Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
On average, how many cigarettes per day do you smoke? (HM18W1) -- Wave 1 (2006)



Variable Comparisons

[Education | Political Party | Gender | Race | Religious Tradition ]

Education

Less than high schoolGED or high school diplomaVocational/technical diploma or associate degreeBachelorsGraduate degreeOtherTOTAL
None56.3%
40
45.3%
101
66.0%
93
57.3%
43
90.5%
57
46.2%
6
58.0%
340
One-five4.2%
3
7.6%
17
6.4%
9
5.3%
4
3.2%
2
15.4%
2
6.3%
37
Six-1011.3%
8
17.0%
38
12.1%
17
16.0%
12
3.2%
2
23.1%
3
13.7%
80
11-151.4%
1
6.3%
14
4.3%
6
5.3%
4
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
4.3%
25
16-2014.1%
10
13.0%
29
9.2%
13
13.3%
10
3.2%
2
15.4%
2
11.3%
66
More than 2012.7%
9
10.8%
24
2.1%
3
2.7%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
6.5%
38
Missing5124713617410418730
TOTAL 100.0%
71
100.0%
223
100.0%
141
100.0%
75
100.0%
63
100.0%
13

586



Political party

DemocratNeitherRepublicanMissingTOTAL
None50.0%
140
62.4%
68
67.0%
122

9
57.8%
330
One-five8.2%
23
4.6%
5
5.5%
10

0
6.7%
38
Six-1015.0%
42
15.6%
17
8.8%
16

4
13.1%
75
11-153.9%
11
5.5%
6
4.4%
8

0
4.4%
25
16-2011.8%
33
9.2%
10
12.1%
22

0
11.4%
65
More than 2011.1%
31
2.8%
3
2.2%
4

0
6.7%
38
Missing3431282480719
TOTAL 100.0%
280
100.0%
109
100.0%
182

13

571



Gender

FemaleMaleTOTAL
None52.3%
138
62.6%
201
57.9%
339
One-five8.3%
22
5.0%
16
6.5%
38
Six-1014.8%
39
12.5%
40
13.5%
79
11-154.5%
12
4.0%
13
4.3%
25
16-2015.9%
42
7.5%
24
11.3%
66
More than 204.2%
11
8.4%
27
6.5%
38
Missing417313730
TOTAL 100.0%
264
100.0%
321

585



Race

White/Caucasian/AngloBlack/African AmericanHispanic/Latino(a)Asian/Asian AmericanNative AmericanTOTAL
None61.1%
270
34.9%
22
50.9%
28
94.4%
17
33.3%
1
58.2%
338
One-five2.9%
13
17.5%
11
23.6%
13
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
6.4%
37
Six-1011.8%
52
22.2%
14
20.0%
11
0.0%
0
66.7%
2
13.6%
79
11-154.5%
20
7.9%
5
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
4.3%
25
16-2012.0%
53
14.3%
9
1.8%
1
5.6%
1
0.0%
0
11.0%
64
More than 207.7%
34
3.2%
2
3.6%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
6.5%
38
Missing47490122421729
TOTAL 100.0%
442
100.0%
63
100.0%
55
100.0%
18
100.0%
3

581



Religion

Black ProtestantEvangelical ProtestantMainline ProtestantCatholicOther faithNonaffiliatedTOTAL
None20.0%
6
59.2%
90
71.4%
40
59.7%
83
71.1%
59
48.8%
60
58.0%
338
One-five16.7%
5
3.9%
6
1.8%
1
7.2%
10
6.0%
5
8.9%
11
6.5%
38
Six-1030.0%
9
9.2%
14
10.7%
6
12.2%
17
10.8%
9
19.5%
24
13.6%
79
11-1513.3%
4
5.9%
9
5.4%
3
1.4%
2
2.4%
2
4.9%
6
4.5%
26
16-2020.0%
6
11.8%
18
10.7%
6
11.5%
16
7.2%
6
9.8%
12
11.0%
64
More than 200.0%
0
9.9%
15
0.0%
0
7.9%
11
2.4%
2
8.1%
10
6.5%
38
Missing3818780182129114730
TOTAL 100.0%
30
100.0%
152
100.0%
56
100.0%
139
100.0%
83
100.0%
123

583