Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
Have you smoked one hundred or more cigarettes in your life? (HM17W1) -- Wave 1 (2006)



Variable Comparisons

[Education | Political Party | Gender | Race | Religious Tradition ]

Education

Less than high schoolGED or high school diplomaVocational/technical diploma or associate degreeBachelorsGraduate degreeOtherTOTAL
Refused0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
1.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
Dont know0.0%
0
0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
Yes58.2%
71
47.4%
223
50.9%
141
30.1%
75
37.5%
63
40.0%
12
44.5%
585
No41.8%
51
52.3%
246
49.1%
136
69.9%
174
61.3%
103
60.0%
18
55.3%
728
TOTAL 100.0%
122
100.0%
470
100.0%
277
100.0%
249
100.0%
168
100.0%
30

1316



Political party

DemocratNeitherRepublicanMissingTOTAL
Refused0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.5%
2

0
0.2%
2
Dont know0.2%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.1%
1
Yes44.9%
280
46.0%
109
42.3%
182

13
44.3%
571
No54.9%
342
54.0%
128
57.2%
246

11
55.5%
716
TOTAL 100.0%
623
100.0%
237
100.0%
430

24

1290



Gender

FemaleMaleTOTAL
Refused0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.2%
2
Dont know0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
Yes38.8%
264
50.5%
320
44.4%
584
No61.1%
416
49.2%
312
55.4%
728
TOTAL 100.0%
681
100.0%
634

1315



Race

White/Caucasian/AngloBlack/African AmericanHispanic/Latino(a)Asian/Asian AmericanNative AmericanTOTAL
Refused0.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
Dont know0.0%
0
0.6%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1
Yes48.3%
442
41.6%
64
31.1%
55
32.3%
20
75.0%
3
44.5%
584
No51.5%
472
57.8%
89
68.9%
122
67.7%
42
25.0%
1
55.3%
726
TOTAL 100.0%
916
100.0%
154
100.0%
177
100.0%
62
100.0%
4

1313



Religion

Black ProtestantEvangelical ProtestantMainline ProtestantCatholicOther faithNonaffiliatedTOTAL
Refused0.0%
0
0.6%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
Dont know0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.4%
1
0.1%
1
Yes44.9%
31
44.7%
152
41.6%
57
43.3%
138
39.2%
83
52.1%
124
44.5%
585
No55.1%
38
54.7%
186
58.4%
80
56.7%
181
60.8%
129
47.5%
113
55.3%
727
TOTAL 100.0%
69
100.0%
340
100.0%
137
100.0%
319
100.0%
212
100.0%
238

1315