Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
Has a doctor ever told you that you have or had chronic lung disease such as bronchitis or emphysema? (HM_5)



Variable Comparisons

[Age | Gender | Political Ideology | Race | Religious Tradition | Region | Education ]

Age

18 to 29 years old 30 to 44 years old 45 to 59 years old 60 to 74 years old 75 years and older TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.5%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.7%
1
0.0%
1
Yes 9.0%
50
6.4%
48
11.0%
83
14.4%
59
21.3%
30
10.4%
270
No 91.0%
505
93.6%
699
89.0%
670
85.1%
348
78.0%
110
89.5%
2332
Missing 0 1 1 2 1 5
TOTAL 100.0%
555
100.0%
747
100.0%
753
100.0%
409
100.0%
141

2605


Gender

Female Male TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
Yes 11.4%
153
9.3%
117
10.4%
270
No 88.6%
1193
90.5%
1139
89.5%
2332
Missing 5 1 6
TOTAL 100.0%
1347
100.0%
1258

2605


Political ideology

Very liberal Somewhat liberal Middle of the road Somewhat conservative Very conservative Haven't thought much about it Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1

0
0.0%
1
Yes 7.7%
13
9.8%
37
11.3%
71
8.5%
43
11.6%
26
11.4%
77

4
10.3%
267
No 92.3%
155
90.2%
341
88.4%
558
91.5%
461
88.4%
198
88.5%
599

20
89.5%
2312
Missing 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 3
TOTAL 100.0%
168
100.0%
378
100.0%
631
100.0%
504
100.0%
224
100.0%
677

24

2582


Race

White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander Other TOTAL
Refused 0.1%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.4%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
Yes 12.3%
222
6.8%
19
4.7%
15
3.7%
4
0.0%
0
12.2%
10
10.4%
270
No 87.6%
1582
92.8%
258
95.3%
305
96.3%
105
100.0%
9
87.8%
72
89.5%
2331
Missing 4 0 1 0 0 0 5
TOTAL 100.0%
1806
100.0%
278
100.0%
320
100.0%
109
100.0%
9
100.0%
82

2604


Religion

Black Protestant Evangelical Protestant Mainline Protestant Catholic Unaffiliated Other TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
1
0.0%
1
Yes 6.8%
10
12.4%
86
10.2%
37
10.1%
70
9.3%
38
9.6%
29
10.4%
270
No 93.2%
137
87.3%
603
89.8%
325
89.9%
623
90.7%
372
90.1%
273
89.5%
2333
Missing 0 3 1 1 0 2 7
TOTAL 100.0%
147
100.0%
691
100.0%
362
100.0%
693
100.0%
410
100.0%
303

2606


Region

Northeast Midwest South West TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
1
Yes 7.5%
33
13.2%
82
11.5%
101
8.1%
54
10.4%
270
No 92.5%
407
86.8%
539
88.2%
774
91.9%
612
89.5%
2332
Missing 0 0 3 2 5
TOTAL 100.0%
440
100.0%
621
100.0%
878
100.0%
666

2605


Education

No high school diploma GED or high school diploma Vocational/technical diploma or Associate's degree Bachelor's degree Graduate degree Other Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

2
0.0%
0
Don't know 0.3%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.0%
1
Yes 15.7%
48
13.4%
141
6.3%
30
5.2%
22
5.3%
14
21.1%
15

0
10.4%
270
No 84.0%
257
86.6%
915
93.8%
450
94.8%
399
94.7%
252
78.9%
56

3
89.6%
2329
TOTAL 100.0%
306
100.0%
1056
100.0%
480
100.0%
421
100.0%
266
100.0%
71

5

2600