variety of secularization theories.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religion and Modernization: Sociologists and Historians Debate the Secularization Thesis.
    Bruce, Steve (ed.) (1992)
    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization in a Community Context: Tensions of Religion and Politics in a New England City.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III, and Rhys H. Williams (1992)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 31:2: 189-206.

    Examines history & recent politics in Springfield, Massachusetts; finds church & state separated. Both a secularization & a sacralization of some aspects of community life occurred.

    Associated Search Terms: Community study; United States, Massachusetts, Springfield; Politics, U.S.A.; Historical; State; Secularization
  • Secularization and Census Data.
    Gill, Robin (1992)
    In Steve Bruce (ed.) Religion and Modernisation: Sociologists and Historians Debate the Secualrization Thesis. Oxford:Clarendon, pp. 90-117.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Census
  • An Unsecular America.
    Finke, Roger (1992)
    In Steven Bruce (ed.) Religion and Modernization: Sociologists and Historians Debate the Secularization Thesis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 145-169.

    Reprinted in Susanne C. Monahan, William A. Mirola, and Michael O. Emerson (eds.), Sociology of Religion. Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Secularization
  • Youth Secularization in Malta: Sunday Mass Attendance in the Nineties.
    Abela, Anthony M. (1992)
    In Anthony M. Abela, Changing Youth Culture in Malta. Veletta, Malta: Jesuit Publiations/Santa Venera, Malta: Diocesan Youth Commission, pp. 48-60.

    Analyzes 1990 interview data from Maltese aged 16-25; includes reported attendance & evaluation of worship environments.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Malta; Secularization; Malta; Practice; Adolescents
  • Ainsi va la sociologie de la religion. Réflexions en marge d'une étude sur la sécularisation.
    Lapointe, Roger (1992)
    Revue européennes des sciences sociales 30/93: 175-188.

    Notes 3 secularizations: Protestant Ethic (Weber), Comte's, & autonomization; the paradigm of the sociology of religion is based on the 1st epistemologically, but encounters data from the third.

    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Secularization; Sociology of religion
  • The Expansion of Religious Affiliation: An Explanation of the Growth of Church Participation in the United States, 1850-1930.
    Blau, Judith R., Kenneth C. Land, and Kent Redding (1992)
    Social Science Research 21:4: 329-352.

    Uses 19-20th century attendance data from U.S. counties; finds no support for secularization & competition theories, but different dynamics operative in rural & urban counties.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban/rural; Secularization; Competition; United States; Ecology
  • Religion and the "Enterprise Culture": The British Experience in the Thatcher Era (1979-1990).
    Roberts, Richard H. (1992)
    Social Compass 39:1: 15-33.

    Reflects on the "enterprise culture" of the Thatcher era in Great Britain, & the deroutinized place of religion therein--neither traditionalism nor secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Economic; Secularization; Traditionalism; Politics, Great Britain
  • Les Théories de la Sécularisation.
    Tschannen, Olivier (1992)
    Genève: Droz.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • La Theorie de la Sécularisation.
    Tschannen, Olivier (1992)
    Geneva: Droz.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Formes et effets de la sécularisation au sein du judaïsme français.
    Azria, Régine (1992)
    Revue de l'Institut catholique 41: 3-58.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Jewish, France; France
  • Modernidad, Secularización y Religión en el México Contemporáneo.
    Blancart, Roberto J. (1992)
    In Carlos Martinez Assad (ed.) Religiosidad y poítica en México. Cuadernos de Cultura y Religión 2: 161-180.

    Associated Search Terms: Mexico; Modernity; Secularization
  • Private and Public Religions.
    Casanova, José V. (1992)
    Social research 59:1: 17-57.

    Notes ambiguities in the private/public distinction; explores established/disestablished, civil/alternative, individual/denominational, individual/group, etc. distinctions.

    Associated Search Terms: Typology; Differentiation; Privatization; Secularization; Public religion
  • The Structuration of Disenchantment: Secular Agency and the Reproduction of Religion.
    Lee, Raymond L.M. (1992)
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior 22: 381-402.

    Associated Search Terms: Disenchantment
  • Secular Education and the Religious Profile of Contemporary Black and White Americans.
    Kosmin, Barry A., Ariela Keysar, and Nava Lerer (1992)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 31:4: 523-532.

    Analyzes 1989-90 telephone interview data from non-Latino Americans; reports denominational % & rankings of mean educational attainment.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Education; Denomination (organizational entity); African Americans
  • The sacred and the secular: Exploring contemporary meanings and values for religious buildings in Singapore.
    Kong, Lily (1992)
    Asian Journal of Social science 20:1: 18-42.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban; Singapore; Sacred/profane
  • Religiosity in a Black Community: An Examination of Secularization and Political Variables.
    Jacobson, Cardell K. (1992)
    Review of Religious Research 33:3: 215-228.

    Analyzes 1981 interview data from Muncie, Indiana, African Americans; finds correlations among the dimensions of religiosity & with education, class, racial pride & political stances.

    Associated Search Terms: Stratification; United States, Indiana, Muncie; Politics, U.S.A.; African Americans; Education; Dimensions of religiosity
  • The Spirit of Religion and the Secular Interest: Sri Lankan Buddhism and Max Weber's Thesis Today.
    Hewa, Soma (1992)
    In William H. Swatos, Jr. (ed.), Twentieth-Century World Religious Movements in Neo-Weberian Perspective. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen, pp. 61-73.

    Notes that most Asians, as the Sri Lankan Buddhists, dissociate economic activity from their other-worldly traditions, but nevertheless pursue it.

    Associated Search Terms: Weber, Max; Sri Lanka; Buddhist, Sri Lanka; Economic
  • Religiosity, Subjective Norms, and Educational Attitudes in the Choice of Religious Education by Israeli Parents.
    Schwartzwald, Jsoeph, and Abraham Leslau (1992)
    Journal for the Scientific study of Religion 31:3: 261-278.

    Analyzes interview data from parents of kindergarten students in Israel; develops predictive models for choosing religious vs. secular schools.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Israel; Education; Israel
  • Economie et religion: Le cas du Communion et Libération.
    Abbruzzese, Salvatore (1992)
    Social Compass 39:1: 83-92.

    Gives an example of an enhanced economic activity as a strategy for promoting a religious influence in the secular world.

    Associated Search Terms: Economic; Catholic, Comunione e Liberazione
  • The Non-emergence of the Civic Church in English New Towns.
    Hill, Colin (1992)
    In William H. Swatos, Jr. (ed.), Twentieth-Century World Religious Movement sin Neo-Weberian Perspective. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen, pp. 247-264.

    1970s surveys from Anglican laity & interviews with leaders suggest a typology of parishes. Notes the impact of the new Town context on parishes.

    Associated Search Terms: Church of England; Urban; Parish; Privatization; Great Britain, England; Secularization
  • Cent'lanni dopo: il ruolo della Chiesa nelle trasformazioni sociali.
    Garelli, Franco (1992)
    Quaderni di sociologia 36:1: 97-104.

    Appraises the significance of Pope John Paul II's Centesimus annus; notes that when the Catholic Church emphasizes the uniquely religious, it loses its moral force in secular affairs.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic; Social Catholicism; Differentiation
  • Fundamentalism in America Revisited: The Fading of Modernity as a Source of Symbolic Capital.
    Simpson, John H. (1992)
    In Bronislaw Misztal and Anson D. Shupe, Jr. (eds.) Religion and Poltiics in Comparative Perspective. Revival of Religious Fundamentalism in East and West. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, pp. 10-27.

    Fundamentalism arose to counter the secularization inherent in 19th century "progress" in America; today it stands on a foundation of organizational capital.

    Associated Search Terms: Organization; Fundamentalist, U.S.A.
  • A Bridging of Faith: Religion and Politics in a New England City.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III, and Rhys H. Williams (1992)
    Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Community study; Secularization; State; United States, Massachusetts, Springfield
  • Comparing the Community Involvement of Black and White Congregations.
    Chaves, Mark, and Lynn M. Higgins (1992)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 31:4: 425-440.

    Analyzes 1988 questionnaire data from American (excluding Alaska & Hawaii) congregations; African American ones were not moe involved in secular concerns but were moe so in certain kinds--civil rights & helping the poor.

    Associated Search Terms: African Americans; Activism; Parish
  • Japanese Religion and Society. Paradigms of Structure and Change.
    Davis, Winston (1992)
    Albany: State University of New York Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Itoen; Protestant Ethic; Historical; Rebellion; New religions; Pilgrimage; Christian, Japan; Anti-structure; Buddhist, Japan; Shinto; Japan; Motive; Secularization; Civil religion; Modernization; Syncretism
  • The Secularization Issue: Prospect and Retrospect.
    Martin, David (1991)
    British Journal of Sociology 42:3: 465-474.

    Criticizes secularization theory, as applied to interpretations of religion in Eastern Europe, the Americas, & the Middle East.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Case Against Secularization: A Rebuttal.
    Lechner, Frank J. (1991)
    Social Forces 69: 1103-1119. Comment by Timothy Crippen 71:1: 219-223.

    Defends secularization as a theory, as an historical process, as not mere differentiation, as not inherently self-limiting, as not mere transformation, as not likely to be reversed by fundamentalism, & as relevant to global problems.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • How to Think about the Sacred in a Secular Age.
    Hammond, Phillip E. (1991)
    In David G. Bromley (ed.), Religion and the Social Order: Volume I. New Developments in Theory and Research. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 115-127]

    Distinguishes the sacred & religion; notes that quests for the sacred survive secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sacred; Definition of religion
  • The Secularization of Dread and Despair: Demand for a Day of Reckoning.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1991)
    In David G. Bromley (ed.), Religion and the Social Order: Volume I. New Developments in Theory and Research. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 53-72.

    Hypothesizes a contemporary emergence of a desire for a masochistic test of wills on a final day of reckoning, to escape present secular anxiety.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Hope; Apocalyptic
  • The Secularization Paradigm: A Systematization.
    Tschannen, Olivier (1991)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 30:4: 395-415.

    Reviews literature on secularization; shows differentiation, rationalization, & worldliness included in all paradigms; others: autonomization, privatization, generalization, pluralism, world view decline.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Privatization; Bellah, Robert N.; Parsons, Talcott; Fenn, Richard K.; Martin, David A.; Wilson, Bryan R.; Luckmann, Thomas; Berger, Peter L.; Differentiation; Secularization; Rationalization
  • Secularization in the Twentieth Century United States.
    Chaves, Mark (1991)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Harvard University. [DA 52:11 A, p. 4094]

    Sees declining attendance rates & increasingly bureaucratic organization of churches (with a case study of the Disciples of Christ) as evidence of secularization in the U.S.

    Associated Search Terms: Practice; United States; Disciples of Christ; Organization; Secularization
  • Secularization: Trends, Data and Theory.
    Wallis, Roy, and Steve Bruce (1991)
    In Monty L. Lynn and David O. Moberg (eds.) Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 3. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization: Religion in the Modern World.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1991)
    In Stewart R. Sutherland and Peter B. Clarke (eds.) The Study of Religion: Traditional and New Religion. London: Routledge, pp. 195-208.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Trends in U.S. Church Attendance: Secularization and Revival, or Merely Lifecycle Effects?
    Firebaugh, Glenn, and Brian Harley (1991)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 30:4: 487-500. Reply by March Chaves 30:4: 501-514.

    Analyzes 1972-89 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data; shows life cycle rather than secularization & revival patterns in attendance rates.

    Associated Search Terms: Life cycle; United States; Revival periods; Secularization; Practice
  • Dutch Religion: The Religious Consciousness of the Netherlands after the Cultural Revolution.
    Felling, Albert, Jan Peters, and Osmund Schreuder (1991)
    Nijmegen: Instituut voor Toegepaste Sociale Wetenschappen.

    Based on 1979 & '85-86 national surveys; notes considerable secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Netherlands; Secularization
  • Judaism and the Secularization Debate.
    Sharot, Stephen (1991)
    Sociological Analysis 52:3: 255-275.

    American Judaism is undergoing 2 divergent changes that are related to modernity: stabilization of practice for a majority & more stringent practice for a growing minority.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, U.S.A.; United States; Secularization
  • Secularization or Anomy? Interpreting Religious Change in Communist Societies.
    Tomka, Miklós (1991)
    Social Compass 38:1: 93-102.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Anomie; Europe
  • Il turbante e l'elmetto. La secolarizzazione nell'Islam.
    Pace, Enzo (1991)
    Il Mulino 40:2: 234-243.

    Reviews various forms of secularization that can be found in largely Moslem nations, varying from laisization of politics to cultural transformations of Islam itself.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Islam
  • New Religious Movements and the Sociology of Religion.
    Robbins, Thomas L., and David G.Bromley (1991)
    In David G. Bromley (ed.) Religion and the Social Order: Volume I. New Developments in theory and Research. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 183-205.

    Summarizes the implications of new religion research for theories of secularization, church/sect, religious economy, & conversion.

    Associated Search Terms: Competition; Conversion; Typology; Secularization; New religions
  • Culture and Religion.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1991)
    Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Soziologie/Revue suisse de sociologie 17:3: 433-449.

    Sees religious norms constitutive of culture & cultural change; focuses on the case of Pentecostalism in Latin America. Notes the secularization of material culture.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Secularization; Pentecostal, Latin America; Culture; Norm; Latin America
  • Religious Assortive Marriage in the Netherlands, 1938-1983.
    Hendrickx, John, Jan Lammers, and Wout Ultee (1991)
    Review of Religious Research 33:2: 123-145.

    Analyzes 1938, '63, & '83 marriage data from the Netherlands; shows religious homogamy declining with urbanization & industrialization; suggests a secularization process.

    Associated Search Terms: Industrialization; Gereformeerde Kerken vrijgemaakt; Marriage; Secularization; Netherlands; Catholic, Netherlands; Dutch Reformed, Netherlands; Urbanization
  • Secularización y Modernidad religiosa. Una Perspectiva a Través del Caso Francés.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (1991)
    In Enrique Luengo González (ed.) Secularización, modernidad y cambio religioso.

    Associated Search Terms: France; Secularization; Modernity
  • Mundo Social, paradigma del processo de secularización de la sociedad española.
    Giner de Grado, Carlos (1991)
    Fomento social 46/183: 333-346.

    Sees changes in the periodical, Mundo social, as illustrative of the differentiation of religion from other institutions in Spain.

    Associated Search Terms: Differentiation; Secularization; Spain; Media
  • La peste en l'absence du Dieu? Images votives et représentation du mal lors de la peste provençal de 1720.
    Fabre, Gérard (1991)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 73: 141-158.

    Notes a shift away from references to an angry God in times plague to efforts to hide evils.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; France, Provence; Historical; Medical
  • Les Églises Vont-Elles Disparaître?
    Bovay, Claude (1991)
    Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Soziologie/Revue suisse de sociologie 17:3: 549-568. Comment by Guy Michelat & Yves Lambert 17:3: 585-593.

    Analyzes Swiss survey data based on questions about what it would be like if there were no church; shows a continuing bond between religion & society.

    Associated Search Terms: Justice; Consequential dimension; Switzerland; Secularization
  • Une autre "éethique protestante." A propos d'Ernst Troeltsch.
    Disselkamp, Annette (1991)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 75: 105-112.

    Troeltsch was concerned with the specifically religious in the secular context, rather than, as Weber, with the effects of religion on secular affairs.

    Associated Search Terms: Troeltsch, Ernst
  • Synagogue Marriages in Britain.
    Schmool, Marlena (1991)
    Jewish Journal of Sociology 33:2: 107-115.

    uses compilations of synagogue data; sees some 1967-90 decline in marriages being solemnized in synagogues.

    Associated Search Terms: Marriage; Jewish, Great Britain; Secularization; Great Britain
  • The Jerusalem Funeral as a Microcosm of the 'Mismeeting' between Religious and Secular Israelis.
    Abramovitch, Henry (1991)
    In Zvi Sobel and Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi (eds.), Tradition, Innovation, Conflict: Jewishness and Judaism in Contemporary Israel. Albany: State University of New York Press, pp. 71-99.

    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; Israel, Jerusalem; Death; Jewish, Israel
  • Engaging Third Parties: Canadian Church Unionists and Their Opponents in the Secular Forum.
    Campbell, Douglas F. (1991)
    Journal of Church and State 33:1: 75-94.

    Examines the involvement of the press, courts, & government in the conflict in the Presbyterian Church over forming the United Church of Canada.

    Associated Search Terms: Media; Conflict; Presbyterian Church in Canada; United Church of Canada; State; Ecumenism
  • Rachel's Daughters. Newly Orthodox Jewish Women.
    Kaufman, Debra Renee (1991)
    New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction.

    Interprets interview data from formerly secularized American women who became observant in Orthodox Judaism, rejecting liberal feminism for familist values.

    Associated Search Terms: Women; Jewish, Orthodox, U.S.A.; Familism
  • Transgressing the Boundary between the Sacred and the Secular/Profane: A Durkheimian Perspective on a Public Controversy.
    Thompson, Kenneth A. (1991)
    Sociological Analysis 52:3: 277-291.

    Discussion of data supplied by the Church of England & of letters sent to the Bishop of Durham.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Great Britain; Great Britain; Sacred; Church of England
  • Por una sociología religiosa del orden social: una tipología de la gestión de creencias en medio secular.
    Carrasco Malhue, Pedro (1991)
    Cristianismo y sociedad 29:3: 7-32.

    Associated Search Terms: Post-modern; Hegemony; Typology
  • Religious Community, Individual Religiosity, and Health: A Tale of Two Kibbutzim.
    Anson, Ofra, Arieh Levenson, Benyamin Maoz, and Dan Y. Bonneh (1991)
    Sociology 25:1: 119-132.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from a secular & a religious kibbutz; the latter had better mental & physical health, but its more prayerful members had worse health.

    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Medical; Israel; Kibbutz; Commune; Jewish, Israel
  • Influence of Religiosity and Alcohol Use on Personal Well-Being.
    Alexander, Francesca and Robert W. Duff (1991)
    Journal of Religious Gerontology 8:2: 11-25.

    Analyzes interview data from a community of retired secular professionals & a religious counterpart community; the latter had more life satisfaction, less death anxiety, & less alcohol use.

    Associated Search Terms: Gerontology; Death anxiety; Alcohol; Well-being; Sisters; Clergy
  • Shifting Boundaries: Trends in Religious and Educational Homogamy.
    Kalmijn, Matthijs (1991)
    American Sociological Review 56: 786-800.

    Intermarriage between Protestants & Catholics has increased, & among differing educational levels has decreased.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Marriage; Secularization; Catholic, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.
  • Ethnicity, Religion, and Class in Israeli Society.
    Ben-Rafael, Eliezer, and Stephen Sharot (1991)
    New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Based on participant observation, open-ended interviews, & factor analysis of 1981-83 interview data from fathers of school age children in Beer Sheva.

    Associated Search Terms: Polish Israelis; Romanian Israelis; Iraqi Israelis; Moroccan Israelis; Migrant; Stratification; Generations; Factor analysis; Religiosity; Jewish, Israel; Politics, Israel; Ethnic; Secularization; Israel, Beersheba
  • Secularization and Sacralization.
    Thompson, Kenneth A. (1990)
    In Jeffrey C. Alexander and Piotr Sztompka (eds.) Rethinking Progress: Movements Forces and Ideas at the End of the Twentieth Century. London: Unwin Hyman.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization and Medicalization.
    Bull, Malcolm (1990)
    British Journal of Sociology 41:2: 245-262.

    Critique of Bryan Turner's view that medicine has replaced religion as the social guardian of morality; focuses on the case of Seventh-day Adventism.

    Associated Search Terms: Seventh-day Adventist; Medical; Secularization
  • Modernization, Secularization, and Mormon Success.
    Stark, Rodney (1990)
    In Thomas robbins and Dick Anthony (eds.) In Gods We Trust. New Patterns of Religious Pluralism in America, 2nd Ed. Revised and Expanded. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, pp. 201-218.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Mormon; Modernization
  • La secolarizzazione infinita. Note sulla morte dei beni pubblici.
    Cassano, Franco (1990)
    Rassegna italiana di sociologia 31:1: 11-25.

    Addresses the question f altruism in a secularized culture.

    Associated Search Terms: Altruism; Game theory; Secularization; Common good
  • Religion and Modernity in the French Context: For a New Approach to Secularization.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle (1990)
    Sociological Analysis 51:S: S15-S25.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; France; Modernity
  • A House Divided. Protestantism, Schism, and Secularization.
    Bruce, Steve (1990)
    London: Routledge.

    Examines consequences of the epistemological stances of Protestant traditions, with special focus on Great Britain & the United States.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; United States; Great Britain; Protestant, U.S.A.; Secularization; Schism; Protestant, Great Britain
  • A Sociological Sudy of Secularization Trends in the American Catholic University. Decatholicizing the Catholic Religious Curriculum.
    Schubert, Frank D. (1990)
    Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Secularization; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Interpretazione del fenomeno religioso in una società postmoderna.
    Tomasi, Luigi (1990)
    Studi sociale 7/8: 23-53.

    Reviews the literature on secularization, privatization, modernity, & post-modernity; draws implications for membership in & identification with churches.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Membership; Post-modern; Secularization; Modernity
  • Una fede senza dogmi./Le retour du sacré. Vers une foi sans dogmes, tr. Brigitte Fourastié and Philippe Joron./Faith Without Dogma.
    Ferrarotti, Franco (1990)
    Bari: Laterza./Paris: Méridiens Klincksieck, 1993./New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, 1993.

    Criticizes Vatican policies; conceptualizes secularization, "invisible religion," civil religion, the sacred, evil, prayer, & charisma.

    Associated Search Terms: Civil religion; Sacred; Evil; Charisma; Prayer; Secularization; Catholic
  • The Orthodox Kibbutzim and Economic Success.
    Fishman, Aryei, and Yaaqov Goldschmidt (1990)
    Journal for the scientific Study of Religion 29:4: 505-511.

    Financial ratings of religious vs. secular kibbutzim.

    Associated Search Terms: Commune; Israel; Jewish, Israel; Economic; Kibbutz
  • The Holy Bible in Secularized Sweden.
    Pettersson, Thorleif (1990)
    In Gunnar Hansson (ed.) Bible Reading in Sweden. Studies related to the translation of the New Testament 1981. Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell International, pp. 23-45.

    Studies responses to a new Swedish New Testament translation.

    Associated Search Terms: Sweden; Bible reading
  • Los lugares sociales de la religión. La secularización de la vida en el Pais Vasco.
    Pérez-Agote, Alfonso (1990)
    Madrid: C.I.S.

    Associated Search Terms: Basque; Spain; Secularization
  • La hiérarchie catholique dans une société sécularisée.
    Remy, Jean (1990)
    Sociologie et société 22:2: 21-31.

    Especially when individual religious participation declines, public interventions by the hierarchy can be particularly, & paradoxically, powerful. Its moral authority increases as church disciplinary authority decreases.

    Associated Search Terms: Authority; Bishop; Catholic, Canada; Secularization
  • Religious and Secular: Conflict and Accommodation Between Jews in Israel.
    Liebman, Charles S. (1990)
    Jerusalem: Keter.

    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; Israel; Jewish, Israel; Accommodation
  • Religious Deregulation: Origins and Consequences.
    Finke, Roger (1990)
    Journal of Church and State 32:3: 609-626.

    Reprinted in Bryan S. Turner (ed.), Secularization, London: SAGE Publications, 2010.

    Associated Search Terms: State
  • Historical Role Analysis in the Study of Religious Change: Mass Educational Development in Norway, 1740-1891.
    Flint, John T. (1990)
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Norway; Education; Pietist; Secularization; Change; Lutheran, Norway
  • Sacro quotidiano e nuove salvezze.
    Voyé, Liliane (1990)
    Religioni e società 5:9: 49-69.

    Contemporary forces are reflected in changing ideas of "salvation," e.g. in the new religions.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Belief; New religions; Everyday life
  • Bible Reading in Sweden: Studies Related to the Translation of the New Testament 1981.
    Hansson, Gunnar (ed.) (1990)
    Stockholm: Almquist and Wiksell.

    Collection of studies on the use of a new Swedish translation of the Bible in an allegedly secular society.

    Associated Search Terms: Bible reading; Sweden
  • Pray TV: Televangelism in America.
    Bruce, Steve (1990)
    London: Routledge.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States; Conservative, U.S.A.; Media
  • British Asian Muslims and the Rushdie Affair.
    Modood, Tariq (1990)
    Political Quarterly 61:2: 143-160.

    Argues that the real issue in western nations behind the controversy is that of the rights of non-European religious & cultural minorities in contexts of secular hegemony.

    Associated Search Terms: Minority; Islam
  • La Religion à la Carte au Québec: Une Analyse de Tendances.
    Bibby, Reginald W. (1990)
    Sociologie et Société 22:2: 133-144.

    Analyzes a subsample from a 1985 national data set; compares it to 1975 data. Shows changes to take the form of neither secularization nor innovation but of replacing a totalizing Catholicism with selections from Catholic "products."

    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Quebec; Catholic, Canada
  • Saving the Earth: The History of a Middle-Class Millenarian Movement.
    Gelber, Steven M., and Martin L. Cook (1990)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Social history of a 20th century North American movement, Creative Initiation, also known as New Religion of the Third Age. It evolved into a secular group, Beyond War.

    Associated Search Terms: New religions; Creative Initiative
  • The Social Dimensions of Sectarianism: Sects and New Religious Movements in Contemporary Society.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1990)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    A collection of diverse essays.

    Associated Search Terms: Unification Church, Belgium; Great Britain; Jehovah´s Witness, Great Britain; Scientology; Belgium; Jehovah´s Witness, Belgium; New religions; Sect; Secularization
  • A New Perspective on Religion and Secularization in the Global Context.
    Robertson, Roland (1989)
    In Jeffrey K. Hadden and Anson Shupe (eds.) Secularization and Fundamentalism Reconsidered. New York: Paragon House, pp. 63-77.

    Associated Search Terms: Globalization; Secularization
  • The Secularization of Canada.
    Mol, Hans (Johannes J.) (1989)
    In Monty L. Lynn and David O. Moberg (eds.) Research in the Social Scientific Study of religion, Volume I. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Canada
  • Magic, Religion, Science, and Secularization.
    Sharot, Stephen (1989)
    In Jacob Neusner, Ernest S. Frerichs, and Paul Y. Flesher (eds.) Religion, Science, and Magic in Concert and in Conflict. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 261-283.

    Associated Search Terms: Magic; Science; Secularization
  • The Stages of Religious Transformation: A Study of 200 Nations.
    Duke, James T., and Barry L. Johnson (1989)
    Review of Religious Research 30:3: 209-224.

    Based on data from Barrett's World Christian Encyclopedia (1982); proposes a cyclical model of religious transformation rather than a linear secularization one.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Change
  • Catholicism and Social Change in the Netherlands: A Case of Radical Secularization?
    Lechner, Frank J. (1989)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 28:2: 136-147.

    Critique of John A. Coleman, The Evolution of Dutch Catholicism 1958-74 (1979).

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Netherlands; Catholic, Netherlands
  • Images of the Sacred: An Empirical Study.
    Silverman, William (1989)
    Sociological Analysis 49:4: 440-444.

    Content analysis of paintings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City; shows a process of secularization in the depicted materials.

    Associated Search Terms: Content analysis; Art; Secularization
  • Secularization and Religious Revival: Evidence from U.S. Church Attendance Rates, 1972-1986.
    Chaves, Mark (1989)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 28:4: 464-477. Comment by Michael Hout & Andrew M. Greeley 29:4 (1990) 519-524. Reply by Chaves 29:4: 525-530.

    General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data.

    Associated Search Terms: Age; Secularization; Practice; United States
  • The Secular Contribution to Religious Innovation: A Case Study of the Unification Church.
    Parsons, Arthur S. (1989)
    Sociological Analysis 50:3: 209-227.

    Although opposing much of secular society, the Unification Church has appropriated & rationalized pivotal elements of the contemporary secular culture of the emotions.

    Associated Search Terms: Unification Church; Emotion
  • Religion and the Rise of Liberal-democratic Ideology in 17th-century England and France.
    Zaret, David (1989)
    American Sociological Review 54:2: 163-170.

    Liberal-democratic ideas came not amid secularization but a change wherein Deism replaced Puritanism.

    Associated Search Terms: Puritan; Secularization; Liberal; Deist; Politics, Great Britain; France; Great Britain; Politics, France; Historical
  • Fine di un'ideologia: La secolarizzazione.
    Acquaviva, Sabino S., and Renato Stella (1989)
    Roma: Borla.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religion, sécularisation et déplacements du sacré.
    Chagnon, Roland (1989)
    Studies in Religion/Sciences religieuses 18:2: 127-151.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sacred
  • Secular Transcendence: From ACSS to ASR.
    Morris, Loretta M. (1989)
    Sociological Analysis 50:4: 329-349.

    History of the American Catholic Sociological Society & its transformation into the Association for the Sociology of Religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Association for the Sociology of Religion; American Catholic Sociological Society; Sociology of religion
  • Organizational Conflict in the Southern Baptist Convention.
    Ammerman, Nancy T. (1989)
    In Jeffrey K. Hadden and Anson Shupe (eds.), Secularization and Fundamentalism Reconsidered. New York: Paragon.

    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; Southern Baptist
  • Secolarizzazione, voto cattolico e voto democristiano.
    Cartocci, Roberto (1989)
    Rassegna italiani di sociologia 30:1: 69-102.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Politics, Italy; Italy
  • La Religiosidad y el Proceso de Secularización en el Sistema de Valores de la Juventud Militar Española.
    Marinovich, Milan (1989)
    Cuadernos de realidades sociales 33/34: 5-13.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Military; Spain; Religiosity; Youth
  • The Struggle for America's Soul: Evangelicals, Liberals, and Secularism.
    Wuthnow, Robert (1989)
    Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans.

    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; United States; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Media; Liberal, U.S.A.
  • Is there such a thing as Global Fundamentalism?
    Shupe, Anson D., Jr., and Jeffrey K. Hadden (1989)
    In Jeffrey K. Hadden and Anson D. Shupe, Jr. (eds.) Secularization and Fundamentalism Reconsidered. New York: Paragon House, pp. 109-122.

    Associated Search Terms: Fundamentalism
  • The Evolution of Roman Catholicism in Quebec: A Luhmannian Neo-functionalist Interpretation.
    Beyer, Peter F. (1989)
    In Roger O'Toole (ed.), Sociological Studies in Roman Catholicism. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen, pp. 1-26.

    By laying the foundations of modernity in Quebec, the church unintentionally became the chief architect of its own irrelevance.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization; Canada, Quebec; Catholic, Canada
  • From Parish to Transcendent Humanism in France.
    Lambert, Yves (1989)
    In James A. Beckford and Thomas Luckmann (eds.) The Changing Face of Religion. Sage Studies in Intrnational Sociology 37. Newbury Park, California: Sage, pp. 49-63.

    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Catholic, France; Secularization; France, Brittany, Limerzel
  • Iglesia, secularización y comportamiento politico en España.
    Montero, D.R. (1989)
    Revista española de investigaciones sociologicas 46: 131-160.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Politics, Spain; Catholic, Spain; Spain
  • Spirituality and Aging: Challenges on the Frontier of Gerontology.
    Moberg, David O. (1989)
    Southwestern Journal of Theology 31:3: 12-21.

    Overview of problems related to secular resistance against taking spirituality seriously in providing services to the elderly.

    Associated Search Terms: Well-being, spiritual; Gerontology
  • Residual Religiosity on a Hull Council Estate.
    Forster, Peter G. (1989)
    Sociological Review 37;3: 474-504.

    Analyzes 1986 questionnaire data from Longhill Estate (low income residence) in Hull; practicing Anglican religion is a social deviation & hence more sect-like than church-like.

    Associated Search Terms: Typology; Practice; Great Britain, Hull; Church of England; Secularization
  • Support for the Christian Right Old and New: A Comparison of Supporters of the Christian Anti-Communism Crusade and the Moral Majority.
    Wilcox, Clyde (1989)
    Sociological Focus 22:2: 87-98.

    Analyzes 1964 & '84 American National Election Studies data; shows '64 C.A.C.C. support not consistently conservative but inclusive of secular conservatives, while '84 M.M. support was consistent but limited to religious conservatives.

    Associated Search Terms: Conservative, U.S.A.; United States; Politics, U.S.A.; Moral Majority; Christian Anti-Communism Crusade
  • Evangelicals and the Media.
    Woodard, J. David (1989)
    In Corwin E. Smidt (ed.) Contemporary Evangelical Political Involvement. An Analysis and Assessment. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, pp. 119-131.

    Analyzes 1984 U.S. poll data; compares responses of Evangelicals & "secular humanists" (people who respond opposite to Evangelical responses on a series of questionnaire items). Both groups were within the U.S. mainstream rather than in a "culture war."

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Evangelical, U.S.A.; United States
  • Religious Change in America.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1989)
    Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Sexual attitudes; Catholic, U.S.A.; Politics, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; God, image of; Secularization; Contributions; Denomination (organizational entity); Practice; United States
  • Religion and Advanced Industrial Society.
    Beckford, James A. (1989)
    London: Unwin Hyman.

    Critique of the presuppositions of the sociology of religion that are predicated on industrial, not advanced industrial, society.

    Associated Search Terms: Rationalization; Weber, Max; Durkheim, Émile; Marxian; Secularization; Troeltsch, Ernst; Privatization; World system; Economic; Functionalism; Differentiation; Luckmann, Thomas; Parsons, Talcott; Systems theory; Robertson, Roland; Wilson, Bryan R.; Gramsci, Antonio; Foucault, Michel; Fenn, Richard K.; Berger, Peter L.; Bell, Daniel; Marxism; Luhmann, Niklas; Bellah, Robert N.
  • The Process of Secularization. A Neglected Issue in Finnish Sociology.
    Sundback, Susan (1988)
    Social Compass 35:1: 91-106.

    Criticizes the neglect of secularization as a research topic in Finland; reviews modern Finnish history to explain the civil religious & church roles of religion in Finland.

    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Finland; Finland; Secularization; Civil religion; Historical
  • Al di la della secolarizzazione.
    Cipriani, Roberto (1988)
    Studi di sociologia 26:3/4: 271-288.

    Overview fo the debate over secularization theory in the 1970s & '80s among Italian sociologists.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religion and Secularization in Finland.
    Sihvo, Jouko (1988)
    Social Compass 35:1: 67-90.

    Reports memberships of churches, 1976 & '85, & beliefs, life-cycle practices, & practice reported by national samples, 1976-86.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Finland; Belief; Practice
  • The Relevance of Secularization in Iceland.
    Pétursson, Pétur (1988)
    Social Compass 35:1: 107-124.

    Reports 1984 interview data from the Multinational Human Value Study; compares Iceland to Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, & the U.S.A.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Iceland; Comparative; Secularization
  • Old and New Gods in the Modern World: Toward a Theory of Religious Transformation.
    Crippen, Timothy (1988)
    Social Forces 67:2: 316-336.

    Challenges the secularization thesis & argues for replacing it with a transformation model.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Change
  • Religion and the Persistence of Identity.
    Hammond, Phillip E. (1988)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 27;1: 1-11. [Also in Phillip E. Hammond, The Protestant Presence in Twentieth-Century America. Religion and Political Culture (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992), pp. 137-151]

    Explores the consequences of secularization for the formation of personal identities.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Secularization
  • Secolarizzazione e ritorno del sacro.
    Pace, Enzo (1988)
    Studi di sociologia 26:2/3: 467-468.

    Brief outline of different approaches to secularization & representations of the sacred as a category.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred; Secularization
  • Tendencies of Religious Change in Hungary.
    Tomka, Miklós (1988)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 33/65:1: 67-80.

    Sees secularization & desecularization in Hungary as an unstable balance.

    Associated Search Terms: Hungary; Secularization; Change
  • Ritorno del sacro? Si, ma come?
    Grumelli, Antonio (1988)
    Studi di sociologia 26:3/4: 362-370.

    Secularization is not a loss of the sacred but a replacement of vertical monoliths with horizontal pluralisms.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Secularization
  • Secularization, Pillarization, and Religious Change in the Low Countries.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (1988)
    In Thomas M. Gannon (ed.), World Catholicism in Transition. New York: Macmillan, pp. 80-115.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Catholic, Europe; Europe; Secularization
  • Religious Change and Secularization: The Transmission of Religious Values in Australia.
    McAllister, Ian (1988)
    Sociological Analysis 49:3: 249-263.

    Analyzes 1967, '79, & '83 Australian survey data; explains the loss of religion, especially among the Anglicans, on generation effects.

    Associated Search Terms: Australia; Secularization; Life cycle; Socialization; Generations
  • The Boston Heresy Case in View of the Secularization of Religion: A Case Study in the Sociology of Religion.
    Pepper, George B. (1988)
    Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen.

    Associated Search Terms: Feeney, Leonard; Secularization; United States, Massachusetts, Boston
  • Contemporary Moral Cultures and 'The Return of the Sacred.'
    Kavolis, Vytautas (1988)
    Sociological Analysis 49:3: 203-216.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Il processo di secolarizzazione nell'Italia del dopoguerra: Un prfilo empirico.
    Ricolfi, Luca (1988)
    Rassegna italiana di sociologia 1988:1: 37-87.

    Associated Search Terms: Italy; Secularization
  • Die Moderne und der Säkularisierungsprozess.
    Schäfers, Bernhard (1988)
    In Franz-Xaver Kaufmann and Bernhard Schäfers (eds.) Religion, Kirchen und Gesellschaft in Deutschland. Gegenwartskunde 37, Sonderheft 5, pp. 129-144.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Modernity
  • The Sacred and Secular in the USSR.
    Pankhurst, Jerry G. (1988)
    In M.P. Sacks and J.G. Pankhurst (eds.) Understanding Soviet Society. Boston: Unwin Hyman, pp. 167-192.

    Associated Search Terms: Soviet Union
  • Belief Versus Church: Beyond the Secularisation Debate.
    McCallum, John (1988)
    In Jonathan Kelly and Clive Bean (eds.) Australian Attitudes: Social and Political Attitudes from the National Social Science Survey. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, pp. 176-186.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Secularization; Australia; Membership
  • The Sacred and the Secular in the USSR.
    Flynn, James T. (1988)
    In Michael Paul Sacks and Jerry G. Pankhurst (eds.) Understanding Soviet Society. Boston: Unwin Hyman, pp. 167-192.

    Associated Search Terms: Soviet Union
  • The Effect of Religiosity on Secular and Ascetic Deviance: An Exploration of the Burkett and White Anti-Asceticism Hypothesis.
    Cochran, John K. (1988)
    Sociological Focus 21:4: 293-306.

    Associated Search Terms: Deviance/social control; Asceticism
  • Toward Desacralizing Secularization Theory.
    Hadden, Jeffrey K. (1987)
    Social Forces 65: 587-611.

    Examines the historical context that permitted secularization theory to go unchallenged; cites evidence that challenges it.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1987)
    In Mircea Eliade (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Religion, Vol. 13. New York: Macmillan, pp. 159-165.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Some Trends in European Sociology of Religion: The Secularization Debate.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (1987)
    Sociological Analysis 48:2: 107-137.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Steeple's Shadow: On the Myths and Realities of Secularization.
    Lyon, David (1987)
    Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • From Secularization to Globalization.
    Robertson, Roland (1987)
    Journal of Oriental STudies 26:1: 28-32.

    Associated Search Terms: Globalization; Secularization
  • From Theology to Religion--A Study in American Roman Catholic Secularization as Reflected in Selected American Roman Catholic Religious Curricula 1955-1985.
    Schubert, Frank D. (1987)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Boston University. [DA 48:7 A, p. 1798]

    Content analysis of curricula; shows theological premises of the study of religion being replaced by secular ones, a process marking the acceptance of Catholicism in the U.S.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Secularization; Education; Content analysis
  • The Secularization of Religious Symbolism: The Irish Case.
    O'Neil, Daniel J. (1987)
    International Journal of Social Economics 14:2: 3-24.

    Examines the case of Patrick Pearce's efforts to provoke revolt in 1916, using a rhetoric of martyrdom.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Ireland; Revolution; Historical
  • The Dream of the Perfect Act. An Inquiry into the Fate of Religion in a Secular World.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1987)
    New York: Travistock.

    Associated Search Terms: Ritual; Secularization
  • The American occupation and reform of Japan's religious system A few notes on the secularization process in postwar Japan.
    Nakano Tsuyoshi (1987)
    Journal of Oriental Studies 26:1: 124-138.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Japan; State; Secularization
  • Lässt unsere Gesellschaft Kommunikation mit Gott zu?
    Luhmann, Niklas (1987)
    In Niklas Luhmann, Soziologische Aufklürung 4: Beiträge zur funktionalen Differenzierung der Gesellschaft. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 227-235.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Differentiation
  • The Limits of Sociology in the Work of David Martin. Towards a Critique of David Martin's Sociology of Religion, Centered on His Essay: "Can the Church Survive?"
    Harrop, Jonathan D. (1987)
    Religion 17:2: 173-192. Comment by David W. Smith 18:1: 81-85.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Martin, David A.
  • Leaving the Ultra-orthodox Fold: Haredi Jews who Defected.
    Shaffir, William, and Robert Rockaway (1987)
    Jewish Journal of Sociology 29:2: 97-114.

    1986 interview data from 20 former haredim in Israel; focuses on motives, process, & difficulties in joining secular society.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Haredi; Jewish, Israel; Disaffiliation; Assimilation
  • Religion, Economics, and Class in American Politics.
    Vidich, Arthur J. (1987)
    International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society 1:1: 4-22.

    Sees the economic ideology of the Regan administration as a secular substitute for Calvinist morality among the upwardly mobile.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Stratification; Mobility (vertical)
  • A Theory of Religion.
    Stark, Rodney, and William Sims Bainbridge (1987)
    New York & Bern: Peter Lang. [New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1996].

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Social movement; Conversion; Cult; Deprivation; Exchange theory; Sect
  • The Relationship of Religious Involvement to a Variety of Indictors of Cognitive Ability and Achievement in College Students.
    Zern, David S. (1987)
    Adolescence 22:88: 883-895.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from students at a private, secular, northeast U.S. university; shows an inverse correlation of religiosity to SAT scores, but a positive one of religiosity to grade point average, controlling for SAT scores.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Education; Religiosity
  • Secularisation in Australia between 1966 and 1985; A Research Note.
    McCallum, John (1987)
    Australian and New Zealand Journal of Scoiology 23:3: 407-422.

    Overview of census data & surveys; shows a decline in religion & attributes the decline to changes in childhood socialization &, for women, competing adult socialization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Socialization; Islam, Australia; Atheist, Australia; Australia; Jehovah´s Witness, Australia; Anglican, Australia; Orthodox, eastern, Australia; Catholic, Australia
  • Religious Pratice and Secularization.
    Phadraig, Maire Nic Ghiolla (1986)
    In P. Clancy, S. Drudy, K. Lynch, and L. O'Down (eds.) Ireland: A Sociological profile. Dublin: Institute of Public Administration, ch. 7.

    Associated Search Terms: Ireland; Practice; Secularization
  • Le Veau d'Or. L'expérience de la sécularisation et le labyrinthe religieux espagnol.
    Vericat, José (1986)
    Social Compass 33:4: 401-418.

    Interprets the Spanish religious experience of secularization as a recategorization of non-empirical aspects of life.

    Associated Search Terms: Cognitive; Secularization; Spain
  • Säkularisierung: Mythos oder Realität?
    Savramis, Demosthenes (1986)
    Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie 11:3: 37-46.

    Criticizes secularization theory for identifying religion with the institutionalized Christian church; discusses Glock's dimensions of religiosity & draws contrasts between Christianity & its embodiment in churches.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Dimensions of religiosity
  • Religion in the Modern World.
    Hammond, Phillip E. (1986)
    In James Davison Hunter and Stephen C. Ainley (eds.), Making Sense of Modern Times: Peter L. Berger and the Vision of Interpretive Sociology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, pp. 143-158.

    General summary of how Berger conceptualizes secularization; shows him less likely to label many phenomena "religious" that others so label, & hence more likely than others to see secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Berger, Peter L.; Secularization; Definition of religion
  • Secularization and the Diminishing Decline of Religion.
    Sharot, Stephen, Hannah Ayalon, and Eliezer Ben-Rafael (1986)
    Review of Religious Research 27:3: 193-207.

    Studies 4 ethnic subgroups of Jews in Israel: Moroccan, Iraqi, Polish, & Romanian.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Israel; Israel; Secularization; Practice; Moroccan Israelis; Iraqi Israelis; Polish Israelis; Romanian Israelis
  • Secularisation and the Sikh Religious Tradition.
    Madan, T.N. (1986)
    Social Compass 33:2/3: 257-273.

    Sikhism emerged in a secularization process that involved a reaction against any withdrawal from the world, including a withdrawal from politics. The stance has come to conflict with a more modern kind of secularization that separates faith & politics.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; India; Sikh, India; Politics, India
  • Death Customs in a Non-religious Kibbutz: The Use of Sacred Symbols in a Secular Society./Religious Kibbutzim: Judaism and Modernization.
    Rubin, Nissan (1986)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 25:3: 292-303./In Shlomo A. Deshen, Charles S. Liebman, and Moshe Shokeid (eds.) Israeli Judaism. The Sociology of Religion in Israel. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, 1995, pp. 173-195.

    Founders of a secular kibbutz created non-religious ceremonials for death, but as ideological fervor waned, religious customs began to reappear.

    Associated Search Terms: Death; Ritual; Jewish, Israel; Israel; Sacralization; Commune; Kibbutz
  • Un paradigme Inspiré de Weber. Pour Contribuer à Renouveler le Débat sur la Sécularisation.
    Lambert, Yves (1986)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 61:1: 153-165.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization and the Diminishing Decline of Religion.
    Ayalon, Hanna, Eliezer Ben-Rafael, and Stephen Sharot (1986)
    Review of Religious Research 27:3: 193-207. [Also in Shlomo A. Deshen, Charles S. Liebman, and Moshe Shokeid (eds.), Israeli Judaism. The Sociology of Religion in Israel (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 1995), pp. 239-253.

    Analyzes 1982-83 interview data from Beer Sheva; practice declined by generation, moreso for Moroccan & Iraqi Israelis, who began with higher levels.

    Associated Search Terms: Generations; Iraqi Israelis; Israel, Beersheba; Practice; Romanian Israelis; Moroccan Israelis; Jewish, Israel; Polish Israelis
  • Il cambiamenti etico-religiosi e il nuovo simbolico-sacrale.
    Burgalassi, Silvano (1986)
    Studi di Sociologia 24:1: 37-53.

    Argues that religiosity often declines in times of change but re-emerges in different forms & places.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Change; Privatization
  • Sul religioso: Dislocazioni di senso e strategie di identificazione.
    Nesti, Arnaldo (1986)
    Religioni e società 1:1: 9-30.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred; Identity; Secularization
  • Iglesia, secularización y comportamiento politico en España.
    Montero, José Ramon (1986)
    REIS. Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas 34: 131-159.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Spain; Secularization; Spain
  • Frantumazione e secolarizzazione etica nei trattati di morale economica del XVII secolo.
    Becherini, Susanna (1986)
    Religioni e Società 1:2: 87-92.

    Observations on Counter Reformation treatises on economic ethics.

    Associated Search Terms: Economic; Catholic; Moral; Secularization; Historical
  • Vers un Nouveau Christianisme? Introduction à la socologie du christianisme occidental.
    Hervieu-Léger, Danièle, and Françoise Champion (1986)
    Paris: Cerf.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Christian, France; France; Secularization
  • Intellectuals and Religion in Ancient Greece: Notes on a Weberian Theme.
    Bryant, Joseph M. (1986)
    British Journal of Sociology 37;2: 268-296.

    Ancient Greek secular philosophers were the carriers of intellectualism & theological rationalization.

    Associated Search Terms: Greece, ancient; Theology; Rationalization; Intellectuals
  • Fasting and Dieting: A Research Note.
    Tamney, Joseph B. (1986)
    Review of Religious Research 27:3: 255-262.

    Analyzes 1977 questionnaire data from residents of Muncie, Indiana; notes religious & secular reasons for fasting.

    Associated Search Terms: Fasting; United States, Indiana, Muncie
  • Religion in Dutch Society: Documentation of a National Survey on Religious and Secular Attitudes in 1979.
    Felling, Albert, Jan Peters, and Osmund Schreuder (1986)
    Amsterdam: Steinmetz Archives.

    Associated Search Terms: Netherlands
  • Religious and Secular Factors of Role Strain in Orthodox Jewish Mothers.
    Bunim, Sarah Silver (1986)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertatio, Wurzweiler School of Social Work, yeshiva University. [DA 47:11 A, p. 4189]

    Analyzes interview data from 75 Orthodox Jewish mothers; shows role strain increasing as levels of commitment to halakhah increase.

    Associated Search Terms: Role conflict; Jewish, Orthodox, U.S.A.; Commitment; Women
  • Studies of Conversion: Secularization or Re-enchantment?
    Richardson, James T. (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.) The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 104-121.

    Associated Search Terms: Conversion; Secularization
  • Religion and Healing.
    McGuire, Meredith B. (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.) The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 168-284.

    Reviews the literature on the secularization of healing.

    Associated Search Terms: Medical; Secularization
  • Science and the sacred.
    Wuthnow, Robert (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.) The sacred in a secular age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 187-203.

    Reviews the literature on science as a secularizing force; shows science having little such effect. Argues that the non-religiosity of scholars, especially humanists & social scientists, reflects the precarity of science, not of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Science; Secularization
  • Conservative Protestantism.
    Hunter, James Davison (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.), The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 150-166.

    Frames a consideration of conservative American Protestantism within a context of the secularization issue.

    Associated Search Terms: Conservative, U.S.A.; Secularization
  • Society, the Sacred and the Secular: Sociological Observations on the Changing Role of Religion in Canadian Culture.
    O'Toole, Roger (1985)
    Canadian Issues/Thèmes canadiens 7: 99-117.

    Emphasizes the role of religion in the shaping of the Canadian nation; assesses the utility of secularization theories in the interpretation of contemporary religious & political developments.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Canada; Politics, Canada
  • Rethinking Secularization: Retrospect and Prospect.
    Lyon, David (1985)
    Review of Religious Research 26:3: 228-243.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Sacred in a Secular Age.
    Hammond, Phillip E. (ed.) (1985)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization Theories and Sociological Paradigms: A Reformulation of the Private-public Dichotomy and the Problem of Societal Integration.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (1985)
    Sociological Analysis 46:4: 377-387.

    Associated Search Terms: Integration (societal); Privatization; Secularization
  • From Revival to Restoration: The Emergence of Britain's New Classical Pentecostalism.
    Walker, Andrew G. (1985)
    Social Compass 32:2/3: 261-271.

    Interprets Pentecostal sectarianism in Britain as a defense against modernity & secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal, Great Britain; Great Britain; Modernity; Secularization; Sectarianism
  • The Future of Religion. Secularization, Revival and Cult Formation.
    Stark, Rodney, and William Sims Bainbridge (1985)
    Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, regions; Typology; Scientology; Secularization; Canada; Transcendental Meditation; Revolution; Conversion; Europe
  • Secolarizzazione della cultural. Interpretazioni teoriche e consequenze pratiche.
    Adamski, Franciszek (1985)
    Rassegna di Pedagogia 1985:4: 251-160.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Teorie della secolarizzazione.
    Stella, R., and Gustavo Guizzardi (1985)
    In Domenico Pizzuti (ed.) Sociologia della religione. Roma: Borla.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secular Society, Religious Meanings: A Contemporary Paradox.
    Hay, David, and Ann Morisy (1985)
    Review of Religious Research 26:3: 213-227.

    Analyzes interview data from Nottingham adults; asks whether respondents had been aware of or influenced by a higher power.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain, Nottingham; Religiosity
  • The Sacred in Ministry Studies.
    Mills, Edgar W. (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.) The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 167-183.

    Reviews the literature on the clergy in the U.S.

    Associated Search Terms: Clergy
  • New Perspectives from Cross-cultural Studies.
    Mol, Hans (Johannes J.) (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.) The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 90-103.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative
  • Mysticism.
    Hood, Ralph W., Jr. (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.), The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 285-297.

    Associated Search Terms: Mysticism
  • New Religious Movements: Yet Another Great Awakening?
    Barker, Eileen (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.), The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 36-57.

    Associated Search Terms: New religions
  • Social Justice and the Sacred.
    Neal, Marie Augusta (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.) The sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 333-346.

    Associated Search Terms: Justice; Sacred
  • Policy Formation in Religious Systems.
    Carroll, Jackson W. (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.), The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 317-332.

    Focuses on the reluctance of religious authorities to use social scientific research, in the course of the history of the sociology of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of religion
  • Church and Sect.
    Stark, Rodney (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.) The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 139-149.

    Overview of conceptual development & empirical studies in "religious economies."

    Associated Search Terms: Competition; Typology; Market model
  • Religion and Politics in America: The Last Twenty Years.
    Johnson, Benton (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.), The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 301-316.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.
  • Religion and Psychological Well-Being.
    Capps, Donald (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.), The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: Uniersity of California Press, pp. 237-256.

    Associated Search Terms: Well-being, psychological
  • Gender, the Family, and the Sacred.
    Hargrove, Barbara J.W. (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.), The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.204-214.

    Associated Search Terms: Family; Women
  • The Sacred and Third World Societies.
    Jules-Rosette, Bennetta (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.), The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 215-233.

    Associated Search Terms: Third world
  • The Sacred and the World System.
    Robertson, Roland (1985)
    In Philip E. Hammond (ed.) The Sacred in a Secular Age. Berkeley: University of California Press pp. 347-358.

    Associated Search Terms: Globalization; World system
  • Une Esquisse Sociologique de la Laïcité en Belgique Francophone.
    Javeau, Claude (1985)
    Recherches sociologiques 16:3: 67-77.

    Suggests non-confessional & atheist institutions may represent an incipient pillarization of Belgian society.

    Associated Search Terms: Belgium; Secularization; Atheist, Belgium; Pillarization
  • Europe's Receptivity to Religious Movements.
    Stark, Rodney (1985)
    In Rodney Stark (ed.) Religious Movements: Genesis, Exodus, and Numbers. New York: Paragon House Publishers, pp. 301-343.

    Reports 1970s data on cults per million population for European nations; compares them to the U.S., Canada, Australia, & New Zealand rates.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Comparative; New religions; Secularization
  • Limited metaphors and the secularization of Roman Catholic sisters.
    Miller, Ann (1985)
    Anthropologica 27: 122-136.

    Associated Search Terms: Liminality; Catholic; Sisters; Orders/congregations; Change
  • Religious Organizations.
    Beckford, James A. (1985)
    In Phillip E. Hammond (ed.), The Sacred in a Secular Age: Toward Revision in the Scientific Study of Religion. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 125-138.

    Associated Search Terms: Organization
  • Partis politiques et électorat catholique. Développements depuis 1945.
    Mabille, Xavier (1985)
    Recherches sociologiques 16:3: 111-118.

    Observes a disintegration of Catholicism as a unifying political force in Belgium; other parties than the Social Christian increasingly gain Catholic adherents.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Belgium; Belgium; Secularization; Politics, Belgium
  • La religion des jeunes.
    Rezsohazy, Rudolf (1985)
    Recherches sociologiques 16:3: 271-284.

    1977-82 longitudinal questionnaire study of francophone Belgian youths & their parents; sees family & school mediating contextual influences that in turn weaken religiosity.

    Associated Search Terms: Adolescents; Secularization; Family; Belgium; Education; Socialization
  • Säkularisierung und Politik.
    Meulemann, Heiner (1985)
    Politische Vierteljahresschrift 26:1: 29-51.

    Analyzes 1982 West German survey data; finds Christian world view inversely related to political participation & autonomy, positively to conventionality & traditional sex role views. Develops attitudinal factors.

    Associated Search Terms: Conventionality; Sex role; Politics, Germany; Factor analysis; Secularization; Germany, West
  • Religious Transformation and the Future of Politics./Déclin religieux et recomposition politique: Une interprétation de l'exemple français.
    Berger, Suzanne (1985)
    European Sociological Review 1:1: 23-45./Archives de sciences sociales des religions 33/66:1 (1988): 147-182.

    French Catholic institutions have dissolved into a secular right, the faithful, & a faction of Catholic militants, thus changing the French political scene.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; France; Catholic, France; Politics, France
  • Vers une théorie sociologique des mariages interconfessionels: Le cas de la nuptialité hongroise sous l'Ancien régime.
    Karady, Victor (1985)
    Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 57/58: 47-68.

    Secularization & declining religious control over schools were related to increased interreligious marriage in Hungary; notable were Christian/Jewish marriages up to the Nazi era.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Hungary; Marriage; Hungary; Catholic, Hungary; Protestant, Hungary
  • This-worldly Transcendentalism and the Structuring of the World: Weber's 'Religion of China' and the Format of Chinese History and Civilization.
    Eisenstadt, Shmuel N. (1985)
    In Andreas Buss (ed.), Max Weber in Asian Studies. Leiden: Brill, pp. 46-64./Journal of Developing Societies 1: 168-186.

    Contrary to Max Weber, sees Confucian China as having a transcendental vision & tension with the world, though defined & resolved in secular terms.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Inner-worldly asceticism; Weber, Max; Confucian; China
  • The Courts and Secular Humanism.
    Hammond, Phillip E. (1984)
    Society 21:4: 11-16. [Also in Phillip E. Hammond, The Protestant Presence in Twentieth-Century America. Religion and Political Culture (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992), pp. 95-107]

    There is no such ideology as "secular humanism," but rather a pattern of legal outcomes occasioned by religious pluralism.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Secular humanism; Pluralism
  • Secularization Theories and Sociological Paradigms: Convergences and Divergences.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (1984)
    Social Compass 32:2/3: 199-219.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Relevance of Religion: Iceland and Secularization Theory.
    Swatos, William H., Jr. (1984)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 23:1: 32-43.

    Associated Search Terms: Iceland; Secularization
  • Looking for Secularization in Middletown.
    Caplow, Theodore (1984)
    In Patrick H. McNamara (ed.), Religion: North American Style, 2nd ed. Belmont, California: Wadsworth, pp. 104-110.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States, Indiana, Muncie
  • Peter L. Berger and the Problem of Modern Religious Commitment.
    Varacalli, Joseph A. (1984)
    Religion, the Cutting Edge. New England Sociologist 5:1: 143-151.

    Explication & critique of Peter L. Berger's model of secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Berger, Peter L.
  • Secularization, Higher Education, and Religiosity.
    Albrecht, Stan L., and Tim B. Heaton (1984)
    Review of Religious Research 26:1: 43-58.

    Analyzes 1981 American Mormon survey data & American data on all religions; education & religiosity correlated inversely, but within denominations positively. Among Mormons, education measures of religiosity correlated positively.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Mormon, U.S.A.; Education; Secularization
  • Il mito della secolarizzazione.
    Ferrarotti, Franco (1984)
    Critica sociologica 69: 11-22.

    Associated Search Terms: Myth; Secularization
  • Religion, Secularization, and Social Process.
    Swatos, William H., Jr. (1984)
    Religion: The Cutting Edge. New England Sociologist 5:1: 95-112.

    Given the fall of a Weber-Durkheim convergence in recent sociology, proposes a more situational approach to the defining of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Definition of religion
  • Christian Schools in Secular Society.
    Rose, Susan D. (1984)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Cornell University. [DA 45:10 A, p. 3215]

    Ethnographic case studies of 2 schools; surveys from all Evangelical Christian schools; preliminary study of charismatic students moving from Christian to public high schools. There was both isolation & confrontation with society.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Evangelical, U.S.A.
  • An Empirical Analysis of Secular-religious Bases of Quebec Nationalism.
    Nevitte, Neil H., and François-Pierre Gingras (1984)
    Social Compass 31:4: 339-350.

    Analyzes 1976 questionnaire data from the Province of Quebec; focuses on the perceived cultural importance of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Quebec; Nationalism; Salience
  • Mormonism in Secular Society: Changing Patterns in Official Ecclesiastical Rhetoric.
    Shepherd, Gordon, and Gary Shepherd (1984)
    Review of Religious Research 26:1: 28-42.

    Content analysis of Mormon general conference addresses; shows changes in the emphasis given to utopianism, the supernatural, eschatology, personal morality, family life, & doctrinal distinctiveness.

    Associated Search Terms: Moral; Family; Belief; Utopian; Mormon; Content analysis
  • Religious Content in American, British, and Canadian Popular Publications from 1937 to 1979.
    Perkins, H. Wesley (1984)
    Sociological Analysis 45:2: 159-165.

    Content analysis of popular magazines shows little religious focus, but no lessening over time.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Canada; Secularization; Media; Content analysis; Great Britain
  • The Religiosity of Middle Eastern Jews.
    Shokeid, Moshe (1984)
    Association of Jewish Studies Review 9:2: 247-271. [Also in Shlomo A. Deshen, Charles S. Liebman, and Moshe Shokeid (eds.) Israeli Judaism. The Sociology of Religion in Israel. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, 1995, pp. 213-237]

    The Sephardic religiosity is closer to family & community; it accepts partial observance ("tradition") as valid, avoiding the extremes of secularism & ultraorthodoxy.

    Associated Search Terms: Ethnic; Israel; Jewish, Sephardim, Israel
  • Religion and the Law: The Secularization of Testimonial Procedures.
    Willen, Richard S. (1983)
    Sociological Analysis 44:1: 53-64.

    Traces the rationalization & secularization of oaths in British law.

    Associated Search Terms: Oath; Historical; Law; Great Britain; Secularization
  • Religion as National Identity in a Secular Society.
    Weissbrod, Lilly (1983)
    Review of Religious Research 24:3: 188-205.

    Discusses the emergence of a religious, as opposed to a secular, national identity in Israel.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Israel; Identity; Nationalism; Secularization; Israel
  • Secularization Patterns and the Westward Spread of the Welfare State, 1883-1983.
    Heidenheimer, Arnold J. (1983)
    Comparative Social Research 6: 3-38. Comment by Timothy Tilton 6: 38-65.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Church and Social Change. A Study of the Secularization Process in Iceland 1830-1930.
    Pétursson, Pétur (1983)
    Helsingborg, Sweden: Plus Ultra.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Iceland
  • Contemporary Religious Movements and the Secularization Premise. [Les Mouvements Religieux Contemporains et la Postulat de la Séclarisation]
    Anthony, Dick, Thomas Robbins, and Paul Schwartz (1983)
    Concilium 161: 1-8. [Concilium 181: 15-28]

    The new religions epitomize the modern reducation of religion to an exotic consumer item & colorful personal adornment.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; New religions; Secularization; Narcissism
  • Ascetti e mistici in un società secolarizzata.
    Pace, Enzo (1983)
    Padua: Marsilio.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Mystic; Asceticism
  • Religion Diffuse et Sécularisation.
    Baubérot, Jean (1983)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 56:2: 195-198.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Diffused religion
  • Return to Judaism. Religious Renewal in Jerusalem.
    Aviad, Janet (1983)
    Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Study of the conversion of secular Jews to Orthodox Judaism in Jerusalem, especially youth in the 1970s.

    Associated Search Terms: Israel, Jerusalem; Education; Conversion; Jewish, Israel
  • Churches are Generally Ignored in Contemporary Voluntary Action Research: Causes and Consequences.
    Smith, David Horton (1983)
    Review of Religious Research 24:4: 295-303.

    A separation of research into sacred & secular topics tends to deny both church & non-church action agencies useful knowledge.

    Associated Search Terms: Voluntary action research
  • Die gegenwärtige politische Revitalisierung des Islam: Eine religionssoziologische Bedeutung.
    Tibi, Bassam (1983)
    Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Soziologie/Revue suisse de sociologie 9:3: 677-686.

    Islamic symbolism has been sued against rapid social change, but the idea of al-nizam al-Islami (the Islamic system) as an alternative to secular structures has no basis in Islamic sacred sources & has actually been adopted from the West.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam; Politics; Revitalization movement
  • From the Crisis of Religion to the Crisis of Secularity.
    Berger, Peter L. (1982)
    In Mary Douglas and Steven Tipton (eds.), Religion and America. Spiritual Life in a Secular Age. Boston: Beacon, pp. 14-24.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Liturgies and Trials. The Secularization of Religious Language.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1982)
    New York: Pilgrim

    Associated Search Terms: Sociolinguistics; Law; Secularization
  • The First Secular Institute: The Opus Dei as a Religious Movement-Organization.
    Casanova, José V. (1982)
    Annual Review of the Social Sciences of Religion 6: 243-285.

    Associated Search Terms: Opus Dei; Catholic; Social movement; Secular institute
  • Le pluralisme dans les congrégations religieuses canadiennes. Aspects sociologiques.
    Turcotte, Paul-André (1982)
    Pastoral Sciences/Sciences pastorales 1: 27-40.

    Studies as typical the Quebec Viatorians, whose purposes lost plausibility when their works were secularized; alternative religious meaning systems emerged, creating pluralism within the congregation.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Orders/congregations; Meaning; Catholic, Canada; Canada, Quebec; Pluralism
  • Sociologia del hecho religioso: El concepto de secularización.
    Gonzalez, Santos (1982)
    Cuadernos de realidades sociales 20/21: 199-229.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Sécularisation et religions politiques.
    Sironneau, Jean-Pierre (1982)
    The Hague: Mouton.

    Associated Search Terms: Surrogate for religion; Politics; Secularization
  • Continuity and Change of Ritual in Polish Folk Piety.
    Piwowarski, Wladyslaw (1982)
    Social Compass 29:2/3: 125-134.

    Rituals have come to express nationalism; they have been secularized & also privatized (or familialized).

    Associated Search Terms: Poland; Nationalism; Privatization; Popular religion; Catholic, Poland; Family; Ritual
  • Spiritual Innovation and the Crisis of American Civil Religion.
    Anthony, Dick, and Thomas Robbins (1982)
    Daedalus 111:1: 215-234. [Also in Mary Douglas and Steven Tipton (eds.), Religion and America. Spiritual Life in a Secular Age (Boston: Beacon, 1982), pp. 229-248]

    Associated Search Terms: Civil religion; New religions
  • The Moral Logic of Alternative Religions.
    Tipton, Steven M. (1982)
    In Mary Douglas and Steven Tipton (eds.) Religion and America. Spiritual Life in a Secular Age. Boston: Beacon, pp. 79-107.

    Associated Search Terms: Moral; New religions
  • America's Voluntary Establishent: Mainline Religion in Transition.
    Roof, Wade Clark (1982)
    In Mary Douglas and Steven Tipton (eds.) Religion and America. Spiritual Life in a sEcular Age. Boston: Beacon, pp. 130-149.

    Associated Search Terms: Stratification; Change; United States
  • Religious Change in Contemporary Poland.
    Pomian-Srzednicki, Maciej (1982)
    London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Catholic, Poland; Poland; Change; Politics, Poland
  • After the Alliance: The Sociology of Religion in the United States from 1925-1949.
    Reed, Myer S., Jr. (1982)
    Sociological Analysis 43:3: 189-204.

    Based on a content analysis of U.S. sociology journals; shows secular sociologists not studying religion while religionists were no longer published in sociology journals. Catholic religious sociology appeared in the 1940s.

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of religion; Content analysis; American Catholic Sociological Society
  • Religion and Delinquency: The Ecology of a "Lost" Relationship
    Stark, Rodney, Lori Kent, and Daniel P. Doyle (1982)
    Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 19:1: 4-24.

    Review of previous data; includes a 1966 data set from American male high school students. Religiosity inhibits delinquency where religious commitment is the norm, but not in secularized settings.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Religiosity; Moral community; Students, secondary; Delinquency
  • Religious Organization Change: An Analysis Based on the TM Movement.
    Woodrum, Eric (1982)
    Review of Religious Research 24:2: 89-103.

    In a spiritual period (1959-65) TM attracted salvation-oriented people as a Hindu variant; a counter culture era ('65-69) brought youths seeking world transformation & this-worldly bliss. In a secularized era (post '70) TM was marketed as a technique.

    Associated Search Terms: Transcendental Meditation; Change
  • What do We Mean by Secularization?
    Dekker, Gerard, and Johannes Tennekes (1981)
    In D.C. Mulder (ed.), Secularization in Global Perspective. Amsterdam: Vu-Uitgererij, pp. 9-24.

    Explores the meaning of secularization & whether it applies to non-Western settings.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization: A Multi-Dimensional Concept.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (1981)
    London: Sage. [Also Current Sociology 29:2. Reprinted in Karel Dobbelaere, Secularization: An Analysis at Three Levels (Brussels: Presses Interuniversitaires Européennes, 2002, pp. 17-160]

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Über die Zukunft der Religionen./The Future of Religion.
    Schluchter, Wolfgang (1981)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 33:4: 605-622./In Mary Douglas and Steven Tipton (eds.) Religion and America. Spiritual Life in a Secular Age. Boston: Beacon, 1982, pp. 64-78.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • A Balance of Secularization in Hungary.
    Tomka, Miklós (1981)
    Social Compass 28:1: 25-42.

    Overview & review of the sociological literature on religion in Hungary.

    Associated Search Terms: Hungary; Secularization
  • The "Political Secularization" Issue in Lebanon.
    Hanf, Theodor (1981)
    Annual Review in the Social Sciences of Religion 5: 225-253.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Lebanon; Politics, Lebanon
  • Secularization and Cult Formation in the Jazz Age.
    Stark, Rodney, and William Sims Bainbridge (1981)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 20:4: 360-373.

    U.S. Census data.

    Associated Search Terms: Cult; United States; Secularization
  • The Church Renewal Movement in Sociological Perspective.
    Maxam, Donald A. (1981)
    Review of Religious Research 23:2: 195-204.

    Content analysis of 50 church renewal books, & analysis of questionnaire data from the authors; interprets the 1950-69 movement as a response to crises in personal meaning & secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Authors; Elite; Social movement; Content analysis; Change
  • Sécularisation ou retour du Sacré?/Secolarizzazione o ritorno del sacro?
    Cipriani, Roberto (1981)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 52:2: 141-150./Quaderni di azione sociale 44 (1986): 178-192.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • From Labour Zionism to new Zionism: Ideological Change in Israel.
    Weissbrod, Lilly (1981)
    Theory and Society 10:6: 777-803.

    Traces changes in ideology in Israel, with a religious Zionism gaining politically in a secular society.

    Associated Search Terms: Zionism; Historical; Israel; Politics, Israel
  • Contradictions between the Sacred and Secular Life: The Church Missionary Society in Ukaguru, Tanzania, West Africa, 1876-1914.
    Beidelman, Thomas O. (1981)
    Compartative Studies in Society and History 23: 73-95.

    Associated Search Terms: Tanzania, Ukaguru; Missions; Historical
  • Slain in the Spirit: Creating and Maintaining a Religious Social Reality.
    Neitz, Mary Jo (1981)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Chicago. [DA 42:6 A, p. 2893]

    Within a constructed & maintained context, ideas otherwise found elsewhere in a secular self-awareness movement are accessible to a different religious audience.

    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal, Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Secular Constraints on Religious Language.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1980)
    Annual Review of the Social Sciences of Religion 4: 61-83.

    Observes the translation of religious into secular language.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sociolinguistics
  • A Fresh Look at Theories of Secularization.
    Johnson, Benton (1980)
    In Hubert M. Blalock, Jr. (ed.), Sociological Theory and Research: A Critical Appraisal. New York: Free Press, pp. 314-331.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization, Revival and Cult Formation.
    Stark, Rodney, and William Sims Bainbridge (1980)
    Annual Review of the Social Sciences of Religion 4: 85-119.

    Associated Search Terms: Cult; Secularization
  • The Secularization of Japanese Religion: Measuring the Myth and the Reality.
    Davis, Winston (1980)
    In Frank E. Reynolds and Theodore M. Ludwig (eds.), Transition and Transformation in the History of Religion. Leiden: E.J. Brill, pp. 261-285.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Japan
  • Time, Identity, and the Spiritual Needs of the Elderly.
    Kearl, Michael C. (1980)
    Sociological Analysis 41:2: 172-180. [Also in Jeffrey K. Hadden and Theodore E. Long (eds.) Religion and Religiosity in America. Studies in Honor of Joseph H. Fichter (New York: Crossroad, 1983), pp. 157-167.]

    Theoretical account of biographical coherency, continuity, comprehensibility, & culmination in old age, in the context of secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Secularization; Gerontology
  • Le processus de laicisation en Pologne et ses conditions socioculturelles.
    Adamski, Franciszek (1980)
    Documentation sur Europe centrale 1980:2: 109-116.

    Associated Search Terms: Laïcité; Secularization; Poland
  • The Dechristianization of the Working Class in Western Europe (1850-1900).
    McLeod, Hugh (1980)
    Social Compass 27:2/3: 191-214.

    Reviews the literature.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Stratification; Secularization
  • Religion, Source de Conflits ou Ciment de l'Unité Suisse?
    Campiche, Roland J. (1980)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 25/49: 43-57.

    The role of institutional religion is declining in Switzerland.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Conflict; Switzerland
  • Roman Catholicism. The Search for Relevance.
    McSweeney, Bill (1980)
    Oxford: Blackwell.

    A critical assessment of international Catholicism's attempt to achieve an accommodation with the prevailing secular culture.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic; Accommodation
  • Functional Religiosity and Modernization in Indonesia.
    Tamney, Joseph B. (1980)
    Sociological Analysis 41:1: 55-65.

    Analyzes 1975 interview data from ethnic Javanese & Sundanese on Java, aged 16-40. Resort to religion in decision-making increased with education & urbanization.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Modernization; Indonesia, Java; Secularization; Islam, Indonesia; Urban
  • The Problem of Secularization: A Preliminary Analysis.
    Tamaru, Noriyoshi (1979)
    Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 6:1/2: 89-114.

    Attempts to de-westernize the concept of secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Reflections on the Secularization Thesis in the Sociology of Religion in Japan.
    Swyngedouw, Jan (1979)
    Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 6:1/2: 65-88.

    Focuses on the reluctance to apply the concept of secularization to Japan.

    Associated Search Terms: Japan; Secularization
  • Professionalization and Secularization in the Belgian Catholic Pillar.
    Dobbelaere, Karel (1979)
    Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 6:1/2: 39-64.

    Considers medical & educational institutions, 1950s & '60s; sees lay professionals as secularizing agents.

    Associated Search Terms: Professionalization; Education; Secularization; Catholic, Belgium; Belgium; Medical
  • Science, Religion and Secularization.
    Lemert, Charles C. (1979)
    Sociological Quarterly 20: 445-461.

    Associated Search Terms: Science; Secularization
  • The Return of the Sacred.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1979)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 18:3: 268-280.

    Critique of Daniel Bell's rejection of the secularization thesis.

    Associated Search Terms: Bell, Daniel; Secularization
  • Secularization, Ethical Life, and Religion in Modern Societies.
    Lidz, Victor M. (1979)
    Sociological Inquiry 49:2/3: 191-217. [Volume same as Harry M. Johnson (ed.) Religious Change and Continuity. Sociological Perspectives (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1979)]

    Associated Search Terms: Moral; Modernity; Secularization
  • The Idea of Secularization in the Works of Max Weber: A Theoretical Outline.
    Hughey, Michael W. (1979)
    Qualitative Sociology 2:1: 85-111.

    Associated Search Terms: Weber, Max; Secularization
  • La religione della crisi. Per una teoria sociologica dello scambio del prodotto religioso.
    Guizzardi, Gustavo (1979)
    Milano: Gomunità.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Secularism
  • Australian Secularity: The Disavowal of Denominational Allegiance.
    Hogan, Michael (1979)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 18:4: 390-404.

    Provides a social & demographic profile of Australian secularists.

    Associated Search Terms: Australia; Atheist, Australia
  • The State of Collective Religiosity in Canada: An Empirical Analysis.
    Bibby, Reginald W. (1979)
    Revue canadienne de sociologie et d'anthropologie/Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 16:1: 105-116.

    Analyzes survey data showing an irreversible downward trend in religious participation rates.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Secularization; Practice
  • Religion, Political Action and Legitimate Domination in Shi'ite Iran: Fourteenth to Eighteenth Centuries A.D.
    Arjomand, Said Amir (1979)
    Archives européennes de sociologie 20:1: 59-109.

    Historical account of the secularization of government first by means of a separate political apparatus in the Islamic empire & then by means of the sectarian Shi'ite religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Shi'ite, Iran; Historical; Iran; Politics, Iran
  • Is Secularization a Discontinuous Process?
    Rigney, Daniel, Richard Machalek, and Jerryl Goodman (1978)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 17:4: 381-387.

    Examines various historical statistics on the U.S. to see whether secularization is episodic or gradual.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States; Historical
  • Toward a Theory of Secularization.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1978)
    Storrs, Connecticut: Society for the Scientific Study of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secolarizzazione e ideologia ecclesiastica.
    Guizzardi, Gustavo (1978)
    Rassegna italiana di sociologia 19:3: 429-457.

    Maintains that secularization theory has an ecclesiastical bias.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Secularization of Divorce.
    McRae, James A. (1978)
    In Beverly Duncan and Otis D. Duncan (eds.) Sex Typing and Social Roles. New York: Academic Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Divorce
  • A General Theory of Secularization.
    Martin, David (1978)
    New York: Harper.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Differentiation; Clergy; Europe; Comparative; State
  • Rapidly Increasing Societal Scale and Secularization: A Century of Higher Muslim Education and the Professions in Egypt.
    Eccel, A. Chris (1978)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Chicago. [DA 39:6 A, p. 3850]

    Historical study of increasing societal complexity as a cause of disruption in religious institutions.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Islam, Egypt; Secularization; Differentiation; Historical; Egypt
  • Causal determinants of secular orientation among farmers of three villages in Andhra Pradesh: A path analytic study.
    Rao, C.R.Prasad (1978)
    Sociological Bulletin 27:1: 68-82.

    Associated Search Terms: India, Andra Pradesh; Rural; Secularization; Farmer
  • Análisis critico al marco teórico de la secularización en las relaciones religión-sociedad.
    Rodriguez, P. Jaime (1978)
    Revista paraguaya de sociologia 15/41: 35-56.

    Criticizes secularization theory as an approach to the depoliticization of Latin American Catholicism; examines modernization using conflict theory.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Latin America; Conflict; Modernization; Latin America; Conflict theory; Secularization
  • The Dilemmas of Contemporary Religion.
    Martin, David (1978)
    New York: St. Martin's.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Marxism; Surrogate for religion
  • Towards a Theory of Tension in American Protestantism.
    Woodrum, Eric (1978)
    Sociological Analysis 39:3: 219-227.

    Argues that conflicts over church mission reflect differences in secular accommodation.

    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; Protestant, U.S.A.; Accommodation
  • Continuity and Change among Canadian Mennonite Brethren, 1925-1975: A Study of Sacralization and Secularization in Sectarianism.
    Hamm, Peter M. (1978)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, McMaster University. [DA 39:6 A, p. 3639]

    Analyzes a Mennonite Brethren subsample from 1972 survey data, & reviews denominational literature.

    Associated Search Terms: Mennonite, Mennonite Brethren, North America; Canada
  • Community and Commitment. Religious Plausibility in a Liberal Protestant Church.
    Roof, Wade Clark (1978)
    New York: Elsevier.

    Analyzes 1968 questionnaire data from a sample of North Carolina Episcopal Diocese lay members.

    Associated Search Terms: Episcopal; Dimensions of religiosity; Privatization; United States, North Carolina; Secularization; Plausibility; Local/cosmopolitan
  • Meaning and Change. Explorations in the Cultural Sociology of Modern Societies.
    Robertson, Roland (1978)
    New York: New York University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Weber, Max; Mysticism; Change; Civil religion; Conversion; Sociology of religion; Secularization
  • Printed Advertisements as Indictors of Christian Institutional Secularization.
    Paulson, Steven K. (1977)
    Review of Religious Research 19:1: 78-83.

    Content analysis of 1921-71 Yearbook of American Churches; shows a secularization trend.

    Associated Search Terms: Content analysis; Secularization; Media
  • Social Change and African Traditional Religion.
    Pobee, John S., and Emmanuel H. Mends (1977)
    Sociological Analysis 38:1: 1-12.

    Notes the impact of Islam, Christianity, nationalism, & secularism on African traditional religions, including rites of passage & ceremonies.

    Associated Search Terms: Nationalism; Syncretism; Africanist; Ghana; Secularism
  • The Return of the Sacred? The Argument on the Future of Religion.
    Bell, Daniel (1977)
    British Journal of Sociology 28:4: 419-449. [Revised in Daniel Bell, The Winding Passage: Essays and Sociological Journeys, 1960-1980 (London: Heinemann/Cambridge, MA: Abt, 1980), pp. 324-354]

    Sees religion as a perennial, with roots in the human condition.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Sociology of Secularisation. A Critique of a Concept.
    Glasner, Peter E. (1977)
    London and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Dimensions of religiosity
  • Sécularisation et idéologie ecclésiale. Hypothèse de travail.
    Guizzardi, Gustavo (1977)
    Social Compass 24:4: 383-405.

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of knowledge; Secularization
  • The Secularization of U.S. Catholic Birth Control Practices.
    Westoff, Charles F., and Elise F. Jones (1977)
    Family Planning perspectives 9:5: 203-207.

    Analyzes 1975 National Fertility Study (U.S.A.) data; shows protestant/Catholic differences diminishing.

    Associated Search Terms: Birth control; Catholic, U.S.A.; United States
  • Aspetti della secolarizzazione. (Il giorno del Signore e le vocazioni in Italia con particolare attenzione all'Abruzzo-Molise).
    Orsini, Gabriele di (1977)
    Sociologia. Rivista di scienze sociali (NS) 11:2/3: 151-180.

    Historical sociological look at Sunday observance from ancient times onward, & analysis of data on priest vocations in the 1970s; refers to marxist & capitalist "hyperproductivism."

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Vocation; Practice; Italy, Abruzzo-Molise
  • Marriages in Urban Communal Households: Comparing the Spiritual and the Secular.
    Ferrar, Jane W. (1977)
    In Peter J. Stein, Judith Richman, and Natalie Hannon (eds.) The Family: Functions, Conflicts, and Symbols. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison Wesley.

    Associated Search Terms: Commune; Family
  • Varieties of Unbelief. Atheists and Agnostics in English Society, 1850-1960.
    Budd, Susan (1977)
    London: Heinemann.

    Historical & sociological study of the various anti-clerical movements, secular religions, & religions of science & ethics in Britain.

    Associated Search Terms: Historical; Great Britain; Atheist, Great Britain
  • The Religious Factor in Jewish Identification.
    Krausz, Ernest (1977)
    International Social Science Journal 29:2: 250-260.

    Secondary analysis of American, Israeli, & British data; shows secular Judaism compensating for the decline in Jewish religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Israel; Great Britain; United States; Jewish, Great Britain; Jewish, U.S.A.; Jewish, Israel
  • A Study of the Religious Factor in Medical Education.
    Gardner, Robert Wayne (1977)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Utah. [DA 38:5 A, p. 3061]

    Based on documents, observations, & interviews at Loma Linda University School of Medicine, & uses questionnaire data to compare humanitarianism & cynicism scores of medical students at religious & secular medical schools.

    Associated Search Terms: Altruism; Students, graduate; Education; Medical
  • Subculture or Assimilation? A Cross-cultural Analysis of Religion and Women's Role.
    Porter, Judith R., and Alexa A. Albert (1977)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 16:4: 345-359.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from U.S. & South African white, urban, middle class women; focuses on impact of religion & secular culture on views about women's roles.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Women; Assimilation; South Africa; Subculture; Gender role; Comparative
  • Immaginazione Simbolica e Struttura Sociale.
    D'Agostino, Federico (1977)
    Bologna, Italy: Il Mulino.

    Exposition of a functionalist sociology of religion in a modern context; example of changes in authority in Catholicism.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Organization; Secularization; Sacred; Integration (social); Modernity; Ideology; Magic; Catholic; Functionalism; Authority; Parsons, Talcott; Symbol
  • Sécularisation, structure de plausiilité et aggiornamento d'un ordre religieux. Etude socio-historique d'un cas: Les Clercs de St-Viateur et la révolution tranquille (1957-1972).
    Turcotte, Paul-André (1977)
    Thèse de doctorat, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris.

    Associated Search Terms: Clercs de Saint-Viateur; Secularization; Historical; Catholic, Canada; Canada, Quebec; Orders/congregations
  • Secularization and Scholarship among American Professors.
    Faia, Michael A. (1976)
    Sociological Analysis 37:1: 63-73.

    Analyzes 1969 questionnaire data from American professors; shows no relationship between secularization & scholarly productivity.

    Associated Search Terms: Professor; Scholarship; Secularization
  • Secularization Theory and Japanese Christianity: The Case of the Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan.
    Reid, David (1976)
    Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 6:1/2: 347-378.

    Uses David Martin's model of secularization to interpret a Japanese Christian church.

    Associated Search Terms: Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan; Japan; Secularization; Christian, Japan
  • Aspects of Secularization in the West.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1976)
    Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 4: 259-276.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism.
    Bell, Daniel (1976)
    New York: Basic Books.

    Secularization has removed the cultural support for motivation in capitalist societies, thereby leaving cultural contradictions.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Capitalism
  • Recent Patterns of Secularization: A Problem of Generations?
    Wuthnow, Robert (1976)
    American Sociological Review 41:5: 850-867.

    Analyzes a variety of data sets on religion in America, 1950-72; generational hypotheses are generally supported.

    Associated Search Terms: Generations; Counterculture; Secularization; United States
  • The Priest as Agent of Secularization in Rural Spain.
    Brandes, Stanley (1976)
    In Joseph B. Aceves (ed.) Economic Transformations and Steady State Values. Flushing, New York: Queen's College Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Spain; Spain; Clergy influence; Secularization; Rural
  • La sécularisation interne du christianisme.
    Isambert, François A. (1976)
    Revue française de sociologie 17:4: 573-589.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Tracts Against the Times.
    Martin, David (1976)
    London: Lutterworth Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Bulgaria
  • Contemporary Transformations of Religion: The Riddell Memorial Lectures, Forty-fifth Series Delivered at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne on 2, 3, 4 December 1974.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1976)
    New York: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Cult; Secularization
  • La laïcisation de l'enseignement public en Turquie depuis 1923 jusqu'à nos jours.
    Kostas, Münir (1976)
    Unpublished doctoral thesis, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; State; Education; Turkey
  • Industrialization and Popular Religiosity in Poland.
    Piwowarski, Wladyslaw (1976)
    Sociological Analysis 37:4: 315-320.

    Reviews 3 monographs on 3 Polish towns.

    Associated Search Terms: Poland; Popular religion; Secularization; Modernization; Catholic, Poland
  • The Functioning of Secular Moral Culture: Steps Toward a Systematic Analysis.
    Lidz, Victor M. (1976)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Harvard University.

    Associated Search Terms: Functionalism
  • Perceived Parental Sexual Conservatism, Religiosity, and Premarital Sexual Behavior.
    Spanier, Graham B. (1976)
    Sociological Focus 9:3: 285-298.

    Analyzes survey data from students in U.S. secular universities; shows little effect of parental socialization on sexual activity.

    Associated Search Terms: Sexual activity; Religiosity; Socialization; Students, undergraduate
  • Cérémonies funéraires dans la Yougoslavie orthodoxe.
    Ribeyrol, Monette, and Dominique Schnapper (1976)
    Archives européennes de sociologie 17:2: 220-246.

    Describes the attempt by the Yugoslav communist government to impose secular funerary rites; the Serbian Orthodox tradition remained, with reinterpretations.

    Associated Search Terms: Death; Serbian Orthodox, Yugoslavia; Yugoslavia
  • Religion in Israel.
    Yaron, Zvi (1976)
    American Jewish Year Book 76: 41-90.

    Surveys the tensions involved in the emergence of a modern secular state based on a religious identity.

    Associated Search Terms: Israel; State; Jewish, Israel; Zionism; Identity
  • Vie Religieuse et Sécularisation: Elements Théoriques et Application à une Ville Moyenne Suisse.
    lalive d'Epinay, Christian, and Michel Bassand (1976)
    Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Soziologie/Revue sisse de sociologie 2:3: 83-117.

    Examines the relationship between religious belief & politics in a sample from Delémont, Switzerland; uses a practice, devotion, & belief typology.

    Associated Search Terms: Devotionalism; Belief; Politics, Switzerland; Secularization; Practice; Religiosity; Switzerland, Delémont
  • Religion and Revolutionary Beliefs: Sociological and Historical Dimensions in Max Weber's Work--In Memory of Ivan Vallier (1927-1974).
    Roth, Guenther (1976)
    Social Forces 55:2: 257-272.

    Argues for the propriety of applying Weberian models to 20th century material; uses American Catholicism as illustrative of an oppositional movement.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Catholic, U.S.A.; Weber, Max; Social movement
  • Christian Fundamentalism and the Theory of Evolution in Public School Education: A Study of the Creation Science Movement.
    Bates, Vernon L. (1976)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of California, Davis. [DA 37:3 A, p. 1823]

    Historical overview of the American anti-evolutionism movement, examining its adaptation to a more secularized society in the 1960s with the claim that scientific evidence supports its view.

    Associated Search Terms: Evolution; Fundamentalist; Education
  • "Idealization" and the Social Myth of Secularization.
    Glasner, Peter E. (1975)
    In Michael Hill 9ed.), A Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain 8. London: SCM Press, pp. 7-14.

    Critique of the scientific "myth" of secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Secularization Debate.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1975)
    Encounter 45:4: 77-83.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization as Class Conflict: The Turkish Example.
    Ergil, D. (1975)
    Asian Afairs 62:1: 69-80.

    Associated Search Terms: Conflict; Stratification; Secularization; Turkey
  • The Ages of Faith--Romance or Reality.
    Goodridge, R. Martin (1975)
    Sociological Review 23:2: 381-396.

    Doubts that medieval Europe was particularly religious, & hence doubts that secularization in the sense of a loss of faith has taken place.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization
  • Religion, Social Change, and the Expansive Life Style.
    Miller, Donald E. (1975)
    In Günter Dux, Thomas Luckmann, and Joachim Matthes (eds.) Beitrage zur Religionssoziologie/Contributions to the Sociology of Religion. Internationales Jahrbuch für Wissens und Religionssoziologie 9. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 149-159.

    Suggests the 1970s as a time of change in which people experiment with religious & other alternatives, requiring research frameworks other than "secularization" & "church/sect."

    Associated Search Terms: Experimentation; Secularization; Change; Typology
  • Lévolution des cimetières.
    Ligou, Daniel (1975)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 39: 61-77.

    Traces the placement of cemeteries in France from the beginning of the Christian period to the 20th century; notes the sacralization & secularization of burial spaces.

    Associated Search Terms: France; Historical; Sacred; Secularization; Death
  • Déchristianisation ou Nouveau Modèle de Christianisme?
    Dulumeau, Jean (1975)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 20/40: 3-20.

    The Christianization of the West that is declining is that of the era of the 2 reforms, not of the Middle Ages; asks whether the weakening of state-dependent pedagogy of fear of that era is tantamount to a loss of Christianity.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Secularisation of the European Mind in the Nineteenth Century.
    Chadwick, Owen (1975)
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Europe; Secularization
  • Secular and Religious Education in Poland.
    Borowski, Karol H. (1975)
    Journal of Religious Education 70:1: 71-76.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Catholic, Poland; Poland
  • La Signification de la Mort et le Projet Collectif.
    Freund, Julien (1975)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 39: 31-44.

    Politics cannot replace religion because as a collective endeavor it cannot overcome individuals' deaths.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics; Death; Secularization
  • La dimension chrétienne d'une institution hospitalière. Une analyse sociologique de sa légitimation: Humanisation, sécularisation et cloisonnement.
    Dobbelaere, Karel, Mieke Ghesquierre-Waelkens, and Jan Lauwers (1975)
    Brussels: Hospitalia.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Belgium; Medical; Secularization; Belgium
  • Du ciel québécois à la terre québécoise.
    Grand'Maison, Jacques (1975)
    Recherches de science religeiuse 63:1: 39-62.

    The Heavenly world view of the Québécois has shattered, & a this-worldly collective project seeks to replace it; future religious dynamics seem unpredictable.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Canada, Quebec; Catholic, Canada
  • Kapitalismus als säkularisierter Protestantismus? Anmerkungen zur Max Weber-these.
    Dubiel, Helmut (1975)
    Soziologen Korrespondenz 1975: 29-40.

    Associated Search Terms: Weber, Max; Secularization; Protestant Ethic
  • Religiosity and Secular Attitudes: The Case of Catholic Pentecostals.
    Bord, Richrd J., and Joseph E. Faulkner (1975)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 14:3: 257-270.

    Survey of Catholic Pentecostals in 8 American states; religiosity indices are associated only with social attitudes that have direct implications for doctrinal or church considerations.

    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity; Pentecostal, Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Religion and Anti-Religion: Experience of a Transition.
    Krejci, Jaroslav (1975)
    Sociological Analysis 36:2: 108-124.

    Examines the confrontation of Marxist-Lenninism & Christianity in Czechoslovakia during the Communist era.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Surrogate for religion; Marxism; Czechoslovakia
  • A Religious Factor in Secular Achievement among Blacks: The Case of Catholicism.
    Hunt, Larry L., and Janet G. Hunt (1975)
    Social Forces 53:4: 595-605.

    Analyzes 1968 interview data from 3rd-12th grade students in Baltimore public schools.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Maryland, Baltimore; Students, primary; African Americans; Catholic, U.S.A.; Protestant, U.S.A.; Students, secondary
  • Ethnicity and Resistance to Compensatory Education. A Comparison of Mormon and Non-Mormon Attitudes.
    Bunker, Gary L., and Martin A. Johnson (1975)
    Review of Religious Research 16:2: 74-82.

    High school & college student surveys show that Mormons do not differ from other Americans in secular racial attitudes.

    Associated Search Terms: Mormon, U.S.A.; Race; Students, secondary; Students, undergraduate
  • Isolation, Integration and Secularization: A Case Study of the Netherlands.
    Larkin, Gerald (1974)
    Sociological Review 22:3: 401-418.

    Before World War Ii the exclusion of Catholics from power & the pillarization of Dutch society prevented secularization; after the war secularization characterized Dutch life.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Netherlands
  • Religion in Postindustrial America: The Problem of Secularization.
    Parsons, Talcott (1974)
    Social Research 41:2: 193-225.

    Traces changes in the symbolic world of Christianity from the medieval era through the Reformation, the modern era, & in contemporary America.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Christian; Symbol; Secularization
  • The New Religious Consciousness and the Secular University.
    Bellah, Robert N. (1974)
    Daedalus 103:4: 110-115.

    Discusses "second naiveté" & religion in the secular university.

    Associated Search Terms: University
  • Implications for the Sociology of Religion of Occult Behavior in the Youth Culture.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1974)
    In Edward A. Tiryakian (ed.), On the Margin of the Visible. Sociology, the Esoteric, and the Occult. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 295-362.

    Argues that the new religious phenomenon should not have been surprising, that secularity is inherently unsatisfying.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; New religions
  • Religion and Sociological Factors in the Analysis of Secularization.
    Robertson, Roland (1974)
    In Allan W. Eister (ed.) Changing Perspectives in the Scientific Study of Religion. New York: Wiley, pp. 41-60.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sociology of religion; Definition of religion
  • An Interactionist Approach to the Sociology of Religion.
    Gaede, Stan D. (1974)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Vanderbilt University. [DA 35:7 A, p. 4697]

    Tests models of secularization, behavioral concomitants of religion, & sect assimilation, with North American Mennonite data.

    Associated Search Terms: Assimilation; Mennonite, Canada; Secularization; Mennonite, North America; Sect; Symbolic interactionism
  • Secularization and Religiosity: A Cross-national Study of Catholic Adolescents in Five Societies.
    Weigert, Andrew J., and Darwin L. Thomas (1974)
    Sociological Analysis 35:1: 1-23.

    Analyzes data from Catholic secondary students in 5 nations; notes the weakening of traditional belief in the modernized societies presages changes in the configuration of religiosity within Catholicism.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Catholic; Mexico, Merida; Spain; Germany; Puerto Rico; Dimensions of religiosity; Secularization; Students, secondary; United States
  • Academic Discipline and Faculty Religiosity in Secular and Church-Related Colleges.
    Lehman, Edward C., Jr. (1974)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 13:2: 205-220.

    Analyzes circa 1968 questionnaire data from professors at 15 Midwest U.S. colleges & universities; shows secular university professors who study religious phenomena scoring low on religiosity & their denominational college counterparts high on it.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Professor
  • Secolarizzazione: Anno zero.
    Guizzardi, Gustavo (1974)
    Regno 8: 183-185.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religion in a Secular Society.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1974)
    Social Research 41:2: 226-240. [Also in Andrew M. Greeley, The Sociology of Andrew M. Greeley (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994), pp. 259-273]

    Critique of the sociology of American religion & of journalists & others who settle for inferior information.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Sociology of religion
  • Religion and the Legitimation of Social Systems.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1974)
    In Allan W. Eister (ed.), Changing Perspectives in the Scientific Study of Religion. New York: Wiley, pp. 143-161.

    Associated Search Terms: Legitimation; Differentiation; Secularization
  • Secularly Employed Clergymen: A Study in Occupational Role Recomposition.
    Bonn, Robert L., and Ruth T. Doyle (1974)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 13:3: 325-343.

    Analyzes 1970 survey data on nonstipendary Episcopal clergy in the U.S.

    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Episcopal
  • Are We Entering a Post-Christian Era? Religious Belief and Attendance in America, 1957-1968.
    Hertel, Bradley R., and Hart M. Nelsen (1974)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 13:4: 409-419.

    Analyzes 1957 & '68 Gallup data for the U.S.A..

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Belief; Practice; United States; Secularization
  • Why they Fail: A Socio-historical Analysis of Religious and Secular Communes.
    Kephart, William M. (1974)
    Journal of Comparative Family Studies 5:2: 130-140.

    American communes have had less stability than have American families. Various reasons for failures of communes are described.

    Associated Search Terms: Commune
  • The Decline of Russian Religious Power. Church-state Relations, 1439-1503.
    Omark, Richard (1974)
    Social Compass 21:2: 207-214.

    From the initiation of autocephaly & after, the Russian Orthodox Church lost power both because of internal problems & expansion of the secular state.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Russian Orthodox, Russia; Russia
  • Religion and Political Development in Uganda, 1962-1972.
    Lockard, Kathleen G. (1974)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Wisconsin. [DA 35:11 A, p. 7366]

    Based on interviews of religious & political leaders, & historical documents; focuses on the efforts to secularize Ugandan politics, often mobilizing the religions instead.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Uganda; Catholic, Uganda; Anglican, Uganda; Uganda; Politics, Uganda
  • Secularization and the Protestant Parish Minister.
    Dempsey, Kenneth C. (1973)
    Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology 9:3: 46-50.

    General observations on conservative & radical left responses to secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Clergy; Protestant; Conservative/liberal
  • Secularization in Russian Sociology of Religion.
    DeNeve, André (1973)
    Social Compass 20:4: 593-601.

    Soviet sociology viewed religion as dysfunctional & associated secularization not with pluralism & individualism but with conformity.

    Associated Search Terms: Soviet Union; Secularization
  • Secularization, Differentiation, and the Function of Religious Value Orientations.
    Porter, Judith R. (1973)
    Sociological Inquiry 43:1: 67-74.

    Reviews the literature on secularization of American society; finds that differences over the function of American religion reside behind differences over secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Secularization; Functionalism
  • The Secularization Question.
    Martin, David (1973)
    Theology 76: 81-87.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religiosity and Secularization in the Academic Professions.
    Thalheimer, Fred (1973)
    Sociology of Education 46: 183-202.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from faculty at a west coast U.S. university; focuses on differences in religiosity among academic fields.

    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity; Secularization; Professor; Education
  • The Secularization of the Population of a Socialist City.
    Lebedev, A.A. (1973)
    Soviet Sociology 12:1: 77-106.

    Analyzes 1968 survey data from the Oktiabr Raion of the Russian city of Penza, & from elsewhere in Penza & nearby towns; shows a great decline of religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Soviet Union, Penza; Secularization
  • The Secular Practice and the Spirit of Religion.
    Goodridge, R. Martin (1973)
    Social Compass 20:1: 19-30.

    Examines the Protestant Ethic thesis in terms of the motives of elites in the secular sphere in the late medieval era, & sees secular & religious motives in a dialectic of mutual involvement.

    Associated Search Terms: Dialectic; Protestant Ethic; Phenomenology
  • Secularization and Compartmentalization in the Belgian Educational System. An Analysis of the Problems Relevant to the Revision of the School Pact.
    Billiet, Jaak (1973)
    Social Compass 20:4: 569-591.

    Examines definitions of reality of interest groups involved in a 1968 debate on revising the 1959 multiparty Belgian school pact.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Education; Politics, Belgium; Belgium; Secularization
  • Communes, hippies et religion sécularisées. Quelques aspects sociologiques de formes actuelles de religiosité.
    Rigby, Andrew, and Bryan S. Turner (1973)
    Social Compass 20:1: 5-18.

    Sees syncretic communes (Findhorn & The Commune) filling a void in secular U.K.; notes they are borne on the culture of unemployed middle class youth.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Findhorn; The Commune; Secularization; Commune; Syncretism
  • Secularización: ¿Realidad o Fantasía?
    Brothers, Joan B. (1973)
    Concilium 81 (Spanish Series): 45-57.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Il concetto sociologico di secolarizzazione.
    Cipriani, Roberto (1973)
    Sociologia. Revista di scienza sociale 7:2: 117-144.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Les Théories Sociologiques Concernant la Sécularisation--Typologie et Critique.
    Lauwers, Jan (1973)
    Social Compass 20:4: 523-533.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Sociologia e seccolarizzazione.
    Roggero, Elio (1973)
    Torino: Giappichelli.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secolarizzazione o trasfunzionalizzazione della religion? Rapporto critico su una discussione attuale in sociologia della religione.
    Rosanna, Enrica (1973)
    Zürich: PAS Verlag; Roma: LAS.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • La secolarizzazione.
    Acquaviva, Sabino S., and Gustavo Guizzardi (1973)
    Bologna: Il Mulino.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Differentiation
  • Secolarizzazione e plausibilità della religione.
    Berger, Peter L. (1973)
    In Sabino Acquaviva and Gustavo Guizzardi (eds.), La secolarizzazione. Bologna: Il Mulino, pp. 111-113.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Plausibility
  • La Désacralisation et le Merveilleux Religieux.
    Maeterns, Jean-Thierry (1973)
    In Fernand Dumont, Jean-Paul Montminy, and Michel Stein (eds.) Le Merveileux. Deuxième Colloque sur les Religions Populaires 1971. Quebec: Les Presses de l'Université Laval, pp. 111-130.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Miracle
  • Defintion of Religion: A Sociological Critique.
    Dobbelaere, Karel, and Jan Lauwers (1973)
    Social Compass 20:4: 535-551.

    Associated Search Terms: Definition of religion; Secularization
  • Formas especificas del proceso latinoamericano de secularización.
    Poblete Barth, Renato (1973)
    In Instituto Fe y Secularidad, Fe cristiana y cambio social en America Latina. Encuentre de El Escorial, 1972. Salamanca: Sigueme.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Latin America
  • Säkularisierung von Gesellschaft, Person und Religion. Religion und Kirche in Österreich.
    Zulehner, Paul M. (1973)
    Vienna: Herder.

    Associated Search Terms: Austria; Secularization; Politics, Austria
  • Sécularisation et humanisation dans les institutions hospitalières chrétienne.
    Dobbelaere, Karel, Jan Lauwers, and Mieke Ghesquiere-Waelkens (1973)
    Social Compass 20:4: 553-568.

    Based on interviews of officials of Catholic hospitals in Belgium.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Catholic, Belgium; Belgium; Medical
  • The Secular Ethic and the Spirit of Patriotism.
    Wallace, Ruth A. (1973)
    Sociological Analysis 34:1: 3-11.

    Uses Durkheim's writings on education; sees the school as a modern surrogate for the church in performing a social integrative function.

    Associated Search Terms: Durkheim, Émile; Functionalism; Nationalism; Education
  • The End of a Religion?
    Moreux, Colette (1973)
    In L. Gold and Marc-Adelard Tremblay (eds.) Communities and Culture in French canada. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, ch. 19. [Also in Stewart Crysdale and Les Wheatcroft (eds.) Religion in Canadian Society (Toronto: Macmillan, 1976), pp. 357-371]

    English translation of an extract from Colette Moreau, Fin d'une religion? (1969).

    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Catholic, Canada; Canada, Quebec; Secularization
  • Secularization: Its Limitations and Usefulness in Sociology.
    Glasner, Peter E. (1972)
    In C. Leslie Mitton (ed.), The Social Sciences and the Churches. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, pp. 246-257.

    Recognizes difficulties with the concept, secularization, but sees it as nevertheless useful.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization in the English Context. Some Conceptual and Empirical Problems.
    Forster, Peter G. (1972)
    Sociological Review 20:2: 153-168.

    Argues that Great Britain is not a particularly secularized society.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Great Britain
  • Unsecular Man. The Persistence of Religion.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1972)
    New York: Schocken.

    Argues against the secularization model.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Urbanization, Secularization, and Roles of the Professional's Wife.
    Smith, Herman W. (1972)
    Review of Religious Research 13: 134-139.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from wives of urban & rural ministers & dentists; interprets results with Parsons' patterned variables. Notes both urban-rural & sacred-secular relationships.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Parsons, Talcott; Urban/rural; Clergy spouses
  • Correlates of Perceived Secularization.
    Alston, Jon P., and Richard C. Hollinger (1972)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 11:4: 401-403.

    1957 & '69 AIPO surveys of American adults.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States
  • The Cult, the Cultic Milieu and Secularization.
    Campbell, Colin B. (1972)
    In Michael Hill (ed.), A Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain 5. London: SCM Press, pp. 119-136.

    Also in Jeffrey Kaplan and Helène Lööw (eds.) The Cultic Milieu: Oppositional Subcultures in an Age of Globalization. Walnut Creek, California: AltaMira, 2002, pp. 12-25.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Cult
  • Secularization, Judaism and Anglo-Jewry.
    Sharot, Stephen (1972)
    In Michael Hill (ed.) A Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain 4. London: SCM, pp. 121-140.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Great Britain; Jewish, Great Britain
  • The Secularized Sabbath: Formerly Sunday; Now the Weekend.
    Pickering, William S.F. (1972)
    In Michael Hill (ed.) A Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain 5. London: SCM Press, pp. 33-47.

    Based on observations in England.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Great Britain; Sunday
  • Industrialisation and Religious Organisation--A Sociological Analysis.
    Sarikwal, R.C. (1972)
    Indian Journal of Social Research 13:2: 127-130.

    Industrialization promotes secularization & cult-like religion, especially privatized religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Privatization; Industrialization; India; Cult; Secularization
  • L'Innovation Religieuse.
    Estruch, Joan (1972)
    Social Compass 19:2: 229-243.

    Presents a necessity of beginning with general social theory & then taking up the institutionalization of religion; begins with the phenomena of secularization & pluralization, to which religion must adapt.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Pluralism; Adaptation; Secularization
  • Le Juif et le diable dans la civilisation de l'Occident.
    Raphaël, Freddy (1972)
    Social Compass 19;4: 549-566.

    Traces the history of anti-Semitism from medieval, religiously-based works of art to secular persecution.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Jewish; Historical; Prejudice, anti-Semitism; Art
  • The Varieties of Abandonment of Religious Symbols.
    Deshen, Shlomo A. (1972)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 11:1: 33-41. [Also in Shlomo Deshen and Moshe Shokeid (eds.), The Predicament of Homecoming: Cultural and Social Life of North African Immigrants in Israel (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1974]

    1965-66 observation at a Tunisian Israeli site; no secularization but loss of meaningless ritual.

    Associated Search Terms: Participant observation; Jewish, Israel; Ritual; Secularization; Israel; Tunisian Israelis
  • Family, Ritual and Secularization. A Cross-National Study Conducted in Bulgaria, Finland, Germany and Ireland.
    Lüschen, Günther, Zaharj Staikof, Veronica Stolte Heiskanan, and Conor Ward (1972)
    Social Compass 19:4: 519-536.

    Analyzes interview data from parents of school-age children in 5 societies representing Protestant & Catholic settings of high & low modernization.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Europe; Protestant, Europe; Ritual; Ireland, Dublin; Secularization; Bulgaria, Sofia; Germany, Cologne; Germany, Bremen; Finland, Helsinki; Family
  • Toward a Sociological Interpretation of the "Underground Church" Movement.
    McGuire, Meredith B. (1972)
    Review of Religious Research 14:1: 41-47.

    Based on participant observation in 16 underground churches in New Jersey: sees them as responses in modern society to certain problems of belief that maintain a stance resistant to secularism.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Participant observation; Catholic, U.S.A.; Underground church
  • Pluralistische Gesellschaft und religiöse Wertorientierungen.
    Staudinger, Hugo (1972)
    In Jakobus Wössner (ed.) Religion im Umbruch. Soziologische Beiträge zur Situation von Religion und Kirche in der gegenwärtigen Gesellschaft. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, pp. 75-122.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Pluralism
  • La Secularización en España.
    Jiminez, Jesús, and Juan Estruch (1972)
    Bilbao: Mensajero.

    Associated Search Terms: Spain; Secularization
  • La Innovación Religiosa. Ensayo Teórica de Sociología de la Religión.
    Estruch, Joan (1972)
    Barcelona: Ed. Ariel.

    Associated Search Terms: Change; Secularization; Pluralism; Adaptation
  • El proceso de urbanización en América Latina y la secularización.
    Arellano, Estuardo (1972)
    In Fe y Secularización en América Latina. Bogotá and Quito: Departamento de Pastoral de C.E.L.A.M., Collección I.P.L.A., no 12, pp. 25-34.

    Associated Search Terms: Urbanization; Latin America; Secularization
  • Christian Science and Secular Science: Adaptation on the College Scene.
    Mudelman, Arthur E. (1972)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 11:3: 271-276.

    Analyzes 1967 interview data from Christian science students at a Midwest U.S. university. Respondents were less likely than others to major in behavioral & life sciences, no less likely in physical science, & more likely in engineering.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Christian Science, U.S.A.; Science
  • Charismatic and Ideological Leadership in Secular and Religious Millenarian Movements: A Sociological Study.
    Eichler, Margrit (1972)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Duke University. [DA 33:3 A, p. 1236]

    Associated Search Terms: Anabaptist; Millerism; Charisma; Messian; Social movement
  • Saints, Cities, and Secularism: Religious Attitudes and Behavior of Modern Urban Mormons.
    Mauss, Armand L. (1972)
    Dialogue 7: 8-27.

    Associated Search Terms: Mormon, U.S.A.
  • Analisi de alcuni aspetti del processo de secularizazione in un quartiere urbano.
    Corbetta, Pier Giorgio, and Fabio Ricardi (1972)
    Studi di Sociologia 10:1: 29-79.

    Analyzes 1970 data from a part of Milano: belief in God, in life after death, salience, & practice; by age, sex, class, education, place of origin.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Stratification; Salience; Urban; Italy, Milan; Italy, Milano; Belief
  • Secularization and Dynamics of Social Change in India.
    Gupta, Giri Raj (1971)
    Sociologus 21:2: 168-183.

    Seeks to ascertain what kinds of secularization seem relevant to India.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; India
  • Religious Change in the Process of Secularization.
    Pinder, R. (1971)
    Sociological Review 19:3: 343-366.

    Advocates not distinguishing sacred & secular, so that rather than secularization, a change process in religion can be seen; uses the case of British Methodism for illustrations.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Methodist, Great Britain; Secularization; Change
  • Sociologists and Secularization.
    Robertson, Roland (1971)
    Sociology 5:3: 297-312.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Problem of Secularisation. Where Has All the Religiosity Gone?
    Martin, David (1971)
    Encounter 36:4: 72-79.

    A review of the literature; focuses on the complexity involved in conceptualizing secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization: Between Belief and Unbelief.
    Grumelli, Antonio (1971)
    In Rocco Caporale and Antonio Grumelli (eds.), The Culture of Unbelief. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 77-90.

    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Secularization
  • Judaism and Secularization.
    Raphaël, Freddy (1971)
    Social Compass 18:3: 399-412.

    Reviews the literature on the sacralizing implications of Jewish theology & opposition to Judaism from secularist segments of society.

    Associated Search Terms: Prejudice, anti-Semitism; Jewish; Secularization; Sacralization
  • Religion and Secularization. A Matter of Definitions.
    Krausz, Ernest (1971)
    Social Compass 18:2: 203-212.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Definition of religion
  • Toward a Theory of Religious Organizations.
    Benson, J. Kenneth, and James H. Dorsett (1971)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 10:2: 138-151.

    Develops an open systems model with 4 dimensions--bureaucratization, professionalization, integration, & secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Bureaucracy; Systems theory; Secularization; Professionalization; Organization
  • Aspects de l'abandon de la pratique religieuse en milieu juif français. Résultats préliminaires d'une inquête.
    Bensimon, Doris (1971)
    Social Compass 18:3: 413-425.

    Small study of French Jews, showing difficulty in preserving religious practices in the diaspora & in a secularized society; abandoning practice does not indicate lessening Jewish identity.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Practice; France; Identity; Jewish, France
  • Church, Society and Development in Latin America.
    DeKadt, Emanuel J. (1971)
    Journal of Development Studies 8:1: 23-43.

    While some Catholic Church leaders have departed from traditional conservative positions, their clientele has not & secularization has reduced their influence anyway.

    Associated Search Terms: Latin America; Development; Secularization; Catholic, Latin America
  • Max Weber and American Protestantism.
    Johnson, Benton (1971)
    Sociological Quarterly 12: 473-485.

    Comments favorably on Weber's observations in the U.S. & insights, but disputes the conclusion that secularization had begun.

    Associated Search Terms: Protestant, U.S.A.; United States; Secularization; Weber, Max
  • An Elaboration and Test of a Secularization Hypothesis in Terms of Open-systems Theory of Organization.
    Westhues, Kenneth (1971)
    Social Forces 49:3: 460-469.

    Catholic Church involvement in education & social welfare is related to minority status & ethnicity, & to the modernity & perceived hostility of environments. Uses American states as units.

    Associated Search Terms: Charities; Modernity; Ecology; Minority; Secularization; Education; Systems theory; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Zukunft der Religion. Soziologische Betrachtungen zur Säkularisierung.
    Berger, Peter L. (1971)
    Evangelische Kommentare 4: 317-322.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Soziologische Betrachtungen über die Zukunft der Religion: Zum gegenwürtigen Stand der Sükularisierungsdebatte.
    Berger, Peter L. (1971)
    In Oscar Schatz (ed.) Hat die Religion Zukunft? Graz: Styria, pp. 49-68.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Orthodox Churches and the Secular State.
    Runciman, Steven (1971)
    Auckland: Auckland University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: State; Orthodox, eastern
  • Religione e irreligione nell'età post-industriale.
    Acquaviva, Sabino S., and Gustavo Guizzardi (eds.) (1971)
    Roma: A.V.E. Editrice

    Associated Search Terms: Post-industrial; Secularization
  • From Sacred to Secular: The Rationalization of Christian Theology.
    Jacobs, Jerry (1971)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 10:1: 1-9.

    Associated Search Terms: Rationalization
  • Modes et indices d'identification juive.
    Rabi, W. (1971)
    Social Compass 18:3: 337-356.

    Traces the transformation of Jewish identity from a religious to a secular one.

    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Jewish
  • Sources of Support for Ecumenism: A Sociological Study.
    Kelly, James R. (1971)
    Journal of Ecumenical Studies 8:1: 1-9.

    Analyzes 1968 questionnaire data from Lexington, Massachusetts; concludes that people not interested in general in religious questions or in the secular relevance of the churches are not likely to have an interest in ecumenism.

    Associated Search Terms: Ecumenism; United States, Massachusetts, Lexington
  • Education, Secularization, Desecularization and Resecularization.
    Archer, Margaret Scotford, and Michalina Vaughan (1970)
    In David Martin and Michael Hill (eds.), A Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain 3. London: SCM, pp. 130-145.

    Reviews secularization of education theories of Condorcet, Comte, & Berger, that neglect religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Berger, Peter L.; Comte, Auguste; Education; Condorcet, M.J.A.N.C. de
  • The Process of Secularization: A post-Parsonian View.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1970)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 9:2: 117-136.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization and Cohesion.
    Mol, Hans (Johannes J.) (1970)
    Review of Religious Research 11:3: 183-191.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Integration (social)
  • The Christian Missionary: Agent of Secularization.
    Miller, Elmer S. (1970)
    Anthropological Quarterly 43:1: 14-22.

    Associated Search Terms: Missionary; Secularization
  • Secularization as Loss of Social Control: Toward a New Theory.
    Gerharz, George P. (1970)
    Sociological Analysis 31:1: 1-11.

    Associated Search Terms: Deviance/social control; Secularization
  • A Marxist Perspective on Contemporary Religious Revivals.
    Mandi, Oleg (1970)
    Social Research 37:2: 237-258.

    On the basis of renewed vigor in the religious communities in Yugoslavia, proposes reasons why secularization may be reversed.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacralization; Yugoslavia; Secularization
  • Secularization: A Cross-national Study of Catholic Male Adolescents.
    Weigert, Andrew J., and Darwin L. Thomas (1970)
    Social Forces 49:1: 28-36.

    Analyzes data from samples of high school students in New York City, St. Paul, San Juan, & Merida.

    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; United States, Minnesota, St. Paul; United States, New York, New York; Puerto Rico, San Juan; Mexico, Merida; Students, secondary; Secularization; Catholic; Dimensions of religiosity
  • The American Catholic World: Its Origins and Prospects.
    Westhues, Kenneth (1970)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Vanderbilt University. [DA 31:6 A, p. 3064]

    Summarizes secularization theory & systems theory; uses 1906-68 Official Catholic Directory & census data. Focuses on schools, rest homes, orphanages, & hospitals, in states. Notes minority status, lack of modernization, & ethnicity are important.

    Associated Search Terms: Systems theory; Secularization; Ethnic; Minority; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • The United Church of Christ Merger: A Sociological Analysis of Ideas, Organizations and Social Change.
    Newman, William M. (1970)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, New School for Social Research. [DA 31:10 A, p. 5538]

    A sociology of knowledge examination of the U.C.C. merger as a rational response to the secularization of American society.

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of knowledge; Ecumenism; Merger; United Church of Christ; Evangelical and Reformed, U.S.A.; Secularization; Congregational, U.S.A.
  • On Religious Change: The Situational Analysis of Symbolic Action.
    Deshen, Shlomo A. (1970)
    omparative Studies in Society and History 12:3: 260-274.

    The study of Tunisian & Moroccan migrants to Israel cast doubt on the utility of secularization & the church/sect typology; proposes speaking in terms of symbol systems, & presents an illustrative case.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, Israel; Migrant; Moroccan Israelis; Tunisian Israelis; Typology; Change; Symbol; Israel; Secularization; Ritual
  • Educación Católica y Seclarización en Colombia./Education Catholique et Sécularisation en Columbie.
    Rodriguez Forero, Jaime (1970)
    Bogotà: Stella./Cuernavaca, Mexico: CIDOC, 1970.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Colombia; Colombia; Secularization; Education
  • The Abandonment of Sectarianism in the Komi ASSR.
    Gargarin, Iu. V. (1970)
    Soviet Sociology 8:3/4: 358-382.

    Historical account of Skrytniks (True Orthodox Christians), Bursiylys, Evangelical-Christian-Baptists & other sects held in disfavor by the government of the day.

    Associated Search Terms: Soviet Union; Russia, Komi; Secularization
  • Catéchèse Objective, Catéchèse Culturelle et Catéchè Enseignée.
    Lemieux, Raymond (1970)
    Social Compass 17:3: 403-423.

    Interprets the catechesis in the public schools in the diocese of Quebec as a secular enterprise.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Quebec, Quebec; Education; Catholic, Canada
  • From Charity to Taxes. Observations on the Sociology of Religious and Secular Giving.
    Bhatnagar, S. Rani (1970)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 9:3: 209-218.

    Associated Search Terms: Contributions
  • Anti-Séparatisme et Messianisme au Québec depuis 1960.
    Latouche, Daniel (1970)
    Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique 3:9: 559-578.

    Proposes that the pre-secular nationalist messianism of Quebec had led to the anti-separatists' view of a Canada-wide role for the Quebec people.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Canada; Nationalism; Canada, Quebec; Messian
  • Extraction, Insulation, and Re-Entry.
    Vallier, Ivan (1970)
    In Henry A. Landsberger (ed.) The Church and Social Change in Latin America. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.

    Model of change: 1) church based on a static, traditional power structure, 2) withdrawal in an era of change, 3) cultural/pastoral agent as the power structure proves to be secular.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Latin America; Change; Latin America
  • Catholicism, Social Control, and Modernization in Latin America./Catholicismo, Control Social y Modernización en América Latina.
    Vallier, Ivan (1970)
    Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall./Buenos Aires: Amorrortu, 1970.

    Developmental model of church strategy: 1) monopoly with other agents, 2) secular oligarchy, taking sides with a party, 3) instability, recruiting cultural followers, 4) concern with social causes in a democratic context, 5) a-political cultural/pastoral.

    Associated Search Terms: Modernization; Latin America; Catholic, Latin America
  • Religious Secularization: A Study of a Contemporary Baptist Church.
    Luft, Murray C. (1969)
    Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Calgary.

    Defines "secularization" & examines the evidence for it in a congregation, using questionnaires, interviews, & participant observation.

    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Canada, Alberta, Calgary; Baptist, Canada; Secularization
  • Some Sociological Implications of Religious Secularization.
    Goode, Erich (1969)
    Social Compass 16:2: 265-273.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Notes for a General Theory of Secularization.
    Martin, David (1969)
    Archives européennes de sociologie 10:2: 192-201.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Sociological Approach to Secularization./El Punto de Vista sociológico en el Problema de la Secularizacion.
    Laeyendecker, Leo (1969)
    Concilium 47: 9-19./Conciium 47: 11-22.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Secularization of Values. An Analytical Framework for the Study of Secularization.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1969)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 8;1: 112-124.

    Associated Search Terms: Values; Secularization
  • The Religious and the Secular: Studies in Secularization.
    Martin, David (1969)
    London: Routledge & Kegan Paul; New York: Schocken.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Bulgaria; Secularization
  • Max Weber on the Secular: A Typology.
    Fenn, Richard K. (1969)
    Review of Religious Research 10:3:159-169.

    Associated Search Terms: Weber, Max; Secularism; Secularization; Sacred/profane
  • L'organisation de la pastorale à l'école secondaire de banlieue.
    Seguin-Bernard, Francine (1969)
    Unpublished M.A. thesis, Université de Montréal.

    Uses interviews & historical data to examine causes of levels of participation of school organization members in pastoral activities, & the different levels of secularization of the subjects.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Secularization
  • Social Correlates of Transcendental Experience.
    Bourque, Linda Brookover (1969)
    Sociological Analysis 30:3: 151-163.

    Analyzes 1962 Gallup Poll interview data from a sample of Americans; suggests a secularization of ecstatic experiences.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Experience; United States
  • A Rumor of Angels.
    Berger, Peter L. (1969)
    New York: Doubleday.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secolarizzazione, un mito contemporaneo./Säkulisierung--ein moderner Mythos.
    Luckmann, Thomas (1969)
    Cultura e politica 14: 175-182./In Thomas Luckmann, Lebenswelt und Gesellschaft. Paderborn: Schöningh, pp. 161-172.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Società socialista e laicizzazione: la dinamica attuale dell'atteggiamento religioso in Polonia.
    Melucci, Alberto (1969)
    Studi di sociologia 7: 277-288.

    Reviews previously published studies.

    Associated Search Terms: Poland; Socialism; Secularization
  • Giovani e secolarizzazione.
    Rusconi, Gian Enrico (1969)
    Firenze: Vallecchi.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Secularization; Italy
  • Fin d'une religion? Monographie d'une paroisse canadienne-française.
    Moreux, Colette (1969)
    Montréal: Presses de l'Univrsité de Montréal.

    Associated Search Terms: Parish; Canada, Quebec; Secularization; Catholic, Canada
  • Paganization and Dechristianization, or the Crisis in Institutional Symbols. A Problem in Sociological Interpretation.
    Watzke, James N. (1969)
    Social Compass 16:1: 91-99.

    Distinguishes decline in religiosity & in formal religious practices; analyzes 1967 survey data from the working class in Santiago, Chile.

    Associated Search Terms: Chile, Santiago; Atheist, Chile; Secularization; Catholic, Chile
  • Irreligion, A-Religion, and the Rise of the Religionless Church: Two Case Studies in Organizational Convergence.
    Demerath, Nicholas J., III (1969)
    Sociological Analysis 30:4: 191-203.

    Decline of organized irreligion as well as of organized religion in the U.S.A.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Atheist, U.S.A.; United States
  • Career Change of Clergy to Secular Occupations: Development of a Theoretical Framework.
    Burch, Genevieve (1969)
    Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Maryland.

    Associated Search Terms: Role exit; Clergy; Ex-clergy
  • Humanism in Britain: The Formation of a Secular Value-Oriented Movement.
    Campbell, Colin B. (1969)
    In David Martin (ed.), A Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain 2. London: SCM, pp. 157-172.

    Assessment of the British Humanist Movement in light of Smelser's general theory of collective behavior.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, Great Britain; Collective behavior; Great Britain; Humanist, Great Britain; Smelser, Neil J.
  • The Fertility of White Females in New Orleans. A Comparison of Protestant and Parochial- and Secular-educated Catholics.
    Harter, Carl L., and Janice Roussel (1969)
    Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 47: 39-53.

    Analyzes 1965 New Orleans interview data; Catholics wanted larger families, with kind of education making little difference.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; United States, Louisiana, New Orleans; Family size; Protestant, U.S.A.; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Islamic Reform and the Mystic Tradition in Eastern Turkey.
    Yalman, Nur (1969)
    Archives européennes de sociologie 10:1: 41-60.

    After the 19th century secularization, modernized forms of Islam evolved; mysticism has remained vibrant in one of them, the Alevi of Ciplaklar in eastern Turkey.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Turkey; Turkey, Ciplaklar; Alevi; Mysticism
  • Relative Secularization and Religious Practice.
    Goodridge, R. Martin (1968)
    Sociological Analysis 29:3: 122-135.

    Argues "secularization" pertains to Becker's contrast of sacred & secular societies & that change to the secular gives religion its own sphere, albeit for a smaller portion of society.

    Associated Search Terms: Becker, Howard; Motive; Secularization; Practice
  • A Sociological Perspective on the "Secular Religious."
    Weigert, Andrew J. (1968)
    Review for Religious 27:5: 871-882.

    Discusses a typology of religious; notes the lack of a vocabulary of motive for the "secular" type whose public roles include religion as one among many.

    Associated Search Terms: Role; Orders/congregations; Secularization
  • The Religious Situation in Sweden.
    Thomasson, R.F. (1968)
    social Compass 15:6: 491-498.

    Essays an explanation of Sweden's relative secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sweden
  • Modern Secularity: Its Meaning, Sources and Interpretation.
    Swanson, Guy E. (1968)
    In Donald R. Cutler (ed.) The Religious Situation 1968. Boston: Beacon, pp. 801-834.

    Originally, a response to a paper by Thomas F. O'Dea.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Modernity
  • Historical Role Analysis in the Study of Secularization: The Laity/Clergy Ratio in Norway 1800-1950.
    Flint, John T. (1968)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 7:2: 272-279.

    Presents ratios for the Hamar, Troms & Agder dioceses of the national church, &, inter alia, compares them to leftist vote percentages.

    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Norway; Norway; Secularization; Politics, Norway
  • Atheisme et sécularisation: La dimension sociologique.
    Grumelli, Antonio (1968)
    Bolletino d'informazione. Secretariatus pro non Credentibus 3:4: 11-13.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Secularization
  • The Religious Community and the Secular State.
    Westhues, Kenneth (1968)
    Philadelphia: Lippincott.

    Associated Search Terms: Orders/congregations; State; Monasticism
  • The Secularisation Process in England and Wales.
    Martin, David (1968)
    In Gerald Walters (ed.) Religion in a Technological Society. Bath: Bath University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Secularization
  • Protestant Groups and Coping with Urban Life in Guatemala City.
    Roberts, Bryan R. (1968)
    American Journal of Sociology 73:6: 753-767.

    Protestant sects in Guatemala City recruit immigrants who seek social & economic security but who lack a network of secular relationships.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban; Guatemala, Guatemala City; Protestant, Guatemala; Sect; Migrant
  • Age and Faith: A Changing Outlook or an Old Process?
    Stark, Rodney (1968)
    Sociological Analysis 29:1: 1-10.

    Analyzes San Francisco Bay Area telephone interview data.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, California, San Francisco Bay Area; Age; Secularization
  • Finland, a Country of Conformistic Religion and Secular Protest of Working Class. Research Reports from the Institute for Sociology 99.
    Seppänen, Paavo (1968)
    Helsinki: University of Helsinki.

    Associated Search Terms: Finland; Stratification; Protest
  • Mormon Semitism and Anti-semitism.
    Mauss, Armand L. (1968)
    Sociological Analysis 29:1: 11-27.

    Compares a San Francisco Bay Area Mormon sample with a control group; Mormons are less likely than others to hold secular anti-Jewish beliefs.

    Associated Search Terms: Mormon, U.S.A.; Belief; United States, California, San Francisco Bay Area; Prejudice, anti-Semitism
  • The Concept of Secularization in Empirical Research.
    Shiner, Larry (1967)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 6:2: 207-220.

    Critical review of the literature on secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Pluralism, Religion, and Secularism.
    Yinger, J. Milton (1967)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 6:1: 17-28. Comment by Charles Y. Glock 6:1: 28-30.

    Addresses questions of definition & measurement of pluralism, religion, & secularism; considers interactions among the 3 phenomena.

    Associated Search Terms: Definition of religion; Secularism; Pluralism
  • Secularization and the Sacred and Profane.
    Fallding, Harold (1967)
    Sociological Quarterly 8:3: 349-364.

    Argues that secularization pertains to legitimation by reason rather than tradition, not to the sacred/profane dichotomy.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred; Rationalization; Secularization
  • Das Vorurteil von der Entchristlichung der Gegenwartsgesellschaft.
    Savramis, Demosthenes (1967)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 19:2: 163-282.

    Critique of secularization theory.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Concept of Secularization in Empirical Research (L. Shiner): Comments.
    Dittes, James E. (1967)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 6:2: 190, 220, 235.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization and Moral Change.
    MacIntyre, Alasdair (1967)
    London: Oxford University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Great Britain; Moral
  • A Sociological View of the Secularization of Theology.
    Berger, Peter L. (1967)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 6:1: 3-16. [Also in Peter L. Berger, Facing up to Modernity. Excursions in Society, Politics, and Religion (New York: Basic, 1977), pp. 162-181]

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of knowledge; Theology; Secularization
  • A Sociology of English Religion.
    Martin, David (1967)
    New York: Basic.

    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Secularization
  • Problems of Islamic Modernism, with Special Reference to Indo-Pakistan Sub-continent.
    Ahmad, Aziz (1967)
    Archives de sociologie des religions 23: 107-116.

    A fully secularized state is incompatible with Islamic ideals.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, India; Islam, Pakistan; India; Pakistan; State
  • Religion in Bulgaria.
    Martin, David (1967)
    Theology (1967): 495-503, 539-542. [Also in David Martin, The Religious and the Secular. Studies in Secularization (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969); and David Martin, Tracts Against the Times (Guildford: Lutterworth, 1973)]

    Associated Search Terms: Bulgaria
  • Folk-religiosity South of Stockholm 1966.
    Gustafsson, Berndt (1967)
    Social Compass 14:4: 300.

    Brief report based on interviews in a Stockholm suburb & a small town in western Sweden; rates of baptism, marriage, & funerals were the same, but the suburbanites could give little meaningful explanation for such customs.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban; Sweden; Lutheran, Sweden; Secularization
  • From Religious Community to Occupational Group: Structural Assimilation among Professors, Lawyers and Engineers.
    Wilensky, Harold L., and Jack Ladinsky (1967)
    American Sociological Review 32: 541-561.

    Analyzes 1960 interview data from lawyers, professors, & engineers; concludes that work overcomes religion by assimilating minorities, & that social ties tend to follow religious lines, though religion & workplace are independent of each other.

    Associated Search Terms: Communality; Attorneys; Secularization; Professor; Engineers; Assimilation
  • Le Sécularisation de la Jeunesse Hongroise.
    Varga, Ivan (1967)
    Archives de sociologie des religions 12/23: 45-63.

    Describes 3 1963-64 questionnaire studies in Hungary; types adolescents as traditionally religious, non-traditionally religious, indifferent, non-believing, & Marxist atheist.

    Associated Search Terms: Adolescents; Atheist, Hungary; Tradition; Hungary; Secularization
  • The Loss of Faith: Reasons for Unbelief among Members of the Secular Movement in England, 1850-1950.
    Budd, Susan (1967)
    Past and Present 36: 106-125.

    Reviews 150 detailed & 200 less detailed biographical accounts; emotional & moral responses explain more cases of loss of faith than does intellectual conviction.

    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, Great Britain; Great Britain; Belief
  • Secularization, Incorporation and Social Relations.
    Hammond, Phillip E. (1966)
    American Journal of Sociology 72:2: 188-194.

    Examines 56 U.S. Protestant colleges in the 1950s; most faculty in secular high quality & sacred low quality schools expected administrative support in any academic freedom dispute, but only half in sacred high quality & secular low quality expected such.

    Associated Search Terms: Protestant, U.S.A.; Education; Professor; Secularization; Conflict; Academic freedom
  • The Secularization of History.
    Shiner, Larry (1966)
    Nashville: Abingdon.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religion in secular society: A sociological comment.
    Wilson, Bryan R. (1966)
    London: C.A. Watts & Co; 2nd edition, ed. Steve Bruce, New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Some Utopian Aspects of the Concept of Secularization.
    Martin, David (1966)
    In Joachim Matthes (ed.) Theoretische Aspekte der Religionssoziologie I/Sociology of Religion: Theoretical Perspectives I. Internationales Jahrbuch für Religionssoziologie 2. Köln and Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 87-97.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularization and Pluralism.
    Berger, Peter L. (1966)
    In Joachim Matthes (ed.), Theoretische Aspekte der Religionssoziologie I. Internationales Jahrbuch für Religionssoziologie/International Yearbook for the Sociology of Religion 2. Köln & Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 73-84.

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Secularization
  • State and Religion in India. A Study of "Secular State" in India.
    Mudaliar, Chandra (1966)
    Social Compass 13:5/6: 391-399.

    Indian is a secular state for the religious minorities, who enjoy freedom of religion, but a Hindu one for the majority because of state control & management of Hindu religious affairs.

    Associated Search Terms: Minority; State; India
  • Mormonism and Secular Attitudes toward Negroes.
    Mauss, Armand L. (1966)
    Pacific Sociological Review 9:2: 91-99.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from 3 northern California wards of the Mormon Church.

    Associated Search Terms: Race; Mormon, U.S.A.; United States, California
  • Religion and the Rural Church.
    Whyte, Donald R. (1966)
    In M.A. Tremblay and W.J. Anderson (eds.) Rural Canada in Transition. Ottawa: Agricultural Economics Research Council of Canada, pp. 79-92.

    [Also in B.R. Blishen, F.L. Jones, K.D. Naegle, and J. Porter (eds.) Canadian Society. Sociological Perspectives, 3rd ed. Toronto: Macmillan, 1971, pp. 371-385] Reviews poll data showing a decline in religion's influence in rural Canada at mid-century.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Rural; Secularization
  • Zur Säkularisierungsproblematik. Über die Weiterentwicklung der Kirchensoziologie zur Religionssoziologie.
    Rendtorff, Trutz (1966)
    In Joachim Matthes (ed.) Theoretische Aspekte der Religionssoziologie I/Sociology of Religion: Theoretical Perspectives I. Internationales Jahrbuch für Religionssoziologie 2. Köln and Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 51-71.

    En torno a la problemática de la secularización. Sobre la evolución de la sociología de la iglesia a la sociología de la religion. In Joachim Matthes (ed.) Introducción a la sociología de la religión I. Religió y sociedad. Madrid: Alianza, 1971, 221-224.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sociology of religion
  • Pouvoir religieux et sécularisation.
    Ryan, Claude (1966)
    Recherches sociographiques 7:1/2: 101-109.

    Describes the role of the ecclesiastic in Canada.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Canada; Catholic, Canada; Bishop
  • After Secularity: The Neo-Gemeinschaft Society: A Post-Christian Postscript.
    Greeley, Andrew M. (1966)
    Sociological Analysis 27:3: 119-127. [Also in Andrew M. Greeley, The Sociology of Andrew M. Greeley (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994), pp. 148-156]

    Portrays Catholicism in a movement from Gemeinschaft toward Gesellschaft.

    Associated Search Terms: Gesellschaft; Gemeinschaft; Catholic; Change
  • Methodoloical Problems in a Survey on Religiosity in Bulgaria.
    Ochavkov, Jivko (1966)
    Archives de sociologie des religions 21: 69-84.

    Reports a large (N=62,664) 1962 Bulgarian questionnaire study: membership by age & education; notes religion diminishing after 1945.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Membership; Age; Survey; Bulgaria; Methodology; Education
  • Les institutions ecclesiastiques en civilisations urbaine et industrielle.
    Remy, Jean (1966)
    Social Compass 13:1: 39-52.

    Considers implications of the urban environment for religious institutions: relative lack of importance of residential location, mass media, competition with other cultural influences, scheduling of secular leisure on religious feasts.

    Associated Search Terms: Urban
  • Toward Eliminating the Concept of Secularization.
    Martin, David (1965)
    In Julius Gould (ed.) Penguin Survey of the Social Sciences. Harmondsworth and Baltimore: Penguin, pp. 169-182. [Also in David Martin, The Religious and the Secular. Studies in Secularization (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969), pp. 9-22]

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Secularism East and West.
    Galanter, Marc (1965)
    Comparative Studies in Society and History 7:2: 133-159. Comment by John T. Flint 7;2: 160-172.

    Discusses Donald Eugene Smith's India as a Secular State (1963).

    Associated Search Terms: India; State; Comparative
  • Some Aspects of the Secularization Process in the Arab Sudan.
    Barclay, Harold B. (1965)
    Human Organization 24: 84-90.

    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Sudan; Secularization; Sudan
  • Secularism as the Common Religion of a Free Society.
    Kallen, Horace M. (1965)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 4:4: 145-151.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Surrogate for religion
  • Changing Religious Norms and Family Values.
    Baker, Luther G. (1965)
    Journal of Marriage and the Family 27:1: 6-12.

    Conservative churches reaffirm traditional family values in the face of secularization, liberal churches reformulate & reinterpret them.

    Associated Search Terms: Family; Conservative/liberal; Secularization
  • The Anatomy of Jewish Identification: A Historical and Theoretical View.
    Steinberg, Stephen (1965)
    Review of Religious Research 7:1: 1-8.

    Secularization is shown to undermine Jewish identity in the U.S.

    Associated Search Terms: Jewish, U.S.A.; Secularization; Historical; Identity
  • Säkularisierung. Geschichte eines ideenpolitischen Begriffs.
    Lübbe, Hermann (1965)
    Freiburg: Karl Alber.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Pour une sociologie des catholicismes mexicains.
    Meyer, Jean (1965)
    Cahiers de sociologie economique 12: 82-103.

    Discusses types of Catholicism & their interaction with secular society; identifies sources of data.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Mexico; Mexico
  • Denominations and Councils of Churches: Competitive or Complementary? A Comparison of the Performance of Social Welfare Functions of Selected Vertical and Horizontal Organizations of Churches.
    Burch, Hobart A. (1965)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, Brandeis University [DA 27:12 A, p. 4343]

    Michigan interchurch agencies ("horizontal" organizations) are more effective in secular tasks, denominations ("vertical") in mobilizing church members.

    Associated Search Terms: Organization; United States, Michigan; Ecumenism; Methodist Church, U.S.A.; United Church of Christ; United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.
  • The Development of Secularism in Turkey.
    Berkes, Niyazi (1964)
    Montreal: McGill University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: Turkey; Secularization
  • The Secularization of Norwegian Society.
    Flint, John T. (1964)
    Comparative Studies in Society and History 6:3: 325-344.

    Examines 10th century pagan Godi, medieval Catholic priests, & 16-18th century Lutheran clergy; points to a general decline of the status of clergy.

    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Norway; Catholic, Norway; Historical; Norway; Secularization; Clergy
  • Die Emigration der Kirche aus der Gesellschaft.
    Matthes, Joachim (1964)
    Hamburg: Furche.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religious and Moral Polarization of our Time.
    Sorokin, Pitirim A. (1964)
    Indian Sociological Bulletin 1:3: 16-17.

    Abstract of a speech; contends that neither a religious revival nor a decline of religion is imminent, but a polarization over religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Conflict
  • "Secularization" in College: An Exploratory Study.
    Toch, Hans H., Robert T. Anderson, James A. Clark, and James J. Mullin (1964)
    Religious Education 59:6: 490-502.

    Analyzes 1960 & '62 questionnaire & follow-up data from students at Michigan State University; shows consistent belief system (e.g. agreeing with fundamentalist choices on all items) persisted more often than did inconsistent ones.

    Associated Search Terms: Students, undergraduate; Belief
  • The Relationship Between Religious Affiliation and Secular Attitudes and Behavior.
    Anderson, Grace M. (1964)
    Unpublished M.A. thesis, McMaster University.

    The place of religious affiliation is examined in relation to economic, political, & family life; a partial replication of Lenski's The Religious Factor.

    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Canada; Protestant Ethic; Canada
  • A Comparative Study of the Orientations of a Selected Group of Church Executives.
    O'Donovan, Thomas R., and Arthur X. Deegan (1964)
    Sociology and Social Research 48:3: 330-339.

    Analyzes 1962 questionnaire data from Catholic pastors in 14 Midwest & Western U.S. states; compares respondents' & respondents' fathers' education to that of secular executives.

    Associated Search Terms: Education; Clergy; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Religious and Secular Institutions in Comparative Perspective.
    Berkes, Niyazi (1963)
    Archives de sociologie des religions 16: 65-72.

    Associated Search Terms: Turkey; Secularization
  • India as a Secular State.
    Smith, Donald Eugene (1963)
    Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

    Associated Search Terms: India; State
  • Déchristianisation: Mot Fallacieux.
    LeBras, Gabriel (1963)
    Social Compass 10:6: 445-452.

    Argues that the practice of religion in France before 1789 was too low to justify referring to later processes as "dechristianization."

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, France; France; Secularization; Practice
  • Sanctity, Puritanism, Secularisation and Nationalism in North Africa. A Case Study.
    Gellner, Ernest (1963)
    Archives de sciences sociales des religions 15: 7186.

    Gives a sociological reading of the evidence in A Moslem Saint of the Twentieth Century (1961) by Martin Lings, a study of Shaikh Ahmed al-'Alawi.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Saints; Sufi; Africa, north
  • The Spirit of Capitalism, Traditionalism and Religiousness: A Re-examination of Weber's Concept.
    Kosa, John, and Leo D. Rachiele (1963)
    Sociological Quarterly 4:3: 243-269.

    Based on a study of American Catholic college students; uses 4 categories: religious & secular capitalist & traditionalist stances.

    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Protestant Ethic; Traditionalism; Students, undergraduate; Weber, Max; Religiosity
  • Religion in a Secularized Society: Some Aspects of America's Three-Religion Pluralism.
    Herberg, Will (1962)
    Review of Religious Research 4:1: 33-45. [Also Louis Schneider (ed.), Religion, Culture and Society (NY: Wiley, 1964), pp. 591-600; & Richard D. Knudten (ed.), The Sociology of Religion. An Anthology (NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1967), pp. 513-522]

    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; United States; Secularization
  • Bermerkungen zur Säkularisierungsthese in der neueren Religionssoziologie.
    Matthes, Joachim (1962)
    In Dietrich Goldschmidt and Joachim Matthes (eds.) Probleme der Religionssoziologie. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, Sonderheft 6. Köln and Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • On Religion in Modern Society: Individual Consciousness, World View, Institution.
    Luckmann, Thomas (1962)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 2:2: 147-163.

    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Secularization; Modernity
  • Pursuit of the Millennium: The Relation between Religions and Social Change.
    Talmon, Yonina (1962)
    Archives européennes de sociologie 3:1: 125-148.

    Overview of the literature on millennial movements; makes comparisons with secular revolutions.

    Associated Search Terms: Millennial; Revolution; Millenarian
  • The Priests of Ireland: A Socio-religious Survey. 1: Numbers and Distribution. 2: Patterns of Vocations.
    Newman, Jeremiah (1962)
    Irish Ecclesiastical Record 98:1: 1-27; 98:2: 65-91.

    Presents 1956-60 Irish data on secular & regular clergy, clergy/laity ratios, & distribution of clergy, & some data for 18711961 & 1961.

    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Vocation; Ireland; Catholic, Ireland
  • L'Eclissi del sacro nella civiltà industriale.[L'éclipse du sacré dans la civilisation industrielle.] [The Decline of the Sacred in Industrial Sociey, tr. Patricia Lipscomb.]
    Acquaviva, Sabino S. (1961)
    Milano: Ed. Di Comunità; 2nd enlarged ed, 1966 [Paris: Mame, 1967] [Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1979]

    Associated Search Terms: Industrial society; Secularization
  • Secularización y desarrollo economico.
    Germani, gino (1960)
    In Centro Latino-americano de Pesquisas em Ciências Sociais/Centro Latinoamerican de Investigaciones en Sciencias Sociales, Resistências à Mudança. Rio de Janeiro: Centro Latino-americano etc., pp. 261-279.

    Associated Search Terms: Development; Secularization; Economic
  • The Psychology of Dechristianisation in the Dynamics of the Industrial Society.
    Acquaviva, Sabino S. (1960)
    Social Compass 7:3: 209-225.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Industrial society
  • The Social Evolution of Quebec Reconsidered.
    Guindon, Hubert (1960)
    Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science 26: 533-551.

    A rural society emerged from a feudal trading one, & experienced the effects of industrialization afterward, especially in the church.

    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Quebec; Catholic, Canada; Secularization; Change; Rural
  • Säkularisation. Zur Soziologie der Religion in der heutigen Gesellschaft des Westens.
    Birnbaum, Norman (1959)
    Monatschrift für Pastoraltheologie 48:3: 68-84.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Neopaganesimo e società industriale.
    Acquaviva, Sabino S. (1959)
    Il Mulino 9:7: 275-345.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Industrial society
  • The Religious Revival is Real.
    Hoult, Thomas Ford (1959)
    The Humanist 19:1: 17-18.

    Speaking as a humanist, the author admits that religion is not declining in the U.S. but growing, & notes that religion itself, however, is becoming more naturalist & less supernaturalist.

    Associated Search Terms: United States; Secularization
  • An Elite, as Response to Crisis in Religious Organization.
    Breines, Andrew R. (1959)
    American Catholic Sociological Review 20:1: 43-52.

    Associated Search Terms: Elite; Secular institute; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • The Sacred and Secular Value Systems as Reflected in the French-Canadian and English-Canadian Elementary School Readers, Town of Beaconsfield, Quebec, 1952-59.
    Andreasen, Vera Kate (1959)
    Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Maryland.

    Focuses on French- & English-Canadian values; shows how much they are consonant or not, & how they may be mutually assimilated.

    Associated Search Terms: Assimilation; Canada, Quebec, Beaconsfield; Education; Content analysis; Values
  • Religion and Secularization.
    Salisbury, W. Sewart (1958)
    Social Froces 36:3: 197-205.

    Analyzes questionnaire data from students in 10 New York State teachers' colleges, on religious experience & family; interprets the results as showing secularization.

    Associated Search Terms: Experience; Secularization; Students, undergraduate; Family
  • Die Säkularisierung als soziologisches Problem.
    Oppen, D. von (1958)
    In Christine Bourbeck and Heinz-Dietrich Wendland (eds.) Diakonie zwischen Kirche und Welt. Sudien zur diakonischen Arbeit und Verantwortung in unserer Zeit. Hamurg: Furche Verlag.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Zur Säkularisierungsproblematik: Über die Weiterentwicklung der Kirchensoziologie zur Religionssoziologie.
    Rendtorff, Trutz (1958)
    In Trutz Rendtorff, Theorie des Christentums: Historische-soziologische Studien zu seiner neuzeitlichen Verfassung. Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus Mohn, 1972, pp. 116-139.

    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of religion; Secularization
  • Die Säkularisierung und das Wachstum der Kirchen in den Vereinigten Staaten.
    Moberg, David O. (1958)
    Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 10: 430-438.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States
  • The Dechristianization of the French Working Class.
    Moody, Joseph N. (1958)
    Review of Politics 20: 46-69.

    Extensively reviews the literature on the decline of religion in France, especially among the working class, from its initially weak position.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Catholic, France; Labor; France; LeBras, Gabriel
  • Current Sacred-secular Theory and its Development.
    Becker, Howard (1957)
    In Howard Becker and Alvin Boskoff (eds.), Modern Sociological Theory. New York: Dryden Press, pp. 133-185.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred
  • The Secularization of Culture.
    O'Dea, Thomas F. (1956)
    Commonweal 64: 67-69.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Christian Science: A Case Study of the Social Psychological Aspect of Secularization.
    Pfautz, Harold W. (1956)
    Social Forces 34:3: 246-251.

    Content analysis of published letters of testimony, 1890-1950. The proportion of purposeful-rational letters, vs. affective ones, increased.

    Associated Search Terms: Content analysis; Rationalization; Secularization; Christian Science; Media
  • The Sociology of Secularization: Religious Groups.
    Pfautz, Harold W. (1955)
    American Journal of Sociology 61: 121-128.

    Sees the change of Christian Science from a cult to a sect & then to an institutionalized sect as a secularization process.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Typology; Cult; Sect; Christian Science
  • A Study of Secularization in the Rural Protestant Areas of Isabella County, Michigan.
    Dunn, Willis James (1955)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Michigan State University.

    Associated Search Terms: United States, Michigan, Isabella County; Secularization; Protestant, U.S.A.; Rural
  • Urbanization, Operation, anti-Religion and the Decline of Religion in the USSR.
    Timasheff, Nicholas S. (1955)
    American Slavic and East European Review 14: 234-235.

    Associated Search Terms: Soviet Union; Urbanization; Secularization
  • Protestantism as a Factor of Culture Change in Brazil.
    Willems, Emilio (1955)
    Economic Development and Cultural Change 3: 321-333.

    Protestant converts broke both secular & religious traditions; they become more secularized, more literate, & had broader outlooks on life. They participate in only certain sectors of the economy.

    Associated Search Terms: Conversion; Protestant, Brazil; Modernization; Brazil; Change
  • The Acculturation Process and the Peace Doctrine of the Church of the Brethren.
    Royer, Donald Mark (1955)
    Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago.

    History of the Brethren development from sect to denomination & lesser social control in gaining adherence to the historical peace doctrine. Some congregations were further along in the process than others. Reports questionnaire data from selected congregations.

    Associated Search Terms: Peace/war; Parish; Dunker; Brethren; Acculturation; Typology; Secularization
  • The Secularization of a Church-Related College.
    Nelson, Leona Bernice (1953)
    Unpublished Ph.D.. dissertation, University of Chicago.

    Anderson College, Indiana, U.S.A. Uses institutional data & life histories of stuents.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; University; Life histories; Education
  • General Features of Sacred and Secular Societies.
    Becker, Howard (1951)
    In K.G. Specht (ed.), Soziologische Forschung in unserer Zeit. Köln & Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 64-74.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred
  • Sacred and Secular.
    Becker, Howard (1950)
    In Howard Becker, Through Values to Social Interpretation.

    Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, pp. 248-280.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred
  • Sacred and Secular Societies Considered with Reference to Folk, State, and Similar Classifications.
    Becker, Howard (1950)
    Social Forces 28:4: 361-376.

    Associated Search Terms: Typology; Sacred
  • Description de la France Catholique.
    LeBras, Gabriel (1948)
    Nouvelle revue théologique 70: 835-845.

    Describes the author's study of the dechristianization of France.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Catholic, France; France
  • La Dechristianisation des Masses Proletariennes.
    Cercle d'Etudes Sociales Godofroid Kurth (1948)
    Paris: Casterman.

    Associated Search Terms: Belgium; Working class; Secularization
  • The Sacred and the Secular Aspects of Human Sociation.
    Becker, Howard, and Robert C. Myers (1942)
    Sociometry 5: 169-179; 207-229.

    Associated Search Terms: Sacred; Sociation
  • Die politischen Religionen.
    Voegelin, Erich (1939)
    Stockholm: BermanFischer

    Associated Search Terms: Political religion; Politics; Secularization
  • Middletown in Transition. A Study in Cultural Conflicts.
    Lynd, Robert, and Helen Lynd (1937)
    New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company.

    Based on 1935 observations; sees religion in decline.

    Associated Search Terms: Community study; United States, Indiana, Muncie; Secularization
  • Processes of Secularization: An Ideal-typical Analysis with Special Reference to Personalty Change as Affected by Population Movement.
    Becker, Howard (1932)
    Sociological Review 24: 138-154. (Part I), 266-286 (Part II).

    Associated Search Terms: Typology; Migration; Secularization
  • Sakularisierungsprozesse.
    Becker, Howard (1932)
    Kölner Vierteljahreschefte für Soziologie 10: 283-294, 450-463.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • The Religious Bearings of a Secular Mind: George Herbert Mead.
    Smith, T.V. (1932)
    Journal of Religion 12: 200-213.

    Associated Search Terms: Mead, George H.; Symbolic interactionism
  • Ionia and Athens: Studies in Secularization.
    Becker, Howard (1930)
    Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Chicago.

    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Greece, ancient
  • Religion and the Rise of Capitalism.
    Tawney, R.H. (1926)
    New York: Harcourt, Brace & World. [Baltimore: Penguin, 1947; New York: New Am3rican Library, 1958]

    Early Protestantism was so middle class that the lower classes were pushed to rebellion. Religious involvement was secondary to economic pursuits. A de-emphasis of religion resulted in capitalism. Stratification caused differentiation in religion.

    Associated Search Terms: Reformation; Protestant Ethic; Stratification; Secularization; Capitalism; Historical
[Viewing Matches 1-1385]  (of 1385 total matches in Citations)
Data Archive
  • The 2000 American Rabbi Study:
    The data result from a mail survey of rabbis conducted in the fall and winter of 2000 in the four major movements of American Judaism-Conservative, Orthodox, Reconstructionist, and Reform. The first wave was sent two days before the presidential election. The data collection effort loosely paralleled the 2000 Cooperative Clergy Study format but differed in several important respects to capture concerns important to the Jewish community. The survey effort collected data on rabbi political activism, public political speech, political attitudes and electoral choices, thoughts on the role of religion in society, attitudes on issues related to Jewish unity and Jewish law, ratings of and membership in Jewish and secular political organizations, attitudes about Joseph Lieberman, and personal attributes, as well as aspects of congregations.
    Funded By: The data collection effort was funded by the Denison University Research Foundation and the Association for the Sociology of Religion .
    Collected: 2000, Uploaded 4/23/2010
  • Jewish Day School Study, 1993:
    During the last several decades, two opposing trends have been taking place. On the one hand, there has been growth in the Jewish day school movement. On the other, there has been a serious decline in Jewish supplementary school enrollment and a defection from Jewish life of growing numbers of Jews. These two opposing trends give rise to several questions including: What happens when intensive and extensive Jewish education confronts a world full of secular, intermixing and challenging modalities? What role does a Jewish day school experience play in Jewish continuity of its exponents?

    This study seeks to assess the impact of Jewish all-day education. Questions such as the following are addressed: What kind of Jewish behavior do young adults who attend Jewish day schools exhibit? Do those who attended for longer periods of time demonstrate higher levels of Jewish observance and involvement? Is Jewish behavior of day school graduates related to things such as home background, Jewish camp experience, Israel visitation or study in Israel? What are the marriage patterns of graduates? Does a college education reduce the possibility that Jewish day school graduates will remain practicing Jews? In short, what is the Jewishness quotient of Jewish day school graduates who are at risk of losing their Jewish identity because of the lure of contemporary society?
    Funded By: Irving Stone
    Collected: 1993, Uploaded 3/30/1999
  • Survey of Religious, Social Service and Community Organizations in Metropolitan Chicago, 1996:
    This survey was conducted to supplement the research on congregations being conducted by the Religion in Urban America Program. The primary concern was to learn whether and to what extent religious, social service and community organizations related to and extended the work of churches. That is, whether they bridged geographic and/or social boundaries and whether there was a difference between religious and secular organizations with respect to the bridging function.
    Funded By: The Lilly Endowment, Inc. Park Ridge Center of Health, Faith, and Ethics
    Collected: 1996, Uploaded 7/20/1999
  • The Gravestone Index:
    This file is a record of the religious and secular information found on headstones and tombstones in the United States, Canada, Britain, and Australia. The death dates on the grave markers cover the period from the early 19th century to the early 21st century. Also included is a record of carvings, statues, and other objects connected to the front or back of the grave markers.
    Funded By: Wilbur Zelinsky
    Collected: 2007, Uploaded 8/12/2011
  • Religion and State - Minorities:
    This Religion and State-Minorities (RASM) dataset is supplemental to the Religion and State round 2 (RAS2) dataset. It codes the RAS religious discrimination variable using the minority as the unit of analysis (RAS2 uses a country as the unit of analysis and, is a general measure of all discrimination in the country). RASM codes religious discrimination by governments against all 566 minorities in 175 countries which make a minimum population cut off. Any religious minority which is at least 0.25 percent of the population or has a population of at least 500,000 (in countries with populations of 200 million or more) are included. The dataset also includes all Christian minorities in Muslim countries and all Muslim minorities in Christian countries for a total of 597 minorities. The data cover 1990 to 2008 with yearly codings.

    These religious discrimination variables are designed to examine restrictions the government places on the practice of religion by minority religious groups. It is important to clarify two points. First, these variables focus on restrictions on minority religions. Restrictions that apply to all religions are not coded in this set of variables. This is because the act of restricting or regulating the religious practices of minorities is qualitatively different from restricting or regulating all religions. Second, this set of variables focuses only on restrictions of the practice of religion itself or on religious institutions and does not include other types of restrictions on religious minorities. The reasoning behind this is that there is much more likely to be a religious motivation for restrictions on the practice of religion than there is for political, economic, or cultural restrictions on a religious minority. These secular types of restrictions, while potentially motivated by religion, also can be due to other reasons. That political, economic, and cultural restrictions are often placed on ethnic minorities who share the same religion and the majority group in their state is proof of this.

    This set of variables is essentially a list of specific types of religious restrictions which a government may place on some or all minority religions. These variables are identical to those included in the RAS2 dataset, save that one is not included because it focuses on foreign missionaries and this set of variables focuses on minorities living in the country. Each of the items in this category is coded on the following scale:

    0. The activity is not restricted or the government does not engage in this practice.
    1. The activity is restricted slightly or sporadically or the government engages in a mild form of this practice or a severe form sporadically.
    2. The activity is significantly restricted or the government engages in this activity often and on a large scale.

    A composite version combining the variables to create a measure of religious discrimination against minority religions which ranges from 0 to 48 also is included.

    ARDA Note: This file was revised on October 6, 2017. At the PIs request, we removed the variable reporting on the minority's percentage of a country's population after finding inconsistencies with the reported values. For detailed data on religious demographics, see the Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project .
    Funded By: The John Templeton Foundation , Israel Science Foundation and The Sara and Simha Lainer Chair in Democracy and Civility
    Collected: 2008, Uploaded 7/11/2014
  • Mennonite Church Member Profile, 1989:
    "The objectives of the survey were to obtain a profile of the religious beliefs, attitudes, and practices of members of the participating [Mennonite] denominations...to identify trends in these areas that would provide clues regarding the impact of modernization on Mennonite life and thought....There was also interest in determining whether modernization involved increases in secularism, individualism, and materialism." (Kauffman and Driedger, 1991).
    Funded By: The project was under the supervision of an Administrative Committee composed of a representative from each of the five participating denominations. A budget of $70,000 was raised from the participating denominations, various church boards and several foundations.
    Collected: 1989, Uploaded 10/27/1998
[Viewing Matches 1-6]  (of 6 total matches in the Data Archive Files)
Questions/Variables on Surveys
  • WCDSTRL from Data from the ARDA National Profiles, 2005 Update: Religion Indexes, Adherents and Other Data
    Re-coding of World Christian Database State Religion variable (Grim and Finke, 2006)

    0) Atheist
    1) Secular
    2) Religious
    3) Specific religion

  • SACSECVL from World Values Survey, 2010
    Overall Secular values [SACSECVAL]

  • SCVLWGT from World Values Survey, 2010
    Weight for overall secular values [SECVALWGT]

  • SRCE1_98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (source1_98) Who provided these services to you? (FIRST MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    -2) Don't know
    1) Private secular firm or sole practitioner (includes members)
    2) Private firm-sole practitioner, unspecified
    7) Publishing houses, religious
    11) Congregations (own denomination)
    13) Regional office of own denomination
    17) Office of own denomination, level unspecified
    18) Office of other denomination, level unspecified
    19) Other religious firm, organization or sole practitioner
    20) Other
    21) Can't tell

  • SRCE2_98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (source2_98) Who provided these services to you? (SECOND MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Private secular firm or sole practitioner (includes members)
    2) Private firm-sole practitioner, unspecified
    7) Publishing houses, religious
    11) Congregations (own denomination)
    13) Regional office of own denomination
    15) National office of own denomination
    17) Office of own denomination, level unspecified
    19) Other religious firm, organization or sole practitioner
    21) Can't tell

  • SRCE3_98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (source3_98) Who provided these services to you? (THIRD MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Private secular firm or sole practitioner (includes members)
    2) Private firm-sole practitioner, unspecified
    7) Publishing houses, religious
    13) Regional office of own denomination
    15) National office of own denomination
    17) Office of own denomination, level unspecified
    19) Other religious firm, organization or sole practitioner
    20) Other
    21) Can't tell

  • PARTYAG from International Religious Freedom Data, Aggregate File (2003-2008)
    According to the Report, what is the nature of political parties (in practice)? [Category labels are the following: 0 = All political parties are secular. 1 = Correlation between political party and religion. 2 = Political parties can be religious or secular. 3 = Political parties must be religious. 999 = Unable to assess based on the Report.]

  • GVTYPEAG from International Religious Freedom Data, Aggregate File (2003-2008)
    According to the Report, what is the type of state or official religion?

    0) Secular (or no state religion specified)
    1) Atheistic
    2) Christian
    3) Islamic
    4) Jewish
    5) Buddhist
    6) Nonsecular/theistic
    9) Status changed during coding period, see Note 4 in the ARDA summary page for more information

  • SOURCE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    Who provided these services to you? First mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation reported using a consultant at least once in the past 12 months (CONSULT1=1). These variables were coded from verbatim responses to SOURCE1-SOURCE3.

    1) Private secular firm or sole practitioner (includes members)
    2) Private firm or sole practitioner, religious or secular not specified
    4) Professor
    5) Clergy or evangelist
    7) Publishing houses, religious
    9) Community organizing agency
    11) Congregations (own denomination)
    12) Congregations (other denomination)
    13) Regional office of own denomination
    15) National office of own denomination
    17) Office of own denomination, level unspecified
    18) Office of other denomination, level unspecified
    19) Other religious firm, organization or sole practitioner
    20) Other
    21) Can't tell
    22) Congregation, unspecified denomination
    23) Government employee or agency
    24) Accrediting officer

  • SOURCE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    Who provided these services to you? Second mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if the congregation reported using a consultant at least once in the past 12 months (CONSULT1=1). These variables were coded from verbatim responses to SOURCE1-SOURCE3.

    1) Private secular firm or sole practitioner (includes members)
    2) Private firm or sole practitioner, religious or secular not specified
    4) Professor
    5) Clergy or evangelist
    7) Publishing houses, religious
    11) Congregations (own denomination)
    12) Congregations (other denomination)
    13) Regional office of own denomination
    15) National office of own denomination
    17) Office of own denomination, level unspecified
    18) Office of other denomination, level unspecified
    19) Other religious firm, organization or sole practitioner
    20) Other
    21) Can't tell
    22) Congregation, unspecified denomination
    23) Government employee or agency

[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-150]  (of 993 total matches in Data Archive Questions/Variables)
Theories
  • Secularization: "The process by which sectors of society and culture are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols." (Berger, 1967:107)...
  • Social Network Theory: Studies of conversion, religious schisms, and secularization utilize social network theory to understand the influence of community and networks on the religious life of individuals, groups and societies...
[Viewing Matches 1-2]  (of 2 total matches in Theories)
Concepts
  • Secularization: The decline of religious faith and of the influence of the churches...
[Viewing Matches 1-1]  (of 1 total matches in Concepts)
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