Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
Has a doctor ever told you that you have or had chronic lung disease such as bronchitis or emphysema? (HM5W1) -- Wave 1 (2006)



Variable Comparisons

[Education | Political Party | Gender | Race | Religious Tradition ]

Education

Less than high schoolGED or high school diplomaVocational/technical diploma or associate degreeBachelorsGraduate degreeOtherTOTAL
Refused0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
1.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
Yes9.8%
12
13.0%
61
8.3%
23
4.8%
12
4.8%
8
20.0%
6
9.3%
122
No90.2%
110
87.0%
409
91.7%
254
95.2%
236
94.0%
157
80.0%
24
90.6%
1190
TOTAL 100.0%
122
100.0%
470
100.0%
277
100.0%
248
100.0%
167
100.0%
30

1314



Political party

DemocratNeitherRepublicanMissingTOTAL
Refused0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.5%
2

0
0.2%
2
Yes8.8%
55
14.0%
33
7.0%
30

5
9.2%
118
No91.2%
568
86.0%
203
92.6%
398

20
90.7%
1169
TOTAL 100.0%
623
100.0%
236
100.0%
430

25

1289



Gender

FemaleMaleTOTAL
Refused0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.2%
2
Yes9.4%
64
9.1%
58
9.3%
122
No90.6%
616
90.5%
574
90.6%
1190
TOTAL 100.0%
680
100.0%
634

1314



Race

White/Caucasian/AngloBlack/African AmericanHispanic/Latino(a)Asian/Asian AmericanNative AmericanTOTAL
Refused0.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
Yes11.8%
108
5.2%
8
4.0%
7
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
9.4%
123
No88.0%
807
94.8%
146
96.0%
170
100.0%
62
100.0%
4
90.5%
1189
TOTAL 100.0%
917
100.0%
154
100.0%
177
100.0%
62
100.0%
4

1314



Religion

Black ProtestantEvangelical ProtestantMainline ProtestantCatholicOther faithNonaffiliatedTOTAL
Refused0.0%
0
0.6%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
Yes8.7%
6
11.8%
40
8.8%
12
8.5%
27
8.0%
17
8.4%
20
9.3%
122
No91.3%
63
87.6%
297
91.2%
125
91.5%
291
92.0%
196
91.6%
217
90.6%
1189
TOTAL 100.0%
69
100.0%
339
100.0%
137
100.0%
318
100.0%
213
100.0%
237

1313