Portraits of American Life Study
Hosted by The ARDA
The PALS seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives.
Results & Summaries
Have you smoked one hundred or more cigarettes in your life? (HM_17)



Variable Comparisons

[Age | Gender | Political Ideology | Race | Religious Tradition | Region | Education ]

Age

18 to 29 years old 30 to 44 years old 45 to 59 years old 60 to 74 years old 75 years and older TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.5%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
Yes 35.7%
198
41.8%
312
56.4%
424
59.3%
242
56.4%
79
48.2%
1255
No 64.3%
357
58.2%
435
43.6%
328
40.2%
164
43.6%
61
51.7%
1345
Missing 0 1 1 2 1 5
TOTAL 100.0%
555
100.0%
747
100.0%
752
100.0%
408
100.0%
140

2602


Gender

Female Male TOTAL
Refused 0.1%
1
0.2%
2
0.1%
3
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
Yes 44.0%
593
52.7%
663
48.2%
1256
No 55.9%
753
47.2%
594
51.7%
1347
Missing 5 1 6
TOTAL 100.0%
1347
100.0%
1259

2606


Political ideology

Very liberal Somewhat liberal Middle of the road Somewhat conservative Very conservative Haven't thought much about it Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
1

0
0.1%
3
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.0%
0
Yes 52.4%
88
51.3%
194
52.1%
329
40.5%
204
51.8%
116
46.8%
317

8
48.3%
1248
No 47.6%
80
48.7%
184
47.5%
300
59.5%
300
48.2%
108
53.0%
359

15
51.5%
1331
Missing 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 3
TOTAL 100.0%
168
100.0%
378
100.0%
631
100.0%
504
100.0%
224
100.0%
677

23

2582


Race

White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander Other TOTAL
Refused 0.1%
2
0.4%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
3
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
Yes 53.2%
962
39.9%
111
34.1%
109
31.2%
34
44.4%
4
44.6%
37
48.2%
1257
No 46.7%
843
59.7%
166
65.9%
211
68.8%
75
55.6%
5
55.4%
46
51.7%
1346
Missing 4 0 1 0 0 0 5
TOTAL 100.0%
1807
100.0%
278
100.0%
320
100.0%
109
100.0%
9
100.0%
83

2606


Religion

Black Protestant Evangelical Protestant Mainline Protestant Catholic Unaffiliated Other TOTAL
Refused 0.7%
1
0.3%
2
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.1%
3
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
Yes 38.1%
56
48.2%
333
45.0%
163
47.7%
330
56.8%
233
46.2%
140
48.2%
1255
No 61.2%
90
51.5%
356
55.0%
199
52.3%
362
43.2%
177
53.8%
163
51.7%
1347
Missing 0 3 1 1 0 2 7
TOTAL 100.0%
147
100.0%
691
100.0%
362
100.0%
692
100.0%
410
100.0%
303

2605


Region

Northeast Midwest South West TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.2%
2
0.0%
0
0.1%
2
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
Yes 50.0%
220
50.2%
312
47.8%
419
45.6%
304
48.2%
1255
No 50.0%
220
49.8%
309
52.0%
456
54.4%
362
51.7%
1347
Missing 0 0 3 2 5
TOTAL 100.0%
440
100.0%
621
100.0%
877
100.0%
666

2604


Education

No high school diploma GED or high school diploma Vocational/technical diploma or Associate's degree Bachelor's degree Graduate degree Other Missing TOTAL
Refused 0.0%
0
0.1%
1
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

2
0.0%
1
Don't know 0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
0.0%
0

0
0.0%
0
Yes 56.5%
173
51.2%
541
51.3%
246
35.6%
150
40.2%
107
53.5%
38

0
48.3%
1255
No 43.5%
133
48.7%
514
48.8%
234
64.4%
271
59.8%
159
46.5%
33

3
51.7%
1344
TOTAL 100.0%
306
100.0%
1056
100.0%
480
100.0%
421
100.0%
266
100.0%
71

5

2600